ChemSpider 2D Image | (+)-Nootkatone | C15H22O

(+)-Nootkatone

  • Molecular FormulaC15H22O
  • Average mass218.335 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass218.167068 Da
  • ChemSpider ID1064812
  • defined stereocentres - 3 of 3 defined stereocentres


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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

(+)-Nootkatone
(4R,4aS,6R)-6-Isopropényl-4,4a-diméthyl-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2(3H)-naphtalénone [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(4R,4aS,6R)-6-Isopropenyl-4,4a-dimethyl-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2(3H)-naphthalenone [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(4R,4aS,6R)-6-Isopropenyl-4,4a-dimethyl-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2(3H)-naphthalinon [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2(3H)-Naphthalenone, 4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(1-methylethenyl)-, (4R,4aS,6R)- [ACD/Index Name]
225-124-4 [EINECS]
4674-50-4 [RN]
4βh,5α-eremophila-1(10),11-dien-2-one
Nootkatone [Wiki]
()-Nootkatone
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

74437_FLUKA [DBID]
93785_FLUKA [DBID]
ZINC01081321 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1765 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kardali, M.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Perez-Alonso, M., Essential Oil Constituents of Sideritis ibanyezii Pau, Botanica Complutensis, 24, 2000, 101-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1807 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 246 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P.; Morris, J.A.; Pandey, R.N.; Schwarzbach, A.E., Cryptic speciation between Juniperus deltoides and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 771-787.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1774 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lan Phi N.T.; Nishiyama C.; Choi H.-S.; Sawamura M., Evaluation of aroma characteristic compounds of Citrus natsudaidai Hayata (Natsudaidai) cold-pressed peel oil, Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 70(8), 2006, 1832-1838.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1775 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 36(6), 1989, 455-462., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sawamura, M.; Onishi, Y.; Ikemoto, J.; Tu, N.T.M.; Phi, N.T.L., Characteristic odour components of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 609-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1797 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Spectral Identificaiton. Oxsigenated derivatives of Mono- and Sesquiterpene Hydrocarbons, Rastit, Resursy (Rus.), 33(1), 1997, 16-28, In original 16-28., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1751 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Friedrich, J.E.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Selecting standards for gas chromatography - olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 148-155.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1781 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Splittgerber, U.; Wolf, D.; Surburg, H., Constituents of Haitian vetiver oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 395-412.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1795.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1795 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 75C =>3C/min =>190C(25min) =>3C/min =>210C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawasaki, W.; Matsui, K.; Akakabe, Y.; Itai, N.; Kajiwara, T., Long-chain aldehyde-forming activity in tobacco leaves, Phytochemistry, 49(6), 1998, 1565-1568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1780 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1802 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Noudogbessi, J.-P.; Yedomonhan, P.; Sohounhloue, D.C.K.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Figueredo, G., Chemical composition of essential oil of syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. var. guineense (Myrtaceae) from Benin, Rec. Nat. Prod., , 2008, 33-38., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Shafi, M.P.; Leela, N.K., Analysis of the essential oils of the leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots of the medicinal plant Alpinia galanga from southern India, Acta Pharm. Hung., 53, 2003, 73-81., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (3 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, G.; Lu, W.; Yao, X.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, K.; Pan, S., effect of fermentation on free and bound volatile compounds of orange juice, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 219-229.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bousaada, O.; Ammar, S.; Saidana, D.; Chriaa, J.; Chraif, I.; Daami, M.; Helal, A.N.; Mighri, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile components from capitula and aerial parts of Rhaponticum acaule DC growing wild in Tunisia, Microbiol. Res., 163, 2008, 87-95., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bouwmeester, H.J.; de Kraker, J.-W.; Schurink, M.; Bino, R.J.; de Groot, A., Plant Enzymes for Bioconversion, 2008, 57.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SPB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kilani, S.; Ledauphin, J.; Bouhlel, I.; Ben Sghaier, M.; Boubaker, J.; Skandrani, I.; Mosrati, R.; Ghedira, K.; Barillier, D.; Chekir-Ghedira, L., Comparative study of Cyperus rotundus essential oil by a modified GC/MS analysis method. Evaluation of its antioxidantt, cytotoxic, and apoptoic effects, Chem. Biodiversity, 5, 2008, 729-742.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1812 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (3 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 160 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (3 min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qiao, Y.; Xie, B.J.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; FAn, G.; Yao, X.L.; Pan, S.Y., Characterization of aroma active compounds in fruit juice and peel oil of Junchen sweet orange fruit (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) by GC-MS and GC-O, Molecules, 13, 2008, 1333-1344.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1833 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qiao, Y.; Xie, B.J.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; FAn, G.; Yao, X.L.; Pan, S.Y., Characterization of aroma active compounds in fruit juice and peel oil of Junchen sweet orange fruit (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) by GC-MS and GC-O, Molecules, 13, 2008, 1333-1344.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1799 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Comparison of different isolation methods of essential oil from Citrus fruits: cold pressing, hydrodistillation and microwave "dry" distillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 494-504., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 290 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suarez, A.I.; Vasquez, L.J.; Manzano, M.A.; Compagnone, R.S., Essential oil composition of Croton cuneatus and Croton malambo growing in Venezuela, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 611-614.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1794 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 65, 2007, 217-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1816 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (5min)=> 2C/min =>250C(15min) =>5C/min=> 270C (10min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Massardo, D.R.; Senatore, F.; Alifano, P.; del Giudice, L.; Pontieri, P., Vetiver oil production correlates with early root growth, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 34, 2006, 376-382.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1808.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mondello, L.; Casilli, A.; Tranchida, P.Q.; Cicero, L.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G., Comparison of fast and conventional GC analysis for citrus essential oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5602-5606.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1834 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 290 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L.; Barros, S.; Naim, M., Aroma composition changes in early season grapefruit juice produced from thermal concentration, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 813-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1835 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 290 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L.; Barros, S.; Naim, M., Aroma composition changes in early season grapefruit juice produced from thermal concentration, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 813-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1790 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 275 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rouseff, R.; Jella, P.; Bazemore, R.; Yang, J.-J., Aroma active internal standards for gas chromatography-olfactometry of grapefruit juices, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 73-87.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1847 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 32 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sun, D.; Petracek, P.D., Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2067-2069.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1823 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Poiana, M.; Sicari, V.; Mincione, B., Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction of grapefruit flavedo, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 125-130.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2522 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 245 0C (20 min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Selli, S., Volatile constituents of orange obtained from moro oranges (Citrus Sinensis L. Osbeck), J. Food Quality, 30, 2007, 330-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2525 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lan Phi N.T.; Nishiyama C.; Choi H.-S.; Sawamura M., Evaluation of aroma characteristic compounds of Citrus natsudaidai Hayata (Natsudaidai) cold-pressed peel oil, Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 70(8), 2006, 1832-1838.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2526 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lan Phi N.T.; Nishiyama C.; Choi H.-S.; Sawamura M., Evaluation of aroma characteristic compounds of Citrus natsudaidai Hayata (Natsudaidai) cold-pressed peel oil, Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 70(8), 2006, 1832-1838.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2532 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sawamura, M.; Onishi, Y.; Ikemoto, J.; Tu, N.T.M.; Phi, N.T.L., Characteristic odour components of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 609-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2563 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Karanja, P.N.; Sawamura, M., Essential oil constituents of three varieties of Kenyan sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 80-85., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Mwaniki, M.; Minh Tu, N.T.; Sawamura, M., Essential oils of Kenyan Citrus fruits: volatile components of two varieties of mandarins (Citrus reticulata) and a tangelo (C. paradisi * C. tangerina), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 74-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2554 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sezik E.; Kocakulak E.; Baser K.H.C.; Ozek T., Composition of the essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus subsp macrocarpa from Turkey, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 41(3), 2005, 352-354.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2515 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min)=> 2C/min => 220C=> 3C/min => 245C(20min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Selli, s.; Cabaroglu, T.; Canbas, A., Flavour components of orange wine made from a Turkish cv. Kozan, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 38, 2003, 587-593.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2544 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tu, N.T.M.; Thanh, L.X.; Une, A.; Ukeda, H.; Sawamura, M., Volatile constituents of Vietnamese pummelo, orange, tangerine and lime peel oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 169-174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2504 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from newly hybrid citrus, dekopon (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5355-5359.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1781 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gonny, M.; Cavaleiro, C.; Salgueiro, L.; Casanova, J., Analysis of Juniperus communis subsp. alpina needle, berry, wood and root oils by combination of GC, GC/MS and 13C-NMR, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 99-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Martinez, J.; Rosa, P.T.V.; Menut, C.; Leydet, A.; Brat, P.; Pallet, D.; Meireles, M.A.A., Valorization of Brazilian vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash ex Small) oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6578-6584.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1763 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 275-281.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1775 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 39(1), 1992, 16-24., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lin, J.; Rouseff, R.L., Characterization of aroma-impact compounds in cold-pressed grapefruit oil using time-intensity GC-olfactometry and GC-MS, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 457-463.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1780 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Mega 5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; la Rosa, G.; Zappala, M.; Cotroneo, A., Essential oil composition of different cultivars of bergamot grown in Sicily, Ital. J. Food Sci., 12(4), 2000, 493-501., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Mega 5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Cotroneo, A.; Lorenzo, D.; Dellacassa, E., Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2903-2909., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Mega 5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Gazea, F.; Cicciarelloi, G.; Cotroneo, A., Effects of rootstock on the composition of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 206-210., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Mega 5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Zappala, M.; Condurso, C.; Cotroneo, A., Essential Oil Composition of Citrus meyerii Y. Tan. and Citrus medica L. cv. Diamante and Their Lemon Hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4890-4894., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 39(1), 1992, 16-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1837 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>4C/min =>200C =>30C/min =>300C (3min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dharmawan, J.; Kasapis, S.; Curran, P.; Johnson, J.R., Characterization of volatile compounds in selected citrus fruits from Asia. Part I: freshly-squeezed juice, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 228-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1814 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C =>10C/min => 230C (10min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Buettner, A.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the most odor-active volatiles in fresh, hand squeezed juice of grapefruit (Citrus paradise Macfayden), J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5189-5193., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min)=>40C/min=>50C(2min)=>6C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>230C(10min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hinterholzer, A.; Schieberie, P., Identification of the most odour-active volatiles in fresh, hand-extracted juice of valencia late oranges by odour dilution techniques, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 49-55., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bell, W.A.-M., Examination of Aroma Volatiles Formed from Thermal Processing of Florida Reconstituted Grapefruit Juice. A Thesis presented to the graduate school of the university of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1823 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bell, W.A.-M., Examination of Aroma Volatiles Formed from Thermal Processing of Florida Reconstituted Grapefruit Juice. A Thesis presented to the graduate school of the university of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1834 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hognadottir, A.; Rouseff, R.L., Identification of aroma active compounds in organce essence oil using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 998, 2003, 201-211., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bell, W.A.-M., Examination of Aroma Volatiles Formed from Thermal Processing of Florida Reconstituted Grapefruit Juice. A Thesis presented to the graduate school of the university of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1798 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dugo, P.; Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Cotroneo, A.; Russo, M.T., The composition of the volatile fraction and the enantiomeric distribution of five volatile components of faustrime oil (Monocitrus australatica x Fortunella sp. x Citrus aurantifolia), J. Essent. Oil Res., 16, 2004, 328-333.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1833 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hognadottir, A.; Rouseff, R.L., Identification of aroma active compounds in organce essence oil using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 998, 2003, 201-211.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: de Kraker, J.-W.; Schurink, M.; Franssen, M.C.R.; Konig, W.A.; de Groot, A.; Bouwmeester, H.J., Hydroxylation of sesquiterpenes by enzymes from chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) roots, Tetrahedron, 59, 2003, 409-418.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 64, 2003, 743-752.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1803 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nogueira, P.C.L.; Marsaioli, A.J.; Amaral, M.C.E.; Bittrich, V., The fragrant floral oils of Tovomita species, Phytochemistry, 49(4), 1998, 1009-1012.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1822 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45 C (6 min) ^ 3 C/min -> 111 0C ^ 2 C/min -> 160 C ^ 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.40 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 7(6), 1995, 581-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2527 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gonny, M.; Cavaleiro, C.; Salgueiro, L.; Casanova, J., Analysis of Juniperus communis subsp. alpina needle, berry, wood and root oils by combination of GC, GC/MS and 13C-NMR, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 99-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2563 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 275-281., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Karanja, P.N.; Sawamura, M., Volatile Constituents of Redblush Grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi) and Pummelo ( Citrus grandis) Peel Essential Oils from Kenya, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 9790-9794.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2539 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Martinez, J.; Rosa, P.T.V.; Menut, C.; Leydet, A.; Brat, P.; Pallet, D.; Meireles, M.A.A., Valorization of Brazilian vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash ex Small) oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6578-6584.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2515 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C =>10C/min => 230C (10min); CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Buettner, A.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the most odor-active volatiles in fresh, hand squeezed juice of grapefruit (Citrus paradise Macfayden), J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5189-5193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2506 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 4674504; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.425 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 7(6), 1995, 581-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 318.6±42.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.7 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 56.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 142.1±18.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.503
Molar Refractivity: 66.7±0.4 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.84
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.07
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 731.06
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 3904.99
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.07
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 731.06
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 3904.99
Polar Surface Area: 17 Å2
Polarizability: 26.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 32.5±5.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 225.5±5.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.88

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  298.76  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  76.84  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.00123  (Modified Grain method)
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.00381 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.375
       log Kow used: 4.88 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1.6013 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Vinyl/Allyl Ketones

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.41E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.488E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.88  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.239  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.119
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.4665
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0938
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.4821  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.3571  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3715
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.1526
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.7505
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.508 Pa (0.00381 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.119
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  5.91E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.23E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000213 
       Mackay model           :  0.000472 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000258 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 147.1583 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.073 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     0.872 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =     2.337500 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.490 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     11.766 Hrs
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000343 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2124
      Log Koc:  3.327 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 3.060 (BCF = 1148)
       log Kow used: 4.88 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000141 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      7.643  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      207.3  hours   (8.637 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              74.24  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.64  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    72.10  percent
    Total to Air:                1.51  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0787          1.52         1000       
   Water     9.93            900          1000       
   Soil      72.5            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  17.5            8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.19e+003 hr




                    

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