ChemSpider 2D Image | Methyl propanoate | C4H8O2

Methyl propanoate

  • Molecular FormulaC4H8O2
  • Average mass88.105 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass88.052429 Da
  • ChemSpider ID10653

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Methyl propanoate [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
554-12-1 [RN]
Methyl propionate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Methylpropionat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Propanoic acid, methyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
Propionate de méthyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
209-060-4 [EINECS]
2VO1 [WLN]
4-02-00-00704 [Beilstein]
C2H5COOCH3 [Formula]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

109258_ALDRICH [DBID]
81988_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-10621 [DBID]
BRN 1737628 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2742 [DBID]
FEMA Number 2742 [DBID]
HSDB 5688 [DBID]
NSC 9375 [DBID]
NSC9375 [DBID]
UN1248 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless to pale yellow liquid with a fruity, rum odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Methyl propanoate
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,acids, bases. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Moisturesensitive. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 5000 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 3460 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11/20/2013 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar A14944
      11-20 Alfa Aesar A14944
      16-24-29-33 Alfa Aesar A14944
      20-Nov Alfa Aesar A14944
      3 Alfa Aesar A14944
      Danger Alfa Aesar A14944
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A14944
      H225-H332 Alfa Aesar A14944
      P210-P261-P280-P303+P361+P353-P403+P235-P501a Alfa Aesar A14944
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      586 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_107258, replib_678, replib_53484, replib_228229
      615.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 333 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 19(3), 2006, 243-247.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      610 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Apiezon L + KF; Phase thickness: 0.06 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Svetlova, N.I.; Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Advantage of the universal equation over the linear equation for the calculation of retention parameters of homologous series in capillary chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 737-740., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P.; Schwede, A.M., Production of volatile componds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(4), 1989, 1023-1025.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      629 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXIV. Studies of chlorinated methyl propanoates and butanoates on a non-polar capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 284, 1984, 474-477., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B.; Haken, J.K.; Toth, T., Solute characterization in gas chromatography by an extension of Kovats retention index system. Dispersion and selectivity indices, J. Chromatogr., 351, 1986, 155-164.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      607 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      622 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      627 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXIV. Studies of chlorinated methyl propanoates and butanoates on a non-polar capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 284, 1984, 474-477., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      615 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 19 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Horna, A.; Taborsky, J.; Churacek, J.; Dufka, O., Chromatography of monomers. IV. Gas-liquid chromatographic studies of C1-C6 n-alkyl and C3-C6 isoalkyl acrylates and their hydrogen halide and halogen addition derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 348, 1985, 141-149.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      618 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 262, 1983, 316-320., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXIV. Studies of chlorinated methyl propanoates and butanoates on a non-polar capillary column, J. Chromatogr., 284, 1984, 474-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      617 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      612 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      600 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.321 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 71(6), 2006, 629-637., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: E-301; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas'ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      624 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: Ar; Phase thickness: 2.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Variation in retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of homologous series of n-alkyl acetates, n-alkyl methyl ketones, and methyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids as a function of homolog number and analysis temperature, Zh. Anal. Khim., 44(1), 1989, 68-73, In original 84-89.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      625.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: Ar; Phase thickness: 2.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Variation in retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of homologous series of n-alkyl acetates, n-alkyl methyl ketones, and methyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids as a function of homolog number and analysis temperature, Zh. Anal. Khim., 44(1), 1989, 68-73, In original 84-89.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      628.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: Ar; Phase thickness: 2.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Variation in retention indices and equivalent chain lengths of homologous series of n-alkyl acetates, n-alkyl methyl ketones, and methyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids as a function of homolog number and analysis temperature, Zh. Anal. Khim., 44(1), 1989, 68-73, In original 84-89.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      909 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      937 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVII. Retention increments of C1-C18 primary alkanols and their 2-chloropropanoyl and 3-chloropropanoyl derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 319, 1985, 131-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      905 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 46 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Horna, A.; Taborsky, J.; Churacek, J.; Dufka, O., Chromatography of monomers. IV. Gas-liquid chromatographic studies of C1-C6 n-alkyl and C3-C6 isoalkyl acrylates and their hydrogen halide and halogen addition derivatives, J. Chromatogr., 348, 1985, 141-149.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      916 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      906 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas'ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      617 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 24(10), 2007, 1404-1408., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, X., Quantitative structure-property relationship study on analysis of retention index of organic compound in gas chromatography, Chemical World (Chinese), 42(8), 2001, 403-406., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      611 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blazso, M.; Ujszaszi, K.; Jakab, E., Isomeric structure of styrene-acrylonitrile and styrene-methylacrylate copolymer pyrolysis products, Chromatographia, 13(3), 1980, 151-156., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      613.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      615 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Estrada, E.; Gutierrez, Y., Modeling chromatographic parameters by a novel graph theoretical sub-structural approach, J. Chromatogr. A, 858, 1999, 187-199.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      616.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      621 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) 40 - 80 0C at 2 0C/min 80 - 200 0C at 5 0C/min 200 0C (10 min); CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yen, G.-C.; Lin, H.-T., Changes in volatile flavor components of guava juice with high-pressure treatment and heat processing and during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47(5), 1999, 2082-2087., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blazso, M.; Ujszaszi, K.; Jakab, E., Isomeric structure of styrene-acrylonitrile and styrene-methylacrylate copolymer pyrolysis products, Chromatographia, 13(3), 1980, 151-156., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Column length: 200 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dirinck, P.J.; de Pooter, H.L.; Willaert, G.A.; Schamp, N.M., Flavor quality of cultivated strawberries: the role of the sulfur compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 316-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      616 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      618 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(2), 1985, 249-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      639 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      626 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 78, 1977, 244-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      622 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) =>4C/min =>175C =>10C/min =>260C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: VB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Karlshoj, K.; Nielsen, P.V.; Larsen, T.O., Prediction of Penicillium expansum Spoilage and Patulin Concentration in Apples Used for Apple Juice Production by Electronic Nose Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4289-4298.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      642.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      630.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>5C/min =>140C =>15C/min =>250C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Herve, C.; Richoux, R.; Lortal, S., Varied volatile compounds are produced by Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Emmental cheese, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 439-446.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      636.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      604 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Margaria, C.A.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Aroma active components in aqueous kiwi fruit essence and kiwi fruit puree by GC-MS and multidimensional GC/GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5386-5390.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      638.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Volatile components in aqueous essence and fresh fruit of Cucumis melo cv. Athena (muskmelon) by GC-MS and GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5929-5933.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      638 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wentworth, W.E.; Helias, N.; Zlatkis, A.; Chen, E.C.M.; Stearns, S.D., Multiple detector responses for gas chromatography peak identification, J. Chromatogr. A, 795, 1998, 319-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      896 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      921.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      906 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in 'Miyabi' melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 71(4), 2002, 517-525.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      872 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      904 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      910 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      901 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 78, 1977, 244-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      614 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Syomina, L.A.; Samusenko, A.L., Nonlinear variation of sorption parameters of n-alkane homologs in temperature-programmed gas chromatography (TPGC) and new equation for calculation of retention indices, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 20, 1997, 611-614.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      611.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Grigor'eva, D.N.; Golovnya, R.V.; Syomina, L.A., An equation for the calculation of retention indices in temperature-programmed gas chromatography with allowance for the nonlinear variation of the retention parameters of n-alkanes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 46(2), 1997, 309-313, In original 323-327.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      613 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Description: 40C(5min)=>10C/min =>200C or 250C (60min); CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      627 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernandez, M.; Ordonez, J.A., Changes in selected biochemical and sensory parameters as affected by the superficial inoculation of Penicillium camemberti on dry fermented sausages, Int. J. Food Microbiol., 85, 2003, 111-125., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernandez, M.; Ordonez, J.A., The contribution of Penicillium aurantiogriseum to the volatile composition and sensory quality of dry fermented sausages, Meat Sci., 59, 2001, 97-107.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      621 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (1min) =>5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min); CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1345-1352.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      615 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) ^ 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bauchot, A.D.; Mottram, D.S.; Dodson, A.T.; John, P., Effect of aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase antisense gene on the formation of volatile esters in cantaloupe charentais melon (Cv. Vedrandais), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(11), 1998, 4787-4792.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      911 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      908 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 97, 2006, 95-102., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      899 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>5C/min=>220(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      900 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      890 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Suarez, M.; Duque, C., Volatile constituents of lulo (Salanum vestissimum D.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(8), 1991, 1498-1500.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      896 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Suarez, M.; Duque, C., Volatile constituents of lulo (Salanum vestissimum D.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(8), 1991, 1498-1500.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      885 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 4.6 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 228 C; CAS no: 554121; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 67.9±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 142.8±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 32.2±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 6.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.373
Molar Refractivity: 22.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.71
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.87
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2.68
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 70.43
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.87
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2.68
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 70.43
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 8.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 23.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 98.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.86
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.84
       Exper. Ref:  Catz,P & Friend,DR (1989)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  77.91  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -82.08  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  87.9  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -87.5 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  79.8 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  8.40E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.411e+004
       log Kow used: 0.84 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  6.24e+004 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  HINE,J & MOOKERJEE,PK (1975)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  38942 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  62400.00
       Exper. Ref:  HINE,J & MOOKERJEE,PK (1975)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.33E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.65E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.74E-04  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.227E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.84  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.148  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.988
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8798
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9971
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1447  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9496  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8440
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9477
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.8748
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.12E+004 Pa (84 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.988
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.68E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.39E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  9.67E-009 
       Mackay model           :  2.14E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.91E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.6744 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    15.860 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.56E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  6.423
      Log Koc:  0.808 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  1.080E-001  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:      74.282  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       2.034  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.84 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000174 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      4.116  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      123.6  hours   (5.151 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               9.60  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.66  percent
    Total to Air:                7.86  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       19.9            257          1000       
   Water     42.6            360          1000       
   Soil      37.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.083           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 242 hr




                    

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