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ChemSpider 2D Image | 2-Phenyltoluene | C13H12

2-Phenyltoluene

  • Molecular FormulaC13H12
  • Average mass168.234 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass168.093903 Da
  • ChemSpider ID12044

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1,1'-Biphenyl, 2-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
1-Methyl-2-phenylbenzene
1R BR [WLN]
211-400-1 [EINECS]
2-Methyl-1,1'-biphenyl
2-Methylbiphenyl [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Methylbiphenyl [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Méthylbiphényle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Phenyltoluene
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

X937MQ8S1T [DBID]
292192_ALDRICH [DBID]
NSC 5321 [DBID]
NSC5321 [DBID]
P36401_ALDRICH [DBID]
UNII:X937MQ8S1T [DBID]
UNII-X937MQ8S1T [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1480 (estimated with error: 55) NIST Spectra mainlib_6409, replib_118469, replib_21971, replib_157536
      1438 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kriz, J.; Popl, M.; Mostecky, J., Retention indices of biphenyls and diphenylalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 97, 1974, 3-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1449 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 185 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kriz, J.; Popl, M.; Mostecky, J., Retention indices of biphenyls and diphenylalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 97, 1974, 3-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1960 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kriz, J.; Popl, M.; Mostecky, J., Retention indices of biphenyls and diphenylalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 97, 1974, 3-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2000 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 185 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kriz, J.; Popl, M.; Mostecky, J., Retention indices of biphenyls and diphenylalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 97, 1974, 3-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      263.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 79, 2007, 215-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      255.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, G.; Hou, Z.; Sun, Y.; Liu, Y.; Xie, B.; Liu, S., Investigation of pyrolysis behavior of fenoxycarb using PY-GC-MS assisted with chemometric methods, Chem. Anal., 52, 2007, 141-156.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      256 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shao, X.; Wang, G.; Sun, Y.; Zhang, R.; Xie, K.; Liu, H., Determination and Characterization of the Pyrolysis Products of Isoprocarb by GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 44, 2006, 141-147.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5MS; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Aracil, I.; Font, R.; Conesa, J.A., Semivolatile and volatile compounds from the pyrolysis and combustion of polyvinyl chloride, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 74, 2005, 465-478.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.57 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 48(2), 2004, 169-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, S.-F.; Liu, B.-Z.; Sun, K.-J.; Su, Q.-D., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 255-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.99 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 39(9), 1999, 1497-1512.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      240 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      239.84 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.55 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 90 C; End T: 325 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 373-383.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      238.77 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 373-383., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.34 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 51(6), 1979, 768-773.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      255.41 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 1-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1388 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 183 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l'initiative du IX., , 1962, 132-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1398.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wang, S.-F.; Liu, B.-Z.; Sun, K.-J.; Su, Q.-D., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 255-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1390 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1397.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1402.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1404 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 643583; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 258.0±10.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 47.6±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 107.2±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.565
Molar Refractivity: 55.7±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.44
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.58
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1782.90
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 7391.86
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.58
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1782.90
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 7391.86
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 22.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 35.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 171.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.30

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  288.36  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  41.59  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0203  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -0.2 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  255.5 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  13.22
       log Kow used: 4.30 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  3.2452 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.57E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   4.55E-004  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.399E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.30  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.729  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  6.029
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8502
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9524
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7745  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5414  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3270
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.2803
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.1764
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   1.4863
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :  30.6401

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.67 Pa (0.02 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 6.029
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.13E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.62E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.06E-005 
       Mackay model           :  9E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.1E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   7.6758 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.393 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    16.722 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 6.53E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.033E+004
      Log Koc:  4.014 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.614 (BCF = 411.4)
       log Kow used: 4.30 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000455 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      2.993  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      141.4  hours   (5.892 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              52.09  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.40  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    42.44  percent
    Total to Air:                9.25  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       3.27            33.4         1000       
   Water     16.3            360          1000       
   Soil      76.4            720          1000       
   Sediment  4.02            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 449 hr




                    

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