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ChemSpider 2D Image | 1,4-Butanediol | C4H10O2

1,4-Butanediol

  • Molecular FormulaC4H10O2
  • Average mass90.121 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass90.068077 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13835209

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1,4-Butanediol [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
1,4-Butandiol [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,4-Butanediol [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,4-Butanediol 4 M solution
1,4-Butanediol solution
1,4-butylene glycol
110-63-4 [RN]
200-659-6 [EINECS]
203-786-5 [EINECS]
7XOO2LE6G3
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

18938_FLUKA [DBID]
237620_ALDRICH [DBID]
240559_SIAL [DBID]
345261_ALDRICH [DBID]
345288_ALDRICH [DBID]
345296_ALDRICH [DBID]
345326_ALDRICH [DBID]
345334_ALDRICH [DBID]
420999_ALDRICH [DBID]
493732_SIAL [DBID]
More...
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      viscous colourless liquid OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, mineral acids,acid chlorides, acid anhydrides. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 1525 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 2062 mg kg-1, ORL-RBT LD50 2531 mg kg-1, IPR-RAT LD50 1370 mg kg-1 OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      22 Alfa Aesar L03491
      23-36-60 Alfa Aesar L03491
      36 Alfa Aesar L03491
      H302 Alfa Aesar L03491
      H302 Wikidata Q161521
      P264-P270-P301+P312-P330-P501a Alfa Aesar L03491
      Safety glasses. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Alfa Aesar L03491
      WARNING: Irritates skin and eyes, harmful if swallowed Alfa Aesar L03491
    • Chemical Class:

      A butanediol that is butane in which one hydrogen of each of the methyl groups is substituted by a hydroxy group. A colourless, water-miscible, viscous liquid at room temperature (m.p. 16??C) w; ith a high boiling point (230??C), it is mainly used for the production of other organic chemicals, particularly the solvent oxolane (also known as tetrahydrofuran or THF). ChEBI https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:41189
      A butanediol that is butane in which one hydrogen of each of the methyl groups is substituted by a hydroxy group. A colourless, water-miscible, viscous liquid at room temperature (m.p. 16<degree/>C) w ith a high boiling point (230<degree/>C), it is mainly used for the production of other organic chemicals, particularly the solvent oxolane (also known as tetrahydrofuran or THF). ChEBI CHEBI:41189
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      904 (estimated with error: 41) NIST Spectra mainlib_291303, replib_19552, replib_228808
      931 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 175 C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Casteignau, G.; Villessot, D., Identification par chromatographie en phase gaseuse de composes difonctionnels insatures. I. Synthese et indices de retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 9, 1968, 3893-3903.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      900 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1870 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1890 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 179 C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1911 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      903.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      915.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1923.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1926.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 50 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lu, X.; Cai, J.; Kong, H.; Wu, M.; Hua, R.; Zhao, M.; Liu, J.; Xu, G., Analysis of cigarette smoke condensates by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. I. Acidic fraction, Anal. Chem., 75(17), 2003, 4441-4451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1930.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(5min) =>1C/min =>200C=>20C/min =>210C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, D.D.L.C.; Reichenbacher, M.; Danzer, K.; Hurlbeck, C.; Bartzsch, C.; Feller, K.-H., Investigations on wine bouquet components by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography (SPME-CGC) using different fibers, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 20, 1997, 665-668.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1861 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      912.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 325 C; CAS no: 110634; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      922 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); CAS no: 110634; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 228.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±1.0 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 54.0±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 105.9±13.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.441
Molar Refractivity: 23.6±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 2
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -1.02
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.85
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 8.24
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.85
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 8.24
Polar Surface Area: 40 Å2
Polarizability: 9.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 39.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 89.6±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.22
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -0.83
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  195.56  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -8.08  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.00544  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  20.1 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  235 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.05E-02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  6.362e+005
       log Kow used: -0.83 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1e+006 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.30E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.12E-010  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.014E-009 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -0.83  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -5.027  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.197
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0221
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9814
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.3200  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9766  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.9640
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9747
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.2056
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.4 Pa (0.0105 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.197
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.14E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.86E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  7.74E-005 
       Mackay model           :  0.000171 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.09E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  11.1478 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.959 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    11.514 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000124 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1
      Log Koc:  0.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -0.83 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.3E-007 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:       2418  hours   (100.7 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.645E+004  hours   (1102 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.86  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.75  percent
    Total to Air:                0.01  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.53            23           1000       
   Water     40.4            208          1000       
   Soil      57              416          1000       
   Sediment  0.07            1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 269 hr




                    

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