ChemSpider 2D Image | 1,3-Butanediol | C4H10O2

1,3-Butanediol

  • Molecular FormulaC4H10O2
  • Average mass90.121 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass90.068077 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13837670

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1,3-Butanediol [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
&β;-butylene glycol
(±)-1,3-Butanediol
(RS)-1,3-Butandiol
1,3-Butandiol [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,3-Butanediol [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,3-Butylene glycol
1,3-Butylenglykol [German]
1,3-Dihydroxybutane
107-88-0 [RN]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

3XUS85K0RA [DBID]
309443_ALDRICH [DBID]
AI3-11077 [DBID]
B84785_ALDRICH [DBID]
BRN 1731276 [DBID]
Caswell No. 128GG [DBID]
HSDB 153 [DBID]
NSC 402145 [DBID]
NSC-402145 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Flammable. Hygroscopic - protect from air and moisture. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      Safety glasses, adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      WARNING: Irritates lungs, eyes, skin Alfa Aesar A11684
    • Chemical Class:

      A butanediol compound having two hydroxy groups in the 1- and 3-positions. ChEBI CHEBI:52683
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      824 (estimated with error: 41) NIST Spectra mainlib_227736, mainlib_235814, mainlib_235813, replib_107885, replib_379162, replib_157835
      821 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      777 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Meynier, A.; Novelli, E.; Chissolinim, R.; Zanardi, E.; Gandemer, G., Volatile compounds of commercial Milano salami, Meat Sci., 51, 1999, 175-183., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      833.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      794.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mauriello, G.; Marino, R.; D'Auria, M.; Cerone, G.; Luigi Rana, G., Determination of volatile organic compounds from Truffles via SPME-GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 42(6), 2004, 299-305.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      786.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min)=>5C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>220C(2min); CAS no: 107880; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Sandra, P.; Kallithraka, S.; Verhe, R.; de Kimpe, N., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 233-246.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      772.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in "Terrincho" ewe cheese. Comparison of different fibers, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      815 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, C.; Martin, A.; Timon, M.L.; Cordoba, J.J., Microbial populations and volatile compounds in the 'bone taint' spoilage of dry cured ham, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 30, 2000, 61-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      784 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min); CAS no: 107880; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Timon, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martin, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; Garcia, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5143-5150., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>3C/min=>95C=>10C/min=>270C(10min); CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Aguirrezabal, M.; Dominguez, C.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in Spanish paprika, J. Food Comp. Anal., 10, 1997, 225-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      782 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdague, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Francais, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 29, 1997, 405-410.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdague, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Francais, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 29, 1997, 405-410.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 773-778.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1594 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1556 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1600 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chida, M.; Sone, Y.; Tamura, H., Aroma characteristics of stored tobacco cut leaves analyzed by a high vacuum distillation and canister system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 7918-7924.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1569.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 107880; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1619 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Franco, M.R.B.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), araca-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1263-1265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      789 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 1154, 2007, 331-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      810 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, T.H.; Shin, J.H.; Baek, H.H.; Lee, H.J., Volatile flavour compounds in suspension culture of Agastache rugosa Kuntze (Korean mint), J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 569-575.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1556 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 10 s; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappala, M., SUPELCO. Using SPME-GC-MS to characterize volatile components of honey as indicators of botanical origin, 2005.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1578 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, T.H.; Shin, J.H.; Baek, H.H.; Lee, H.J., Volatile flavour compounds in suspension culture of Agastache rugosa Kuntze (Korean mint), J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 569-575.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 107880; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Aroma compounds from aqueous solution of Haze (Rhus succedanea) honey determined by adsorptive column chromatography, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3913-3918.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 207.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.1±0.8 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 51.6±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 121.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.438
Molar Refractivity: 23.6±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 2
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -0.69
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.77
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 9.06
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.77
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 9.06
Polar Surface Area: 40 Å2
Polarizability: 9.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 37.2±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 90.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.29

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  176.55  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -21.13  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0321  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  <-50 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  207.5 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  2.01E-02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.204e+005
       log Kow used: -0.29 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1e+006 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.30E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.86E-010  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.727E-008 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -0.29  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -5.027  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.737
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0221
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9814
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.3200  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9766  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8149
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9377
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.9082
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.68 Pa (0.0201 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.737
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.12E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.34E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.04E-005 
       Mackay model           :  8.95E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.07E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  14.2329 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.751 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     9.018 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 6.5E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1
      Log Koc:  0.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -0.29 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.3E-007 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:       2418  hours   (100.7 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.645E+004  hours   (1102 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.86  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.01  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.22            18           1000       
   Water     40.7            208          1000       
   Soil      57              416          1000       
   Sediment  0.0708          1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 264 hr




                    

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