ChemSpider 2D Image | 3,4-Xylenol | C8H10O

3,4-Xylenol

  • Molecular FormulaC8H10O
  • Average mass122.164 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass122.073166 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13839105

More details:



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1,2-Dimethyl-4-hydroxybenzene
1-HYDROXY-3,4-DIMETHYLBENZENE
202-439-5 [EINECS]
3,4-DIMETHYL PHENOL
3,4-Dimethylbenzolol
3,4-Dimethylphenol [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3,4-Dimethylphenol [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3,4-Dimethyl-phenol
3,4-Diméthylphénol [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3,4-Xylenol [Wiki]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

36607_RIEDEL [DBID]
36716_RIEDEL [DBID]
41361_FLUKA [DBID]
48531_SUPELCO [DBID]
AI3-01552 [DBID]
AI3-17612 [DBID]
BRN 0636244 [DBID]
BRN 1099267 [DBID]
C14582 [DBID]
Caswell No. 907A [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      24/25-34-51/53 Alfa Aesar A10599
      26-36/37/39-45-61 Alfa Aesar A10599
      6.1 Alfa Aesar A10599
      Danger Alfa Aesar A10599
      Danger Biosynth Q-200347
      DANGER: POISON, CORROSIVE, burns eyes, skin, lungs Alfa Aesar A10599
      DANGER: POISON, CORROSIVE, irritates eyes, skin, lungs Alfa Aesar A10599
      GHS05; GHS06; GHS09 Biosynth Q-200347
      H301; H311; H314; H411 Biosynth Q-200347
      H311-H314-H302-H411 Alfa Aesar A10599
      P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P361-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A10599
      P273; P280; P301+P310; P305+P351+P338; P310 Biosynth Q-200347
      Toxic/Corrosive/Light Sensitive/Keep Cold/Store under Argon SynQuest 2701-1-08, 80369
    • Chemical Class:

      A member of the class of phenols that is phenol substituted by methyl groups at positions 3 and 4. ChEBI CHEBI:39839
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1127 (estimated with error: 70) NIST Spectra mainlib_229054, replib_290766, replib_162381
      1165 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Berezkin, V.G.; Popova, T.P.; Shiryayeva, V.Ye.; Nomura, N., Gas-chromatographic separation of monoalkylphenols on polar and non-polar phases by means of capillary chromatography, Pet. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 37(2), 1997, 161-167, In original 165-171.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1151 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 76(5), 1997, 415-423.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1168 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1169 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 33(3/4), 1992, 138-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1209 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sellier, F.; Tersac, G.; Guiochon, G., Etude de la polarite d'un poly(oxy aryl sulfonyl arylene) utilise comme phase stationnaire en chromatographie gaz-liquide, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 213-224.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1172 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: PS-255; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Engewald, W.; Billing, U.; Topalova, I.; Petsev, N., Structure-retention correlations of alkylphenols in gas-liquid and gas-solid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 446, 1988, 71-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2233 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sellier, F.; Tersac, G.; Guiochon, G., Etude de la polarite d'un poly(oxy aryl sulfonyl arylene) utilise comme phase stationnaire en chromatographie gaz-liquide, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 213-224.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      201.49 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Eckel, W.P.; Ross, B.; Isensee, R.K., Pentobarbital found in ground water, Ground Water, 31(5), 1993, 801-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      201.68 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Eckel, W.P.; Ross, B.; Isensee, R.K., Pentobarbital found in ground water, Ground Water, 31(5), 1993, 801-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      201.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Williams, P.T.; Horne, P.A., Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 31, 1995, 15-37.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      199.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1171 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.75 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography, in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1163 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1190 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Quality and flavour stability of coffee substitute prepared by extrusion of wheat germ and chicory roots, Amino Acids, , 2006.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1154.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ai-Nong, Y.; Bao-Guo, S., Flavour substances of Chinese traditional smoke-cured bacon, Food Chem., 89, 2005, 227-233.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2257 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zimmermann, V.; Lauterbach, M.; Jaeger, G., Analytical characterization phenolic compounds obtained from phenosolvan-extracts by use of gas-chromatography with capillary columns, Chem. Tech. (Leipzig), 37(11), 1985, 476-478.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2222 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: Carbowax 20M-TPA; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Gas Chrom P (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fiddler, W.; Doerr, R.C.; Wasserman, A.E., Composition of an ether-soluble fraction of a liquid smoke solution, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(2), 1970, 310-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1166.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 43(3/4), 1996, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1195.4 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>30C/min =>100C=>1C/min =>; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mjos, S.A.; Meier, S.; Boitsov, S., Alkylphenol retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 1123, 2006, 98-105.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1196.3 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>30C/min =>100C=>2C/min =>; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mjos, S.A.; Meier, S.; Boitsov, S., Alkylphenol retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 1123, 2006, 98-105.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1198.2 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>30C/min =>100C=>4C/min =>; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mjos, S.A.; Meier, S.; Boitsov, S., Alkylphenol retention indices, J. Chromatogr. A, 1123, 2006, 98-105.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1182 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>80C(1min) =>5C/min =>150C => 10C/min =>280C (4min); CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 3391-3401.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1171 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 14 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baloga, D.W.; Reineccius, G.A.; Miller, J.W., Characterization of ham flavor using an atomic emission detector, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2021-2026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1193 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2225 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 95658; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 192-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 226.9±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.1±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 48.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 94.0±7.2 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.540
Molar Refractivity: 37.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.40
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.36
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 36.56
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 457.53
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.36
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 36.52
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 457.05
Polar Surface Area: 20 Å2
Polarizability: 15.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 37.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 120.4±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.61
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.23
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  210.67  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  25.37  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0184  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  60.8 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  227 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  3.56E-02 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.0804 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  4668
       log Kow used: 2.23 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  4760 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  5296.4 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  4760.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Phenols

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   6.83E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   7.56E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 4.15E-07  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  6.336E-007 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.23  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.770  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.000
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9145
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9657
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8359  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5741  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5205
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6135
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.1130
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  10.7 Pa (0.0804 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.000
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.8E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.45E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.01E-005 
       Mackay model           :  2.24E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000196 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 107.0667 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.100 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.199 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Reaction With Nitrate Radicals May Be Important!
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.62E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  717.6
      Log Koc:  2.856 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.017 (BCF = 10.4)
       log Kow used: 2.23 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4.15E-007 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:       1560  hours   (65.02 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.712E+004  hours   (713.2 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.54  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.10  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     2.42  percent
    Total to Air:                0.02  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.33            3.15         1000       
   Water     29.2            360          1000       
   Soil      70.3            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.136           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 437 hr




                    

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