ChemSpider 2D Image | Diethyl malonate | C7H12O4

Diethyl malonate

  • Molecular FormulaC7H12O4
  • Average mass160.168 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass160.073563 Da
  • ChemSpider ID13863636

More details:



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Diethyl malonate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
diethyl propanedioate
Diethyl-malonat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Malonate de diéthyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Malonic acid diethyl ester
Propanedioic acid, diethyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
1,3-diethyl propanedioate
105-53-3 [RN]
203-305-9 [EINECS]
Carbethoxyacetic ester
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

D97754_ALDRICH [DBID]
W237507_ALDRICH [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless liquid with slightly fruity odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Diethyl propanedioate
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 15000 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 6400 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      GHS07 Biosynth Q-200976
      H315; H319; H335 Biosynth Q-200976
      Irritant SynQuest 2123-1-13
      P261; P280; P302+P352; P304+P340; P305+P351+P338; P312 Biosynth Q-200976
      Safety glasses, adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Warning Biosynth Q-200976
      WARNING: Irritates skin and eyes, not for human consumption Alfa Aesar A15468
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1052 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_63708, replib_228407, replib_289360, replib_193486
      1033 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tudor, E.; Moldovan, D., Temperature Dependence of the Retention Index for Perfumery Compounds on a Se-30 Glass Capillary Column. II. The Hyperbolic Equation, J. Chromatogr., 848, 1999, 215-227.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1033.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.35 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 779, 1997, 287-297.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1078 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.29 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Brander, C.F.; Kepner, R.E.; Webb, A.D., Identification of Some Volatile Compounds of Wine of Vitis Vinifera Cultivar Pinot Noir, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 31(1), 1980, 69-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1595 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wong, K.C.; Teng, Y.E., Volatile Components of Mimusops elengi L. Flowers, J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 1994, 453-458.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1029 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1032 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1033 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1034 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lipp, S.V.; Krasnykh, E.L.; Levanova, S.V., Retention indices of symmetrical dicarboxylic acid esters, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 63(4), 2008, 349-352, In original 383-387.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1043 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>2C/min =>200C(1min) =>2C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 105533; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 428-435., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1040 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 54(12), 1999, 1272-1279, In original 1272-1279.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1064 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1523-1528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1069 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jung, A.; Wichmann, K.-H.; Kolb, M., VOC emission of polymeric packaging materials, LaborPraxis, 23(9), 1999, 20-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1572 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1574 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1582 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>2C/min =>200C(1min) =>2C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 105533; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 428-435.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1542 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1581.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Rapp, A.; Cacho, J.F.; Hastrich, H.; Yavas, I., Fast and quantitative determination of wine flavor compounds using microextraction with Freon 113, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(9), 1993, 1413-1420.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1038 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hancock, J.R.; Peters, G.R., Retention index monitoring of compounds of chemical defence interest using thermal desorption gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 538, 1991, 249-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1035 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; End T: 228 C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1069 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (5min) => 2C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 250C (15min); CAS no: 105533; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Identification of the aroma components of acerola (Malphigia glabra L.): free and bound flavor compounds, Food Chem., 74, 2001, 209-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1068.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hancock, J.R.; Peters, G.R., Retention index monitoring of compounds of chemical defence interest using thermal desorption gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 538, 1991, 249-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1069.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hancock, J.R.; Peters, G.R., Retention index monitoring of compounds of chemical defence interest using thermal desorption gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 538, 1991, 249-257.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1572 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(0.7min) =>20C/min =>70C =>4C/min=> 240C; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5670-5676.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1580 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 105533; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 199.3±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.3±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 43.5±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 100.0±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.418
Molar Refractivity: 38.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 4
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.70
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.79
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2.33
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 63.84
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.79
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2.33
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 63.84
Polar Surface Area: 53 Å2
Polarizability: 15.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 32.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 151.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.90
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.96
       Exper. Ref:  Pomona (1987)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  166.02  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -83.29  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.361  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -50 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  200 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  2.69E-01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1.034e+004
       log Kow used: 0.96 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  2.32e+004 mg/L (37 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  22475 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  23200.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.36E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
   Exper Database: 2.10E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  7.358E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.96  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.066  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.026
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0197
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9999
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1256  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.0746  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   1.0722
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9840
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.0986
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  35.9 Pa (0.269 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.026
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  8.36E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.61E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  3.02E-006 
       Mackay model           :  6.69E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.08E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   3.4131 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     3.134 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    37.605 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 4.86E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  10
      Log Koc:  1.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  4.953E+000  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:       1.620  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:      16.198  days   

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.96 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.1E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      354.1  hours   (14.76 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       3969  hours   (165.4 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.00  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.79  percent
    Total to Air:                0.12  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       4.59            75.2         1000       
   Water     42.2            360          1000       
   Soil      53.1            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0839          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 381 hr




                    

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