ChemSpider 2D Image | 4-Ethylheptane | C9H20

4-Ethylheptane

  • Molecular FormulaC9H20
  • Average mass128.255 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass128.156494 Da
  • ChemSpider ID15800

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

4-Ethylheptan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Ethylheptane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Éthylheptane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Heptane, 4-ethyl- [ACD/Index Name]
[2216-32-2]
2216-32-2 [RN]
4-ethyl heptane
MFCD00048743
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      852 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_227575, replib_20668, replib_2660
      873.3 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      861.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.264 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      861.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.259 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 328-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      858 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l'indice de retention d'alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l'indice de retention d'alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 7, 1969, 55-75., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 849, 1999, 495-506., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 68 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 24(2), 1971, 88-94., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 110 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kovats indices, J. Chromatogr., 253, 1982, 179-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      857 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tourres, D.A., Structure moleculaire et retention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la temperature sur l'indice de retention d'alcanes isomeres, J. Chromatogr., 30, 1967, 357-377., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 58 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 40-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      863 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 26 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Diatoport S; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Widmer, H., Gas chromatographic identification of hydrocarbons using retention indices, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 506-510.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      856 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 662, 1994, 269-280., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 45 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography, in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      866 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hilal, S.H.; Carreira, L.A.; Karickhoff, S.W.; Melton, C.M., Estimation of Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Retention Times from Molecular Structure, J. Chromatogr. A, 662, 1994, 269-280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      857.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      858.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 43, 1988, 127-135.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      858.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 171-189.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      859 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 120 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines, in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      859.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 120 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines, in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      857.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 95 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Vacuum Grease Oil (VM-4); Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sultanov, N.T.; Arustamova, L.G., Determination of the boiling points of C10 isoalkanes in an n-decane isomerizate from gas chromatographic retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 115, 1975, 553-558.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      861 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: Ar; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schomburg, G., Struktur und Retentionsverhalten von Offenkettigen und Cyclischen Kohlenwasserstoffen und Deren Einfacher Substitutionsprodukte, Anal. Chim. Acta., 38, 1967, 45-64., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rappoport, S.; Gaumann, T., 114. L'indice de retention des alcanes isomeres en chromatographie en phase gazeuse, Helv. Chim. Acta, 56(3), 1973, 1145-1158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      857.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takacs, J.; Szita, C.; Tarjan, G., Contribution to the theory of the retention index system. III. Retention index and molecular structure. Calculation of retention indices of paraffin hydrocarbons on the basis of their molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 56, 1971, 1-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      863 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhang, X.; Ding, L.; Sun, Z.; Song, L.; Sun, T., Study on quantitative structure-retention relationships for hydrocarbons in FCC gasoline, Chromatographia, 70(3/4), 2009, 511-518.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      858 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Petrov, A.A., Hydrocarbons of petroleum, Nauka (publishing house), Moscow, 1984, 263., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, Y.; Liang, Y., Data mining for seeking accurate quantitative relationship between molecular structure and GC retention indices of alkanes by projection pursuit, Comput. Biol. Chem., 27, 2003, 339-353., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2(1), 2003, 33-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      866 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guan, Y.; Li, L.; Zhou, L., Live retention database for compound identification in capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 13(5), 1995, 851-857.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      862 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40-190 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mann, G.; Muhlstadt, M.; Braband, J.; Doring, E., Konformation und physikalische daten von alkanen und cyclanen. II. Einfach und zweifach verzweigte alkane, Tetrahedron, 23(8), 1967, 3393-3401.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      858.51 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Subramaniam, B.; Bochniak, D.; Snavely, K., Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in supercritical reaction media, Lawrence Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering (DOE/PC/92532--T7), United States Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994, 8.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      860 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Subramaniam, B.; Bochniak, D.; Snavely, K., Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in supercritical reaction media, Lawrence Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering (DOE/PC/92532--T7), United States Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA, 1994, 8.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      858 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 108 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 2216322; Active phase: OV-101; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Kovats indices as a tool in characterizing hydrocarbon fuels in temperature programmed glass capillary gas chromatography. Part 1. Qualitative identification, Inhouse rpt. for Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Air Force Wright Aeronautical Labs., Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 1981, 75.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 141.2±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 7.4±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 36.3±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 24.0±11.4 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.407
Molar Refractivity: 43.7±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 5
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 5.35
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.78
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2512.03
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 9447.85
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.78
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2512.03
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 9447.85
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 17.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 22.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 177.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.69

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  129.04  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -67.64  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  7.56  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    BP  (exp database):  141.2 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.691
       log Kow used: 4.69 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.47708 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.00E+000  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   5.73E+000  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.741E-001 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.69  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  2.214  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.476
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6865
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.7663
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.9157  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6627  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5282
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7169
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5615
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   0.8221
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :   6.6391

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  929 Pa (6.97 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.476
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  3.23E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  7.35E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.17E-007 
       Mackay model           :  2.58E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.88E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  10.3845 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.030 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    12.360 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.87E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  859.8
      Log Koc:  2.934 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.910 (BCF = 812.1)
       log Kow used: 4.69 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.156  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      107.6  hours   (4.482 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
    Total removal:              99.95  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.12  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    39.61  percent
    Total to Air:               60.22  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       16.6            24.7         1000       
   Water     47.7            360          1000       
   Soil      8.02            720          1000       
   Sediment  27.7            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 128 hr




                    

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