ChemSpider 2D Image | 2-Pentylpyridine | C10H15N

2-Pentylpyridine

  • Molecular FormulaC10H15N
  • Average mass149.233 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass149.120453 Da
  • ChemSpider ID15924

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

2-Pentylpyridine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-(3-Pentyl)pyridine
218-937-0 [EINECS]
2294-76-0 [RN]
2-Amyl pyridine
2-Pentylpyridin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Pentylpyridine [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3383
9N74L1UD11
MFCD00051828 [MDL number]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

AIDS020362 [DBID]
AIDS-020362 [DBID]
NSC 4693 [DBID]
NSC4693 [DBID]
W338303_ALDRICH [DBID]
ZINC03881710 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1185 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_4584, replib_121726, replib_249149
      1173 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1175 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1187 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min)=>3C/min=>150C=20C/min=>230C; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boatright, W.L.; Crum, A.D., Odor and flavor contribution of 2-pentyl pyridine to soy protein isolates, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 74(12), 1997, 1575-1581.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1172 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lambrecht, S.; Kaulen, J., Synthesis of substituted ethenylpyrazines and dialkylpyridines and their sensory properties, Flavour Fragr. J., 12, 1997, 439-442.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1167 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishihara, M.; Tsuneya, T.; Shiga, M.; Kawashima, S.; Yamagishi, K.; Yoshida, F.; Sato, H.; Uneyama, K., New pyridine derivatives and basic components in spearmint oil (Mentha gentilis f. cardiaca) and peppermint oil (Mentha piperita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(9), 1992, 1647-1655.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1174 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishihara, M.; Tsuneya, T.; Shiga, M.; Kawashima, S.; Yamagishi, K.; Yoshida, F.; Sato, H.; Uneyama, K., New pyridine derivatives and basic components in spearmint oil (Mentha gentilis f. cardiaca) and peppermint oil (Mentha piperita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(9), 1992, 1647-1655.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1181 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: SPB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thomas, A.F.; Bassols, F., Occurrence of pyridines and other bases in orange oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(11), 1992, 2236-2243.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1203 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1201 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min)=>3C/min=>150C=20C/min=>230C; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boatright, W.L.; Crum, A.D., Odor and flavor contribution of 2-pentyl pyridine to soy protein isolates, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 74(12), 1997, 1575-1581.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1192 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P., Odour-active compounds in moderately roasted sesame, Food Chem., 55(2), 1996, 145-152.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1205 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1265-1269.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1527 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1573 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: TC-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 70(2), 1996, 151-160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1592 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: Supelcowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thomas, A.F.; Bassols, F., Occurrence of pyridines and other bases in orange oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(11), 1992, 2236-2243.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1177 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1174.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 43(3/4), 1996, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1202 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C =>60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mottram, D.S.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile compounds from the reaction of cysteine, ribose, and phospholipid in low-moisture systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 984-988.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1572 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1578 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: EC-WAX; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boatright, W.L.; Lei, Q., Compounds contributing to the "Beany" odor of aqueous solutions of soy protein isolates, J. Food Sci., 64(4), 1999, 667-670., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min)=>3C/min=>165C=>20C/min=>220C; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: EC-WAX; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boatright, W.L.; Lei, Q., Compounds contributing to the "Beany" odor of aqueous solutions of soy protein isolates, J. Food Sci., 64(4), 1999, 667-670.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1554 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(8), 1994, 1743-1746.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1583 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 46, 1988, 227-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1584 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 2294760; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 210.4±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.3±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 42.8±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 84.5±5.4 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.491
Molar Refractivity: 47.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 4
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.31
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.78
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 54.16
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 403.91
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.38
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 217.15
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1619.53
Polar Surface Area: 13 Å2
Polarizability: 18.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 33.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 165.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.32

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  219.64  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  20.92  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.134  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2246
       log Kow used: 3.32 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  990.55 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.42E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   3.62E-005  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.172E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.32  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.005  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  6.325
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6850
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8419
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8787  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.8142  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3605
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.3592
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6543
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  16.5 Pa (0.124 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 6.325
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.81E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.19E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  6.55E-006 
       Mackay model           :  1.45E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.15E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   6.2104 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.722 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    20.667 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.05E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  648.1
      Log Koc:  2.812 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.853 (BCF = 71.36)
       log Kow used: 3.32 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  3.62E-005 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:         21  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      331.6  hours   (13.82 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              11.22  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.15  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     9.29  percent
    Total to Air:                1.77  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.94            41.3         1000       
   Water     22.8            360          1000       
   Soil      73.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.706           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 462 hr




                    

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