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Search term: InChIKey=IKHGUXGNUITLKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N (Found by InChIKey (full match))

ChemSpider 2D Image | ethanal | C2H4O

ethanal

  • Molecular FormulaC2H4O
  • Average mass44.053 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass44.026215 Da
  • ChemSpider ID172

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

216-641-6 [EINECS]
223-921-1 [EINECS]
75-07-0 [RN]
Acetaldehyd [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Acetaldehyde [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
Acétaldéhyde [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
acetylaldehyde
CH2CHO [Formula]
ethaldehyde
ethanal [Wiki]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

00070_FLUKA [DBID]
00071_FLUKA [DBID]
36611_RIEDEL [DBID]
402788_SIAL [DBID]
506788_SUPELCO [DBID]
63990_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-31167 [DBID]
AIDS186245 [DBID]
AIDS-186245 [DBID]
C00084 [DBID]
More...
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless liquid or gas (above 69F) with a pungent, fruity odor. NIOSH AB1925000
      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      flammable, colourless liquiduid/pungent ethereal odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Acetaldehyde
    • Stability:

      Stable, but air sensitive. Substances to be avoided include strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, reducing agents, alkalies, halogens, halogen oxides. Highly flammable.Vapour/air mixtures explosive over a very wide concentration range. May form peroxides in storage. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 661 mg kg-1, SKN-RBT LD50 3540 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11/22/2013 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar A15292
      12-36/37-40 Alfa Aesar 33244
      13-16-25-46 Alfa Aesar A15292
      16-33-36/37 Alfa Aesar 33244
      3 Alfa Aesar 33244
      Danger Alfa Aesar 33244
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, causes CNS effects, irritates skin & eyes Alfa Aesar 33244
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A15292
      H224-H351-H302-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar 33244
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar 33244
      Safety glasses. Effective ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate immediately Skin: Water flush promptly Breathing: Respiratory support Swallow: Medical attention immediately NIOSH AB1925000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact NIOSH AB1925000
    • Symptoms:

      Irritation eyes, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; conjunctivitis; cough; central nervous system depression; delayed pulmonary edema; in animals: kidney, reproductive, teratogenic effects; [p otential occupational carcinogen] NIOSH AB1925000
    • Target Organs:

      Eyes, skin, respiratory system, kidneys, central nervous system, reproductive system Cancer Site [in animals: nasal cancer] NIOSH AB1925000
    • Incompatibility:

      Strong oxidizers, acids, bases, alcohols, ammonia & amines, phenols, ketones, HCN, H2S [Note: Prolonged contact with air may cause formation of peroxides that may explode and burst containers; easily undergoes polymerization.] NIOSH AB1925000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Prevent skin contact Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: When contaminated Remove: When wet (flammable) Change: No recommendation Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench NIOSH AB1925000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      408 (estimated with error: 45) NIST Spectra mainlib_227634, replib_18870
      360.37 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      360.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      360.64 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      360.88 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      361.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      362.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      364 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      360 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      361 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      363 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P.; Schwede, A.M., Production of volatile componds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(4), 1989, 1023-1025., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      380 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -100 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bartley, J.P., Volatile flavours of Australian tropical fruits, Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 16, 1988, 201-205.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      389 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      369 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gaschrom Q; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 17(3), 1983, 160-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      358 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      367 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celatom AW silanized; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Nguyen, A.; Wainwright, M.S., Application of linear extrathermodynamic relationships to alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, amd ethoxy alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 179, 1979, 75-85.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      410 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R., Insect attractants: volatiles of hydrolizyed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 689-692.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      346 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Chromosorb G; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mira, J.M.; Sanchez, L.G., Polarity of the Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases and Retention Indices of Aliphatic Esters, Ketones and Alcohols, Anal. Chim. Acta., 50, 1970, 315-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      343 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      715.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      716.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      717.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      718.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      714 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Tamura, T.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Identification of volatile compounds isolated from round kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle), J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(9), 1994, 1888-1890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(1), 1989, 139-142., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 5.5 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 175 C; Start time: 9 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Galt, A.M.; MacLeod, G., Headspace sampling of cooked beef aroma using Tenax GC, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32(1), 1984, 59-64.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      744 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      723 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 235, 1982, 119-127.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      689 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      692 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 70 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 366-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      681 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kevei, E.; Kozma, E., Gaschromatographische Untersuchungsmethoden zur Aromaprufung in gekochtem Schweinefleisch (M. semimembranosus), Nahrung, 20(3), 1976, 243-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      372 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) ^ 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 39, 2005, 6707-6718., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      360 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2/He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 15(2), 2004, 183-189.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      373 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      387.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      400 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Guntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 553-560., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      352 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      342 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (4min) =>10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schuberth, J., Joint use of retention index and mass spectrum in postmortem tests for volatile organics by headspace capillary gas chromatography with ion-trap detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 674, 1994, 63-71.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      363 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      381 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      427 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jirovetz, L.; Smith, D.; Buchbauer, G., Aroma compound analysis of Eruca sativa (Brassicaceae) SPME headspace leaf samples using GC, GC-MS, and olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 4643-4646., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Geissler, M., Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 976, 2002, 265-275., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Nonpolar; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Staples, E.; Zeiger, K., On-Site Measurements of VOCs and Odors from Metal Casting Operations Using an Ultra-Fast Gas Chromatograph, 2008.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      400.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in "Terrincho" ewe cheese. Comparison of different fibers, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      347 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: PoraPLOT; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ojanpera, I.; Pihlainen, K.; Vuori, E., Identification limits for volatile organic compounds in the blood by purge-and-trap GC/FTIR, J. Anal. Toxicol., 22, 1998, 290-295.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      404 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30 0C (1 min) ^ 15 0C/min -> 45 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 120 0C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 47, 1989, 525-532.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      410 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Column length: 152 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 25C(1min) =>5C/min => 50C (4min) => 1.25C/min => 180C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: SF96+Igepal; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Altieri, M.A.; Mon, T.R., Volatile constituents of Amaranthus retroflexus L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 92-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      356 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Synachrom; Carrier gas: Helium; Substrate: Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dufka, O.; Malinsky, J.; Vladyka, J., Sorpcni materialy pro plynovou chromatographii - III, Chemicky promysl., 21/46(9), 1971, 459-463.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      365 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Synachrom; Carrier gas: Helium; Substrate: Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dufka, O.; Malinsky, J.; Vladyka, J., Sorpcni materialy pro plynovou chromatographii - III, Chemicky promysl., 21/46(9), 1971, 459-463.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      692 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min) =>10C/min =>90C =>2C/min =>230C (37min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax Etr; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Loskos, N.; Hernandez-Orte, P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Release and formation of varietal aroma compounds during alcoholic fermentation from nonfloral grape odorless flavor precursors fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 6674-6684.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Aroma chemicals isolated and identified from leaves of aloe arborescens Mill. Var. natalensis Berger, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 3702-3705., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rizzolo, A.; Cambiaghi, P.; Grassi, M.; Zerbini, P.E., Influence of 1-Methylcyclopropene and Storage Atmosphere on Changes in Volatile Compounds and Fruit Quality of Conference Pears, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 9781-9789., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      702 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 69, 2004, 179-187., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      713 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      712 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Chaintreau, A., Carbonyl Odorants Contributing to the In-Oven Roast Beef Top Note, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 9578-9585.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      728 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Chaintreau, A., Carbonyl Odorants Contributing to the In-Oven Roast Beef Top Note, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 9578-9585.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      703 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chida, M.; Sone, Y.; Tamura, H., Aroma characteristics of stored tobacco cut leaves analyzed by a high vacuum distillation and canister system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 7918-7924., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Campeanu, G.; Burcea, M.; Doneanu, C.; Namolosanu, I.; Visan, L., GC/MS characterization of the volatiles isolated from the wines obtained from the indigenous cultivar Feteasca Regala, Analusis, 26, 1998, 93-97.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      718 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      716 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 15(2), 2004, 183-189.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      670 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      696.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(12.5min) => 4C/min =>114C(6min) =>7C/min=>143C =>15C/min =>240C (4min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, P.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Gaya, P.; Nunez, M., Formation of volatile compounds by wild Lactococcus lactis strains isolated from raw ewes' milk cheese, Int. Dairy J., 13, 2003, 201-209.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      677 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fu, S.-G.; Yoon, Y.; Basemore, R., Aroma-actie components in fermented bamboo shoots, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 549-554.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      707.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Houeto, P.; Borron, S.W.; Marliere, F.; Baud, F.J.; Levillain, P., Development of a method for measuring volatile organic compounds in the blood of fire victims using 'Purge and Trap' gas chromatography, Indoor+Built Environ., 10, 2001, 62-69.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      704.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 150 C; Start time: 9 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sharp, M.-E.E., A comprehensive screen for volatile organic compounds in biological fluids, J. Anal. Toxicol., 25, 2001, 631-636.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Girard, B.; Durance, T., Headspace volatiles of sockeye and pink salmon as affected by retort process, Food Chem. Toxicol., 65(1), 2000, 34-39.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      750 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 400-406.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      704 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 34 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schluter, S.; Steinhart, H.; Schwarz, F.J.; Kirchgessner, M., Changes in the odorants of boiled carp fillet (Cyprinus carpio L.) as affected by increasing methionine levels in feed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5146-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      748 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min)=> 16C/min => 120C =>15C/min =>240C(3min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forney, C.F.; Jordan, M.A., Induction of volatile compounds in broccoli by postharvest hot-water dips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5295-5301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      714 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      680 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Obretenov, T.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D., GC/MS (EI,PCI,SIM)-data bank analysis of volatile compounds arising from thermal degradation of glucose-valine amadori intermediates, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 999-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      695 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yabumoto, K.; Jennings, W.G.; Yamaguchi, M., Gas chromatographic retention as identification criteria, Anal. Biochem., 78, 1977, 244-251., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      381 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5146-5148., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5883-5887.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      359 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bartelt, R.J., Calibration of a commercial solid-phase microextraction device for measuring headspace concentrations of organic volatiles, Anal. Chem., 69, 1997, 364-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      418 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi (Aster scaber Thunb), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      714 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi (Aster scaber Thunb), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahattanatawee K.; Perez-Cacho P.R.; Davenport T.; Rouseff R., Comparison of three lychee cultivar odor profiles using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-sulfur detection, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1939-1944.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      689 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Quijano, C.E.; Linares, D.; Pino, J.A., Changes in volatile compounds of fermented cereza agria [Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels] fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 392-394.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      692 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gurbuz O.; Rouseff J.M.; Rouseff R.L., Comparison of aroma volatiles in commercial Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon wines using gas chromatography - Olfactometry and gas chromatography - Mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 3990-3996.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      715 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min) =>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min => 220C (13.5min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Steinhart, H., Identification and evaluation of volatile odor-active pollutants from different odor emission sources in the food industry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 220, 2005, 226-231., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min)=>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min =>220C(13.5min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Kleeberg, K.K.; Schlegelmilch, M.; Streese, J.; Stegmann, R.; Steinhart, H., Analytical determination of the suitability of different processes for the treatment of odorous waste gas, Waste Management, 25, 2005, 908-916., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds of deep-oil fried, microwave-heated, and oven-baked garlic slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(5), 1993, 800-805.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      677 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rega, B.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Solid phase microextraction (SPME) of orange juice flavor: odor representativeness by direct gas chromatography olfactometry (D-GC-O), J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7092-7099., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rega, B.; Fournier, N.; Nicklaus, S.; Guichard, E., Role of pulp in flavor release and sensory perception in orange juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 4204-4212., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, Y.-F.G.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of the aroma of a meatlike process flavoring from soybean-based enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2900-2907.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      727 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>2C/min =>100C=>10C/min=>230C (5min); CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Preliminary aroma comparison of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Evergreen (R. laciniatus L.) blackberries by dynamic headspace/OSME technique, J. Food Sci., 68(2), 2003, 697-700.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      724 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 492-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      694 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brunton, N.P.; Cronin, D.A.; Monahan, F.J., Volatile components associated with freshly cooked and oxidized off-flavours in turkey breast meat, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 327-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      669 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5883-5887., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5146-5148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      655 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lee, G.-H.; Suriyaphan, O.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma components of cooked tail meat of American lobster (Homarus americanus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4324-4332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      668 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 1547-1552.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      709 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      710 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      716 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      686 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3601-3605.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      718 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 75070; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi (Aster scaber Thunb), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 18.6±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 964.5±0.0 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 25.8±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -40.0±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.315
Molar Refractivity: 11.5±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -0.16
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.29
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 34.42
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.29
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 34.42
Polar Surface Area: 17 Å2
Polarizability: 4.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 17.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 58.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.17
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -0.34
       Exper. Ref:  TSCATS

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  33.83  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -106.38  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  910  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -123 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  20.1 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  9.02E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.568e+005
       log Kow used: -0.34 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  4.7667e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aldehydes

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   6.78E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   6.00E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 6.67E-05  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.715E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -0.34  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.564  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.224
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0112
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9999
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1241  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9808  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.9929
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9823
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.8791
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.2E+005 Pa (902 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.224
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.49E-011 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.11E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  9.01E-010 
       Mackay model           :  2E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.29E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  16.9800 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.630 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     7.559 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.45E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.498
      Log Koc:  0.176 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -0.34 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  6.67E-005 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      6.503  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      126.6  hours   (5.275 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               5.20  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.70  percent
    Total to Air:                3.41  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       3.9             16.2         1000       
   Water     49.5            360          1000       
   Soil      46.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0909          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 253 hr




                    

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