ChemSpider 2D Image | Methyl vanillate | C9H10O4

Methyl vanillate

  • Molecular FormulaC9H10O4
  • Average mass182.173 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass182.057907 Da
  • ChemSpider ID18693

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3943-74-6 [RN]
4-Hydroxy-3-méthoxybenzoate de méthyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-, methyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
Methyl 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Methyl vanillate
Methyl-4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Vanillic acid, methyl ester (8CI)
[3943-74-6]
223-525-9 [EINECS]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

138126_ALDRICH [DBID]
AI3-20212 [DBID]
BRN 1369113 [DBID]
MFCD00008438 [DBID]
NSC 74385 [DBID]
NSC74385 [DBID]
W510319_ALDRICH [DBID]
ZINC00388238 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1470 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_239332, replib_135401, replib_256165
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1481 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C=>55C/min => 85C => 1C/min =>145C => 3C/min =>250C; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guyot, C.; Scheirman, V.; Collin, S., Floral origin markers of heather honeys: Calluna vulgaris and Erica arborea, Food Chem., 64, 1999, 3-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1463.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 275 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ralph, J.; Hatfield, R.D., Pyrolisys-GC-MS Characterization of Forage Materials, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1426-1437.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1526 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 9 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production - influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(6), 2009, 2385-2391.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1509.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1516 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guntert, M.; Rapp, A.; Takeoka, G.R.; Jennings, W., HRGC and HRGC-MS applied to wine constituents of lower volatility, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 182(3), 1986, 200-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2629 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (3 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 90 0C ^ 2 0C/min -> 230 0C (37 min); CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Loscos, N.; Hernandez-Orte, P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Fate of grape flavor precursors during storage on yeast lees, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(12), 2009, 5468-5479., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min) =>10C/min =>90C =>2C/min =>230C (37min); CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax Etr; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Loskos, N.; Hernandez-Orte, P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Release and formation of varietal aroma compounds during alcoholic fermentation from nonfloral grape odorless flavor precursors fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 6674-6684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 100 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax Etr; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ibarz, M.J.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez-Orte, P.; Loscos, N.; Cacho, J., Optimization and evaluation of a procedure for the gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of the aromas generated by fast acid hydrolysis of flavor precursors extracted from grapes, J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 2006, 217-229.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2613 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) => 6C/min => 200C (15min) =>220C (20min); CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Pet'ka, J.; Cacho, J., Intensity and persistence profiles of flavor compounds in synthetic solutions. Simple model for explaining the intensity and persistence of their aftersmell, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 489-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2607 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cullere, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1653-1660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2635 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C ^ 2 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 245 0C; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: CP-Wax 52 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Carro Marino, N.; Lopez Tamames, E.; Garcia Jares, C.M., Contribution to the study of the aromatic potential of three muscat Vitis vinifera varieties: identification of new compounds, Food Sci. Technol. Int., 1(2-3), 1995, 105-116.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2603 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 80C(5min) => 5C/min => 155C=>4C/min => 240C(30min); CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miranda-Lopez, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Odor analysis of Pinot noir wines from grapes of different maturities by a gas chromatography-olfactometry technique (Osme), J. Food Sci., 57(4), 1992, 985-993., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miranda-Lopez, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Research note. Identificatiohn of additional odor-active compounds in Pinot noir wines, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 43(1), 1992, 90-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2604 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miranda-Lopez, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Research note. Identificatiohn of additional odor-active compounds in Pinot noir wines, Am. J. Enol. Vitic, 43(1), 1992, 90-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2598 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 80C(5min) => 5C/min => 155C=>4C/min => 240C(30min); CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miranda-Lopez, R.; Libbey, L.M.; Watson, B.T.; McDaniel, M.R., Odor analysis of Pinot noir wines from grapes of different maturities by a gas chromatography-olfactometry technique (Osme), J. Food Sci., 57(4), 1992, 985-993.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1525 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alves, R.J.V.; Pinto, A.C.; da Costa, A.V.M.; Rezende, C.M., Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. (Rhamnaceae) and the chemical composition of its floral fecal odor, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 16(3B), 2005, 654-656., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perraudin, F.; Popovici, J.; Bertrand, C., Analysis of headspace-solid microextracts from flowers of Maxillaria tenuifolia Lindl. by GC-MS, Electronic Journal of Natural Substances, 1, 2006, 1-5.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1496 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fang, Y.; Qian, M., Aroma compounds in Oregon Pinot Noir wine determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 22-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1526 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 290 C; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: da Silva, U.F.; Borba, E.L.; Semir, J.; Marsaioli, A.J., A simple solid injection device for the analyses of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) volatiles, Phytochemistry, 50, 1999, 31-34.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2600 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(3min) => 2C/min =>220C=>3C/min =>245C (20min); CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Selli, S.; Cabaroglu, T.; Canbas, A.; Erten, H.; Nurgel, C.; Lepoutre, J.P.; Gunata, Z., Volatile composition of red wine from cv. Kalecik Karasi grown in central Anatolia, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 207-213., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lee, S.-J.; Lee, J.-E.; Kim, H.-W.; Kim, S.-S.; Koh, K.-H., Development of Korean red wines using Vitis labrusca varieties: instrumental and sensory characterization, Food Chem., 94, 2006, 385-393., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bureau, S.M.; Razungles, A.R.; Baumes, R.L., The aroma of Muscat of Frontignan grapes: effect of the light environment of vine or bunch on volatiles and glycoconjugates, J. Sci. Food Agric., 80, 2000, 2012-2020.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2585 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fang, Y.; Qian, M., Aroma compounds in Oregon Pinot Noir wine determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 22-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2586 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boido, E.; Lloret, A.; Medina, K.; Farina, L.; Carrau, f.; Versini, G.; Dellacassa, E., Aroma composition of Vitis vinifera Cv. Tannat: the typical red wine from Uruguay, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5408-5413., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bureau, S.M.; Baumes, R.L.; Razungles, A.J., Effects of vine or bunch shading on the glycosylated flavor precursors in grapes of Vitis vinifera L. Cv. Syrah, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1290-1297.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2580 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wirth, J.; Guo, W.; Baumes, R.; Gunata, Z., Volatile compounds released by enzymatic hydrolysis of glycoconjugates of leaves and grape berries from Vitis vinifera muscat of Alexandria and Shiraz cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2917-2923.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2567 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.259 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Suarez, M.; Duque, C.; Wintoch, H.; Schreier, P., Glycosidically bound aroma compounds from the pulp and the peelings of lulo fruit (Solanum vestissimum D.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1643-1645.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2578 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.259 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 3943746; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Suarez, M.; Duque, C.; Wintoch, H.; Schreier, P., Glycosidically bound aroma compounds from the pulp and the peelings of lulo fruit (Solanum vestissimum D.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1643-1645.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 286.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 54.6±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 120.2±15.8 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.534
Molar Refractivity: 46.6±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 4
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.54
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.69
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 11.35
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 197.97
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.65
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 10.25
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 178.74
Polar Surface Area: 56 Å2
Polarizability: 18.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 43.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 149.8±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.82

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  285.73  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  73.20  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.000631  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  64 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  286 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.00146 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1495
       log Kow used: 1.82 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  2394.9 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters
       Phenols

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.14E-010  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.81E-009  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.012E-007 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.82  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -8.058  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  9.878
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0827
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9995
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.9351  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9307  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.7988
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.8725
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.8212
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.195 Pa (0.00146 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 9.878
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.54E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.00185 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000556 
       Mackay model           :  0.00123 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.129 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  10.4491 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.024 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    12.284 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Reaction With Nitrate Radicals May Be Important!
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000894 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  91.24
      Log Koc:  1.960 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  1.137E-002  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:       1.931  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:      19.315  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.703 (BCF = 5.042)
       log Kow used: 1.82 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  1.81E-009 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 4.366E+005  hours   (1.819E+004 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 4.763E+006  hours   (1.985E+005 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.11  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     2.02  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0352          24.6         1000       
   Water     25.1            360          1000       
   Soil      74.8            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0743          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 682 hr




                    

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