ChemSpider 2D Image | 2-Pentylthiophene | C9H14S

2-Pentylthiophene

  • Molecular FormulaC9H14S
  • Average mass154.273 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass154.081619 Da
  • ChemSpider ID19749

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1-(2-Thienyl)pentane
225-465-9 [EINECS]
2-n-Amylthiophene
2-n-Pentylthiophene
2-Pentylthiophen [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Pentylthiophene [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Pentylthiophène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4861-58-9 [RN]
MFCD00041017 [MDL number]
T5SJ B5 [WLN]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

L79LOS1ZKM [DBID]
UNII:L79LOS1ZKM [DBID]
UNII-L79LOS1ZKM [DBID]
ZINC02037537 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar B21885
      Harmful/Irritant SynQuest 5H66-1-14
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 099859
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1192 (estimated with error: 46) NIST Spectra mainlib_249605, replib_5155, replib_285476
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1153 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1151 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A., Sorption regularities of sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds in chromatography and their application in identification of volatile organic compounds, Diss. degree of Dr. Sci. (Chemistry), 1995, 52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1141 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP-Sil 5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; van Dalen, A.C.K.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolisates of sulfur-rich kerogenes, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; Kock-van Dalen, A.C.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenk, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolysates of sulphur-rich kerogens, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1142 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP-Sil 5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; van Dalen, A.C.K.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolisates of sulfur-rich kerogenes, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; Kock-van Dalen, A.C.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenk, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolysates of sulphur-rich kerogens, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1462 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1460 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1456 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=> 2C/min =>150C=> 10C/min =>250C; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Luning, P.A.; de Rijk, T.; Wichers, H.J.; Roozen, J.P., Gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and sniffing port analyses of volatile compounds of fresh bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) at different ripening stages, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(4), 1994, 977-983.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1443.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilson, R.A.; Mussinan, C.J.; Katz, I.; Sanderson, A., Isolation and identification of some sulfur chemicals present in pressure-cooked beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(5), 1973, 873-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1455.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilson, R.A.; Mussinan, C.J.; Katz, I.; Sanderson, A., Isolation and identification of some sulfur chemicals present in pressure-cooked beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(5), 1973, 873-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1143 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermnal interaction of 2,4-decadienal with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(4), 1989, 1016-1020.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1164 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C =>60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mottram, D.S.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile compounds from the reaction of cysteine, ribose, and phospholipid in low-moisture systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 984-988., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 861-873.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1176 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1118-1125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1170 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: oC(5min) =>60C/min => 60C (5min) =>4C/min =>250C; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3497-3506., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1126-1132., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 905, 2000, 233-240.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1165 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1885-1894.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1169 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Formation of 2-alkyl-(2H)-thiapyrans and 2-Alkylthiophenes in cooked beef and lamb, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2420-2424.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1438 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brunton, N.P.; Cronin, D.A.; Monahan, F.J., Volatile components associated with freshly cooked and oxidized off-flavours in turkey breast meat, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 327-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1452 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(8), 1994, 1743-1746.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1437 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1440 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 4861589; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 202.2±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.4±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 42.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 53.1±3.3 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.508
Molar Refractivity: 48.1±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 4
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.48
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.39
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1285.34
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 5848.37
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.39
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1285.34
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 5848.37
Polar Surface Area: 28 Å2
Polarizability: 19.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 33.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 161.3±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.32

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  220.10  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  19.76  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.13  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  14.71
       log Kow used: 4.32 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  14.006 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Thiophenes

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.00E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.794E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.32  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.388  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.708
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8372
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9623
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0817  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.8257  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3708
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.4051
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.1087
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   1.4163
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :  26.0779

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  16.1 Pa (0.121 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.708
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.86E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.25E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  6.72E-006 
       Mackay model           :  1.49E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  28.9716 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.369 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     4.430 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.08E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1761
      Log Koc:  3.246 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.630 (BCF = 426.7)
       log Kow used: 4.32 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.01 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:       1.34  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      118.8  hours   (4.949 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              85.31  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.19  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    32.29  percent
    Total to Air:               52.84  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       1.65            8.86         1000       
   Water     16.7            360          1000       
   Soil      77.4            720          1000       
   Sediment  4.29            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 371 hr




                    

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