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ChemSpider 2D Image | 2,5-Diethylpyrazine | C8H12N2

2,5-Diethylpyrazine

  • Molecular FormulaC8H12N2
  • Average mass136.194 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass136.100052 Da
  • ChemSpider ID24033

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

2,5-Diethylpyrazin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2,5-Diethylpyrazine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2,5-Diéthylpyrazine [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pyrazine, 2,5-diethyl- [ACD/Index Name]
T6N DNJ B2 E2 [WLN]
"2,5-DIETHYLPYRAZINE"
"2,5-DIETHYLPYRAZINE"|"2,5-DIETHYLPYRAZINE"
[13238-84-1]
13238-84-1 [RN]
'13238-84-1
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

CCRIS 4693 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Not Available Novochemy [NC-32907]
    • Safety:

      20/21/22 Novochemy [NC-32907]
      20/21/36/37/39 Novochemy [NC-32907]
      GHS07; GHS09 Novochemy [NC-32907]
      H304; H332; H403 Novochemy [NC-32907]
      P102; P210; P262; P270; P302+P352; P308+P313 Novochemy [NC-32907]
      R22 Novochemy [NC-32907]
      Warning Novochemy [NC-32907]
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1093 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_248941, replib_109566
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1047.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pihlsgared, P.; Leufven, A.; Lingnert, H., Aroma compounds in the production of liquid beet sugar, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 3875-3880.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1062 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1063 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1048 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E.; Chang, Y.-H.; Chiang, W., Volatile compounds of the wax gourd (Benincasa hispida, Cogn) and a wax gourd beverage, J. Food Sci., 52(1), 1987, 132-134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1057.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1055.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1068.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 8 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Radford, T.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Some constituents of the aroma complex of coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 19(3), 1971, 530-532.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>20C/min =>80C (1min) =>20C/min =>100C(1min) =>30C/min =>230C(3min); CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ho, C.W.; Wan Aida, W.M.; Maskat, M.Y.; Osman, H., Changes in volatile compounds of palm sap (Arenga pinnata) during the heating process for production of palm sugar, Food Chem., 102, 2007, 1156-1162.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1094 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1095 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1087 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique, in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s), 1998, 225-243.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1077 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Matsui, T.; Guth, H.; Grosch, W., A comparative study of potent odorants in peanut, hazelnut, and pumpkin seed oils on the basis of aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) and gas chromatography-olfactometry of headspace samples (GCOH), Lipid - Fett, 100(2), 1998, 51-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1433 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1463 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1443 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1449 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wong, J.M.; Bernhard, R.A., Effect of nitrogen source on pyrazine formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(1), 1988, 123-129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1456 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E.; Chang, Y.-H.; Chiang, W., Volatile compounds of the wax gourd (Benincasa hispida, Cogn) and a wax gourd beverage, J. Food Sci., 52(1), 1987, 132-134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1467.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 13 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Diatoport S; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Radford, T.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Some constituents of the aroma complex of coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 19(3), 1971, 530-532.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1074 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Wang, Z.; Wu, Q.H., Volatile compounds produced from monosodium glutamate in common food cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2438-2442.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1885-1894.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1089 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH, temperature, and moisture on the formation of volatile compounds in glycine/glucose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4315-4323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1425 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(30s) =>fast=>60C =>4C/min => 220C (20min); CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amado, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 648-657.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1461 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 46, 1988, 227-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1460 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1463 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13238841; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 190.7±35.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.7±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 40.9±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 71.9±15.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.499
Molar Refractivity: 41.5±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.70
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.62
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 9.96
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 180.31
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.62
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 9.96
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 180.39
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 16.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 36.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 141.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.02

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  209.41  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  28.65  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.192  (Modified Grain method)
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.207 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1645
       log Kow used: 2.02 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  6929.6 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   6.26E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   3.08E-008  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.092E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.02  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.592  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.612
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7920
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9028
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7485  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5142  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.2128
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.2016
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.2425
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  27.6 Pa (0.207 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.612
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.09E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  3.93E-006 
       Mackay model           :  8.7E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  8.04E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   2.8988 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     3.690 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    44.277 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 6.31E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  175.6
      Log Koc:  2.245 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.853 (BCF = 7.13)
       log Kow used: 2.02 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  6.26E-006 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      110.3  hours   (4.598 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       1302  hours   (54.23 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.61  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.10  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     2.16  percent
    Total to Air:                0.35  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.5             88.6         1000       
   Water     30.1            900          1000       
   Soil      67.2            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.119           8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 807 hr




                    

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