ChemSpider 2D Image | 1-Pentadecene | C15H30

1-Pentadecene

  • Molecular FormulaC15H30
  • Average mass210.399 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass210.234756 Da
  • ChemSpider ID24142

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

13360-61-7 [RN]
1-Pentadecen [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Pentadecene [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-Pentadécène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
236-414-5 [EINECS]
MFCD00008987 [MDL number]
pentadec-1-ene
[13360-61-7]
1-pentadecene [standard material for gc]
1-pentadecene, ??? 95.0%
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

KH577LIA74 [DBID]
222887_ALDRICH [DBID]
76570_FLUKA [DBID]
CCRIS 5721 [DBID]
NSC 77125 [DBID]
NSC77125 [DBID]
SBB015112 [DBID]
UNII:KH577LIA74 [DBID]
UNII-KH577LIA74 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1502 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_34721, replib_34735, replib_69726, replib_232902
      1488 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 250 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 154 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 195, 1980, 43-64., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 250 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 164 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 195, 1980, 43-64., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 822, 1998, 233-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1489 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1490 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelfluchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 33, 1984, 6-9., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1485.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 200 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Comparison of capillary columns coated with C87 hydrocarbon and squalane in the analysis of n-pentadecene isomers, J. Chromatogr., 191, 1980, 199-206.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1486.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 250 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: N2 or H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 195, 1980, 43-64.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1488.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 250 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 164 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 195, 1980, 43-64.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1488.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 250 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 164 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 195, 1980, 43-64.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1491.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 250 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 164 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or H2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 195, 1980, 43-64.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1484 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Hrivnak, J.; Ostrovsky, I.; Janak, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane. Separation and Identification of n-Pentadecenes and n-Hexadecenes, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 613-622.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1485 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Hrivnak, J.; Ostrovsky, I.; Janak, J., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Linear Alkenes on Squalane. Separation and Identification of n-Pentadecenes and n-Hexadecenes, J. Chromatogr., 91, 1974, 613-622.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1527 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: PEG-20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1526.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Krupcik, J.; Janak, J., Gas chromatography of all C15-C18 linear alkenes on capillary columns with very high resolution power, J. Chromatogr., 195, 1980, 43-64.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1490 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flamini, G.; Ertugrul, K.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Dural, H.; Bagci, Y., Volatile constituents of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey: C. pseudoscabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa and C. hadimensis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 30, 2002, 953-959., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Kubinec, R.; Jurdakova, H.; Hajekova, E.; Bajus, M., GC-MS of polyethylene and polypropylene thermal cracking produxts, Petroleum & Coal, 48(1), 2006, 1-14., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Nakamoto, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Characteristic aroma compounds in green algae (Ulva pertusa) volatiles, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 42(11), 1995, 887-891., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Cross-Linked Methylsilicone; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bravo, A.; Hotchkiss, J.H., Identification of volatile compounds resulting from the thermal oxidation of polyethylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 47, 1993, 1741-1748.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1491 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Apostolides Arnold, N.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea eryngioides Lam. and Centaurea liberica Trev. var. hermonis Boiss. Lam., two Asteraceae growing wild in Lebanon, Nat. Prod. Res., 19(8), 2005, 749-754., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 6(4), 1990, 573-589., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.E.; Puertas, M.A.; Combariza, M.Y., Volatile secondary metabolites from Spilanthes americana obtained by simultaneous steam distillation--solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 752, 1996, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1488 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 25 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dahlmann, G.; Koser, H.J.K.; Oelert, H.H., Multiple korrelation von retentionsindizes, Chromatographia, 12(10), 1979, 665-671., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: SP-2100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alencar, J.W.; Alves, P.B.; Craveiro, A.A., Pyrolysis of tropical vegetable oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1268-1270., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Nakamoto, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Characteristic aroma compounds in green algae (Ulva pertusa) volatiles, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 42(11), 1995, 887-891., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 950-954.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1489 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; Benson, M.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile Components of Safflower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(5), 1990, 1245-1248., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; French, R.C., Volatile components of Canada thistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(12), 1994, 2942-2945., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Comparison of yellow starthistle volatiles from different plant parts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 764-767., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of purple starthistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(4), 1990, 1053-1055.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1500 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 6(4), 1990, 573-589.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1483 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 0.1 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Lundin, R.E.; Benson, M.E., Crude oleic acid volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(2), 1985, 180-184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1495 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1.00 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sivadier, G.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Latency and persistence of diet volatile biomarkers in lamb fats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(2), 2009, 645-652.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1473 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Havlik, J.; Kokoska, L.; Vasickova, S.; Valterova, I., Chemical composition of essential oil from the seeds of Nigella arvensis L. and assessment of its actimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 713-717.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.249 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Woerdenbag, H.J.; Windono, T.; Bos, R.; Riswan, S.; Quax, W.J., Composition of the essential oils of Kaempferia rotunda L. and Kaempferia angustifolia Roscoe rhizomes from Indonesia, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 145-148., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Landolfi, S.; Celik, S.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 282-285., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Scribe, P.; Ngoumbi-Nzouzi, J.-S.; Fuche, C.; Pepe, C.; Saliot, A., Biogeochemistry of organic matter in Lake Geneva: I. Particulate hydrocarbons as biogenic and anthropogenic molecular markers, Hydrobiologia, 207, 1990, 319-331., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 13 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yayli, N.; Yasar, A.; Gulec, C.; Usta, A.; Kolayli, S.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Karaoglu, S., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Centaurea sessilis and Centaurea armena, Phytochemistry, 66, 2005, 1741-1745.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1502 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C =>1C/min =>100C=> 5C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 78, 2006, 1419-1432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1484 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.13 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 1. Qualitative and quantitative differences in uncured and cured pork, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(2), 1991, 344-350.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1478 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 2 0C/min -> 340 0C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Dexsil 300; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lockey, K.H., Cuticular hydrocarbons of adult Cylindrinotus laevioctostriatus (Goeze) and Phylan gibbus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), Insect. Biochem., 11(5), 1981, 549-561.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1512 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Havlik, J.; Kokoska, L.; Vasickova, S.; Valterova, I., Chemical composition of essential oil from the seeds of Nigella arvensis L. and assessment of its actimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 713-717.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1544 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; French, R.C., Volatile components of Canada thistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(12), 1994, 2942-2945.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1558 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds identified in headspace samples of peanut oil heated under temperatures ranging from 50 to 200 C, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(9), 1993, 1467-1470.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1545 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; Benson, M.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile Components of Safflower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(5), 1990, 1245-1248., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Comparison of yellow starthistle volatiles from different plant parts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 764-767., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of purple starthistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(4), 1990, 1053-1055.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1540 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Parker, F.D.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa leaf-cutter bee cells, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 955-958., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.66 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 40 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Maddox, D.M.; Light, D.M.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of yellow starthistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(5), 1986, 786-788.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1486 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Rigano, D.; de Fusco, R.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea cineraria L. subsp. umbrosa (lacaita) Pign. and Centaurea napifolia L. (Asteraceae), two species growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 248-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1487 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beens, J.; Tijssen, R.; Blomberg, J., Prediction of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic separations. A theoretical and practical exercise, J. Chromatogr. A, 822, 1998, 233-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zeng, Y.-X.; Zhao, C.-X.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Yang, H.; Fang, H.-Z.; Yi, L.-Z.; Zeng, Z.-D., Comparative analysis of volatile components from Clematis species growing in China, Anal. Chim. Acta., 595, 2007, 328-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dural, H.; Bagci, Y.; Ertugrul, K.; Demirelma, H.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea mucronifera and Centaurea chrysantha, collected in the same habitat, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 31, 2003, 1417-1425., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ertugrul, K.; Dural, H.; Tugay, O.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oils from flowers of Centaurea kotschyi var. kotschyi and C. kotschyi var. decumbens from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 95-97., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of volatiles of four Lamium species from Italy: L. purpureum, L. hybridum, L. bifidum and L. amplexicaule, Food Chem., 91, 2005, 63-68., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Bagci, Y.; Dural, H.; Ertugrul, K.; Uysal, T.; Savran, A., A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey, Pl. Syst. Evol., 261, 2006, 217-228.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1488 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>80C(1min) =>5C/min =>150C => 10C/min =>280C (4min); CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 3391-3401.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1489 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 64, 2003, 743-752., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 57, 2001, 235-244.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1493 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C=>5K/min=120C=>10C/min=>270C; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zaikin, V.G.; Borisov, R.S., Chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of Fishcer-Tropsch synthesis products, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 57(6), 2002, 544-551, In original 653-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1494 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn & Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 7-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1515 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(8), 1994, 1743-1746.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1550 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 984-988.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1552 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360617; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 46, 1988, 227-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 268.7±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 48.6±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 116.7±9.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.438
Molar Refractivity: 71.3±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 12
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 8.22
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 7.73
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 438265.19
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 380125.88
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 7.73
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 438265.19
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 380125.88
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 28.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 26.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 271.2±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  7.57

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  259.32  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  10.82  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0173  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -2.8 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  268.2 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  4.54E-03 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.003839
       log Kow used: 7.57 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.0012908 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.59E+000  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.20E+001  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.248E+000 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  7.57  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  2.273  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.297
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7558
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8658
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0325  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.8132  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6982
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.8469
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5301
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   1.1698
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :  14.7836

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.605 Pa (0.00454 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.297
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  4.96E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.86E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000179 
       Mackay model           :  0.000396 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.89E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  42.8954 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.249 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     2.992 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =     1.200000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.955 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     22.920 Hrs
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000288 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  3.679E+004
      Log Koc:  4.566 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.527 (BCF = 336.5)
       log Kow used: 7.57 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4.59 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:       1.48  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      137.8  hours   (5.741 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
    Total removal:              98.17  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.36  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    69.99  percent
    Total to Air:               27.83  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.19            4.75         1000       
   Water     3.91            360          1000       
   Soil      27.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  68.4            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 1.2e+003 hr




                    

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