ChemSpider 2D Image | 2-Ethyl-5-methylpyrazine | C7H10N2

2-Ethyl-5-methylpyrazine

  • Molecular FormulaC7H10N2
  • Average mass122.168 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass122.084396 Da
  • ChemSpider ID24144

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

13360-64-0 [RN]
236-416-6 [EINECS]
2-Ethyl-5-methylpyrazin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Ethyl-5-methylpyrazine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Éthyl-5-méthylpyrazine [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pyrazine, 2-ethyl-5-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
"PYRAZINE, 2-ETHYL-5-METHYL-"
"PYRAZINE, 2-ETHYL-5-METHYL-"|2-ETHYL-5-METHYLPYRAZINE
[13360-64-0]
1216457-85-0 [RN]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

W41R8X574D [DBID]
AI3-34443 [DBID]
BRN 0956719 [DBID]
FEMA No. 3154 [DBID]
UNII:W41R8X574D [DBID]
UNII-W41R8X574D [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      994 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_109589, replib_2266, replib_51843
      978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1276-1280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      979 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1276-1280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1399 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1390 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      973 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2385-2391., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      981 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermal degradation of glucosamine in a dry system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1971-1974.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      983 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lu, G.; Yu, T.-H.; Ho, C.-T., Generation of flavor compounds by the reaction of 2-deoxyglucose with selected amino acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 233-236.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Samsudin, M.W.; Rongtao, S.; Said, I.M., Volatile compounds produced by the reaction of leucine and valine with glucose in propylene glycol, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 247-250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      970 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Volatile flavor components of corn tortillas and related products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1878-1882.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from thermal reaction of methionine and methionine sulfoxide with or without glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1641-1646.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      961 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Meat-like flavor generated from thermal interactions of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(4), 1994, 1005-1009.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      980 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 428-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Correlation between molecular structures and retention indices of pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 402, 1987, 309-317., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Structure-odor relationships for disubstituted pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(6), 1988, 1242-1247., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from the thermal interaction of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin in propylene glycol, Food Chem., 51, 1994, 281-286., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Meat-like flavor generated from thermal interactions of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(4), 1994, 1005-1009.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      990 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from the thermal interaction of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin in propylene glycol, Food Chem., 51, 1994, 281-286.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      974 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      971 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E.; Chang, Y.-H.; Chiang, W., Volatile compounds of the wax gourd (Benincasa hispida, Cogn) and a wax gourd beverage, J. Food Sci., 52(1), 1987, 132-134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      972 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 1011-1015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      960.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      964.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 8 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 57 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1002 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>2C/min =>140C =>10C/min =>280C (10min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9956-9962.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1001 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>20C/min =>80C (1min) =>20C/min =>100C(1min) =>30C/min =>230C(3min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ho, C.W.; Wan Aida, W.M.; Maskat, M.Y.; Osman, H., Changes in volatile compounds of palm sap (Arenga pinnata) during the heating process for production of palm sugar, Food Chem., 102, 2007, 1156-1162.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Quality and flavour stability of coffee substitute prepared by extrusion of wheat germ and chicory roots, Amino Acids, , 2006.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      995 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1014 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Volatile flavour components of baked potato flesh. A comparison of eleven potato cultivars, Nahrung/Food, 45(5), 2001, 317-323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1000 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Welty, W.M.; Marshall, R.T.; Grun, I.U.; Ellersieck, M.R., Effects of Milk Fat, Cocoa Butter, or Selected Fat Replacers on Flavor Volatiles of Chocolate Ice Cream, J. Dairy Sci., 84(1), 2001, 21-30., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique, in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s), 1998, 225-243.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      997 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Matsui, T.; Guth, H.; Grosch, W., A comparative study of potent odorants in peanut, hazelnut, and pumpkin seed oils on the basis of aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) and gas chromatography-olfactometry of headspace samples (GCOH), Lipid - Fett, 100(2), 1998, 51-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      998 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P., Odour-active compounds in moderately roasted sesame, Food Chem., 55(2), 1996, 145-152.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      999 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>40C/min =>50C(2min) =>4C/min =>240C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of rye bread crust - differences from the crumb and from wheat bread crust, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 198, 1994, 292-296.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1004.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vercellotti, J.R.; Kuan, J.-C.W.; Liu, R.H.; Legendre, M.G.; St Angelo, A.J.; Dupuy, H.P., Analysis of volatile heteroatomic meat flavor principles by purge-and-trap/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(6), 1987, 1030-1035.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1415 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 70 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(13), 2009, 5823-5831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1387 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>4C/min =>240C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of rye bread crust - differences from the crumb and from wheat bread crust, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 198, 1994, 292-296., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9956-9962.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1411 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1432 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1405 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1395 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) => 60C/min =>60C => 6C/min =>230C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Didzbalis, J.; Ritter, K.A.; Trail, A.C.; Plog, F.J., Identification of fruity/fermented odorants in high-temperature-cured roasted peanuts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 4828-4833., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1362 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Matsui, T.; Guth, H.; Grosch, W., A comparative study of potent odorants in peanut, hazelnut, and pumpkin seed oils on the basis of aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) and gas chromatography-olfactometry of headspace samples (GCOH), Lipid - Fett, 100(2), 1998, 51-56., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fujioka, K.; Shibamoto, T., Quantitation of volatiles and nonvolatile acids in an extract from coffee beverages: correlation with antioxidant activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 6054-6058.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1358 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>5C/min =>150C =>10C/min =>240C (10min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Krings, U.; Zelena, K.; Wu, S.; Berger, R.G., Thin-layer high-vacuum distillation to isolate volatile flavour compounds of cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 675-681.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1403 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1392 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1383 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fukami, K.; Ishiyama, S.; Yaguramaki, H.; Masuzawa, T.; Nabeta, Y.; Endo, K.; Shimoda, M., Identification of distinctive volatile compounds in fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5412-5416.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1341 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Identification of aroma compounds in Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese by gas chromatography/olfactometry, J. Dairy Sci., 85(6), 2002, 1362-1369.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1419 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1380 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Additional studies on flavor components of corn tortilla chips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7), 1998, 2764-2769., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Orts, W.J.; Takeoka, G.R.; Nam, Y., Volatile flavor components of rice cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 4353-4356., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Lageot, C.; Parkanyi, C., GC-MS(EI, PCI, NCI, SIM, ITMS) Data Bank Analysis of Flavors and Fragrances. Kovats indices, in Instrumental Methods on Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel, G. Charalambous, ed(s), Elsevier Sci. B.V., Amsterdam, 1998, 245-301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1398 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1401.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramos, E.; Valero, E.; Ibanez, E.; Reglero, G.; Tabera, J., Obtention of a brewed coffee aroma extract by an optimized supercritical CO2-based process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4011-4016.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1389 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hashim, L.; Hudiyono, S.; Chaveron, H., Volatile compounds of oxidized cocoa butter, Food Res. Int., 30(3/4), 1997, 163-169.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1390 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: FFAP; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P., Odour-active compounds in moderately roasted sesame, Food Chem., 55(2), 1996, 145-152., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Seifert, R.M.; King, A.D., Jr., Identification of some volatile constituents of Aspergillus clavatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 30, 1982, 786-790.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1371 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Togari, N.; Kobayashi, A.; Aishima, T., Pattern recognition applied to gas chromatographic profiles of volatile components in three tea categories, Food Res. Int., 28(5), 1995, 495-502.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1376.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Karahadian, C.; Johnson, K.A., Analysis of headspace volatiles and sensory characteristics of fresh corn tortillas made from fresh masa dough and spray-dried masa flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41, 1993, 791-799.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1356 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Boniface, C.; Murello, M.-H.; Siouffi, A.; Larice, J.-L.; Parkanyi, C., Kinetics and thermal degradation of the fructose-methionine Amadori intermediates. GC-MS/SPECMA data bank identification of volatile aroma compounds, Carbohyd. Res., 230, 1992, 15-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1364 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1275-1279.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1367 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 50 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: 30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pfannhauser, W., Fluchtige Verbindungen aus extrudaten von triticale, Deutsche Lebensmittel-Rundschau, 86(3), 1990, 69-72.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arnoldi, A.; Arnoldi, C.; Baldi, O.; Griffini, A., Flavor components in the Maillard reaction of different amino acids with fructose in cocoa butter-water. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(5), 1988, 988-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1357 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 428-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Structure-odor relationships for disubstituted pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(6), 1988, 1242-1247., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Correlation between molecular structures and retention indices of pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 402, 1987, 309-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1375 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Obretenov, T.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D., GC/MS (EI,PCI,SIM)-data bank analysis of volatile compounds arising from thermal degradation of glucose-valine amadori intermediates, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 999-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1386 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E.; Chang, Y.-H.; Chiang, W., Volatile compounds of the wax gourd (Benincasa hispida, Cogn) and a wax gourd beverage, J. Food Sci., 52(1), 1987, 132-134., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wong, J.M.; Bernhard, R.A., Effect of nitrogen source on pyrazine formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(1), 1988, 123-129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1377 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 39 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liardon, R.; Ledermann, S., volatile components of fermented soya hydrolysate. II. Composition of basic fraction, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 170(3), 1980, 208-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1396 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1397.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Wilson, R.A.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of pyrazines present in pressure-cooked beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(5), 1973, 871-872.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1379 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Anakrom AB; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilkens, W.F.; Lin, F.M., Volatile flavor components of deep fat-fried soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(3), 1970, 337-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1387.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Anakrom AB; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilkens, W.F.; Lin, F.M., Volatile flavor components of deep fat-fried soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(3), 1970, 337-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1405.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 13 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Diatoport S (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      973 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.248 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: DeMilo, A.B.; Lee, C.-J.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Identification of volatiles derived from Citrobacter freundii fermentation of a trypticase soy broth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 607-612., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lee, C.-J.; DeMilo, A.B.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Analysis of the volatile components of a bacterial fermentation that is attractive to the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1348-1351., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Dorjpalam, B.; Ho, C.-T., Contribution of peptides to volatile formation in the Maillard reaction of casein hydrolysate with glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 2467-2471., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      976 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(10min)=>2C/min=>280C; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Specht, K.; Baltes, W., Identification of volatile flavor compounds with high aroma values from shallow-fried beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 2246-2253., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds formed from the thermal reaction of glucose with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 760-763., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      988 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Wang, Z.; Wu, Q.H., Volatile compounds produced from monosodium glutamate in common food cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2438-2442.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      972 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.248 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: DeMilo, A.B.; Lee, C.-J.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Identification of volatiles derived from Citrobacter freundii fermentation of a trypticase soy broth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 607-612.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      964 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Lin, L.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds of blanched, fried blanched, and baked blanched garlic slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(6), 1994, 1342-1347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      974 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Izzo, H.V.; Ho, C.-T., Isolation and identification of the volatile components of an extruded autolyzed yeast extract, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 2245-2248.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      971 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Yakovleva, V.N.; Vitt, S.V., Pyrazines formed in model glycerin-water systems, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 40(9), 1991, 1742-1748, In original 1972-1979.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40C => 40C/min => 40C => 2C/min => 260C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kuo, M.-C.; Zhang, Y.; Hartman, T.G.; Rosen, R.T.; Ho, C.-T., Selective purge-and-trap method for the analysis of volatile pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37, 1989, 1020-1022.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 235 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Huang, T.-C.; Bruechert, L.J.; Hartman, T.G.; Rosen, R.T.; Ho, C.-T., Effect of lipids and carbohydrates on thermal generation of volatiles from commercial zein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(6), 1987, 985-990.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1002 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Deport, C.; Ratel, J.; Berdague, J.-L.; Engel, E., Comprehensive combinatory standard correction: A calibration method for handling instrumental drifts of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems, J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 2006, 248-258.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      995 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      985 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1min)=> 3C/min => 209C=>20C/min => 280C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lu, C.-Y.; Hao, Z.; Payne, R.; Ho, C.-T., Effects of water content on volatile generation and peptide degradation in the Maillard reaction of glycine, diglycine, and triglycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 6443-6447.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1000 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 861-873.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      997 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5 0C (0.5 min) -> (1 min) 60 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beal, A.D.; Mottram, D.S., Compounds contributing to the characteristic aroma of malted barley, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(12), 1994, 2880-2884., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Siegmund, B.; Murkovic, M., Changes in chemical composition of pumpkin seeds during the roasting process for production of pumpkin seed oil (Part 2: volatile compounds), Food Chem., 84, 2004, 367-374., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BP-5; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S., Heterocyclic volatiles formed by heating cysteine or hydrogen sulfide with 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone at pH 6.5, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 816-822.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1021 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1118-1125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1009 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C=>rapidly =>40C(8min) =>4C/min => 250C(10min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of the volatile components of two cultivars of potato cooked by boiling, conventional baking and microwave baking, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 1080-1087.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1885-1894.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1015 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: OC (5min) => 60C/min => 60C(5min) =>4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Aroma volatiles generated during extrusion cooking of maize flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1479-1487., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH, temperature, and moisture on the formation of volatile compounds in glycine/glucose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4315-4323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1019 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH, temperature, and moisture on the formation of volatile compounds in glycine/glucose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4315-4323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1014 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C =>rapidly=> 40C(8min)=>4C/min =>250C(10min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Volatile flavour components of baked potato flesh. A comparison of eleven potato cultivars, Nahrung/Food, 45(5), 2001, 317-323., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>4C/min =>200C =>10C/min => 250C (15min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP-Sil8; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Martin, F.L.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of flavor compounds of potato chips fried in palmolein and silicone fluid, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 78(8), 2001, 863-866., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>4C/min=>200C=>10C/min=>250C(15min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Martin, F.L.; Ames, J.M., Formation of Strecker aldehydes and pyrazines in a fried potato model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 3885-3892.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1012 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: oC(5min) =>60C/min => 60C (5min) =>4C/min =>250C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3497-3506., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: OC=>60C/min=>60C(5min) =>4C/min =>250C(20min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Owens J.D.; Allagheny N.; Kipping G.; Ames J.M., Formation of volatile compounds during Bacillus subtilis fermentation of soya beans, J. Sci. Food Agric., 74(1), 1997, 132-140., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of volatile compounds isolated from the skin and flesh of four potato cultivars after baking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2414-2421.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1025 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of volatile compounds isolated from the skin and flesh of four potato cultivars after baking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2414-2421.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1008 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C (2min) => 4C/min =>280C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 55, 2000, 149-159., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 905, 2000, 233-240., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.325 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hill, V.M.; Isaacs, N.S.; Ledward, D.A.; Ames, J.M., Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the volatile components of a glucose-lysine model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 3675-3681.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1010 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of beef muscle on the profile of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 1619-1625.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1011 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.325 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hill, V.M.; Isaacs, N.S.; Ledward, D.A.; Ames, J.M., Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the volatile components of a glucose-lysine model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 3675-3681.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1007 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.325 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Defaye, A.B.; Bates, L., The effect of pH on the volatiles formed in an extruded starch-glucose-lysine model system, Food Chem., 58(4), 1997, 323-327.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1399 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1406 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5 0C (0.5 min) -> (1 min) 60 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beal, A.D.; Mottram, D.S., Compounds contributing to the characteristic aroma of malted barley, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(12), 1994, 2880-2884.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1392 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1418-1426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1402 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lopez-Galilea I.; Fournier N.; Cid C.; Guichard E., Changes in headspace volatile concentrations of coffee brews caused by the roasting process and the brewing procedure, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8560-8566.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1376 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(30s) =>fast=>60C =>4C/min => 220C (20min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amado, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 648-657., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1363 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonvehi, J.S., Investigation of aromatic compounds in roasted cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 221, 2005, 19-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1386 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>5C/min =>60C => 2.5C/min => 155C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alasalvar, C.; Shahidi, F.; Cadwallader, K.R., Comparison of natural and roasted Turkish Tombul hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) volatiles and flavor by DHA/GC/MS and descriptive sensory analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5067-5072.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1397 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3909-3912., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Nakada, Y.; Nakashima, M.; Osajima, Y., Quantitative comparison of volatile flavor compounds in deep-roasted and light-roasted sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3193-3196.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>(6C/min)=>80C(6min)=>(15C/min)=>200C(10min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baek, H.H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile compounds in flavor concentrates produced from crayfish-processing byproducts with and without protease treatment, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3262-3267.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1393 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3601-3605., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1380 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) => 6C/min =>150C => 30C/min => 240C(1min); CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Amrani-Hemaimi, M.; Cerny, C.; Fay, L.B., Mechanisms of formation of alkylpyrazines in the Maillard reaction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2818-2822.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1383 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1616-1620.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1394 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 13360640; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 46, 1988, 227-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 170.8±35.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 1.9±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 39.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 63.0±15.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.501
Molar Refractivity: 36.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.17
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.06
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 3.76
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 89.72
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.06
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 3.76
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 89.76
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 14.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 37.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 125.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.53

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  189.48  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  17.11  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.608  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  4903
       log Kow used: 1.53 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  21405 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.72E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.99E-008  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.993E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.53  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.715  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.245
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7987
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9189
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7795  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5344  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3513
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.3638
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.0721
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  73.7 Pa (0.553 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.245
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  4.07E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.32E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.47E-006 
       Mackay model           :  3.25E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.45E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.9688 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     5.433 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    65.193 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.36E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  90.9
      Log Koc:  1.959 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.475 (BCF = 2.985)
       log Kow used: 1.53 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4.72E-006 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      138.2  hours   (5.76 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       1601  hours   (66.69 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.24  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.88  percent
    Total to Air:                0.27  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       5.5             130          1000       
   Water     36.3            360          1000       
   Soil      58.1            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0878          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 406 hr




                    

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