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Search term: 124-38-9 (Found by approved synonym)

ChemSpider 2D Image | Carbon dioxide | CO2

Carbon dioxide

  • Molecular FormulaCO2
  • Average mass44.009 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass43.989830 Da
  • ChemSpider ID274

More details:



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Carbon dioxide [JP15] [USAN] [USP] [Wiki]
124-38-9 [RN]
204-696-9 [EINECS]
Carbon oxide, di-
Carbon-12C dioxide
carbonyl oxide
Dioxide, Carbon
Dioxido de carbono [Spanish]
dioxidocarbon
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

142M471B3J [DBID]
00486_FLUKA [DBID]
23402_SUPELCO [DBID]
295108_ALDRICH [DBID]
C00011 [DBID]
c0131 [DBID]
Caswell No. 163 [DBID]
CHEBI:16526 [DBID]
D00004 [DBID]
D002245 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless, odorless gas. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. Solid form is utilized as dry ice.] NIOSH FF6400000
      colourless odourless gas OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Incompatible with chemically active metals, suchas alkali metals. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      Organic Compound; Vapour; Food Toxin; Metabolite; Household Toxin; Industrial/Workplace Toxin; Natural Compound Toxin, Toxin-Target Database T3D2563
    • Safety:

      V03AN02 Wikidata Q1997
      Wear insulating gloves if handling solid carbon dioxide.If working with carbon dioxide in confined spaces where the concentration of gas may build up, ensure adequate ventilation. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Frostbite Skin: Frostbite Breathing: Respiratory support NIOSH FF6400000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid/solid) NIOSH FF6400000
    • Symptoms:

      Headache, dizziness, restlessness, paresthesia; dyspnea (breathing difficulty); sweating, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort); increased heart rate, cardiac output, blood pressure; coma; asphyxia; c onvulsions; frostbite (liquid, dry ice) NIOSH FF6400000
    • Target Organs:

      respiratory system, cardiovascular system NIOSH FF6400000
    • Incompatibility:

      Dusts of various metals, such as magnesium, zirconium, titanium, aluminum, chromium & manganese are ignitable and explosive when suspended in carbon dioxide. Forms carbonic acid in water. NIOSH FF6400000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Frostbite Eyes: Frostbite Wash skin: No recommendation Remove: No recommendation Change: No recommendation Provide: Frostbite wash NIOSH FF6400000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : TWA 5000 ppm (9000 mg/m 3 ) ST 30,000 ppm (54,000 mg/m 3 ) OSHA PEL ?: TWA 5000 ppm (9000 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH FF6400000
    • Chemical Class:

      A one-carbon compound with formula CO<smallsub>2</smallsub> in which the carbon is attached to each oxygen atom by a double bond. A colourless, odourless gas under normal conditions, it is produced du ring respiration by all animals, fungi and microorganisms that depend directly or indirectly on living or decaying plants for food. ChEBI CHEBI:16526
      A one-carbon compound with formula CO2 in which the carbon is attached to each oxygen atom by a double bond. A colourless, odourless gas under normal conditions, it is produced du; ring respiration by all animals, fungi and microorganisms that depend directly or indirectly on living or decaying plants for food. ChEBI https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:16526
    • Compound Source:

      (-)-4'-desmethyl-epipodophyllotoxin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2R,3S)-3-isopropylmalate + NAD+ -> 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + coenzyme A + NAD+ <--> 2-methylbutanoyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-reticuline biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (Z)-2-methylureidoacrylate peracid + H+ + H2O -> (Z)-2-methyl-peroxyaminoacrylate + ammonium + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (Z)-3-ureidoacrylate peracid + H+ + H2O -> (Z)-3-peroxyaminoacrylate + ammonium + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      1,4-dihydroxy-2-naphthoate biosynthesis II (plants) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-(cystein-S-yl)-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-acetonitrile + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> camalexin + hydrogen cyanide + CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 4 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-methylketone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> succinyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + L-arginine + oxygen -> succinate + CO2 + guanidinium + (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate + H2O + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate decarboxylation to succinyl-CoA PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoisovalerate decarboxylation to isobutanoyl-CoA PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3 2-oxoglutarate + L-arginine + 3 oxygen + 3 H+ -> 2 ethene + 7 CO2 + succinate + guanidinium + (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-[(3'-methylthio)propyl]malate + NAD+ -> 6-(methylthio)-2-oxohexanoate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-[(4'-methylthio)butyl]malate + NAD+ -> 7-(methylthio)-2-oxoheptanoate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-[(5'-methylthio)pentyl]malate + NAD+ -> 8-(methylthio)-2-oxooctanoate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-[(6'-methylthio)hexyl]malate + NAD+ -> 9-(methylthio)-2-oxononanoate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-[(7'-methylthio)heptyl]malate + NAD+ -> 10-(methylthio)-2-oxodecanoate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> isobutanoyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-hydroxycoumarin and dicoumarol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> isovaleryl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-phosphooxy-L-threonine + NAD+ -> 3-amino-1-hydroxyacetone 1-phosphate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      6-gingerol analog biosynthesis (engineered) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      6-methoxymellein biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      6-methoxypodophyllotoxin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a (2R,3S,4S)-leucoanthocyanidin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + H+ -> an anthocyanidin with a 3-hydroxy group + succinate + CO2 + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a coelenterazine + oxygen -> an excited coelenteramide monoanion + CO2 + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      acetaldehyde biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      acridone alkaloid biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      adlupulone and adhumulone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Aegilops tauschii PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ajmaline and sarpagine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      aliphatic glucosinolate biosynthesis, side chain elongation cycle PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      allantoin degradation to glyoxylate II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      allantoin degradation to ureidoglycolate II (ammonia producing) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      alliin metabolism PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      aloesone biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      aloesone biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Amaranthus hypochondriacus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Amaryllidacea alkaloids biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Amborella trichopoda PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Anacardium occidentale PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Ananas comosus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      anthocyanin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      anthocyanin biosynthesis (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      anthocyanin biosynthesis (pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      anthranilate degradation I (aerobic) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      apigeninidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Aquilegia coerulea PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Arabidopsis halleri PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Arabidopsis lyrata PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Arabidopsis thaliana col PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      arachidonate biosynthesis I (6-desaturase, lower eukaryotes) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase, lower eukaryotes) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      aromatic polyketides biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Asparagus officinalis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      aucuparin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      barbaloin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      beta-carboline biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      betaxanthin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopamine) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      biotin biosynthesis from 8-amino-7-oxononanoate I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Boechera stricta PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Brachypodium distachyon PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Brassica napus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Brassica oleracea var. capitata PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Brassica oleracea var. oleracea PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Brassica rapa FPsc PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Calotropis gigantea PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      calystegine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      camalexin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Camptotheca acuminata PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      camptothecin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cannabinoid biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Cannabis sativa PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Capsella grandiflora PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Capsella rubella PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Capsicum annuum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      carbon concentration mechanism (Chlamydomonas) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Carica papaya PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Catharanthus roseus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Chenopodium quinoa PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Chlamydomonas reinhardtii PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      chlorophyll a degradation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cholesterol biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      choline biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Chromochloris zofingiensis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      chrysin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Cicer arietinum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cis-vaccenate biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Citrus clementina PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Citrus sinensis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cocaine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Coccomyxa subellipsoidea C-169 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      coenzyme A biosynthesis I (prokaryotic) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      coenzyme A biosynthesis II (eukaryotic) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      colupulone and cohumulone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Corchorus capsularis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      coumarins biosynthesis (engineered) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      crotonyl-CoA/ethylmalonyl-CoA/hydroxybutyryl-CoA cycle (engineered) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Cucumis sativus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      curcuminoid biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cyanate + hydrogencarbonate + 3 H+ -> ammonium + 2 CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cyanate degradation PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Daucus carota subsp. sativus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      D-firefly luciferin + ATP + oxygen -> hnu + excited state firefly oxyluciferin + CO2 + AMP + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      dhurrin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Dianthus caryophyllus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      DIMBOA-glucoside biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis II (Spartina) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis III (algae) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Dioscorea rotundata PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      docosahexaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      D-threo-isocitrate + NADP+ <--> 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ephedrine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      esculetin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ethylene biosynthesis I (plants) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Eucalyptus grandis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      eumelanin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Eutrema salsugineum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      fatty acid alpha-oxidation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      fatty acid biosynthesis (plant mitochondria) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      fatty acid biosynthesis initiation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      fatty acid elongation -- saturated PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      fenchol biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      fenchone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      flavonoid biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      flavonoid di-C-glucosylation PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      flavonol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      folate transformations II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      formate oxidation to CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      formate[out] + a menaquinone[membrane] + 2 H+[in] -> CO2[out] + a menaquinol[membrane] + H+[out] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin biosynthesis I (non C-3, non C-13 hydroxylation) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin biosynthesis II (early C-3 hydroxylation) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin biosynthesis III (early C-13 hydroxylation) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin biosynthesis V PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin inactivation I (2beta-hydroxylation) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gluconeogenesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gluconeogenesis III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glutaryl-CoA + an oxidized electron-transfer flavoprotein + 2 H+ = crotonyl-CoA + CO2 + a reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glycine + a tetrahydrofolate + NAD+ -> a 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate + ammonium + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glycine cleavage PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Glycine max PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Gossypium raimondii PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Helianthus annuus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      heme b biosynthesis I (aerobic) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hexanoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ = 3,5,7-trioxododecanoyl-CoA + 3 CO2 + 3 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hinokiresinol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Humulus lupulus var. lupulus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hydroxycinnamic acid serotonin amides biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hydroxylated mugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hyperforin and adhyperforin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hyperxanthone E biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hypoglycin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      icosapentaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      indole-3-acetate biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      indole-3-acetate biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      indole-3-acetate biosynthesis III (bacteria) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      inosine-5'-phosphate biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      isoflavonoid biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      juglone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      juniperonate biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Kalanchoe laxiflora PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      lathyrine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-carnitine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-citrulline degradation PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-dihomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-5-(methylsulfanyl)pentanal oxime + CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Leersia perrieri PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      leucodelphinidin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      leucopelargonidin and leucocyanidin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-glutamate degradation IV PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-glutamine biosynthesis III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-hexahomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + (E)-9-(methylsulfanyl)nonanal oxime + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-homomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-4-(methylsulfanyl)butanal oxime + CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-homomethionine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      linamarin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Linum usitatissimum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-isoleucine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (1E,2S)-2-methylbutanal oxime + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + CO2 + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-isoleucine biosynthesis I (from threonine) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-isoleucine degradation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-leucine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-leucine degradation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-lysine biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-lysine biosynthesis VI PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-lysine degradation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      lotaustralin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Lotus japonicus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-pentahomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-8-(methylsulfanyl)octanal oxime + CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-phenylalanine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-phenylacetaldehyde oxime + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + CO2 + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-phenylalanine biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-phenylalanine biosynthesis III (cytosolic, plants) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-phenylalanine degradation III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-serine + NADP+ -> 2-aminoacetaldehyde + CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tetrahomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + (E)-7-(methyltsulfanyl)heptanal oxime + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-threonine + NAD+ -> aminoacetone + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-trihomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + (E)-6-(methylsulfanyl)hexanal oxime + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tryptophan + 2 NADPH + 2 oxygen + 2 H+ -> (E)-(indol-3-yl)acetaldehyde oxime + CO2 + 2 NADP+ + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tryptophan biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tyrosine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetaldehyde oxime + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + CO2 + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tyrosine biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tyrosine biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tyrosine biosynthesis III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tyrosine degradation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      lupanine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      lupulone and humulone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      luteolin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      luteolinidin 5-O-glucoside biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-valine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-2-methylpropanal-oxime + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + CO2 + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-valine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-valine degradation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      lysine degradation II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      lysine degradation III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Malus domestica PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Manihot esculenta PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Marchantia polymorpha PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Medicago truncatula PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      methyl ketone biosynthesis (engineered) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      methylerythritol phosphate pathway I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      methylerythritol phosphate pathway II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      mevalonate pathway I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Micromonas commoda RCC299 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Micromonas pusilla CCMP1545 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Mimulus guttatus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Miscanthus sinensis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      morphine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Musa acuminata PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      NAD biosynthesis from 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      NAD biosynthesis I (from aspartate) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      naringenin biosynthesis (engineered) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      nevadensin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Nicotiana tabacum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      nicotine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      octanoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] biosynthesis (mitochondria, yeast) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Olea europaea var. sylvestris PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      olivetol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Organic Nitrogen Assimilation PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ornithine-citrulline shuttle PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Oropetium thomaeum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Oryza brachyantha PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Oryza glaberrima PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Oryza punctata PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Oryza rufipogon PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Oryza sativa Japonica Group PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Ostreococcus lucimarinus PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxalate degradation IV PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxalate degradation V PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      palmitate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Panicum hallii PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Panicum virgatum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pentaketide chromone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pentalenolactone D + 2 2-oxoglutarate + 2 oxygen -> pentalenolactone F + 2 succinate + 2 CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      petroselinate biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Petunia axillaris PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Phaseolus vulgaris PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      phenylethanol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      phenylphenalenone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pheophorbide a + H2O + H+ -> pyropheophorbide a + methanol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      phloridzin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      photorespiration PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      phylloquinol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Physcomitrella patens PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pinobanksin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pinosylvin metabolism PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      plant sterol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      plant sterol biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      plastoquinol-9 biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      plumbagin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      polymethylated quercetin glucoside biosynthesis I - quercetin series (Chrysosplenium) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      polymethylated quercetin glucoside biosynthesis II - quercetagetin series (Chrysosplenium) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Populus trichocarpa PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      proanthocyanidins biosynthesis from flavanols PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      prunasin and amygdalin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Prunus persica PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      putrescine biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      putrescine biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      putrescine biosynthesis III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      putrescine biosynthesis IV PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyocyanin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + a [pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ -> a [pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-S-acetyldihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> acetyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate decarboxylation to acetyl CoA PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate fermentation to acetate VII PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      raspberry ketone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      reductive monocarboxylic acid cycle PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      reductive TCA cycle I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      resveratrol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Ricinus communis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Rosa chinensis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Rosa multiflora PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Rubisco shunt PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      rutin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      salidroside biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Salvia miltiorrhiza PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      sciadonate biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      scopoletin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      secologanin and strictosidine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Selaginella moellendorffii PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      seleno-amino acid detoxification and volatilization II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Setaria italica PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Setaria viridis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      shikonin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Solanum lycopersicum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Solanum melongena PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Solanum pennellii PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Solanum tuberosum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Sorghum bicolor PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      sorgoleone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      spermidine biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      spermine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Sphagnum fallax PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Spinacia oleracea PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Spirodela polyrhiza PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      stearate biosynthesis II (bacteria and plants) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      superpathway of hyoscyamine and scopolamine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      superpathway of nicotine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      superpathway of polyamine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      superpathway of scopolin and esculin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      syringetin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      taxiphyllin biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      TCA cycle II (plants and fungi) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      TCA cycle III (animals) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      TCA cycle variation V (plant) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      terminal olefins biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      terminal olefins biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from 3-hydroxybenzoate) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      tetrahydroxyxanthone biosynthesis (from benzoate) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      tetrapyrrole biosynthesis II (from glycine) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Thellungiella parvula PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Theobroma cacao PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      thiazole biosynthesis III (eukaryotes) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      thymine degradation PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Trifolium pratense PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Triticum aestivum PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Triticum urartu PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ubiquinol-10 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ubiquinol-9 biosynthesis (eukaryotic) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      UDP-alpha-D-xylose biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      UDP-D-apiose biosynthesis (from UDP-D-glucuronate) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      umbelliferone biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      UMP biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      UMP biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      UMP biosynthesis III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      uracil degradation I (reductive) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      urate conversion to allantoin I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      urate conversion to allantoin II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      urea degradation I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      urea degradation II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      usnate biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      vindoline and vinblastine biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      vitamin E biosynthesis (tocotrienols) PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Vitis vinifera PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Volvox carteri PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      xanthohumol biosynthesis PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Zea mays subsp. mays PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Zostera marina PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
    • Bio Activity:

      (-)-yatein + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (+)-dihydrokaempferol + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> kaempferol + succinate + CO2 + H2O + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (+)-dihydromyricetin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> myricetin + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (+)-taxifolin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> quercetin + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2R,3S,4S)-leucodelphinidin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> delphinidin + CO2 + succinate + H+ + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2R,3S,4S)-leucopelargonidin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (4S)-2,3-dehydroleucopelargonidin + succinate + CO2 + H2O + 2 H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-2-amino-3-oxo-4-phosphooxybutanoate + H+ -> 3-amino-1-hydroxyacetone 1-phosphate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-2-isopropyl-3-oxosuccinate + H+ -> 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-dihydrotricetin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (+)-dihydromyricetin + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-eriodictyol + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (+)-taxifolin + CO2 + succinate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-eriodictyol + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (+)-taxifolin + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-eriodictyol + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> luteolin + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-ethylmalonyl-CoA + NADP+ <- crotonyl-CoA + CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-naringenin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (+)-dihydrokaempferol + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-naringenin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> apigenin + succinate + CO2 + H2O + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-naringenin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + (+)-dihydrokaempferol PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-pinocembrin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (+)-pinobanksin + CO2 + succinate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-pinocembrin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (+)-pinobanksin + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (2S)-pinocembrin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> chrysin + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (6S)-hydroxyhyoscyamine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> scopolamine + succinate + CO2 + H+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (9Z,12Z,15Z)-hexadeca-9,12,15-trienoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> 5-pentadecatrienyl resorcinol + 4 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (E)-cinnamoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> 4 CO2 + pinosylvin + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (E)-cinnamoyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-diketide + H+ -> (1E,6E)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-7-phenylhepta-1,6-diene-3,5-dione + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (E)-glutaconyl-CoA + H+ <--> CO2 + crotonyl-CoA PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (indol-3-yl)pyruvate + NADPH + oxygen + H+ -> (indol-3-yl)acetate + CO2 + NADP+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (R)-4'-phosphopantothenoyl-L-cysteine + H+ -> 4'-phosphopantetheine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (R)-dihydrocamalexate + a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + oxygen + H+ -> camalexin + CO2 + an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (R)-methylmalonyl-CoA + NADP+ <- acryloyl-CoA + CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (R)-mevalonate diphosphate + ATP -> CO2 + isopentenyl diphosphate + ADP + phosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (R)-mevalonate diphosphate + ATP -> isopentenyl diphosphate + CO2 + ADP + phosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-2-oxo-4-hydroxy-4-carboxy-5-ureidoimidazoline + H+ -> (S)-(+)-allantoin + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + an [apo BCAA dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ <--> an [apo BCAA dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-S-[2-methylbutanoyl]dihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-3-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + coenzyme A + NAD+ <--> 2-methylbutanoyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-atropinium + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (6S)-hydroxyhyoscyamine + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-malate + (S)-malate + NAD+ + NAD+ -> pyruvate + CO2 + CO2 + pyruvate + NADH + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-malate + NAD+ -> CO2 + pyruvate + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-malate + NAD+ -> pyruvate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-malate + NADP+ -> CO2 + pyruvate + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      (S)-ureidoglycolate + 2 H+ + H2O -> 2 ammonium + CO2 + glyoxylate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      1-(o-carboxyphenylamino)-1'-deoxyribulose 5'-phosphate + H+ -> (1S,2R)-1-C-(indol-3-yl)glycerol 3-phosphate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2 3-phospho-D-glycerate + 2 H+ <- D-ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2 a malonyl-[acp] + 2 H+ -> an acetoacetyl-[acp] + 2 CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2 pyruvate + H+ -> (S)-2-acetolactate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-[2-(methylthio)ethyl]-3-oxobutanedioate + H+ -> 5-(methylthio)-2-oxopentanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-amino-4-carboxypyrimidine + L-serine + H+ -> lathyrine + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-aminomalonate semialdehyde + H+ -> 2-aminoacetaldehyde + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinol + an oxidized electron acceptor + H+ -> 1,4-naphthoquinone + CO2 + a reduced electron acceptor PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinone + phytyl diphosphate + H+ -> demethylphylloquinone + CO2 + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-carboxylate-4-methyl-5-beta-(ethyl adenosine 5-diphosphate) thiazole + H2O -> AMP + 4-methyl-5-(2-phosphooxyethyl)thiazole + CO2 + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-carboxylate-4-methyl-5-beta-(ethyl adenosine 5-diphosphate) thiazole + H2O + H2O -> CO2 + 4-methyl-5-(2-phosphooxyethyl)thiazole + AMP + AMP + 4-methyl-5-(2-phosphooxyethyl)thiazole + CO2 + H+ + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2'-deoxymugineate + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 3-epihydroxy-2'-deoxymugineate + succinate + CO2 + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2'-deoxymugineate + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> mugineate + succinate + CO2 + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-methylbutanoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> phlormethylbutanophenone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxo-3-carboxy-4,5-cyclopropylhex-5-enoate + H+ -> beta-methylenecyclopropyl pyruvate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoadipate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> CO2 + glutaryl-CoA + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + (S)-atropinium + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + (6S)-hydroxyhyoscyamine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + 2 an oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + coenzyme A <--> succinyl-CoA + CO2 + 2 a reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + 3,7,4'-trimethylquercetin + 3,7,4'-trimethylquercetin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + 3,7,4'-trimethylquercetagetin + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + 3,7-dimethylquercetin + 3,7-dimethylquercetin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + 3,7-dimethylquercetagetin + 3,7-dimethylquercetagetin + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + 8-hydroxy-salvigenin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + formaldehyde + pilosin + formaldehyde + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + a [2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ -> a [2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-S-succinyldihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + apiforol + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + apigeninidin + succinate + CO2 + 2 H2O + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> succinyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + desacetoxyvindoline + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + 17-O-deacetylvindoline PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + gardenin B + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + oxygen -> CO2 + succinate + formaldehyde + nevadensin + formaldehyde + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + L-arginine + oxygen -> succinate + CO2 + guanidinium + (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate + H2O + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + luteoforol + 2-oxoglutarate + H+ + oxygen + oxygen + H+ -> CO2 + succinate + luteolinidin + succinate + CO2 + 2 H2O + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + 2 H+ -> ethene + 3 CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3 malonyl-CoA + (E)-cinnamoyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> pinocembrin chalcone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3 malonyl-CoA + benzoyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> 2,4,6-trihydroxybenzophenone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3 malonyl-CoA + isobutanoyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> phlorisobutanophenone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-(carbamoylamino)-2-methylpropanoate + H2O + 2 H+ -> (R)-3-amino-2-methylpropanoate + ammonium + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3,5,7-trioxododecanoyl-CoA -> olivetol + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3,5-dioxodecanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3,5,7-trioxododecanoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3,6-dihydronicotinate + 2 H+ -> 1,2-dihydropyrimidine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3,7,4'-trimethylquercetin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 3,7,4'-trimethylquercetagetin + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-alpha(S)-strictosidine -> strictosamide + CO2 + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-geranyl-4-hydroxybenzoate -> geranylhydroquinone + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> 3 CO2 + 2,3',4,6-tetrahydroxybenzophenone + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-isopropyl-10-(methylthio)-2-oxodecanoate + H+ -> 10-(methylthio)-2-oxodecanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-isopropyl-6-(methylthio)-2-oxohexanoate + H+ -> 6-(methylthio)-2-oxohexanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-isopropyl-7-(methylthio)-2-oxoheptanoate + H+ -> 7-(methylthio)-2-oxoheptanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-isopropyl-8-(methylthio)-2-oxooctanoate + H+ -> 8-(methylthio)-2-oxooctanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-isopropyl-9-(methylthio)-2-oxononanoate + H+ -> 9-(methylthio)-2-oxononanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-5-all-trans-decaprenylbenzoate + H+ -> 6-(all-trans-decaprenyl)-2-methoxy-phenol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-methoxy-4-hydroxy-5-all-trans-nonaprenylbenzoate + H+ -> 2-methoxy-6-(all-trans-nonaprenyl)phenol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + an [apo BCAA dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ -> an [apo BCAA dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-S-[2-methylpropanoyl]dihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> isobutanoyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-oxo-dodecanoate + H+ -> CO2 + 2-undecanone PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-oxo-myristate + H+ -> 2-tridecanone + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-oxo-palmitate + H+ -> 2-pentadecanone + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-phenylpropanoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> 4 CO2 + dihydropinosylvin + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      3-ureidopropanoate + H2O + 2 H+ -> beta-alanine + ammonium + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy,4beta,14alpha-dimethyl-9beta,19-cyclo-5alpha-cholest-24-en-3beta-ol + NAD+ -> 4alpha,14alpha-dimethyl-9beta,19-cyclo-5alpha-cholest-24-en-3-one + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy,4beta,14alpha-dimethyl-9beta,19-cyclo-5alpha-cholest-24-en-3beta-ol + NAD+ + NAD+ -> CO2 + 4alpha,14alpha-dimethyl-9beta,19-cyclo-5alpha-cholest-24-en-3-one + CO2 + NADH + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy-4beta,14alpha-dimethyl-9beta,19-cyclo-5alpha-ergost-24(241)-en-3beta-ol + NAD+ -> cycloeucalenone + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy-4beta-methyl-5alpha-cholesta-8,24-dien-3beta-ol + NAD(P)+ -> 3-dehydro-4-methylzymosterol + CO2 + NAD(P)H PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy-5alpha-cholesta-7,24-dien-3beta-ol + NAD+ -> 5alpha-cholesta-7,24-dien-3-one + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy-5alpha-cholesta-7,24-dien-3beta-ol + NAD+ + NAD+ -> CO2 + 5alpha-cholesta-7,24-dien-3-one + CO2 + NADH + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy-5alpha-cholesta-8,24-dien-3beta-ol + NAD(P)+ -> zymosterone + CO2 + NAD(P)H PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy-ergosta-7,24(241)-dien-3beta-ol + NAD+ -> episterone + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4alpha-carboxy-stigmasta-7,24(241)-dien-3beta-ol + NAD+ -> avenastenone + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroylacetyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA + H2O -> bisdemethoxycurcumin + CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroylacetyl-CoA + feruloyl-CoA + H2O -> demethoxycurcumin + CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 2 malonyl-CoA + H+ -> bis-noryangonin + 2 CO2 + 3 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 2,4-dihydroxycinnamoyl-CoA + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 2 H+ -> p-coumaroyltriacetic acid lactone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 2 H+ + H2O -> 3 CO2 + p-coumaroyltriacetate + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> naringenin chalcone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> trans-resveratrol + 4 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + NADPH + 4 H+ -> isoliquiritigenin + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A + NADP+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + 3-oxooctanoyl-CoA + H2O -> 4-coumaroylhexanoylmethane + CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 4-coumaroylacetyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaroyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ + H2O -> 4-hydroxybenzalacetone + 2 CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaryl-4-coumarate -> (7R)-trans-hinokiresinol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaryl-4-coumarate -> (7S)-cis-hinokiresinol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-coumaryl-4-coumarate -> (7S)-trans-hinokiresinol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-dihydrocoumaroyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> phloretin + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + H+ -> CO2 + (4-hydroxyphenyl)acetaldehyde PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + oxygen -> CO2 + homogentisate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + an [apo BCAA dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ -> a [apo BCAA dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-S-[3-methylbutanoyl]dihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> isovaleryl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      5 malonyl-CoA + 5 H+ -> 5,7-dihydroxy-2-methylchromone + 5 CO2 + 5 coenzyme A + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + 2 H+ <--> 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)imidazole + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      5-amino-1-(5-phospho-D-ribosyl)imidazole-4-carboxylate + 2 H+ + 2 H+ <--> CO2 + 5-amino-1-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)imidazole + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan + H+ -> serotonin + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      5-methylphenazine-1-carboxylate + NADH + oxygen + 2 H+ -> pyocyanin + CO2 + NAD+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + quinolinate + 2 H+ -> beta-nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + CO2 + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      6 malonyl-CoA + 5 H+ -> hexaketide pyrone + 6 CO2 + 6 coenzyme A + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      7 malonyl-CoA + 6 H+ -> heptaketide pyrone + 7 CO2 + 7 coenzyme A + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      7-hydroxylauroyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 2 H+ -> 2-(8-hydroxy-2-oxotridecyl)-6-oxopyran-4-olate + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      8 malonyl-CoA + 7 H+ -> octoketide + 8 CO2 + 8 coenzyme A + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      8 malonyl-CoA + 7 H+ -> octoketide 4b + 8 CO2 + 8 coenzyme A + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a (2R,3S,4S)-leucoanthocyanidin + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> a (4S)- 2,3-dehydroflavan-3,4-diol + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a (4Z)-hexadec-4-enoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-petroselinoyl-[acp] + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a 2(R)-hydroperoxy fatty acid + H+ -> a fatty aldehyde + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxoacyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + a 3-oxoacyl-[acp] + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a 3-O-sn-phosphatidyl-L-serine + H+ -> an L-1-phosphatidylethanolamine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a 3-oxoacid + H+ -> a methyl ketone + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a 3-oxo-hexanoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + 2 NADPH + 3 H+ -> a 3-oxo-octanoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + 2 NADP+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a butanoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-hexanoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a coelenterazine dioxetanone -> an excited coelenteramide monoanion + CO2 + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a decanoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-dodecanoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a dodecanoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-myristoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a hexanoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-octanoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a long-chain fatty acid + hydrogen peroxide + H+ -> a terminal olefin + CO2 + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a myristoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-palmitoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a palmitoleoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-cis-vacc-11-enoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a palmitoyl-[acp] + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> a 3-oxo-stearoyl-[acp] + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      a very-long-chain 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl CoA + malonyl-CoA -> a very-long-chain oxoacyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      acetyl-CoA + 2 malonyl-CoA + H+ -> triacetate lactone + 2 CO2 + 3 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      acetyl-CoA + 4 malonyl-CoA + NADPH + 5 H+ -> 6-hydroxymellein + 4 CO2 + 5 coenzyme A + NADP+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      acetyl-CoA + 5 malonyl-CoA + 3 NADPH + 8 H+ + oxygen -> 1,8-dihydroxy-3-methylnaphthalene + 6 CO2 + 6 coenzyme A + 3 NADP+ + 4 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      acetyl-CoA + 6 malonyl-CoA + 6 H+ -> aloesone + 7 CO2 + 7 coenzyme A + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      acetyl-CoA + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> an acetoacetyl-[acp] + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      allantoate + 2 H+ + H2O -> (S)-ureidoglycine + ammonium + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      all-trans-nonaprenyl diphosphate + homogentisate + H+ -> 2-methyl-6-all-trans-nonaprenyl-1,4-benzoquinol + CO2 + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      alpha-fenchene + 2 oxygen -> alpha-fenchocamphorone + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ammonium + CO2 + ATP <--> carbamoyl phosphate + ADP + 2 H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      an acetyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + an acetoacetyl-[acp] + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      an acyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + malonyl-CoA + a reduced electron acceptor + H+ -> a terminal olefin + 2 CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] + coenzyme A + an oxidized electron acceptor PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      an octanoyl-[acp] + a malonyl-[acp] + H+ -> a 3-oxo-decanoyl-[acp] + CO2 + a holo-[acyl-carrier protein] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      anthranilate + NAD(P)H + oxygen + 3 H+ -> catechol + CO2 + ammonium + NAD(P)+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      apiforol + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> apigeninidin + succinate + CO2 + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ATP + urea + CO2 + H2O -> ADP + urea-1-carboxylate + phosphate + 2 H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      benzoate + pyruvate -> 1-phenylpropane-1,2-dione + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      benzoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> 2,4,6-trihydroxybenzophenone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      benzoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> 3,5-dihydroxybiphenyl + 4 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      beta-fenchene + 2 oxygen -> beta-fenchocamphorone + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      beta-nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + CO2 + diphosphate <- 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + quinolinate + 2 H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      C-132-carboxypyropheophorbide a -> CO2 + pyropheophorbide a PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cannabichromenate + H+ -> cannabichromene + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cannabidiolate + H+ -> cannabidiol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      carbamate + 2 H+ -> ammonium + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      CO2 + 7,8-diaminopelargonate + ATP -> dethiobiotin + ADP + phosphate + 3 H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      CO2[cytosol] -> CO2[chloroplast stroma] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      CO2[out] -> CO2[cytosol] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      CO2[out] + H+[out] + 2 e-[membrane] -> formate[out] PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      codeine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> morphine + formaldehyde + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      coproporphyrinogen III + oxygen + 2 H+ -> protoporphyrinogen IX + 2 CO2 + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      cyanate + hydrogencarbonate + H+ -> carbamate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinolate + H+ -> Delta9tetrahydrocannabinol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      densipoloyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-auricoloyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      desacetoxyvindoline + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 17-O-deacetylvindoline + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      desacetoxyvindorosine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> deacetylvindorosine + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      D-gluconate 6-phosphate + NADP+ -> D-ribulose 5-phosphate + CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      DIBOA-beta-D-glucoside + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> TRIBOA-beta-D-glucoside + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      dimethylsulfonio-2-hydroxybutanoate + 2 an oxidized electron acceptor + H2O -> dimethylsulfoniopropanoate + CO2 + 2 a reduced electron acceptor PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      docosanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-lignoceroyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      D-ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate + CO2 + H2O -> 2 3-phospho-D-glycerate + 2 H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      D-threo-isocitrate + NAD+ -> 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      D-threo-isocitrate + NAD+ -> CO2 + 2-oxoglutarate + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      D-threo-isocitrate + NADP+ <--> 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ferulate + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (E)-6'-hydroxyferulate + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      feruloylacetyl-CoA + 4-coumaroyl-CoA + H2O -> demethoxycurcumin + CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      feruloylacetyl-CoA + feruloyl-CoA + H2O -> curcumin + CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      feruloyl-CoA + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 6'-hydroxyferuloyl-CoA + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      feruloyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> feruloylacetyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      firefly oxyluciferin-dioxetanone -> excited state firefly oxyluciferin + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      formate + CTP + H+ -> dCTP + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      formate + NAD+ -> CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      formate + UTP + H+ -> dUTP + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gamma-butyrobetaine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> L-carnitine + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gamma-L-glutamyl-(S)-2-carboxypropyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine + an oxidized electron acceptor + H+ -> gamma-L-glutamyl-(S)-allyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine + CO2 + a reduced electron acceptor PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      geranylgeranyl diphosphate + homogentisate + H+ -> 2-methyl-6-geranylgeranyl-1,4-benzoquinol + CO2 + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A1 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A8 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A12 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A110 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A12 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A14 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A12 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A15 (open lactone form) + CO2 + succinate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A12 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A15 (open lactone form) + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A12 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A53 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A14 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A37 + CO2 + succinate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A15 (open lactone form) + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A24 + CO2 + succinate + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A15 (open lactone form) + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A24 + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A15 (open lactone form) + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A37 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A19 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A17 + succinate + CO2 + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A19 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A20 + 2 CO2 + succinate + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A20 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A1 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A20 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A29 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A24 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A25 + CO2 + succinate + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A24 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A36 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A24 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A9 + 2 CO2 + succinate + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A25 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A13 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A29 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A29-catabolite + succinate + CO2 + H+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A34 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A34-catabolite + succinate + CO2 + H+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A36 + 2-oxoglutarate + NADP+ + oxygen -> gibberellin A4 + succinate + 2 CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A37 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A36 + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A4 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A34 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A44 (closed lactone form) + 2-oxoglutarate + 2 H+ + oxygen -> gibberellin A98 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A5 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A3 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A5 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A6 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A51 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A51-catabolite + succinate + CO2 + H+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A53 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A97 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A53 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin44 (open lactone form) + CO2 + succinate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A8 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A8-catabolite + succinate + CO2 + H+ + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A9 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A4 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin A9 + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A51 + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin44 (open lactone form) + 2-oxoglutarate + H+ + oxygen -> gibberellin A38 + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      gibberellin44 (open lactone form) + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> gibberellin A19 + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glycine + a [glycine-cleavage complex H protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ <--> a [glycine-cleavage complex H protein] N6-aminomethyldihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glycine + a [glycine-cleavage complex H protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ <--> CO2 + a [glycine-cleavage complex H protein] N6-aminomethyldihydrolipoyl-L-lysine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glycine + a tetrahydrofolate + NAD+ -> a 5,10-methylene-tetrahydrofolate + ammonium + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      glycine + succinyl-CoA + H+ -> CO2 + 5-aminolevulinate + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      heptaketide pyrone intermediate + H+ -> aloesone + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hexanoyl-CoA + 2 malonyl-CoA + 2 H+ -> 3,5-dioxodecanoyl-CoA + 2 CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hexanoyl-CoA + 2 malonyl-CoA + H2O -> triketide pyrone + 2 CO2 + 3 coenzyme A + OH- PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hexanoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 2 H+ -> tetraketide pyrone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hexanoyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> olivetol + 4 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      homogentisate + geranylgeranyl diphosphate + geranylgeranyl diphosphate + homogentisate + H+ + H+ -> CO2 + 2-methyl-6-geranylgeranyl-1,4-benzoquinol + 2-methyl-6-geranylgeranyl-1,4-benzoquinol + CO2 + diphosphate + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      homogentisate + phytyl diphosphate + H+ -> 2-methyl-6-phytyl-1,4-benzoquinol + CO2 + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hydrogencarbonate + H+ <--> CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      hydrogencarbonate + H+ -> CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      icosanoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-behenoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      icosapentaenoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-docosapentaenoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      isochorismate + 2-oxoglutarate + H+ -> 2-succinyl-5-enolpyruvoyl-6-hydroxy-3-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      isovaleryl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA + 3 H+ -> phlorisovalerophenone + 3 CO2 + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      keto-phenylpyruvate + H+ -> CO2 + phenylacetaldehyde PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      keto-phenylpyruvate + keto-phenylpyruvate + H+ + H+ -> phenylacetaldehyde + CO2 + CO2 + phenylacetaldehyde PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-2-amino-3-oxobutanoate + H+ -> aminoacetone + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-arginine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> (3S)-3-hydroxy-L-arginine + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-arginine + H+ -> CO2 + agmatine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-arginine + oxygen -> CO2 + 4-guanidinobutyramide + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-arogenate + H+ -> CO2 + L-phenylalanine + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-arogenate + NAD+ -> L-tyrosine + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-arogenate + NADP+ -> L-tyrosine + CO2 + NADPH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-ascorbate + 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate + H+ + oxygen -> ethene + L-dehydro-ascorbate + hydrogen cyanide + CO2 + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-citrulline + L-citrulline + H2O + 2 H+ + 2 H+ + H2O -> ammonium + CO2 + L-ornithine + L-ornithine + CO2 + ammonium PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-dihomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-5-(methylsulfanyl)pentanal oxime + CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-dopa + H+ -> dopamine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-dopachrome + H+ -> 5,6-dihydroxyindole + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-glutamate + H+ -> CO2 + 4-aminobutanoate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-hexahomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + (E)-9-(methylsulfanyl)nonanal oxime + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-homomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-4-(methylsulfanyl)butanal oxime + CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      lignoceroyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-cerotoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-lysine + H+ -> CO2 + cadaverine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-ornithine + H+ -> CO2 + putrescine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-pentahomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> (E)-8-(methylsulfanyl)octanal oxime + CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-phenylalanine + H+ -> 2-phenylethylamine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-phenylalanine + H+ + oxygen + H2O -> phenylacetaldehyde + ammonium + hydrogen peroxide + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-serine + H+ -> ethanolamine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-serine + palmitoyl-CoA + H+ -> CO2 + 3-dehydrosphinganine + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tetrahomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + (E)-7-(methyltsulfanyl)heptanal oxime + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-trihomomethionine + 2 a reduced [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + 2 oxygen -> CO2 + 2 an oxidized [NADPH-hemoprotein reductase] + (E)-6-(methylsulfanyl)hexanal oxime + 3 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tryptophan + H+ -> CO2 + tryptamine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tryptophan + oxygen -> (indol-3-yl)acetamide + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      L-tyrosine + H+ -> CO2 + tyramine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      luteoforol + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen + H+ -> luteolinidin + succinate + CO2 + 2 H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + a very-long-chain 2,3,4-saturated fatty acyl CoA -> a very-long-chain oxoacyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + alpha-linolenoyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-icosatrienoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + gamma-linolenoyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-dihomo gamma-linolenoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + H+ -> CO2 + acetyl-CoA PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + icosapentaenoyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-docosapentaenoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + linoleoyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-(11Z,14Z)-icosa-11,14-dienoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + stearidonoyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-icosatetraenoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      malonyl-CoA + stearoyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxoicosanoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      meso-diaminopimelate + H+ -> CO2 + L-lysine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      meso-diaminopimelate + H+ -> L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      mugineate + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 3-epihydroxymugineate + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N, N-dihydroxy-tetrahomomethionine + H+ -> (E)-7-(methyltsulfanyl)heptanal oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N, N-dihydroxytrihomomethionine + H+ -> (E)-6-(methylsulfanyl)hexanal oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxyhexahomomethioniate + H+ -> (E)-9-(methylsulfanyl)nonanal oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxyhomomethionine + H+ -> (E)-4-(methylsulfanyl)butanal oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxy-L-dihomomethionine + H+ -> (E)-5-(methylsulfanyl)pentanal oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxy-L-isoleucine + H+ -> (1E,2S)-2-methylbutanal oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine + H+ -> (E)-phenylacetaldehyde oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxy-L-tyrosine + H+ -> (E)-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acetaldehyde oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxy-L-valine + H+ -> (E)-2-methylpropanal-oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N,N-dihydroxypentahomomethionine + H+ -> (E)-8-(methylsulfanyl)octanal oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N2,N2-dihydroxy-L-tryptophan + H+ -> (E)-(indol-3-yl)acetaldehyde oxime + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N-carbamoylputrescine + 2 H+ + H2O -> putrescine + CO2 + ammonium PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N-methylanthraniloyl-CoA + 3 malonyl-CoA -> 3 CO2 + 1,3-dihydroxy-N-methylacridone + 4 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N-methyl-Delta1-pyrrolinium cation + acetonedicarboxylate + H+ -> 4-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)-3-oxobutanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      N-methyl-Delta1-pyrrolinium cation + CO2 -> hygrine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oleoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-(11Z)-eicos-11-enoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oripavine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> morphinone + formaldehyde + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      orotidine 5'-phosphate + H+ -> CO2 + UMP PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxalate + H+ -> formate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxalate + oxygen + 2 H+ -> 2 CO2 + hydrogen peroxide PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxaloacetate + ATP <--> CO2 + phosphoenolpyruvate + ADP PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxaloacetate + ATP -> CO2 + phosphoenolpyruvate + ADP PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxaloacetate + GTP <--> CO2 + phosphoenolpyruvate + GDP PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      oxalosuccinate + H+ <--> 2-oxoglutarate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pentalenolactone D + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> pentalenolactone E + succinate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pentalenolactone E + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> pentalenolactone F + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pheophorbide a + H2O + H+ -> pyropheophorbide a + methanol + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      phytyl diphosphate + homogentisate + H+ -> 2-methyl-6-phytyl-1,4-benzoquinol + CO2 + diphosphate PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      polyneuridine aldehyde + H2O -> methanol + CO2 + 16-epivellosimine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      prephenate + H+ -> keto-phenylpyruvate + CO2 + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      prephenate + NAD+ -> 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      prephenate + prephenate + H+ + H+ -> CO2 + keto-phenylpyruvate + keto-phenylpyruvate + CO2 + H2O + H2O PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + 2 an oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + coenzyme A <--> acetyl-CoA + CO2 + 2 a reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H+ PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + 2-oxobutanoate + H+ -> (S)-2-aceto-2-hydroxybutanoate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + a [pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-lipoyl-L-lysine + H+ -> a [pyruvate dehydrogenase E2 protein] N6-S-acetyldihydrolipoyl-L-lysine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + acetaldehyde + H+ -> acetoin + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + coenzyme A + NAD+ -> acetyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + H+ -> 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + H+ -> acetaldehyde + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      pyruvate + thiamine diphosphate + H+ -> 2-(alpha-hydroxyethyl)thiamine diphosphate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      ricinoleoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxo-lesqueroloyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      S-adenosyl-L-methionine + H+ -> CO2 + S-adenosyl 3-(methylthio)propylamine PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      salicyloyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 4-hydroxycoumarin + CO2 + 2 coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      Se-methyl-Se-L-methionine + H+ -> dimethylselenopropanoate-amine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      S-methyl-L-methionine + a 2-oxo carboxylate + H+ -> 3-dimethylsulfoniopropionaldehyde + CO2 + a proteinogenic amino acid PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      S-methyl-L-methionine + H+ -> dimethylsulfoniopropanoate-amine + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      stearoyl-CoA + malonyl-CoA + H+ -> 3-oxoicosanoyl-CoA + CO2 + coenzyme A PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      thebaine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> neopinone + formaldehyde + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      thebaine + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> oripavine + formaldehyde + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      trans-caffeoyl-CoA + 2-oxoglutarate + oxygen -> 2,4,6-trihydroxycinnamoyl-CoA + succinate + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate + H+ -> UDP-alpha-D-xylose + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      UDP-alpha-D-glucuronate + H+ -> UDP-D-apiose + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      urate + urate + 2 H2O + oxygen + oxygen + 2 H2O -> hydrogen peroxide + CO2 + allantoin + allantoin + CO2 + hydrogen peroxide PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      urea + 2 H+ + H2O -> 2 ammonium + CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      urea-1-carboxylate + 3 H+ + H2O -> 2 ammonium + 2 CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      uroporphyrinogen-III + 4 H+ -> 4 CO2 + coproporphyrinogen III PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
      uroporphyrinogen-III + 4 H+ -> coproporphyrinogen III + 4 CO2 PlantCyc CARBON-DIOXIDE
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      152 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 67 C; CAS no: 124389; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 124389; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      153 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 124389; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      154 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 124389; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: -88.5±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 28293.1±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 16.9±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -131.1±13.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.247
Molar Refractivity: 7.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.83
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.63
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.78
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 52.61
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.63
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.78
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 52.61
Polar Surface Area: 34 Å2
Polarizability: 2.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 3.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 44.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.83
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.83
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  -16.00  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -105.19  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.78E+004  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -56.5 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  -78.48 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  4.83E+04 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.572e+004
       log Kow used: 0.83 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1480 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1474.9 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1480.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.52E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
   Exper Database: 1.52E-02  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.711E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.83  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.207  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  1.037
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7266
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9156
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1019  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7842  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5812
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7782
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.8361
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  6.44E+006 Pa (4.83E+004 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 1.037
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  4.66E-013 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.67E-012 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.68E-011 
       Mackay model           :  3.73E-011 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.14E-010 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.0000 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =   -------
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.7E-011 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.498
      Log Koc:  0.176 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.83 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0152 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:     0.7025  hours   (42.15 min)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      63.29  hours   (2.637 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              85.60  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.03  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     0.48  percent
    Total to Air:               85.08  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       55.6            1e+005       1000       
   Water     42.5            360          1000       
   Soil      1.79            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0827          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 146 hr




                    

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