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ChemSpider 2D Image | Formic acid | CH2O2

Formic acid

  • Molecular FormulaCH2O2
  • Average mass46.025 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass46.005478 Da
  • ChemSpider ID278

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

213-057-3 [EINECS]
213-129-4 [EINECS]
64-18-6 [RN]
Acide formique [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Acido formico [Italian]
Ameisensäure [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Formic acid [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
HCOOH [Formula]
Kwas metaniowy [Polish]
Kyselina mravenci [Czech]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

06450_FLUKA [DBID]
06460_FLUKA [DBID]
06473_FLUKA [DBID]
09676_FLUKA [DBID]
251364_SIAL [DBID]
27001_RIEDEL [DBID]
33015_RIEDEL [DBID]
399388_SIAL [DBID]
49897_FLUKA [DBID]
56302_FLUKA [DBID]
More...
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      495 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Perichet, C.; Delbecque, C.; Arnaudo, J.-F., Volatile constituents of benzoin gums: Siam and Sumatra, part 2. Study of headspace sampling methods, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 59-67.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      563 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 983, 2003, 19-33.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      490 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Korolenko, L.I.; Khralenkova, N.B., Desorption with solvent vapor as a method of sample preparation in the sorption preconcentration of organic-compounds from the air of a working area and from industrial-waste gases, J. Appl. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 50(10), 1995, 937-944.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      526.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moldoveanu, S.C., Pyrolysis GC/MS, present and future (recent past and present needs), J. Microcolumn Sep., 13(3), 2001, 102-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1501 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1485 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 2007, 523-531.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1521 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 983, 2003, 19-33.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1515.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: HP-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gallet, G.; Erlandsson, B.; Albertsson, A.-C.; Karlsson, S., Thermal oxidation of poly(ethylene oxide-propylene oxide-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer: focus on low molecular weight degradation products, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 77, 2002, 55-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1532 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C =>10C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 64186; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 68, 2000, 167-174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1487 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(5min) =>1C/min =>200C=>20C/min =>210C; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, D.D.L.C.; Reichenbacher, M.; Danzer, K.; Hurlbeck, C.; Bartzsch, C.; Feller, K.-H., Investigations on wine bouquet components by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography (SPME-CGC) using different fibers, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 20, 1997, 665-668.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sekiwa, Y.; Kubota, K.; Kobayashi, A., Characteristic flavor components in the brew of cooked clam (Meretrix lusoria) and the effect of storage on flavor formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 826-830.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1499 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1533 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Korolenko, L.I.; Khralenkova, N.B., Desorption with solvent vapor as a method of sample preparation in the sorption preconcentration of organic-compounds from the air of a working area and from industrial-waste gases, J. Appl. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 50(10), 1995, 937-944.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1505 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Obretenov, T.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D., GC/MS (EI,PCI,SIM)-data bank analysis of volatile compounds arising from thermal degradation of glucose-valine amadori intermediates, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 999-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      543 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Helmig, D.; Pollock, W.; Greenberg, J.; Zimmerman, P., Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of volatile organic trace gases at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, J. Geophys. Res., 101(D9), 1996, 14697-14710.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      512 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Description: 40C(5min)=>10C/min =>200C or 250C (60min); CAS no: 64186; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Maltby, D., Prediction of retention indexes. III. Silylated derivatives of polar compounds, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 113-129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1528 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>3C/min => 100C => 5C/min =>240C(10min); CAS no: 64186; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Natali N.; Chinnici F.; Riponi C., Characterization of volatiles in extracts from oak chips obtained by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE), J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8190-8198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1510 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahajan, S.S.; Goddik, L.; Qian, M.C., Aroma Compounds in Sweet Whey Powder, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 4057-4063.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1543.6 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=>2.5C/min => 150C =>1.5C/min=>210C; CAS no: 64186; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, M.-S.; Chyau, C.-C.; Horng, D.-T.; Yang, J.-S., Effects of Irradiation and Drying on Volatile Components of Fresh Shiitake edodes (Lentinus Sing), J. Sci. Food Agric., 76, 1998, 72-76.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 100.6±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 36.5±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 22.7±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 29.9±13.4 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.342
Molar Refractivity: 8.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -0.54
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -2.41
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -4.05
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 3.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 35.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 39.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.46
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  -0.54
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  100.90  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -24.95  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  35.9  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  8.3 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  101 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  4.26E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  9.552e+005
       log Kow used: -0.54 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1e+006 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  RIDDICK,JA ET AL. (1986)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.50E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   5.11E-007  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.67E-07  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.276E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  -0.54  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -5.166  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.626
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7983
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9525
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.4621  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.1669  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.7564
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9115
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.0229
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  5.68E+003 Pa (42.6 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.626
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  5.28E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.04E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.91E-008 
       Mackay model           :  4.23E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  8.3E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.5200 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    20.569 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 3.07E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1
      Log Koc:  0.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: -0.54 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  1.67E-007 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:       2379  hours   (99.14 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.601E+004  hours   (1084 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.86  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.01  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       3.95            570          1000       
   Water     36.3            208          1000       
   Soil      59.7            416          1000       
   Sediment  0.063           1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 332 hr




                    

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