ChemSpider 2D Image | 2-Acetylpyrazine | C6H6N2O

2-Acetylpyrazine

  • Molecular FormulaC6H6N2O
  • Average mass122.125 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass122.048012 Da
  • ChemSpider ID28682

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

2-Acetylpyrazine
1-(2-Pyrazinyl)ethanon [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-(2-Pyrazinyl)ethanone [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-(2-Pyrazinyl)éthanone [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-(Pyrazin-2-yl)ethanone
1-Pyrazin-2-ylethan-1-one
22047-25-2 [RN]
244-753-5 [EINECS]
Acetylpyrazine [Wiki]
Ethanone, 1-(2-pyrazinyl)- [ACD/Index Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

251801_ALDRICH [DBID]
AI3-34445 [DBID]
AIDS070645 [DBID]
AIDS-070645 [DBID]
BR-16901 [DBID]
CCRIS 4693 [DBID]
Council of Europe no. 2286 [DBID]
FEMA 3126 [DBID]
FEMA No. 3126 [DBID]
Flavis number 14.032 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless to pale yellow crystals with a nutty, popcorn, breadcrust odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2-Acetylpyrazine
      Not Available Novochemy [NC-17761]
    • Safety:

      20/21/22 Novochemy [NC-17761]
      20/21/36/37/39 Novochemy [NC-17761]
      26-37 Alfa Aesar A15917
      36/37/38 Alfa Aesar A15917
      6.1 ChemBridge 3020083
      GHS07 Biosynth Q-100279
      GHS07; GHS09 Novochemy [NC-17761]
      H302, H315, H319, H335. ChemBridge 3020083
      H315; H319; H335 Biosynth Q-100279
      H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A15917
      H332; H403 Novochemy [NC-17761]
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 002996
      Irritant/Air Sensitive/Store under Argon/Keep Cold SynQuest 4H56-1-K0, 64499
      P261; P280; P302+P352; P304+P340; P305+P351+P338; P312 Biosynth Q-100279
      P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A15917
      P332+P313; P305+P351+P338 Novochemy [NC-17761]
      Warning ChemBridge 3020083
      Warning Alfa Aesar A15917
      Warning Biosynth Q-100279
      Warning Novochemy [NC-17761]
      WARNING: Irritates lungs, eyes, skin Alfa Aesar A15917
      Xn Novochemy [NC-17761]
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1017 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_136071, replib_236549, replib_160578
      1599 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1032 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>120C(20min)=>2C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lermusieau, G.; Bulens, M.; Collin, S., Use of GC-olfactometry to identify the hop aromatic compounds in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 3867-3874.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1000 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of volatile generation in serine/threonine/glutamine-ribose/glucose/fructose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 643-647.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      998 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated in serine-monosaccharide model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(4), 1998, 1518-1522.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1003 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Wang, M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from thermal degradation of N-acetylglucosamine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 3207-3209.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      993 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 428-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Correlation between molecular structures and retention indices of pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 402, 1987, 309-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1009.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      990.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C ^ 2 0C/min -> 12 0C/min -> 105 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prat, C.; Trias, R.; Cullere, L.; Escudero, A.; Antico, E.; BAneras, L., Off-odor compounds produced in cork by isolated bacteria and fungi: a gas chromatography - mass spectrometry and gas chromatography - olfactometry study, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(16), 2009, 7473-7479.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P., Odour-active compounds in moderately roasted sesame, Food Chem., 55(2), 1996, 145-152., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SE-54; Substrate: Chromosorb G AW DMCS (100-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P., Primary odorants in popcorn, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(6), 1991, 1141-1144.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1036 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 295 C; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1029 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1026 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>50C/min =>60C(2min) =>4C/min =>230C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zehentbauer, G.; Grosch, W., Crust aroma of baguettes. I. Key odorants of baguettes prepared in two different ways, J. Cereal Science, 28, 1998, 81-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1021 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>40C/min =>50C(2min) =>4C/min =>240C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of rye bread crust - differences from the crumb and from wheat bread crust, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 198, 1994, 292-296.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1621 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (40 min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Juan, F.S.; Escudero, A.; Cullere, L.; Fernandez-Zurbano, P.; Saenz-Navajas, M.P.; Cacho, J., Modeling quality of premium Spanish red wines from gas chromatography-olfactometry data, J. Agr. Food. Chem., 57(16), 2009, 7490-7498.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1646 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C ^ 2 0C/min -> 12 0C/min -> 105 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prat, C.; Trias, R.; Cullere, L.; Escudero, A.; Antico, E.; BAneras, L., Off-odor compounds produced in cork by isolated bacteria and fungi: a gas chromatography - mass spectrometry and gas chromatography - olfactometry study, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(16), 2009, 7473-7479.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1614 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1665 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1662 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1617 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1644 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1638 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cullere, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1653-1660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1636 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1629 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez, R.; Ezpeleta, E.; Sanchez, I.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Analysis of the aroma intensities of volatile compounds released from mild acid hydrolysates of odourless precursors extracted from Tempranillo and Grenache grapes using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Food Chem., 88, 2004, 95-103.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1632 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Masuda, H., Identification of potent odorants in different green tea varieties using flavor dilution technique, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5660-5663., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Masuda, H., Identification of potent odorants in different green tea varieties using flavor dilution technique, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5660-5663.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1634 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1607 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>6C/min =>230C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zehentbauer, G.; Grosch, W., Crust aroma of baguettes. I. Key odorants of baguettes prepared in two different ways, J. Cereal Science, 28, 1998, 81-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1627 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sekiwa, Y.; Kubota, K.; Kobayashi, A., Characteristic flavor components in the brew of cooked clam (Meretrix lusoria) and the effect of storage on flavor formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 826-830.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1603 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: FFAP; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P., Odour-active compounds in moderately roasted sesame, Food Chem., 55(2), 1996, 145-152.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1597 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>4C/min =>240C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of rye bread crust - differences from the crumb and from wheat bread crust, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 198, 1994, 292-296.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1618 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb G AW DMCS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Identifizierung von Aromastoffen aus der Kruste von Roggenbrot, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 177(3), 1983, 173-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1641.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Wilson, R.A.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of pyrazines present in pressure-cooked beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(5), 1973, 871-872.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1622.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      987 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      998 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Yakovleva, V.N.; Vitt, S.V., Pyrazines formed in model glycerin-water systems, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 40(9), 1991, 1742-1748, In original 1972-1979.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1021 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Escudero, A.; Campo, E.; Farina, L.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Analytical Characterization of the Aroma of Five Premium Red Wines. Insights into the Role of Odor Families and the Concept of Fruitiness of Wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4501-4510.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1025 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>6C/min =>180C =>20C/min =>280C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Effect of Cysteine and Cystine Addition on Sensory Profile and Potent Odorants of Extruded Potato Snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 5754-5760.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>40C/min => 50C (2min) => 240C (10min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munch, P.; Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key odorants generated by thermal treatment of commercial and self-prepared yeast extracts: influence of the amino acid composition on odorant formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1338-1344., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Campo, E.; Ferreira, V.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J., Prediction of the wine sensory properties related to grape variety from dynamic-headspace gas chromatography-olfactometry data, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 5682-5690.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C =>20C/min =>280C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Identification of potent odorants formed during the preparation of extruded potato snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 6432-6437.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1031 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cha, Y.J.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in skipjack tuna sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(3), 1998, 1123-1128.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1639 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1632 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) =>4C/min =>100C6C/min =>136C =>3C/min =>220C (10min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Escudero, A.; Campo, E.; Farina, L.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Analytical Characterization of the Aroma of Five Premium Red Wines. Insights into the Role of Odor Families and the Concept of Fruitiness of Wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4501-4510.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1604 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60(2min)C =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Identification of potent odorants formed during the preparation of extruded potato snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 6432-6437., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Effect of Cysteine and Cystine Addition on Sensory Profile and Potent Odorants of Extruded Potato Snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 5754-5760.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1622 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1418-1426., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1634 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Petka, J.; Ferreira, V.; Gonzalez-Vinas, M.A.; Cacho, J., Sensory and Chemical Characterization of the Aroma of a White Wine Made with Devin Grapes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 909-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1636 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min)=> 4C/min=> 100C=> 6C/min=>200C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Campo, E.; Ferreira, V.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J., Prediction of the wine sensory properties related to grape variety from dynamic-headspace gas chromatography-olfactometry data, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 5682-5690.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1647 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=> 6C/min => 70C =>4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pennarun, A.-L.; Prost, C.; Haure, J.; Demaimay, M., Comparison of two microalgal diets. 2. Influence on odorant composition and organoleptic qualities of raw oysters (Crassostrea gigas), J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 2011-2018., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=> 6C/min =>70C =>4C/min=>150C =>10C/min =>250C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pennarun, A.L.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Identification and origin of the character-impact compounds of raw oyster Crassostrea gigas, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 1652-1660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1631 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 192-202., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 35, 2002, 43-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1650 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: EC-WAX; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Evaluation of the representativeness of the odor of cooked mussel extracts and the relationship between sensory descriptors and potent odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1321-1327., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Characterization of odorant compounds of mussels (Mytilus edulis) according to their origin using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 896, 2000, 361-371.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1656 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=>5C/min =>180C =>10C/min=>250C; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Serot, T.; Regost, C.; Prost, C.; Robin, J.; Arzel, J., Effect of dietary lipid sources on odour-active compounds in muscle of turbot (Psetta maxima), J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 1339-1346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1646 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Characterization of odorant compounds of mussels (Mytilus edulis) according to their origin using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 896, 2000, 361-371.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1633 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2280-2287.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1618 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cha, Y.J.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in skipjack tuna sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(3), 1998, 1123-1128.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1608 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>40C/min => 60C (2min) => 240C (10min); CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munch, P.; Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key odorants generated by thermal treatment of commercial and self-prepared yeast extracts: influence of the amino acid composition on odorant formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1338-1344.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1627 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3909-3912., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Nakada, Y.; Nakashima, M.; Osajima, Y., Quantitative comparison of volatile flavor compounds in deep-roasted and light-roasted sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3193-3196.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1619 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Tan, Q.; Chen, F.; Meyers, S.P., Evaluation of the aroma of cooked spiny lobster tail meat by aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2432-2437.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1629 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 22047252; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 58(6), 1993, 1203-1207.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 212.9±20.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.2±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 44.9±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 84.4±28.2 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.516
Molar Refractivity: 32.5±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 3
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.16
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.16
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 29.09
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.16
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 29.09
Polar Surface Area: 43 Å2
Polarizability: 12.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 46.7±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 107.4±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.38
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.20
       Exper. Ref:  Yamagami,C et al. (1990a)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  208.51  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  31.98  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0711  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  76-78 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.217 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  6.652e+004
       log Kow used: 0.20 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1e+006 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   5.31E-009  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.718E-007 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.20  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -6.663  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  6.863
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6962
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.6946
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.9068  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6493  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4916
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.5531
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.0783
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  28.9 Pa (0.217 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 6.863
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.04E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.79E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  3.75E-006 
       Mackay model           :  8.29E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000143 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.3117 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    34.319 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 6.02E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  5.007
      Log Koc:  0.700 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.20 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  5.31E-009 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 1.219E+005  hours   (5077 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.329E+006  hours   (5.539E+004 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.85  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.123           824          1000       
   Water     38.3            360          1000       
   Soil      61.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0711          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 580 hr




                    

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