ChemSpider 2D Image | Pyrrolidine | C4H9N

Pyrrolidine

  • Molecular FormulaC4H9N
  • Average mass71.121 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass71.073502 Da
  • ChemSpider ID29008

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

123-75-1 [RN]
1-Azacyclopentane
204-648-7 [EINECS]
Azolan
Pyrrole, tetrahydro-
Pyrrolidin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pyrrolidine [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
Pyrrolidine [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pyrrolidine [UN1922] [Flammable liquid]
Pyrrolidinepyrrolidine
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

394238_ALDRICH [DBID]
83240_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-24117 [DBID]
BRN 0102395 [DBID]
CCRIS 6688 [DBID]
CHEBI:33135 [DBID]
FEMA No. 3523 [DBID]
HSDB 120 [DBID]
MFCD00005249 [DBID]
NCIOpen2_007788 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colourless liquid; Penetrating amine-type aroma Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Tetrahydropyrrole
      colourless to pale yellow liquid with a penetrating Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable; flammable. Incompatible with strong acids,strong oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 300 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-20/22-34 Alfa Aesar A14852
      11-20/22-35 Alfa Aesar A14852
      16-26-36/37/39-45 Alfa Aesar A14852
      3 Alfa Aesar A14852
      9-16-20-23-26-33-36/37/39-45-60 Alfa Aesar A14852
      Danger Alfa Aesar A14852
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, burns skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A14852
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, POISON, CORROSIVE, irritant Alfa Aesar A14852
      H225-H301-H314-H332 Alfa Aesar A14852
      Highly Flammable/Corrosive/Toxic/Harmful/Lachrymatory/Air Sensitive/Store under Argon SynQuest 3H31-1-Z9, 60760
      P210-P301+P310-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A14852
      R11,R20/21,R25,R34,R51 SynQuest 3H31-1-Z9, 60760
      S13,S16,S23,S24/25,S26,S33,S36/37/39,S45,S61 SynQuest 3H31-1-Z9, 60760
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      745 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_118205, replib_276, replib_227730
      692 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      695 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Lee, T.D.; Osselton, M.D.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 296 non-drug substances on SE-30 or OV-1 likely to be encountered in toxicological analyses, J. Chromatogr., 184, 1980, 185-206.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      645 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      678 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tibor, T.; Anna, B., Gazkromatografias retencio es a kemiai szerkezet, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 77, 1971, 576-587.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      688 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tibor, T.; Anna, B., Gazkromatografias retencio es a kemiai szerkezet, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 77, 1971, 576-587.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      674.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      680 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or He; Substrate: Chromosorb G, AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L.; Kapustin, Yu.P.; Golovnya, P.B., Retention indices of some isoaliphatic and heterocyclic nitrogenous bases, Zh. Anal. Khim., 31, 1976, 1378-1380.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1008 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1038 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 152 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1040 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 179 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1047 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      994 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      999 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      968 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tibor, T.; Anna, B., Gazkromatografias retencio es a kemiai szerkezet, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 77, 1971, 576-587.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      995 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tibor, T.; Anna, B., Gazkromatografias retencio es a kemiai szerkezet, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 77, 1971, 576-587.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      686 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Farkas, O.; Heberger, K.; Zenkevich, I.G., Quantitative structure-retention relationships. XIV. Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices for saturated O-, N-, and S-heterocyclic compounds, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 72, 2004, 173-184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      671 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      695 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      691.2 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 30 0C/min -> 270 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 270 0C (5 min); CAS no: 123751; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Huyghues-Despointes, A.; Yaylayan, V.A.; Keyhani, A., Pyrolysis/GC/MS analysis of 1-[(2'-carboxy)pyrrolidinyl]-1-deoxy-D-fructose (Proline Amadori compound), J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(11), 1994, 2519-2524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1006 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1020 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1031 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1032 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1034 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      675 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Supelcoport and Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1003 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 123751; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 89.5±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 58.6±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 33.0±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 2.8±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.428
Molar Refractivity: 21.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.37
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -2.62
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -2.32
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 12 Å2
Polarizability: 8.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 26.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 84.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.70
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.46
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  102.31  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -36.04  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  66.5  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -57.8 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  86.5 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  6.27E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  5.564e+005
       log Kow used: 0.46 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  8.1958e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.29E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   3.01E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 2.39E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.118E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.46  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.010  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.470
      Log Koa (experimental database):  4.070

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8675
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9572
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0664  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7884  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6127
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7566
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5333
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  8.36E+003 Pa (62.7 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): 4.070
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  3.59E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.88E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.3E-008 
       Mackay model           :  2.87E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.31E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  78.4843 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.136 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.635 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.08E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  50.63
      Log Koc:  1.704 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.46 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.39E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      207.5  hours   (8.644 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       2334  hours   (97.24 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.99  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.14  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.489           3.27         1000       
   Water     47.1            360          1000       
   Soil      52.3            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0886          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 337 hr




                    

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