ChemSpider 2D Image | Dibenzothiophene | C12H8S

Dibenzothiophene

  • Molecular FormulaC12H8S
  • Average mass184.257 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass184.034668 Da
  • ChemSpider ID2915

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132-65-0 [RN]
a-thiafluorene
Dibenzo[b,d]thiophen [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Dibenzo[b,d]thiophene [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Dibenzo[b,d]thiophène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Dibenzothiophene [USAN] [Wiki]
Diphenylene sulfide
α-Thiafluorene
(1,1'-Biphenyl)-2,2'-diyl sulfide
[1,1'-biphenyl]-2,2'-diyl sulfide
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

347833_ALDRICH [DBID]
433306_ALDRICH [DBID]
442550U_SUPELCO [DBID]
45776_RIEDEL [DBID]
AI3-00043 [DBID]
AIDS018352 [DBID]
AIDS-018352 [DBID]
c0118 [DBID]
CCRIS 5307 [DBID]
CHEBI:23681 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1635 (estimated with error: 46) NIST Spectra mainlib_133303, replib_249504, replib_75462, replib_289458, replib_229759
      1717 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhang, M.; Chen, B.; Shen, S.; Chen, S., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by g.c.-FT-i.r. analysis of middle oil fractions, Fuel, 76(5), 1997, 415-423.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1739.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      295.77 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: PB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Andersson, J.T.; Weis, U., Gas Chromatographic Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds with Fluorinated Analogues as Internal Standards, J. Chromatogr. A, 659, 1994, 151-161.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.95 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>6C/min =>258C=>2C/min =>300C(4min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Yang, C., Identification, characterization and quantitation of pyrogenic polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons and other organic compounds in tire fire products, J. Chromatogr. A, 1139, 2007, 14-26., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Brown, C.E.; Yang, C.; Hollebone, B.P., Identification and characterization of polycyclic aromatic compounds in tire fire products and differentiation of pyrogenic PAHs from petrogenic PAHs, in Proceedings of the 30th Arctic and Marine Oilspill (AMOP) Technical Seminar. Vol.1, 2007, 61-85., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Blanco, C.G.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Guillen, M.D., Capillary gas chromatography of some polycyclic aromatic compounds on several stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 465, 1989, 378-385.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 125 0C (15 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 131 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 247 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 280 0C (15 min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Peterman, P.H.; Delfino, J.J., Identification of isopropylbiphenyl, alkyl diphenylmethanes, diisopropylnaphthalene, linear alkyl benzenes and other polychlorinated biphenyl replacement compounds in effluents, sediments and fish in the Fox River system, Wisconsin, Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 19, 1990, 755-770., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 68 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-73; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Arpino, P.J.; Ignatiadis, I.; de Rycke, G., Sulphur-containing polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons from petroleum. Examination of their possible statistical formation in sediments, J. Chromatogr., 390, 1987, 329-348., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tucminen, A.; Wickstrom, K.; Pyysalo, H., Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds by GLC-Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) Technique, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., , 1986, 469-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.99 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 16 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Sun, P.; Zhou, Q.; Li, G.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Cao, L., fingerprint analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil by internal standard method, J. Instrumental Anal., 27(4), 2008, 344-348.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      296 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 19.6 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Kong, R.C.; Lee, M.L.; Tominaga, Y.; Pratap, R.; Iwao, M.; Castle, R.N.; Wise, S.A., Capillary Column Gas Chromatographic Resolution of Isomeric Polycylic Aromatic Sulfur Heterocycles in a Coal Liquid, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 20, 1982, 502-510., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Fuentes, M.J.; Font, R.; Gomez-Rico, M.F.; Martin-Gullon, I., Pyrolysis and combustion of waste lubricant oil from diesel cars: Decomposition and pollutants, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 79, 2007, 215-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.59 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Li, K.; Lambert, P.; Brown, C.E.; Yang, C.; Hollebone, B.P., Identification and characterization of polycyclic aromatic compounds in tire fire products and differentiation of pyrogenic PAHs from petrogenic PAHs, in Proceedings of the 30th Arctic and Marine Oilspill (AMOP) Technical Seminar. Vol.1, 2007, 61-85., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wise, S.A.; Benner, B.A.; Byrd, G.D.; Chesler, S.N.; Rebbert, R.E.; Schantz, M.M., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coal tar standard reference material, Anal. Chem., 60, 1988, 887-894., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 48(2), 2004, 169-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      296.06 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 39(24), 2005, 9547-9560.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.7 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>25C/min=>160C=>3C/min=>300C(50min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Becker, G.; Nilsson, U.; Colmsjo, A.; Ostman, C., Determination of polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocyclic compounds in airborne particulate by gas chromatography with atomic emission and mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 826, 1998, 57-66., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Lundstedt, S.; Haglund, P.; Oberg, L., Degradation and formation of polycyclic aromatic compounds during bioslurry treatment of an aged gasworks soil, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 22(7), 2003, 1413-1420., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Zhou, J.; Wang, T.; Shi, Q.; Huang, Y.; Mao, T.; Zhong, N.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, X., Determination of sulfur and oxygen containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in inhalable particulate by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Chin. Mass Spectrom. Soc., 25(3), 2004, 134-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.73 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Zhou, J.; Wang, T.; Shi, Q.; Huang, Y.; Mao, T.; Zhong, N.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, X., Determination of sulfur and oxygen containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in inhalable particulate by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Chin. Mass Spectrom. Soc., 25(3), 2004, 134-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.85 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      294.65 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: A: 105 0C (2 min) ^ 2.5 0C -> 230 0C ^ 50 0C/min -> 305 0C (15 min) B: 95 0C (2 min) ^ 3.8 0C/min -> 310 0C (5 min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Thuss, U.; Popp, P.; Ehrlich, C.; Kalkoff, W.-D., Identification and quantification of thaarenes in the flue gas of lignite-fired domestic heating, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 23(7/8), 2000, 457-473.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      293.59 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C (1 min) => 45 C/min => 150C (2 min) =>2 C/min => 300 C (25 min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Mossner, S.G.; de Alda, M.J.L.; Sander, L.C.; Lee, M.L.; Wise, S.A., Gas chromatographic retention behavior of polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocyclic compounds, (dibenzothiophene, naphtho[b]thiophenes, benzo[b]naphthothiophenes and alkyl-substituted derivatives) on stationary phases of different selectivity, J. Chromatogr. A, 841, 1999, 207-228.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Durlak, S.K.; Biswas, P.; Shi, J.; Bernhard, M.J., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon particulate and gaseous emissions from polystyrene combustion, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 1998, 2301-2307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.28 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Zamperlini, G.C.M.; Silva, M.R.S.; Vilegas, W., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sugar cane soot by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Chromatographia, 46(11/12), 1997, 655-663.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      296.01 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Williams, P.T.; Bottrill, R.P., Sulfur-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tyre pyrolysis oil, Fuel, 74(5), 1995, 736-742., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 1-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.78 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Andersson, J.T.; Weis, U., Gas Chromatographic Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds with Fluorinated Analogues as Internal Standards, J. Chromatogr. A, 659, 1994, 151-161.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.96 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, Z.; Fingas, M.; Li, K., Fractionation of a light crude oil and identification and quantitation of aliphatic, aromatic, and biomarker comopunds by GC-FID and GC-MS, Part II, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 32, 1994, 367-382.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      296.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SPB-5; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Knobloch, T.; Engewald, W., Identification of some polar polycyclic compounds in emissions from brown-coal-fired residential stoves, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 16, 1993, 239-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.24 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Iglesias, M.J.; Dominguez, A.; Blanco, C.G., Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon retention indices on SE-54 stationary phase of the volatile components of a coal tar pitch. Relationships between chromatographic retention and thermal reactivity, J. Chromatogr., 591, 1992, 287-295.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.2 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 100 0C (3 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 300 0C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Paschke, A.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Determination of mono- to tetracyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 827-833.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      294.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(2min) => 30C/min =>150C =>5C/min =>200C =>4C/min =>310C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Takada, H.; Onda, T.; Ogura, N., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban street dusts and their source materials by capillary gas chromatography, Environ. Sci. Technol., 24(8), 1990, 1179-1186.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3.5 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Palmentier, J.-P.F.; Britten, A.J.; Charbonneau, G.M.; Karasek, F.W., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil base stocks using high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 469, 1989, 241-251.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      296.03 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      294.74 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 90 C; End T: 325 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 373-383.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.81 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tong, H.Y.; Centen, J.D.; Karasek, F.W.; Jellum, E.; Helland, P., Identification of Trace Organic Compounds in Dimethyl Sulphoxide Solution Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 373-383., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.34 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 51(6), 1979, 768-773.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.312 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tong, H.Y.; Shore, D.L.; Karasek, F.W.; Helland, P.; Jellum, E., Identification of organic compounds obtained from incineration of municipal waste by high-performance liquid chromatographic fractionation and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 285, 1984, 423-441.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.39 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 1-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      295.17 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Andersson, J.T.; Weis, U., Gas Chromatographic Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds with Fluorinated Analogues as Internal Standards, J. Chromatogr. A, 659, 1994, 151-161.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1728 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (2 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 160 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 300 0C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Oda, J.; Yasuhara, A.; Matsunaga, K.; Saito, Y., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivatives, Jpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 44(5), 1998, 334-351.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1733.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 2.5 0C/min -> 80 0C (15 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-PONA; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Depauw, G.A.; Froment, G.F., Molecular analysis of the sulphur components in a light cycle oil of a catalytic cracking unit by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and atomic emission detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 761, 1997, 231-247.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1722 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Elizalde-Gonzalez, M.P.; Hutfliess, M.; Hedden, K., Retention index system, adsorption characteristics, and sructure correlations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fuels, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 345-352.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1719 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Andersson, J.T.; Weis, U., Gas Chromatographic Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds with Fluorinated Analogues as Internal Standards, J. Chromatogr. A, 659, 1994, 151-161., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: PB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Andersson, J.T.; Weis, U., Gas Chromatographic Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds with Fluorinated Analogues as Internal Standards, J. Chromatogr. A, 659, 1994, 151-161.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1732.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1721 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Contemporary State of Informational Maintenance for Gas Chromatographic Identification of Chlorinated Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds, Zh. Ecol. Khim., 3(2), 1994, 111-119, In original 39-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1720.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 - 100 0C at 10 deg/min; 100 - 225 0C at 2 deg/min hold 225 0C for 20 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chawla, B.; Di Sanzo, F., Determination of sulfur components in light petroleum streams by high-resolution gas chromatography with chemiluminescence detection, J. Chromatogr., 589, 1992, 271-279.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1764 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soderstrom, M.; White, E.; Abis, L.; Sliwakowski, M., Summary report of the eight meeting of the validation group for the updating of the central OPCW analytical database, 28-29 November 2000, CS-2001-2242, Verification Division S/239/2001, 2001, 14.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1774 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soderstrom, M.; White, E.; Abis, L.; Sliwakowski, M., Summary report of the eight meeting of the validation group for the updating of the central OPCW analytical database, 28-29 November 2000, CS-2001-2242, Verification Division S/239/2001, 2001, 14.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1776 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soderstrom, M.; White, E.; Abis, L.; Sliwakowski, M., Summary report of the eight meeting of the validation group for the updating of the central OPCW analytical database, 28-29 November 2000, CS-2001-2242, Verification Division S/239/2001, 2001, 14.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1780 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soderstrom, M.; White, E.; Abis, L.; Sliwakowski, M., Summary report of the eight meeting of the validation group for the updating of the central OPCW analytical database, 28-29 November 2000, CS-2001-2242, Verification Division S/239/2001, 2001, 14.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1765.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zamperlini, G.C.M.; Silva, M.R.S.; Vilegas, W., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sugar cane soot by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Chromatographia, 46(11/12), 1997, 655-663.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1720 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35(5)-25^ ->130(4)-25^ ->240(4)-25^ -> 280(7); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Johansen, S.S.; Hansen, A.B.; Mosbaek, H.; Arvin, E., Method development for trace analysis of heteroaromatic compounds in contaminated groundwater, J. Chromatogr. A, 738, 1996, 295-304.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1741.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-1; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 18(3), 2000, 241-246.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1766 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-1; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, M.-J.; Shen, S.-D.; Chen, S.-Y.; Sun, Y.-H., Analysis of heavy oil fractions in high-temperature coal tar by capillary gas chromatography/fourier transform infrared spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 18(3), 2000, 241-246.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1728 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min)=>(20C/min)=>120C=>(7C/min)=>310C(10min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 774, 1997, 321-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1724 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (2min) =>20C/min =>160C => 5C/min =>210C => 10C/min =>300C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oda, J.; Ichikawa, S.; Mori, T., Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulates by capillary GC/MS method with programmed temperature relative retention index, Bunseki Kagaku, 45(9), 1996, 825-835.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1742 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (2min) =>20C/min =>160C => 5C/min =>210C => 10C/min =>300C; CAS no: 132650; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oda, J.; Ichikawa, S.; Mori, T., Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulates by capillary GC/MS method with programmed temperature relative retention index, Bunseki Kagaku, 45(9), 1996, 825-835.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1775 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 130 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 260 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 320 0C (4 min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Havenga, W.J.; Rohwer, E.R., Chemical Characterization and Screening of Hydrocarbon Pollution in Industrial Soils by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Chromatogr., 848, 1999, 279-295.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1733 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min)=>(20C/min)=>120C=>(7C/min)=>310C(10min); CAS no: 132650; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 774, 1997, 321-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.3±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 332.5±11.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.7 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 55.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 114.8±5.5 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.756
Molar Refractivity: 60.3±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.38
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.37
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1241.04
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 5703.35
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.37
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1241.04
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 5703.35
Polar Surface Area: 28 Å2
Polarizability: 23.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 53.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 147.1±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.29

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  317.78  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  93.39  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.000165  (Modified Grain method)
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.000756 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.883
       log Kow used: 4.29 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  2.4141 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.09E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.530E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.29  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.351  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.641
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6598
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.5968
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7920  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5819  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.2297
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.1379
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.0726
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   1.2626
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :  18.3073

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.101 Pa (0.000756 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.641
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.98E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.07E-005 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.00107 
       Mackay model           :  0.00238 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000858 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  17.9610 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.596 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     7.146 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.00172 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.129E+004
      Log Koc:  4.053 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.604 (BCF = 401.5)
       log Kow used: 4.29 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  1.09E-005 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:       74.3  hours   (3.096 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      924.3  hours   (38.51 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              44.97  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.43  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    44.21  percent
    Total to Air:                0.33  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       1.19            14.3         1000       
   Water     22.3            360          1000       
   Soil      71.1            720          1000       
   Sediment  5.37            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 488 hr




                    

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