ChemSpider 2D Image | Fenfluramine | C12H16F3N

Fenfluramine

  • Molecular FormulaC12H16F3N
  • Average mass231.257 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass231.123489 Da
  • ChemSpider ID3220

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(±)-Fenfluramine
207-276-3 [EINECS]
3239-44-9 [RN]
Benzeneethanamine, N-ethyl-α-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-
Benzeneethanamine, N-ethyl-α-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)- [ACD/Index Name]
Fenfluramine [Wiki]
Fenfluraminum [Latin] [INN]
l-N-Ethyl-α-methyl-m-trifluoromethylphenethylamine
N-Ethyl-1-[3-(trifluormethyl)phenyl]-2-propanamin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
N-Ethyl-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-propanamine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

BRN 4783711 [DBID]
C06996 [DBID]
DivK1c_000980 [DBID]
HSDB 3080 [DBID]
KBio1_000980 [DBID]
NINDS_000980 [DBID]
Prestwick_868 [DBID]
S 768 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1273 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_250583, replib_125735, replib_313026, replib_379662, replib_247648
      1240 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 154-163.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1226 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Huber, J.F.K.; Kenndler, E.; Reich, G., Quantitation of the Information Content of Multi-Dimensional Gas Chromatography and Low- Resolution Mass Spectrometry in the Identification of Doping Drugs, J. Chromatogr., 172, 1979, 15-30.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1220 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 13, 1979, 71-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1183 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Huber, J.F.K.; Kenndler, E.; Reich, G., Quantitation of the Information Content of Multi-Dimensional Gas Chromatography and Low- Resolution Mass Spectrometry in the Identification of Doping Drugs, J. Chromatogr., 172, 1979, 15-30., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Donike, M.; Stratmann, D., Gas-chromatographische identifizierung von stimulantien der phenylathylaminreihe mit hilfe der retnetions-indices, Z. Anal. Chem., 279(2), 1976, 129-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1531 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Huber, J.F.K.; Kenndler, E.; Reich, G., Quantitation of the Information Content of Multi-Dimensional Gas Chromatography and Low- Resolution Mass Spectrometry in the Identification of Doping Drugs, J. Chromatogr., 172, 1979, 15-30.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1532 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: PEG-20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Donike, M.; Stratmann, D., Gas-chromatographische identifizierung von stimulantien der phenylathylaminreihe mit hilfe der retnetions-indices, Z. Anal. Chem., 279(2), 1976, 129-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1240.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 25 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Georgakopoulos, C.G.; Kiburis, J.C.; Jurs, P.C., Prediction of Gas Chromatographic Relative Retention Times of Stimulants and Narcotics, Anal. Chem., 63(18), 1991, 2021-2024.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1218.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 22 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Manca, D.; Ferron, L.; Weber, J-P., A System for Toxicological Screening by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Use of Drug Retention Index Based on Nitrogen-Containing Reference Compounds, Clin. Chem., 35(4), 1989, 601-607.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1222 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1220 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can.Soc.Forens.Sci.J., 9(2), 1975, 69-74., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can. Soc. Forens. Sci. J., 9(2), 1976, 69-74.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1228.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Song, S.M.; Marriott, P.; Wynne, P., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometric analysis of drugs, J. Chromatogr. A, 1058, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1227 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100 0C (0.4 min) ^ 25 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min); CAS no: 458242; Active phase: HG-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Kontinen, I.; Nokua, J.; Ojanpera, I.; Vuori, E., Precise gas chromatography with retention time locking in comprehensive toxicological screening for drugs in blood, J. Chromatogr. B, 788, 2003, 243-250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1232.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 25 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 2 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.11 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hemmersbach, P.; de la Torre, R., Review. Stimulants, narcotics and .beta.-blockers: 25 years of development in analytical techniques for doping control, J. Chromatogr. B, 687, 1996, 221-238.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1233.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (0.7 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 140 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (9.5 min); CAS no: 458242; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Ojanpera, I.; Vartiovaara, J.; Vuori, E.; Sunila, P., The advantage of dual-column approach and retention indices combined with refined reporting in gas chromatographic drug screening, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 313-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1224 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: .5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Drummer, O.H.; Horomidis, S.; Kourtis, S.K.; Syrjanen, M.L.; Tippet, P., Capillary gas chromatographic drug screen for use in forensic toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 18, 1994, 134-138.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1239.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 110 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 6.5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.W.; Simonick, T.F., A retention index library for commonly encountered drugs and metabolites using tri-n-alkylamines as reference compounds, nitrogen-phosphorus detectors, and dual capillary chromatography, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 210-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1173 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1177 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1185 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1555 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1562 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1569 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1220 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 17(2), 1984, 41-49., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 341, 1985, 81-88., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 458242; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 243.1±35.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 48.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 100.8±25.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.455
Molar Refractivity: 58.2±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 5
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.05
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.25
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.26
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.69
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 3.52
Polar Surface Area: 12 Å2
Polarizability: 23.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 26.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 214.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.68
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  3.36
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1993)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  239.85  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  29.51  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0408  (Modified Grain method)
    BP  (exp database):  108-112 @ 12 mm Hg deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.0447 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  412.2
       log Kow used: 3.36 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  35.886 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.73E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.012E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.36  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.952  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  6.312
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.3255
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0140
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.1247  (months      )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.2144  (weeks       )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.0863
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0000
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.2109
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  5.96 Pa (0.0447 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 6.312
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  5.03E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.04E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.82E-005 
       Mackay model           :  4.03E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.03E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  33.0944 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.323 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     3.878 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.92E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2.119E+004
      Log Koc:  4.326 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.887 (BCF = 77.13)
       log Kow used: 3.36 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.73E-005 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      34.17  hours   (1.424 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      500.2  hours   (20.84 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              11.49  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.16  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     9.98  percent
    Total to Air:                1.35  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.261           7.76         1000       
   Water     13.3            1.44e+003    1000       
   Soil      85.6            2.88e+003    1000       
   Sediment  0.807           1.3e+004     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.51e+003 hr




                    

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