ChemSpider 2D Image | Geranyl butyrate | C14H24O2

Geranyl butyrate

  • Molecular FormulaC14H24O2
  • Average mass224.339 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass224.177628 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4511745
  • Double-bond stereo - Double-bond stereo


More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

(2E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl butyrate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(2E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ylbutyrat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(2E)-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl butanoate
(2E)-3,7-Dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-yl butyrate
203-381-3 [EINECS]
213-660-1 [EINECS]
3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienyl butanoate, (E)-
999-40-6 [RN]
Butanoic acid, (2E)-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl ester [ACD/Index Name]
Butyrate de (2E)-3,7-diméthyl-2,6-octadién-1-yle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

AG 76 [DBID]
AI3-15359 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2512 [DBID]
NSC 46146 [DBID]
NSC46146 [DBID]
NSC70177 [DBID]
W251208_ALDRICH [DBID]
W251216_ALDRICH [DBID]
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1550 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_109212, replib_285273, replib_285437, replib_131889
      1531 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rajeswara Rao, B.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Chemical profiles of primary and secondary essential oils of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats var. motia Burk.), Ind. Crops Prod., 21, 2005, 121-127., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Chemical profiles of primary and secondary essential oils of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats var. motia Burk.), Ind. Crops Prod., 21, 2005, 121-127., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.55 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Ahmad, A.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Aggarwal, K.K., Essential oil composition of Curcuma longa L. cv. Roma from the plains of northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 99-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1535 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 627-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1543 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C=>5C/min=>220C(5min)=>3C/min=>245C(5min); CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Srivastava, S.K.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Syamasunder, K.V.; Khanuja, S.P.S., Essential oil composition of Cymbopogon martinii from different places in India, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 312-315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1534 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Cross-Linked Methylsilicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rajeswara Rao, B.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Water soluble fractions of rose scented geranium (Pelargonium species) essential oil, Bioresour. Technol., 84, 2002, 243-246., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kulkarni, R.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Baskaran, K.; Ramesch, S.; Kumar, S., Composition of the essential oils of two isomenthone-rich variants of geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 389-392., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Ramesh, S., First observation of little leaf disease and its impact on the yield and composition of the essential oil of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 137-140., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rajeswara Rao, B.R., Biomass yield, essential oil yield and essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) as influenced by row spacings and intercropping with cornmint (Mentha arvensis L.f. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes), Ind. Crops Prod., 16, 2002, 133-144., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rao B.R.R., Biomass yield, essential oil yield and essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium species) as influenced by row spacings and intercropping with cornmint (Mentha arvensis L.f. piperascens Malinv. ex Holmes), Industrial Crops and Products, 16, 2002, 133-144., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rao, B.R.R.; Sastry, K.P.; Saleem, S.M.; Rao, E.V.S.P.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Ramesh, S., Volatile flower oils of three genotypes of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 105-107.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1532 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mallavarapu, G.R.; Rao, B.R.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Ramesh, S.; Bhattacharya, A.K., Volatile constituents of the essential oils of the seeds and the herb of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. motia Burk.), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 167-169., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.55 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jain, N.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Srivastava, S.K.; Kumar, S., Essential oil composition of geranium (Pelargonium sp.) from the plains of Northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 44-46.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1529 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rajeswara Rao, B.R., Biomass and essential oil yields of rainfed palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats. var. motia Burk.) supplied with different levels of organic manure and fertilizer nitrogen in semi-arid tropical climate, Ind. Crops Prod., 14, 2001, 171-178.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1565 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jalali-Heravi, M.; Zekavat, B.; Sereshti, H., Characterization of essential oil components of Iranian geranium oil using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with chemometric resolution techniques, J. Chromatogr. A, 1114, 2006, 154-163.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1564 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) => 3C/min =>200C =>2C/min =>220C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sibanda, S.; Chigwada, G.; Poole, M.; Gwebu, E.T.; Noletto, J.A.; Schmidt, J.M.; Rea, A.I.; Setzer, W.N., Composition and bioactivity of the leaf essential oil of Heteropyxis dehniae from Zimbabwe, J. Ethnopharmacol., 92, 2004, 107-111.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1562 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shellie, R.A.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of Pelargonium graveolens essential oil using rapid scanning quadrupole mass spectrometry, Analyst, 128, 2003, 879-883., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 26, 1998, 637-645., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 28, 2000, 515-528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1906 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gauvin, A.; Lecomte, H.; Smadja, J., Comparative investigations of the essential oils of two scented geranium (Pelargonium spp.) cultivars grown on Reunion Island, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 455-460.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1907 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kulkarni, R.N.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Baskaran, K.; Ramesch, S.; Kumar, S., Composition of the essential oils of two isomenthone-rich variants of geranium (Pelargonium sp.), Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 389-392.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1889 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Randriamiharisoa, R.P.; Gaydou, E.M., Composition of Palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii) essential oil from Madagascar, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(1), 1987, 62-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1833 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bernhard, R.A.; Shibamoto, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; White, E., The volatile constituents of Schinus molle L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 463-466.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1836 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bernhard, R.A.; Shibamoto, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; White, E., The volatile constituents of Schinus molle L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 463-466.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1904 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2.5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Embacel; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: ter Heide, R., Studies on terpenes. II. Characterization of monoterpene esters by gas and thin-layer chromatography, Z. Anal. Chem., 236, 1968, 215-227.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1565 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 95 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pala-Paul, J.; Brophy, J.J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Usano, J.; Soria, S.C., Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium corniculatum Lam. (Apiaceae) from Spain, J. Chromatogr. A, 1175, 2007, 289-293.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1556 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sonboli, A.; Kanani, M.R.; Yousefzadi, M.; Mojarrad, M., Biological activity and composition of the essential oil of Tetrataenium nephrophyllum (Apiaceae) from Iran, Natural Product Communications, 2(12), 2007, 1249-1252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1523 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: NB-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Raal, A.; Arak, E.; Muurisepp, M.; Kailas, T., Composition of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium L. of different geographical origin, Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. Chem., 55(3), 2006, 155-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1532 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1549 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: El-Massry, K.F.; El-Ghorab, A.H.; Shaaban, H.A.; Shibamoto, T., Chemical compositions and antioxidant/antimicrobial activities of various samples prepared from Schinus terebinthifolius leaves cultivated in Egipt, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(12), 2009, 5265-5270., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pala-Paul, J.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Sanz, J., Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the volatile components of Ageratina adenophora Spreng., growing in the Canary Islands, J. Chromatogr. A, 947, 2002, 327-331.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1534 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gupta, R.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Banerjee, S.; Kumar, S., Characteristics of an isomenthone-rich somaclonal mutant isolated in a geraniol-rich rose-scented geranium accession of Pelargonium graveolens, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 319-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1540 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vijayanand, P.; Rao, L.J.M.; Narasimham, P., Volatile flavour components of jamun fruit (Syzygium cumini L), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 47-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1544 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C=>3C/min=>175C=>15C/min=>240C (10min); CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baratta, M.T.; Dorman, H.J.; Deans, S.G.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Ruberto, G., Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of some commercial essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 235-244.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1529 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rajeswara, B.R.; Kaul, P.N.; Bhattacharya, A.K.; Mallavarapu, G.R.; Ramesh, S., Yield and chemical composition of the essential oils of three Cymbopogon species suffering from iron chlorosis, Flavour Fragr. J., 11, 1996, 289-293.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1531 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.E.; Puertas, M.A.; Combariza, M.Y., Volatile secondary metabolites from Spilanthes americana obtained by simultaneous steam distillation--solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 752, 1996, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1562 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(2min) =>5C/min =>160C(1min) =>10C/min=>250C (5min); CAS no: 106296; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Judpentiene, A.; Mockute, D., Chemical composition of essential oils of Artemisia absinthium L. (wormwood) growing wild in Vilnius, Chemija, 15(4), 2004, 64-68., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sharififar, F.; Mozaffarian, V.; Moradkhani, S., Comparison of antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of the essential oils from flowers and fruits of Otostegia persica Boiss., Pakistan J. Biol. Sci., 10(21), 2007, 3895-3899., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Farah, A.; Afifi, A.; Fechtal, M.; Chhen, A.; Satrani, B.; Talbi, M.; Chaouch, A., Fractional distillation effect on the chemical composition of Moroccan myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 351-354.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1566 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pintore G.; Chessa M.; Manconi P.; Zanetti S.; Deriu A.; Tirillini B., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of stachys glutinosa L. from Sardinia, Natural Product Communications, 1(12), 2006, 1133-1136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1563 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kalvandi, R.; Sefidkon, F.; Atri, M.; Mirza, M., Analysis of the essential oil of Thymus eriocalyx from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 341-343.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1558 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 999 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Fuhita, T.; Yamafuji, C.; Matsui, M.; Kasahara, N.; Takagi, Y.; Ishikawa, Y., Chemical composition of volatile oil from the roots of Periploca sepium, J. Oleo Sci., 53(10), 2004, 511-513., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 999 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Fujita, T.; Yamafuji, C.; Matsui, M.; Kasahara, N.; Takagi, Y.; Ishikawa, Y., Chemical composition of volatile oil from the roots of Periploca sepium, J. Oleo Sci., 53(11), 2004, 511-513.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1877 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: NB-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Raal, A.; Arak, E.; Muurisepp, M.; Kailas, T., Composition of the essential oil of Artemisia absinthium L. of different geographical origin, Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. Chem., 55(3), 2006, 155-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1872 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Babu, K.G.D.; Kaul, V.K., Variation in essential oil composition of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.) distilled by different distillation techniques, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 222-231., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chagonda, L.S.; Makanda, C.; Chalchat, J.-C., The essential oils of wild and cultivated Cymbopogon validus (Stapf) Stapf ex Burtt Davy and Elionurus muticus (Spreng.) Kunth from Zimbabwe, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 100-104., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1901 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (10 min) ^ 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) ^ 1 K/min -> 240 0C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Demirci, B.; Kirimer, N.; Satil, F.; Tumen, G., The essential oils of Thymus migricus and T. fedtschenkoi var. handelii from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 41-45., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) => 4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Nuriddinov, H.R.; Ozek, T.; Demirci, A.B.; Azcan, N.; Nigmatullaev, A.M., Essential oil of Arischrada korolkowii from the Chatkal mountains of Uzbekistan, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 38(1), 2002, 51-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1890 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Werkhoff, P.; Guntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1076-1093.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1871 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.E.; Puertas, M.A.; Combariza, M.Y., Volatile secondary metabolites from Spilanthes americana obtained by simultaneous steam distillation--solvent extraction and supercritical fluid extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 752, 1996, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1559 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sonboli, A.; Azizian, D.; Yousefzadi, M.; Kanani, M.R.; Mehrabian, A.R., Volatile constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Tetrataenium lasiopetalum (Apiaceae) from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 119-122.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1534 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 265 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ramezani, M.; Behravan, J.; Yazdinezhad, A., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the volatile oil of Artemisia kopetdaghensis Krasch., M.Pop. & Linecz ex Poljak from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 869-871.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1537 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 13 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Kumar, A.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamsundar, K.V.; Kahol, A.P., Essential oil composition of 'kewda' (Pandanus odoratissimus) from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 434-436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1536.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 325 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1540 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 24 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nath, S.C.; Sarma, K.K.; Vajezikova, I.; Leclercq, P.A., Comparison of volatile inflorescence oils and taxonomy of certain Cymbopogon taxa described as Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) Wats., Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 30, 2002, 151-162.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1539.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chang, L.P.; Sheng, L.S.; Yang, M.Z.; An, D.K., Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatography, Acta Pharm. Sin., 24(11), 1989, 847-852.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1542.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chang, L.P.; Sheng, L.S.; Yang, M.Z.; An, D.K., Retention index of essential oil in temperature-programmed capillary column gas chromatography, Acta Pharm. Sin., 24(11), 1989, 847-852.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1555 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 1104, 2006, 313-322.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1570 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 1104, 2006, 313-322.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1564 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=>6C/min=>100C=>4C/min=>280C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 923, 2001, 127-136., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C=>1C/min =>100C=> 5C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 106296; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sacchetti, G.; Maietti, S.; Muzzoli, M.; Scaglianti, M.; Manfredini, S.; Radice, M.; Bruni, R., Comparative evaluation of 11 essential oils of different origin as functional antioxidants, antiradicals and antimicrobials in foods, Food Chem., 91, 2005, 621-632.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1565 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shellie, R.A.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of Pelargonium graveolens essential oil using rapid scanning quadrupole mass spectrometry, Analyst, 128, 2003, 879-883.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1554 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 380 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Couladis, M.; Tsortanidou, V.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Harvala, C., Composition of the essential oils of Argyranthemum species growing in the Canary Islands, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 103-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1562 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 106296; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, H.S.; Sawamura, M.; Ito, T.; Kawashimo, K.; Ukeda, H., Quantitative determination of characteric flavour of Citrus junos (yuzu) peel oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 245-250.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 299.9±19.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 54.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 99.4±19.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.460
Molar Refractivity: 68.5±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 8
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 5.17
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.53
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1618.32
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 6896.78
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.53
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1618.32
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 6896.78
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 27.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 29.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 249.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  5.46

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  282.25  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  14.89  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.00498  (Modified Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.7127
       log Kow used: 5.46 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  5.5885 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.27E-003  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   7.22E-004  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.063E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  5.46  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.758  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  6.218
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8149
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9802
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8436  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7530  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6495
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6851
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6726
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.664 Pa (0.00498 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 6.218
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  4.52E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.06E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000163 
       Mackay model           :  0.000361 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.24E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 179.6723 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.060 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     0.714 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =    86.000000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.013 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     19.189 Min
   Reaction With Nitrate Radicals May Be Important!
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000262 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2154
      Log Koc:  3.333 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  1.798E-001  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:      44.625  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       1.222  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 3.502 (BCF = 3179)
       log Kow used: 5.46 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000722 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      2.743  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      155.5  hours   (6.48 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              88.28  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.72  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    85.61  percent
    Total to Air:                1.95  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0272          0.261        1000       
   Water     10.7            360          1000       
   Soil      57.7            720          1000       
   Sediment  31.5            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 600 hr




                    

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