ChemSpider 2D Image | procainamide | C13H21N3O

procainamide

  • Molecular FormulaC13H21N3O
  • Average mass235.325 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass235.168457 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4744

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

200-078-8 [EINECS]
4179
4-Aminobenzoic acid 2-diethylaminoethylamide
4-amino-N-(2-diethylaminoethyl)benzamide
4-Amino-N-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]benzamid [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Amino-N-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]benzamide [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Amino-N-[2-(diéthylamino)éthyl]benzamide [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
51-06-9 [RN]
Benzamide, 4-amino-N-(2-(diethylamino)ethyl)-
Benzamide, 4-amino-N-[2- (diethylamino)ethyl]-
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

Bio1_000391 [DBID]
Bio1_000880 [DBID]
Bio1_001369 [DBID]
Bio2_000183 [DBID]
Bio2_000663 [DBID]
BRN 2214285 [DBID]
C07401 [DBID]
CBDivE_003757 [DBID]
DivK1c_000931 [DBID]
HSDB 3170 [DBID]
More...
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      C01BA02 Wikidata Q417597
    • Chemical Class:

      4-Aminobenzamide substituted on the amide N by a 2-(diethylamino)ethyl group. It is a pharmaceutical antiarrhythmic agent used for the medical treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. ChEBI CHEBI:8428
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2151 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_125801, replib_250658, replib_335317, replib_43677
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2199.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 290 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 51069; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Neill, G.P.; Davies, N.W.; McLean, S., Automated screening procedure using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification of drugs after their extraction from biological samples, J. Chromatogr., 565, 1991, 207-224.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2240 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 51069; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 6, 1982, 185-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2245 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 51069; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 6, 1982, 185-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2248 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 51069; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2212.7 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100 0C (0.4 min) ^ 25 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min); CAS no: 51069; Active phase: HG-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Kontinen, I.; Nokua, J.; Ojanpera, I.; Vuori, E., Precise gas chromatography with retention time locking in comprehensive toxicological screening for drugs in blood, J. Chromatogr. B, 788, 2003, 243-250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2226.2 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (0.7 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 140 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (9.5 min); CAS no: 51069; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Ojanpera, I.; Vartiovaara, J.; Vuori, E.; Sunila, P., The advantage of dual-column approach and retention indices combined with refined reporting in gas chromatographic drug screening, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 313-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2193 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 51069; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 17(2), 1984, 41-49., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 51069; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 341, 1985, 81-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2250 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 51069; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 421.8±30.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±1.0 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 67.6±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 208.9±24.6 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.553
Molar Refractivity: 71.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 4
#H bond donors: 3
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.10
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -1.78
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.65
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.44
Polar Surface Area: 58 Å2
Polarizability: 28.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 43.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 221.8±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.97
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.88
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  417.81  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  170.54  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  9.57E-008  (Modified Grain method)
    Subcooled liquid VP: 3.06E-006 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  5046
       log Kow used: 0.88 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  97096 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines
       Aromatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.99E-015  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  5.873E-012 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.88  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -13.090  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  13.970
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.4067
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.1453
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.2352  (months      )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.3173  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.1275
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0388
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -1.5214
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.000408 Pa (3.06E-006 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 13.970
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.00735 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  22.9 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.21 
       Mackay model           :  0.37 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.999 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 202.7307 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.053 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     0.633 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.29 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  311.1
      Log Koc:  2.493 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.88 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  1.99E-015 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 4.513E+011  hours   (1.881E+010 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 4.924E+012  hours   (2.052E+011 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.88  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.78  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.89e-008       1.27         1000       
   Water     44.6            1.44e+003    1000       
   Soil      55.3            2.88e+003    1000       
   Sediment  0.0932          1.3e+004     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.26e+003 hr




                    

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