ChemSpider 2D Image | Procaine | C13H20N2O2

Procaine

  • Molecular FormulaC13H20N2O2
  • Average mass236.310 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass236.152481 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4745

More details:



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2-(Diethylamino)ethyl 4-aminobenzoate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-(Diethylamino)ethyl p-aminobenzoate
2-(Diethylamino)ethyl-4-aminobenzoat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
200-426-9 [EINECS]
4-Aminobenzoate de 2-(diéthylamino)éthyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
4-Aminobenzoic acid 2-(diethylamino)ethyl ester
4Z8Y51M438
59-46-1 [RN]
975
Benzoic acid, 4-amino-, 2- (diethylamino)ethyl ester
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

NSC169497 [DBID]
AIDS019136 [DBID]
AIDS-019136 [DBID]
BRN 0913480 [DBID]
C07375 [DBID]
DivK1c_000120 [DBID]
HSDB 3388 [DBID]
KBio1_000120 [DBID]
KBio2_001318 [DBID]
KBio2_003886 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      C05AD05 Wikidata Q423741
      Harmful SynQuest 4658-1-27
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 075800
      N01BA02 Wikidata Q423741
      S01HA05 Wikidata Q423741
    • Target Organs:

      Sodium Channel inhibitor TargetMol T0029
    • Chemical Class:

      A benzoate ester, formally the result of esterification of 4-aminobenzoic acid with 2-diethylaminoethanol but formed experimentally by reaction of ethyl 4-aminobenzoate with 2-diethylaminoethanol. ChEBI CHEBI:8430
    • Bio Activity:

      Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel TargetMol T0029
      Others MedChem Express HY-B0546
      Procaine is a local anesthetic drug of the amino ester group, which acts through multiple targets. MedChem Express
      Procaine is a local anesthetic drug of the amino ester group, which acts through multiple targets.; Target: Others; Procaine is a local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action.Procaine (0.01-100 microM) inhibited the 5-HT3 receptor-mediated inward current in the whole-cell patch clamp recording. MedChem Express HY-B0546
      Procaine is a local anesthetic drug of the amino ester group, which acts through multiple targets.;Target: Procaine is a local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action.Procaine (0.01-100 microM) inhibited the 5-HT3 receptor-mediated inward current in the whole-cell patch clamp recording. Procaine appears to produce a competitive inhibition on 5-HT3 receptors with a KD of 1.7 microM [1]. Procaine is a DNA-demethylating agent that produces a 40% reduction in 5-methylcytosine DNA content as determined by high-performance capillary electrophoresis or total DNA enzyme digestion. Procaine can also demethylate densely hypermethylated CpG islands. Procaine also has growth-inhibitory effects in these cancer cells, causing mitotic arrest [2]. Procaine functions as an excitant of limbic system cells, and that procaine alters synaptic transmission in some, but not all, output pathways from the amygdale [3]. MedChem Express HY-B0546
      Sodium Channel TargetMol T0029
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1918 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_238047, replib_42310, replib_250617, replib_379727
      2014 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 154-163.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2031 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 210 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Inerton N AW (1), NaCl (2), and steel powder (3); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lenchik, N.V.; Rudenko, B.A.; Dzhabarov, D.N., Gas chromatographic analysis of nitrogen-containing pharmaceticals using a thermoaerosol detector and non-porous sorbents, Zh. Anal. Khim., , 1986, 1438-1443.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2046 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 210 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Inerton N AW (1), NaCl (2), and steel powder (3); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lenchik, N.V.; Rudenko, B.A.; Dzhabarov, D.N., Gas chromatographic analysis of nitrogen-containing pharmaceticals using a thermoaerosol detector and non-porous sorbents, Zh. Anal. Khim., , 1986, 1438-1443.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2049 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 250 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lora-Tamayo, C.; Rams, M.A.; Chacon, J.M.R., Gas Chromatographic Data for 187 Nitrogen- or Phosphorus-Containing Drugs and Metabolites of Toxicological Interest Analysed on Methyl Silicone Capillary Columns, J. Chromatogr., 374, 1986, 73-85.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2029 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Anakrom ABS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mari, F.; Bertol, E.; Tosti, M., Benzoyltropeine, an unusual substance in street heroin samples, Bull. Narc., 1, 1984, 59-67.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2035 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 260 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Anakrom ABS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mari, F.; Bertol, E.; Tosti, M., Benzoyltropeine, an unusual substance in street heroin samples, Bull. Narc., 1, 1984, 59-67.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2007 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.49 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 275 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 1.14 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 27(1), 1982, 49-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1998 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Delbeke, F.T.; Debackere, M.; Desmet, N., Detection of some local anaesthetics in horse urine and plasma by gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 206, 1981, 594-599.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2005 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Delbeke, F.T.; Debackere, M.; Desmet, N., Detection of some local anaesthetics in horse urine and plasma by gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 206, 1981, 594-599.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2000 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 13, 1979, 71-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1995 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Moffat, A.C.; Stead, A.H.; Smalldon, K.W., Optimum use of paper, thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography for the identification of basic drugs. III. Gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 90, 1974, 19-33.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      3250 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Moffat, A.C.; Stead, A.H.; Smalldon, K.W., Optimum use of paper, thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography for the identification of basic drugs. III. Gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 90, 1974, 19-33.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2018 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (2.5 min) ^ 30 0C/min -> 190 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 295 9C (7 min); CAS no: 59461; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.48 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bogusz, M.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to systematic toxicological analysis: occurence of concentration-dependent retention behavior, J. Analyt. Toxicol., 7(4), 1983, 188-192., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1979 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: Polymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000); Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Froldi, R.; Bianchi, L., Analysis of street drugs by means of HRGC, Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutica, 36(4), 1997, 359-367.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2010 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 160 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: Polymethylsiloxane, (PMS-20000); Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Froldi, R.; Bianchi, L., Analysis of street drugs by means of HRGC, Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutica, 36(4), 1997, 359-367., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bogusz, M.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to systematic toxicological analysis: occurence of concentration-dependent retention behavior, J. Analyt. Toxicol., 7(4), 1983, 188-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2017 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2011.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 22 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Manca, D.; Ferron, L.; Weber, J-P., A System for Toxicological Screening by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Use of Drug Retention Index Based on Nitrogen-Containing Reference Compounds, Clin. Chem., 35(4), 1989, 601-607.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 295 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1990 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1991 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 120 0X ^ 8 0C/min -> 270 0C ^ 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min); CAS no: 59461; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1995 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: JXR; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: von Buchi, J.; Lorini, V.; Perlia, X., Gaschromatographische Untersuchung einiger homologer Reihen von Lokalanaesthetica, Pharm. Acta Helv., 47(65), 1972, 377-393., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2025 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 6, 1982, 185-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2000 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: JXR; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: von Buchi, J.; Lorini, V.; Perlia, X., Gaschromatographische Untersuchung einiger homologer Reihen von Lokalanaesthetica, Pharm. Acta Helv., 47(65), 1972, 377-393.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2004 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: JXR; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: von Buchi, J.; Lorini, V.; Perlia, X., Gaschromatographische Untersuchung einiger homologer Reihen von Lokalanaesthetica, Pharm. Acta Helv., 47(65), 1972, 377-393.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2027 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 240 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: JXR; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: von Buchi, J.; Lorini, V.; Perlia, X., Gaschromatographische Untersuchung einiger homologer Reihen von Lokalanaesthetica, Pharm. Acta Helv., 47(65), 1972, 377-393.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1988.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 90 C; End T: 320 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeda, A.; Tanaka, H.; Shinohara, T.; Ohtake, I., Systematic analysis of acid, neutral and basic drugs in horse plasma by combination of solid-phase extraction, non-aqueous partitioning and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. B, 758, 2001, 235-248.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2017.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lillsunde, P.; Michelson, L.; Forsstrom, T.; Korte, T.; Schultz, E.; Ariniemi, K.; Portman, M.; Sihvonen, M.-L.; Seppala, T., Comprehensive drug screening in blood for detecting abused drugs or drugs potentially hazardous for traffic safety, Forensic Sci. Int., 77, 1996, 191-210.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2023.3 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (0.7 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 140 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (9.5 min); CAS no: 59461; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Ojanpera, I.; Vartiovaara, J.; Vuori, E.; Sunila, P., The advantage of dual-column approach and retention indices combined with refined reporting in gas chromatographic drug screening, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 313-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2047.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: .5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Drummer, O.H.; Horomidis, S.; Kourtis, S.K.; Syrjanen, M.L.; Tippet, P., Capillary gas chromatographic drug screen for use in forensic toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 18, 1994, 134-138.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2017.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 110 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 6.5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.W.; Simonick, T.F., A retention index library for commonly encountered drugs and metabolites using tri-n-alkylamines as reference compounds, nitrogen-phosphorus detectors, and dual capillary chromatography, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 210-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2013 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 160 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 12 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Christ, D.W.; Noomano, P.; Rosas, M.; Rhone, D., Retention indices by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection, J. Anal. Toxicol., 12, 1988, 84-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1984 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: CBP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oyama, N.; Sano, T.; Syoyama, M.; Maeda, K., Studies on systematic analysis of poisonous compounds in forensic chemistry. II. Application of capillary column gas chromatography to substance identification by means of retention indices, Eisei Kagaku, 33(5), 1987, 342-348.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1991 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 120C=>8C/min=>270C=>25C/min=>300C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L.W., A simple approach to the interlaboratory transfer of drug retention indices determined by temperature programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Forensic Sci., 32(5), 1987, 1214-1220.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1990 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Newton, B.; Foery, R.F., Retention indices and dual capillary gas chromatography for rapid identification of sedative hypnotic drugs in emergency toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 8, 1984, 129-134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 295 C; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Anderson, W.H.; Stafford, D.T., Applications of capillary gas chromatography in routine toxicological analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 247-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2000 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2058 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 59461; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Newton, B.; Foery, R.F., Retention indices and dual capillary gas chromatography for rapid identification of sedative hypnotic drugs in emergency toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 8, 1984, 129-134.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 373.6±22.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.8 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 62.1±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 179.8±22.3 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.543
Molar Refractivity: 69.1±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 4
#H bond donors: 2
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 7
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.36
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.88
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.29
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 4.97
Polar Surface Area: 56 Å2
Polarizability: 27.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 43.2±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 219.4±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.99
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.14
       Exper. Ref:  Avdeef,A (1997)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  347.75  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  112.96  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  6.9E-005  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  61 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.000149 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  4261
       log Kow used: 2.14 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  9450 mg/L (30 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  2789.8 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  9450.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines
       Aromatic Amines
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.42E-011  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   5.23E-012  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  5.035E-009 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.14  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -9.236  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  11.376
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.3702
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.4019
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.4274  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.3394  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3417
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.1572
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.7816
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.0199 Pa (0.000149 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 11.376
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.000151 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.0583 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.00542 
       Mackay model           :  0.0119 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.824 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 131.0276 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.082 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     0.980 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.00868 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  322.2
      Log Koc:  2.508 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  3.179E-003  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:       6.909  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:      69.086  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.948 (BCF = 8.867)
       log Kow used: 2.14 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  5.23E-012 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 1.721E+008  hours   (7.171E+006 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.877E+009  hours   (7.822E+007 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.40  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.10  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     2.30  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       4.79e-005       1.96         1000       
   Water     20.6            900          1000       
   Soil      79.3            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.0951          8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.49e+003 hr




                    

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