ChemSpider 2D Image | (±)-Promethazine | C17H20N2S

(±)-Promethazine

  • Molecular FormulaC17H20N2S
  • Average mass284.419 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass284.134705 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4758

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(±)-Promethazine
10-(2-Dimethylamino-2-methylethyl)phenothiazine
10H-phenothiazine-10-ethanamine, N,N,a-trimethyl-
10H-Phenothiazine-10-ethanamine, N,N,α-trimethyl-
10H-Phenothiazine-10-ethanamine, N,N,α-trimethyl- [ACD/Index Name]
200-489-2 [EINECS]
516
60-87-7 [RN]
Atosil [Trade name]
Avomine [Trade name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

ZIPAN-25 [DBID]
A-91033 [DBID]
AIDS040817 [DBID]
AIDS-040817 [DBID]
BRN 0088554 [DBID]
C07404 [DBID]
CCRIS 7056 [DBID]
D00494 [DBID]
DivK1c_000005 [DBID]
hl 8700 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      D04AA10 Wikidata Q422970
      R06AD02 Wikidata Q422970
    • Target Organs:

      5-HT receptor antagonist;Histamine antagonist;Dopamine Receptor antagonist;AChR antagonist;Adrenergic Receptor ;Calmodulin inhibitor TargetMol T0445
    • Chemical Class:

      A tertiary amine that is a substituted phenothiazine in which the ring nitrogen at position 10 is attached to C-3 of an <element>N</element>,<element>N</element>-dimethylpropan-2-amine moiety. ChEBI CHEBI:8461
    • Bio Activity:

      5-HT receptor ;Histamine H1 receptor;D(2) dopamine receptor;Muscarinic AChR;Adrenergic receptor;Calmodulin TargetMol T0445
      Neuroscience TargetMol T0445
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2250 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_291997, replib_335489, replib_244416, replib_246660, replib_248050
      2270 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 0.6 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 30 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Maurer, H.; Pfleger, K., Identification of phenothiazine antihistamines and their metabolites in urine, Arch. Toxicol., 62, 1988, 185-191.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2256 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 154-163.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2276 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.49 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 275 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 1.14 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 27(1), 1982, 49-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2280 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 13, 1979, 71-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2259 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100 0C (0.4 min) ^ 25 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min); CAS no: 60877; Active phase: HG-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Kontinen, I.; Nokua, J.; Ojanpera, I.; Vuori, E., Precise gas chromatography with retention time locking in comprehensive toxicological screening for drugs in blood, J. Chromatogr. B, 788, 2003, 243-250., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2271.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hattori, H.; Yamamoto, S.; Iwata, M.; Takashima, E.; Yamada, T., Sensitive determination of phenothiazines in body fluids by gas chromatography with surface ionization detection, J. Chromatogr., 579, 1992, 247-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2269.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 290 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Neill, G.P.; Davies, N.W.; McLean, S., Automated screening procedure using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification of drugs after their extraction from biological samples, J. Chromatogr., 565, 1991, 207-224.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2278.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 22 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Manca, D.; Ferron, L.; Weber, J-P., A System for Toxicological Screening by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Use of Drug Retention Index Based on Nitrogen-Containing Reference Compounds, Clin. Chem., 35(4), 1989, 601-607.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2272 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 0.6 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 3 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maurer, H.; Pfleger, K., Screening procedure for detection of phenothiazine and analogous neuroleptics and their metabolites in urine using a computerized gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric technique, J. Chromatogr., 306, 1984, 125-145.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2260 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 150 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 6, 1982, 185-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2232.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 220 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: OV-101; Substrate: Chromosorb (100-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cailleux, A.; Turcant, A.; Premel-Cabic, A.; Allain, P., Identification and Quantitation of Neutral and Basic Drugs in Blood By Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2302 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 240 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Supelcoport (100-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Courtot, D., Research and identification of tranquillizers - use of retention index, J. Sports Med., 10, 1976, 143-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2256.5 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW HMDS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de Leenheer, A., Gas-liquid chromatography of phenothiazine derivatives and related compounds, J. Chromatogr., 77, 1973, 339-350.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2270 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Song, S.M.; Marriott, P.; Wynne, P., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometric analysis of drugs, J. Chromatogr. A, 1058, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2276.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100C(2min) =>30C/min =>205C=>2.5C/min =>240C =>30C/min =>290C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sporkert, F.; Pragst, F., Use of headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) in hair analysis for organic compounds, Forensic Sci. Int., 107, 2000, 129-148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2264.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (0.7 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 140 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (9.5 min); CAS no: 60877; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Ojanpera, I.; Vartiovaara, J.; Vuori, E.; Sunila, P., The advantage of dual-column approach and retention indices combined with refined reporting in gas chromatographic drug screening, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 313-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2271.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 110 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 6.5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.W.; Simonick, T.F., A retention index library for commonly encountered drugs and metabolites using tri-n-alkylamines as reference compounds, nitrogen-phosphorus detectors, and dual capillary chromatography, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 210-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2260 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: CBP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oyama, N.; Sano, T.; Syoyama, M.; Maeda, K., Studies on systematic analysis of poisonous compounds in forensic chemistry. II. Application of capillary column gas chromatography to substance identification by means of retention indices, Eisei Kagaku, 33(5), 1987, 342-348.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2254 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 17(2), 1984, 41-49., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 341, 1985, 81-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2234 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 295 C; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Anderson, W.H.; Stafford, D.T., Applications of capillary gas chromatography in routine toxicological analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 247-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2280 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 60877; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 403.7±34.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.9 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 65.5±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 198.0±25.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.616
Molar Refractivity: 87.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.78
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.66
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2.16
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 8.97
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.10
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 58.77
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 243.55
Polar Surface Area: 32 Å2
Polarizability: 34.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 44.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 251.3±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.49
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  4.81
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  382.77  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  143.64  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.03E-005  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  60 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  190-192 @ 3 mm Hg deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 2.17E-005 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.9325
       log Kow used: 4.81 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  15.6 mg/L (24 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  16.035 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  15.60
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.98E-010  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.134E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.81  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -7.691  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  12.501
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.2016
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0042
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.0610  (months      )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   2.8614  (weeks       )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :  -0.2380
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0024
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -2.4556
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.00289 Pa (2.17E-005 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 12.501
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.00104 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.778 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.0361 
       Mackay model           :  0.0766 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.984 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 281.5881 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.038 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    27.349 Min
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.0563 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  3.08E+004
      Log Koc:  4.489 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 3.004 (BCF = 1009)
       log Kow used: 4.81 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4.98E-010 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 1.983E+006  hours   (8.261E+004 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.163E+007  hours   (9.012E+005 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              70.78  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.63  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    70.15  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.00189         0.912        1000       
   Water     7.13            1.44e+003    1000       
   Soil      78.6            2.88e+003    1000       
   Sediment  14.3            1.3e+004     0          
     Persistence Time: 3.13e+003 hr




                    

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