ChemSpider 2D Image | propranolol | C16H21NO2

propranolol

  • Molecular FormulaC16H21NO2
  • Average mass259.343 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass259.157227 Da
  • ChemSpider ID4777

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(±)-Propranolol
1-((1-methylethyl)amino) 3-(1-naphthalenyloxy) 2-propanol
1-(1-Naphthyloxy)-2-hydroxy-3-(isopropylamino)propane
1-(1-Naphthyloxy)-3-(isopropylamino)-2-propanol
1-(Isopropylamino)-3-(1-naphthoxy)-propan-2-ol
1-(Isopropylamino)-3-(1-naphthyloxy)-2-propanol [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-(Isopropylamino)-3-(1-naphthyloxy)-2-propanol [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-(isopropylamino)-3-(1-naphthyloxy)propan-2-ol
1-(Isopropylamino)-3-(1-naphtyloxy)-2-propanol [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1-[(1-Methylethyl)amino]-3-(1-naphthalenyloxy)-2-propanol
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

AY 64043 [DBID]
HSDB 3176 [DBID]
74MLR03FLC [DBID]
AIDS001597 [DBID]
AIDS-001597 [DBID]
Bio1_000367 [DBID]
Bio1_000856 [DBID]
Bio1_001345 [DBID]
C07407 [DBID]
CBDivE_006180 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2214 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_236717, mainlib_334165, replib_42323, replib_158021, replib_379623
      2152 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 210 C; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Marko, V., Retention indices of some .beta.-adrenolytics and their perfluoroacyl derivatives, Chem. Pap., 42(3), 1988, 375-380.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2133 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Japp, M.; Gill, R.; Osselton, M.D., Comparison of drug retention indices determined on packed, wide bore capillary and narrow bore capillary columns, J. Forensic Sci., 32(6), 1987, 1574-1586.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2138 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Japp, M.; Gill, R.; Osselton, M.D., Comparison of drug retention indices determined on packed, wide bore capillary and narrow bore capillary columns, J. Forensic Sci., 32(6), 1987, 1574-1586.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2139 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Japp, M.; Gill, R.; Osselton, M.D., Comparison of drug retention indices determined on packed, wide bore capillary and narrow bore capillary columns, J. Forensic Sci., 32(6), 1987, 1574-1586.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2141 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 220 C; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 154-163., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.49 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 275 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 1.14 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 27(1), 1982, 49-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2150 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 13, 1979, 71-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2131.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 22 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Manca, D.; Ferron, L.; Weber, J-P., A System for Toxicological Screening by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Use of Drug Retention Index Based on Nitrogen-Containing Reference Compounds, Clin. Chem., 35(4), 1989, 601-607.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2157 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2125 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100 0C (0.4 min) ^ 25 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min); CAS no: 525666; Active phase: HG-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Kontinen, I.; Nokua, J.; Ojanpera, I.; Vuori, E., Precise gas chromatography with retention time locking in comprehensive toxicological screening for drugs in blood, J. Chromatogr. B, 788, 2003, 243-250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2147.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (0.7 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 140 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (9.5 min); CAS no: 525666; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Ojanpera, I.; Vartiovaara, J.; Vuori, E.; Sunila, P., The advantage of dual-column approach and retention indices combined with refined reporting in gas chromatographic drug screening, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 313-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2142 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 160 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 12 min; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Christ, D.W.; Noomano, P.; Rosas, M.; Rhone, D., Retention indices by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection, J. Anal. Toxicol., 12, 1988, 84-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2136 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 17(2), 1984, 41-49., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 341, 1985, 81-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2111 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 295 C; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Anderson, W.H.; Stafford, D.T., Applications of capillary gas chromatography in routine toxicological analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 6, 1983, 247-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2155 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 525666; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 434.9±30.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±1.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 72.8±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 216.8±24.6 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.581
Molar Refractivity: 79.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 3
#H bond donors: 2
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.10
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.21
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.25
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.15
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.37
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 10.90
Polar Surface Area: 41 Å2
Polarizability: 31.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 42.7±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 237.2±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.60
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  3.48
       Exper. Ref:  Avdeef,A (1997)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  386.48  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  132.76  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  9.44E-008  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  96 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 4.6E-007 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  228
       log Kow used: 3.48 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1717.3 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.98E-013  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.413E-010 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.48  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -10.486  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  13.966
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0685
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9782
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7523  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7234  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3861
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.2010
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.2173
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  6.13E-005 Pa (4.6E-007 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 13.966
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.0489 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  22.7 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.639 
       Mackay model           :  0.796 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.999 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 309.4810 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.035 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    24.884 Min
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.718 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1218
      Log Koc:  3.086 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.330 (BCF = 21.36)
       log Kow used: 3.48 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  7.98E-013 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 1.182E+009  hours   (4.923E+007 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.289E+010  hours   (5.371E+008 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              12.58  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.18  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    12.40  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.52e-005       0.829        1000       
   Water     16.2            360          1000       
   Soil      83.1            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.689           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 784 hr




                    

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