ChemSpider 2D Image | 2807 | C12H24O2

2807

  • Molecular FormulaC12H24O2
  • Average mass200.318 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass200.177628 Da
  • ChemSpider ID54989

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

110-39-4 [RN]
203-762-4 [EINECS]
2807
Butanoic acid, octyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
Butyrate d'octyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Butyric acid octyl ester
Butyric acid, octyl ester
Butyric acid, octyl ester (8CI)
MFCD00048939 [MDL number]
n-Octyl butyrate
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

5YEU4O369L [DBID]
AI3-24204 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2807 [DBID]
NSC 72032 [DBID]
NSC72032 [DBID]
UNII:5YEU4O369L [DBID]
UNII-5YEU4O369L [DBID]
W280704_ALDRICH [DBID]
W280712_ALDRICH [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a green herbaceous, parsley odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Octyl n-butyrate
    • Safety:

      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar B24978
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1381 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_280433, replib_53558, replib_150422, replib_229298
      1372 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Horna, A.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. III. Separation of alkyl halogenopropionates and halogenobutyrates on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 262, 1983, 316-320., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1374 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1387 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1388 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXVIII. Retention increments of aliphatic C1-C18 n-alkyl esters of butanoic acid and its monochloro derivatives on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 320, 1985, 325-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1370 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1377 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1622 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1624 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1373 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 14(3), 2008, 269-276., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1370 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sonboli, A.; Kanani, M.R.; Yousefzadi, M.; Mojarrad, M., Biological activity and composition of the essential oil of Tetrataenium nephrophyllum (Apiaceae) from Iran, Natural Product Communications, 2(12), 2007, 1249-1252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1367 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 40 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Ozek, T.; Demirci, B.; Kurkcuoglu, M.; Aytac, Z.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oils of Zosima absinthifolia (Vent.) Link and Ferula elaeochytris Korovin from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 371-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1382 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 52 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tkachenko, K.G.; Zenkevich, I.G., The Essential Oil of the Flowers of Heracleum antasiaticum Manden, Grown in Russia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 5(2), 1993, 227-228, In original 227-228.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1372 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1(2), 1991, 333-358.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1374 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tkachenko, K.G.; Zenkevich, I.G., Composition of Essential Oils from Fruits of Some Species Heracleum L., Rastitel'nye Resursy (Rus.), , 1987, 87-91, In original 87-91., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 36(6), 1989, 455-462.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1391 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Skalicka-Wozniak, K.; Los, R.; Glowniak, K.; Malm, A., Variation of the volatile content of the fruits of Peucedanum alsaticum L., Acta Chromatographica, 20(1), 2008, 119-133.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1611 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 14(3), 2008, 269-276.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1623 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Yildiz, B.; Bahcecioglu, Z., Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 116-121., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.40 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kafkas, E.; Paydas, S., Evaluation and identification of volatile compounds of some promising strawberry genotypes using HS-SPME technique by GC-MS, World J. Agric. Sci., 3(2), 2007, 191-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1597 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1615 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ducruet, V.; Fournier, N.; Saillard, P.; Feigenbaum, A.; Guichard, E., Influence of packaging on the aroma stability of strawberry syrup during shelf life, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2290-2297.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1624 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Ozek, T.; Demirci, B.; Kurkcuoglu, M.; Aytac, Z.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oils of Zosima absinthifolia (Vent.) Link and Ferula elaeochytris Korovin from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 371-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1375 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 24 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nath, S.C.; Sarma, K.K.; Vajezikova, I.; Leclercq, P.A., Comparison of volatile inflorescence oils and taxonomy of certain Cymbopogon taxa described as Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) Wats., Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 30, 2002, 151-162.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1374 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 205 C; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hendriks, H.; Bruins, A.P., A tentative identification of components in the essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. by a combination of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and retention indices, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 10(6), 1983, 377-381., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brat, P.; Brillouet, J.-M.; Reynes, M.; Cogat, P.-O.; Olle, D., Free volatile components of passion fruit puree obtained by flash vacuum-expansion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6210-6214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1394 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1602 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Frohlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(2), 1989, 421-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1605 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110394; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Frohlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(2), 1989, 421-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 241.9±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 47.9±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 103.3±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.430
Molar Refractivity: 59.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 10
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.96
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.76
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2431.71
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 9230.63
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.76
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2431.71
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 9230.63
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 23.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 29.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 230.1±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.79

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  247.73  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  12.58  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0348  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -50 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  245.4 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  3.517
       log Kow used: 4.79 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  4.477 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.25E-003  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   2.50E-003  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.608E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.79  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.036  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.826
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9348
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9977
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1950  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.0567  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.9055
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9566
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.7650
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  4.49 Pa (0.0337 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.826
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  6.68E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.64E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  2.41E-005 
       Mackay model           :  5.34E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.32E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  11.8917 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.899 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    10.793 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 3.88E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  860.1
      Log Koc:  2.935 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  2.369E-002  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:     338.674  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       9.272  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.991 (BCF = 97.86)
       log Kow used: 4.79 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0025 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.776  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :        138  hours   (5.752 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              79.04  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.47  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    61.13  percent
    Total to Air:               17.44  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.46            21.6         1000       
   Water     13.7            360          1000       
   Soil      73.9            720          1000       
   Sediment  9.94            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 461 hr




                    

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