ChemSpider 2D Image | monochloroethane | C2H5Cl

monochloroethane

  • Molecular FormulaC2H5Cl
  • Average mass64.514 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass64.007980 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6097

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1-CHLORO-ETHANE
270-142-8 [EINECS]
68411-72-3 [RN]
Chloorethaan [Dutch]
Chlorethan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Chloroethane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Chloroéthane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Chlorure d'ethyle [French]
Cloruro di etile [Italian]
Ethane, chloro- [ACD/Index Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

F 160 [DBID]
R 160 [DBID]
03341_FLUKA [DBID]
03344_FLUKA [DBID]
294802_ALDRICH [DBID]
295310_ALDRICH [DBID]
338303_ALDRICH [DBID]
40015_SUPELCO [DBID]
48626_SUPELCO [DBID]
AI3-24474 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless gas or liquid (below 54F) with a pungent, ether-like odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] NIOSH KH7525000
      colourless gas Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable - may form explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strongoxidizing agents, alkali metals and their alloys. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      Extremeyl flammable/Irritant/carcinogen/harmful to aquatic life SynQuest 1100-5-11, 55866
      R12,R18,R36/37/38,R40,R44,R52/53 SynQuest 1100-5-11, 55866
      S9,S16,S23,S24/25,S26,S33,S36/37/39,S45,S47,S61 SynQuest 1100-5-11, 55866
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Keep possible sources ofignition away from the working area. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      TBC SynQuest 1100-5-11
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate immediately (liquid) Skin: Water flush promptly (liquid) Breathing: Respiratory support Swallow: Medical attention immediately (liquid) NIOSH KH7525000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, skin absorption (liquid), ingestion (liquid), skin and/or eye contact NIOSH KH7525000
    • Symptoms:

      Incoordination, inebriation; abdominal cramps; cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest; liver, kidney damage NIOSH KH7525000
    • Target Organs:

      Liver, kidneys, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system NIOSH KH7525000
    • Incompatibility:

      Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium; oxidizers; water or steam [Note: Reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid.] NIOSH KH7525000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Prevent skin contact (liquid) Eyes: Prevent eye contact (liquid) Wash skin: No recommendation Remove: When wet (flammable) Change: No recommendation NIOSH KH7525000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : Handle with caution in the workplace. See Appendix C (Chloroethanes) OSHA PEL : TWA 1000 ppm (2600 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH KH7525000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      445 (estimated with error: 72) NIST Spectra mainlib_19016, replib_114950, replib_34545
      441 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: OV-1; Phase thickness: 0.96 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Villalobos, R., A window diagram for key component analysis in on-line gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 343-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      431 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      416 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 67 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chezasorb AW-HMDS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Pacakova, V.; Vojtechova, H.; Coufal, P., Reaction gas chromatography: study of the photodecomposition of halogenated hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 25(7), 1988, 621-626.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      414 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      415 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      417 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      427 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      432 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      668 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.54 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Villalobos, R., A window diagram for key component analysis in on-line gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 343-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      661.08 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      661.45 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      661.48 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      430 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2/He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 54(12), 1999, 1272-1279, In original 1272-1279., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Reciprocally Unambiguous Conformity Between GC Retention Indices and Boiling Points within Two- and Multidimensional Taxonomic Groups of Organic Compounds, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 21(10), 1998, 565-568, In original 565-568., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N., Application of Retention Indices in GC-MS Identification of Halogenated Organic Compounds, Mass Spectromery (Rus.), 3(2), 2006, 131-140, In original 131-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      434 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.75 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography, in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      422 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      426 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      432 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dimov, N.; Milina, R., Precalculation of gas chromatographic retention indices of linear 1-halogenoalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 463, 1989, 159-164., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      429.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      447 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      446 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 36 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: SE-54; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Huang, C.; Liang, H.; Han, S., The analysis of organic compounds in waste water by gas extraction/thermal desorption/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 14(6), 1996, 421-424.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      437 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Porapack Q; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Konukhova, S.V., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Ecologically Safe Freones, Vestn. of St. Petersburg Univ. (Rus.), , 1992, 66-70, In original 66-70.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      455 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kavan, I., Analysis of odorants, Sbornik Praci UVP, 26, 1973, 128-144, In original 128-144.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      668 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      423.96 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Douglas, L.J.; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 6, 1992, 76-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      424.09 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Douglas, L.J.; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 6, 1992, 76-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      424 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 75003; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 105-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 12.7±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 1169.9±0.0 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 25.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -56.7±2.8 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.362
Molar Refractivity: 16.2±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.50
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.60
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 9.64
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 176.22
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.60
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 9.64
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 176.22
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 6.4±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 18.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 72.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.58
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.43
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  37.61  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -111.32  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.21E+003  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -138.7 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  12.3 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.01E+03 mm Hg at 20 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  8218
       log Kow used: 1.43 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  6710 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  HORVATH,AL ET AL. (1999)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  8192 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  6710.00
       Exper. Ref:  HORVATH,AL ET AL. (1999)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.09E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   9.09E-003  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.11E-02  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  7.851E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.43  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.343  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  1.773
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6054
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.5597
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8834  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6540  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5711
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6161
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.7678
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.35E+005 Pa (1.01E+003 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 1.773
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.23E-011 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.46E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  8.05E-010 
       Mackay model           :  1.78E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.16E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.4039 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    26.483 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.29E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  23.74
      Log Koc:  1.376 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  1.170E-011  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 1.877E+009  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 1.877E+010  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.401 (BCF = 2.518)
       log Kow used: 1.43 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0111 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      0.862  hours   (51.72 min)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      76.76  hours   (3.198 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              81.34  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.03  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     0.60  percent
    Total to Air:               80.70  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       52              624          1000       
   Water     44.5            360          1000       
   Soil      3.38            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.102           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 141 hr




                    

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