ChemSpider 2D Image | Isobutyraldehyde | C4H8O

Isobutyraldehyde

  • Molecular FormulaC4H8O
  • Average mass72.106 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass72.057518 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6313

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

2-Methylpropanal [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Methylpropanal [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-METHYL-PROPANAL
2-Méthylpropanal [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
78-84-2 [RN]
Isobutyraldehyde [Wiki]
Propanal, 2-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
α-Methylpropionaldehyde
201-149-6 [EINECS]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

240788_ALDRICH [DBID]
320358_ALDRICH [DBID]
418110_ALDRICH [DBID]
538205_ALDRICH [DBID]
AI3-15311 [DBID]
CCRIS 1101 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2220 [DBID]
HSDB 614 [DBID]
MFCD00006980 [DBID]
NCGC00091788-01 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with an extremely unpleasant smell Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless, mobile liquid with a sharp, pungent odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2-Methylpropanal
    • Stability:

      Stable. Refrigerate. Highly flammable.Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases,strong acids, strong reducing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 > 3000 mg kg-1, SKN-RBT LD50 > 5000 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-36/37 Alfa Aesar A12106
      3 Alfa Aesar A12106
      9-16-23-26-33-60 Alfa Aesar A12106
      9-16-26-29-33 Alfa Aesar A12106
      Danger Alfa Aesar A12106
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A12106
      H225-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A12106
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A12106
      Safety glasses, good ventilation, gloves. Remove sourcesof ignition from the working area. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      540 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 20 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DC-200; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 28-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      540.32 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      540.94 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      541.57 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      542.98 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M.; Kowalska, T., Temperature dependence of Kovats indices in gas chromatography revisited, J. Chromatogr. A, 973, 2002, 135-142.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      541 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      542 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      543 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra mainlib_291424, replib_61707, replib_249624, replib_19127, nist ri
      550 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Viani, R.; Muggler-Chavan, F.; Reymond, D.; Egli, R.H., 196. Sur la composition de l'arome de cafe, Helv. Chim. Acta, 48(195-196), 1965, 1809-1815.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      554 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 12 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 12 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 659-662.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      567 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: OV-3; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R., Insect attractants: volatiles of hydrolizyed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 689-692.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      528 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      536 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830.4 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836.8 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      838.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      842.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Heberger, K.; Gorgenyi, M., Principal component analysis of Kovats indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 845, 1999, 21-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      801 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      812 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2176-2180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 5.5 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 175 C; Start time: 9 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Galt, A.M.; MacLeod, G., Headspace sampling of cooked beef aroma using Tenax GC, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32(1), 1984, 59-64.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      842 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 105 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Carbowax 4000; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: GAS Chrom P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(3), 1967, 517-524.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      542 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -50 0C (2 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) ^ 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Blunden, J.; Aneja, V.P.; Lonneman, W.A., Characterization of non-methane volatile organic compounds at swine facilities in eastern North Carolina, Atm. Environ., 39, 2005, 6707-6718.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      540 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gogus, F.; Ozel, M.Z.; Lewis, A.C., The Effect of Various Drying Techniques on Apricot Volatiles Analysed Using Direct Desorption-GC-TOF/MS, Talanta, 73, 2007, 321-325., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46, 1991, 1421-1429., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 15(2), 2004, 183-189., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2(1), 2003, 33-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      545.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      566 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2385-2391.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      582 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bellesia, F.; Pinetti, A.; Bianchi, A.; Tirillini, B., Volatile compounds of the white truffle (Tuber magnaturn Pico) from middle Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 11, 1996, 239-243., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: AT-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kelling, F.J., Olfaction in houseflies: morphology and electrophysiology. Chapter 7. Chemical and electrophysiological analysis of components, present in natural products that attract houseflies, Dissertation, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, 2001.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      536.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de Lacy Costello, B.P.J.; Evans, P.; Ewen, R.J.; Gunson, H.E.; Ratcliffe, N.M.; Spencer-Phillips, P.T.N., Identification of volatiles generated by potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum CV: Maris Piper) infected by Erwinia carotovora, Bacillus polymyxa and Arthrobacter sp., Plant Pathol., 48, 1999, 345-351.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      574.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      538 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) 40 - 80 0C at 2 0C/min 80 - 200 0C at 5 0C/min 200 0C (10 min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yen, G.-C.; Lin, H.-T., Changes in volatile flavor components of guava juice with high-pressure treatment and heat processing and during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47(5), 1999, 2082-2087., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -10C (8min) =>12C/min => 26C => 3C/min => 170C (30min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 950-954.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      535 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Apieson L; Carrier gas: not specified; Substrate: not specified; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kurdina, Z.G.; Markovich, V.E.; Sakharov, V.M., Gas chromatography of cyclic O-containing compounds, in Gas chromatography, Issue # 10, NIITEKhim, Moscow, 1969, 128-133., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CBP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lamarque, A.L.; Maestri, D.M.; Zygadlo, J.A.; Grosso, N.R., Volatile constituents from flowers of Acacia caven (Mol.) Mol. var. caven, Acacia aroma Gill. ex Hook., Erythrina crista-galli L. and Calliandra tweedii Benth., Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 266-268.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      550 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=> 5C/min => 200C =>20C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 64, 2004, 458-466., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>5C/min=>200C=>20C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2004, 1364-1370., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.52 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 5 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Milo, C.; Grosch, W., Detection of odor defects in boiled cod and trout by gas chromatography-olfactometry of headspace samples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 459-462., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      536 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      531 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      532 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 1011-1015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      529.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      531.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      547 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>50C/min =>60C(2min) =>4C/min =>230C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zehentbauer, G.; Grosch, W., Crust aroma of baguettes. I. Key odorants of baguettes prepared in two different ways, J. Cereal Science, 28, 1998, 81-92., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 79, 2008, 172-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      551 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 205 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: RTX-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berdague, J.L.; Tournayre, P.; Cambou, S., Novel multi-gas chromatography?olfactometry device and software for the identification of odour-active compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 1146, 2007, 85-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      552 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>6C/min => 180C =>15C/min => 230C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buettner, A., A selective and sensitive approach to characterize odour-active and volatile constituents in small-scale human milk samples, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 465-473., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ngassoum, M.B.; Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G., SPME/GC/MS analysis of headspace aroma compounds of the Cameroonian fruit Tetrapleura tetraptera (Thonn.) Taub., Eur. Food Res. Technol., 213, 2001, 18-21.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      553 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1923-1931., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, C.; Martin, A.; Timon, M.L.; Cordoba, J.J., Microbial populations and volatile compounds in the 'bone taint' spoilage of dry cured ham, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 30, 2000, 61-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      555 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vasta, V.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Raw Meat for the Authentication of the Feeding Background of Farm Animals, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 4630-4639.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      595 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Samad, A.K.M.E.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Cocoa substitute: Evaluation of sensory qualities and flavour stability, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 125-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      534 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.7 mm; Column length: 213 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SF96+Igepal; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1052-1057.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      561 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) =>5C/min =>100C =>20C/min =>280C (5min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Duflos, G.; Moine, F.; Coin, V.M.; Malle, P., Determination of volatile compounds in whiting (Merlangius merlangus) using headspace-solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 43(6), 2005, 304-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      556 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30 0C (1 min) ^ 15 0C/min -> 45 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 120 0C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 47, 1989, 525-532., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      554 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      562.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mauriello, G.; Marino, R.; D'Auria, M.; Cerone, G.; Luigi Rana, G., Determination of volatile organic compounds from Truffles via SPME-GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 42(6), 2004, 299-305.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      560.6 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>7C/min =>90C=>3.5C/min =>170C 17.5C/min =>230C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Seitz, L.M.; Ram, M.S., Metabolites of lesser grain borer in grains, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 898-908.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      553.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>5C/min =>140C =>15C/min =>250C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Herve, C.; Richoux, R.; Lortal, S., Varied volatile compounds are produced by Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Emmental cheese, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 439-446.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      560 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      591 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Doneanu, C.; Anitescu, G., Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Angelica archangelica L. root oil, J. Supercrit. Fluids, 12, 1998, 59-67.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      558 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: RTX-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Masanetz, C.; Guth, H.; Grosch, W., Fishy and hay-like off-flavours of dry spinach, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch. A, 206, 1998, 108-113.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      530 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>3C/min=>95C=>10C/min=>270C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Aguirrezabal, M.; Dominguez, C.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in Spanish paprika, J. Food Comp. Anal., 10, 1997, 225-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      537 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: methyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schultz, T.H.; Flath, R.A.; Stern, D.J.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; McKenna Kruse, S.; Butlder, B.; Howard, W.E., Coyote estrous urine volatiles, J. Chem. Ecol., 14(2), 1988, 701-712.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      539 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: methyl silicone oil with 5% Igepal; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schultz, T.H.; Flath, R.A.; Stern, D.J.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; McKenna Kruse, S.; Butlder, B.; Howard, W.E., Coyote estrous urine volatiles, J. Chem. Ecol., 14(2), 1988, 701-712.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      541 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Column length: 152 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 25C(1min) =>5C/min => 50C (4min) => 1.25C/min => 180C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SF96+Igepal; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Altieri, M.A.; Mon, T.R., Volatile constituents of Amaranthus retroflexus L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 92-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      808 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of "Fontina Valle d'Aosta", a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Girard, B.; Durance, T., Headspace volatiles of sockeye and pink salmon as affected by retort process, Food Chem. Toxicol., 65(1), 2000, 34-39., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Chaintreau, A., Carbonyl Odorants Contributing to the In-Oven Roast Beef Top Note, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 9578-9585.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      819 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      821 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>6C/min => 180C =>15C/min => 230C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buettner, A., A selective and sensitive approach to characterize odour-active and volatile constituents in small-scale human milk samples, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 465-473., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      831 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      834 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 9.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rochat, S.; Egger, J.; Chaintreau, A., Strategy for the identification of key odorants: application to shrimp aroma, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 6424-6432.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      812 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of "Fontina Valle d'Aosta", a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      822 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Amboni, R.D.M.C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Application of the semi-empirical topological index in quantitative structure-chromatographic retention relationship (QSRR) studies of aliphatic ketones and aldehydes on stationary phases of different polarity, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 15(2), 2004, 183-189.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 69, 2004, 179-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      807 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: PEG-20M; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 24(2), 2004, 212-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>7C/min => 140C=>17.5C/min =>230C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chang, C.-Y.; Seitz, L.M.; Chambers, E., IV, Volatile Flavor Components of Breads Made from Hard Red Winter Wheat and Hard White Winter Wheat, Cereal Chem., 72(3), 1995, 237-242., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      818.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      829.2 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1.2min) =>16C/min =>150C => 66C/min => 240C (2.5min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Qualitative comparison of whisky samples using fast GC/TOFMS, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      817 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fukami, K.; Ishiyama, S.; Yaguramaki, H.; Masuzawa, T.; Nabeta, Y.; Endo, K.; Shimoda, M., Identification of distinctive volatile compounds in fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5412-5416.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      813 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 187-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      818 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3463-3469.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      824 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Anakrom AB; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilkens, W.F.; Lin, F.M., Volatile flavor components of deep fat-fried soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(3), 1970, 337-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      532 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>10C/min =>45C (5min) =>5C/min => 250C (10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Place, R.B.; Imhof, M.; Teuber, M.; Olivier Bosset, J., Distribution of the volatile (flavour) compounds in Raclette cheese produced with different staphylococci in the smear, Mitt. Lebensmittelunters. Hyg., 94, 2003, 192-211.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      531 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 13 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Larrayoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 11, 2001, 911-926.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      544 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: -50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kaiser, E.W.; Siegl, W.O., High resolution gas chromatographic determination of the atmospheric reactivity of engine-out hydrocarbon emissions from a spark-ignited engine, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 17, 1994, 264-270.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      553 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 0 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Cooper, S.L.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S.; Sinclair, L.A.; Wilkinson, R.G.; Wood, J.D., Dietary manipulation of fatty acid composition in lamb meat and its effect on the volatile aroma compounds of grilled lamb, Meat Sci., 69, 2005, 233-242., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 1154, 2007, 331-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      550 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 C (2 min) ^ 40 C/min -> 50 C (2 min) ^ 4 C/min -> 230 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zehentbauer, G.; Reineccius, G.A., Determination of key aroma components of cheddar cheese using dynamic headspace dilution assay, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 300-305., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) =>4C/min =>150C=> 10C/min =>240C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fickert, B.; Schieberle, P., Identification of the key odorants in barley malt (caramalt) using GC/MS techniques and odour dilution analyses, Nahrung, 42(6), 1998, 371-375., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bylaite, E.; Meyer, A.S., Characterisation of volatile aroma compounds of orange juices by three dynamic and static headspace gas chromatography techniques, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 222, 2006, 176-184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      551 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>2C/min =>100C=>10C/min=>230C (5min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Preliminary aroma comparison of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Evergreen (R. laciniatus L.) blackberries by dynamic headspace/OSME technique, J. Food Sci., 68(2), 2003, 697-700., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordonez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 649-657., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Deport, C.; Ratel, J.; Berdague, J.-L.; Engel, E., Comprehensive combinatory standard correction: A calibration method for handling instrumental drifts of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems, J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 2006, 248-258.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      552 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(8min) =>3C/min =>20C =>10C/min =>150C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonaiti, C.; Irlinger, F.; Spinnler, H.E.; Engel, E., An iterative sensory procedure to select odor-active associations in complex consortia of microorganisms: application to the construction of a cheese model, J. Dairy Sci., 88, 2005, 1671-1684., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>40C/min => 50C (2min) => 240C (10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munch, P.; Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key odorants generated by thermal treatment of commercial and self-prepared yeast extracts: influence of the amino acid composition on odorant formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1338-1344., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Siegmund, B.; Murkovic, M., Changes in chemical composition of pumpkin seeds during the roasting process for production of pumpkin seed oil (Part 2: volatile compounds), Food Chem., 84, 2004, 367-374.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      557 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>5C/min=>100C=>4C/min=>230C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis of Cv. Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Cv. Evergreen (R. Iaciniatus L.) blackberries, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3436-3441.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      558 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (5min) => 10C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C (10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Carrapiso, A.I.; Jurado, A.; Timon, M.L.; Garcia, C., Odor-active compounds of Iberian hams with different aroma characteristics, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6453-6458., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min)=>10C/min=>150C=>20C/min=>250C(10 min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Carrapiso, A.I.; Ventanas, J.; Garcia, C., Characterization of the most odor-active compounds of Iberian ham headspace, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1996-2000.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      546 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhou, Q.; Wintersteen, C.L.; Cadwallader, K.R., Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2016-2021.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      572 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhou, Q.; Wintersteen, C.L.; Cadwallader, K.R., Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2016-2021.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      537 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lee, G.-H.; Suriyaphan, O.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma components of cooked tail meat of American lobster (Homarus americanus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4324-4332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      556 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.053 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rychlik, M.; Bosset, J.O., Flavour and off-flavour compoundsof SwissGruy "ere cheese. Evaluation of potent odorants, Int. Dairy J., 11, 2001, 895-901.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      554 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>5C/min => 70C(2min) =>6C/min =>250C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mutti, B.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of boiled potatoes, Nahrung, 43(5), 1999, 302-306.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      533 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) =>40C/min =>50C (2min) =>4C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kubickova, J.; Grosch, W., Evaluation of potent odorants of camembert cheese by dilution and concentration techniques, Int. Dairy J., 7, 1997, 65-70.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      812 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, Y.-F.G.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of the aroma of a meatlike process flavoring from soybean-based enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2900-2907.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      842 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 25 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lozano P.R.; Miracle E.R.; Krause A.J.; Drake M.; Cadwallader K.R., Effect of cold storage and packaging material on the major aroma components of sweet cream butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 7840-7846.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>40C/min =>60C(1min)=> 6C/min =>180C =>15C/min =>240C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Frauendorfer, F.; Schieberle, P., Identification of the key aroma compounds in Cocoa powder based on molecular sensoly correlations, J. Agr. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 5521-5529., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      833 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      813 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Nisyrios, I.; Mottram, D.S., Analysis of the headspace aroma compounds of walnuts (Juglans regia L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 501-506., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, Y.-F.G.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of the aroma of a meatlike process flavoring from soybean-based enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2900-2907.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      828 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min) =>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min => 220C (13.5min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Steinhart, H., Identification and evaluation of volatile odor-active pollutants from different odor emission sources in the food industry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 220, 2005, 226-231., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min)=>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min =>220C(13.5min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Kleeberg, K.K.; Schlegelmilch, M.; Streese, J.; Stegmann, R.; Steinhart, H., Analytical determination of the suitability of different processes for the treatment of odorous waste gas, Waste Management, 25, 2005, 908-916.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      770 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhou, Q.; Wintersteen, C.L.; Cadwallader, K.R., Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2016-2021., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Avsar, Y.K.; Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.A.; Singh, T.K.; Yoon, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of nutty flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 1999-2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>5C/min =>60C => 2.5C/min => 155C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alasalvar, C.; Shahidi, F.; Cadwallader, K.R., Comparison of natural and roasted Turkish Tombul hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) volatiles and flavor by DHA/GC/MS and descriptive sensory analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5067-5072.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      834 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min)=>10C/min=>150C=>20C/min=>250C(10 min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Carrapiso, A.I.; Ventanas, J.; Garcia, C., Characterization of the most odor-active compounds of Iberian ham headspace, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1996-2000.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      821 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) => 60C/min =>50C (2min) => 6C/min => 240C (10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kirchhoff, E.; Schieberle, P., Quantitation of odor-active compounds in rye flour and rye sourdough using stable isotope dilution assays, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5378-5385., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>40C/min => 60C (2min) => 240C (10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munch, P.; Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key odorants generated by thermal treatment of commercial and self-prepared yeast extracts: influence of the amino acid composition on odorant formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1338-1344., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>40C/min=>60C(2min)=>6C/min=>240C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kirchhoff, E.; Schieberle, P., Determination of key aroma compounds in the crumb of a three-stage sourdough rye bread by stable isotope dilution assays and sensory studies, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4304-4311.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      839 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhou, Q.; Wintersteen, C.L.; Cadwallader, K.R., Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2016-2021.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      855 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lee, G.-H.; Suriyaphan, O.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma components of cooked tail meat of American lobster (Homarus americanus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4324-4332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      823 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 1547-1552.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      819 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>40C/min => 60C(2min) =>6C/min =>230C(10min); CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mutti, B.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of boiled potatoes, Nahrung, 43(5), 1999, 302-306.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      789 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cha, Y.J.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in skipjack tuna sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(3), 1998, 1123-1128.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      810 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1944-1953.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3601-3605.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      807 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1616-1620.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      850 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78842; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Shea, S.R.; Gillen, K.J.; Shaw, K.J., Volatile components from the roots of Acacia pulchella R.Br. and their effect on Phytophthora cinnamomi rands, Aust. J. Bot., 29, 1981, 195-208.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 67.1±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 147.4±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 30.9±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -18.9±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.367
Molar Refractivity: 20.7±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.72
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.86
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2.66
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 70.11
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.86
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 2.66
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 70.11
Polar Surface Area: 17 Å2
Polarizability: 8.2±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 21.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 92.3±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.74

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  69.83  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -92.10  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  164  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -65.9 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  64.5 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.73E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  3.124e+004
       log Kow used: 0.74 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  8.9e+004 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1.1026e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  89000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aldehydes

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.20E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.86E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 1.80E-04  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  4.981E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.74  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.133  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.873
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9978
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9999
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0621  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9403  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8592
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9580
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6337
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.31E+004 Pa (173 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.873
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.3E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.83E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.7E-009 
       Mackay model           :  1.04E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.47E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  23.2757 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.460 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     5.514 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.55E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  4.272
      Log Koc:  0.631 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.74 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.00018 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      3.629  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      110.8  hours   (4.616 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               9.82  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.65  percent
    Total to Air:                8.08  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       3.99            9.76         1000       
   Water     51.4            360          1000       
   Soil      44.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0988          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 194 hr




                    

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