ChemSpider 2D Image | EJ6475000 | C4H9Cl

EJ6475000

  • Molecular FormulaC4H9Cl
  • Average mass92.567 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass92.039276 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6315

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

(±)-2-Chlorobutane
201-151-7 [EINECS]
2-Chlorbutan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Chlorobutane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Chlorobutane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-CHLOROBUTANE, (-)-
2-CHLOROBUTANE, (+)-
78-86-4 [RN]
Butane, 2-chloro- [ACD/Index Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

AV999R2773 [DBID]
UNII:AV999R2773 [DBID]
BRN 1718770 [DBID]
C28898_ALDRICH [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Flammable - note low flash point. May formexplosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 20 mg kg-1 [?? seems too low ??] Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11 Alfa Aesar B21586
      3 Alfa Aesar B21586
      9/16/2029 Alfa Aesar B21586
      9/16/2029 12:00:00 AM Alfa Aesar B21586
      9-16-29 Alfa Aesar B21586
      Danger Alfa Aesar B21586
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar B21586
      H225 Alfa Aesar B21586
      Highly Flammable SynQuest 1100-5-25
      Irritant/Flammable SynQuest 1100-5-25, 81009
      P210-P273-P403 Alfa Aesar B21586
      R12,R18,R36/37/38 SynQuest 1100-5-25
      S16,S23,S24/25,S26,S33,S36/37/39,S45 SynQuest 1100-5-25
      Safety glasses; good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      TBC SynQuest 1100-5-25
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      560 (estimated with error: 72) NIST Spectra mainlib_228828, replib_150729
      589 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1.2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chezasorb AW-HMDS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Pacakova, V.; Vojtechova, H.; Coufal, P., Reaction gas chromatography: study of the photodecomposition of halogenated hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 25(7), 1988, 621-626.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      582 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      586 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      588 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 67 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      591 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      599 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      609 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite (40:60 Gewichtsverhaltnis); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: von Kovats, E., 206. Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung organischer Verbindungen. Teil 1: Retentionsindices aliphatischer Halogenide, Alkohole, Aldehyde und Ketone, Helv. Chim. Acta, 41(7), 1958, 1915-1932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      601 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Interpretation of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices in estimation of Structures of Isomeric Products of Radical Chlorinating of Alkyl Arenes, Zh. Org. Khim., 37(2), 2001, 283-293, In original 283-293., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 54(12), 1999, 1272-1279, In original 1272-1279., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Marinichev, A.N., Comparison of Topological and Dynamics Molecular Characteristics for Precalculation of Chromatographic Retention Parameters of Organic Compounds (in Russian), Zh. Struct. Khim., 42(5), 2001, 893-902, In original 893-902., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Criteria for Evaluation of Elution Order of Isomeric Organic Compounds, Zh. Phys. Khim. (Rus.), 77(1), 2003, 92-98, In original 92-98.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      600.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      616 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arruda, A.C.S.; Junkes, B. da.S.; Souza, E.S.; Yunes, R.A.; Heizen, V.E.F., Semi-Emlirical Topological Index to Predict Properties of Halogenated Aliphatic Compounds, J. Chemometrics, 22(3-4), 2008, 186-194.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      589 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Porapack Q; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Konukhova, S.V., Gas Chromatographic Identification of Ecologically Safe Freones, Vestn. of St. Petersburg Univ. (Rus.), , 1992, 66-70, In original 66-70.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      598.38 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Douglas, L.J.; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 6, 1992, 76-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      598.87 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Douglas, L.J.; Hackett, J.P.; Anderson, R.R., Characterization of synthetic gasoline from the chloromethane-zeolite reaction, Energy Fuels, 6, 1992, 76-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      598 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 105-120.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      611 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 78864; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 69.2±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 146.9±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 29.2±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -15.0±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.393
Molar Refractivity: 25.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.38
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.42
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 40.88
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 495.57
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.42
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 40.88
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 495.57
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 10.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 20.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 106.3±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.49
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.33
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  59.64  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -101.12  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  143  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -140 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  68 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.57E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1255
       log Kow used: 2.33 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1661.1 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.92E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   2.08E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 2.41E-02  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.388E-002 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.33  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.006  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.336
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.5921
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.4604
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8214  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6136  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4374
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.3972
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5224
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.09E+004 Pa (157 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.336
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.43E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.32E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  5.18E-009 
       Mackay model           :  1.15E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.26E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.4592 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     7.330 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    87.958 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 8.32E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  67.7
      Log Koc:  1.831 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  9.496E-012  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 2.313E+009  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 2.313E+010  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.094 (BCF = 12.42)
       log Kow used: 2.33 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0241 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.005  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      91.64  hours   (3.818 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              90.40  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.03  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     0.93  percent
    Total to Air:               89.44  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       41.4            112          1000       
   Water     51.2            360          1000       
   Soil      7.12            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.275           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 121 hr


 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.49
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.33
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  59.64  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -101.12  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  143  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -140 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  68 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.57E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1255
       log Kow used: 2.33 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1661.1 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.92E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   2.08E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 2.41E-02  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.388E-002 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.33  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.006  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.336
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.5921
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.4604
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8214  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6136  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4374
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.3972
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5224
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.09E+004 Pa (157 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.336
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.43E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.32E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  5.18E-009 
       Mackay model           :  1.15E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.26E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.4592 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     7.330 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    87.958 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 8.32E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  67.7
      Log Koc:  1.831 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  9.496E-012  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 2.313E+009  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 2.313E+010  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.094 (BCF = 12.42)
       log Kow used: 2.33 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0241 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.005  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      91.64  hours   (3.818 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              90.40  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.03  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     0.93  percent
    Total to Air:               89.44  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       41.4            112          1000       
   Water     51.2            360          1000       
   Soil      7.12            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.275           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 121 hr


 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.49
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.33
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  59.64  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -101.12  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  143  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -140 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  68 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.57E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1255
       log Kow used: 2.33 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1661.1 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.92E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   2.08E-002  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 2.41E-02  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.388E-002 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.33  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.006  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.336
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.5921
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.4604
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8214  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6136  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4374
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.3972
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5224
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.09E+004 Pa (157 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.336
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.43E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.32E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  5.18E-009 
       Mackay model           :  1.15E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.26E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.4592 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     7.330 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    87.958 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 8.32E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  67.7
      Log Koc:  1.831 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  9.496E-012  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8: 2.313E+009  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7: 2.313E+010  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.094 (BCF = 12.42)
       log Kow used: 2.33 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.0241 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.005  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      91.64  hours   (3.818 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              90.40  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.03  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     0.93  percent
    Total to Air:               89.44  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       41.4            112          1000       
   Water     51.2            360          1000       
   Soil      7.12            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.275           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 121 hr




                    

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