ChemSpider 2D Image | MFCD00053474 | C15H24

MFCD00053474

  • Molecular FormulaC15H24
  • Average mass204.351 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass204.187805 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6683

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

7-Isopropyliden-1,4-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroazulen [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
7-Isopropylidene-1,4-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroazulene [ACD/IUPAC Name]
7-Isopropylidène-1,4-diméthyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroazulène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
92724-67-9 [RN]
Azulene, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydro-1,4-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethylidene)- [ACD/Index Name]
MFCD00053474
[88-84-6]
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-Octahydro-1,4-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethylidene)-azulene
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-Octahydro-1,4-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethylidene)-azulene, (1S,cis)
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-Octahydro-1,4-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethylidene)azulene, 9CI
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1523 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_9226
      1533 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Rao, L.J.; Sakariah, K.K., Chemical composition of volatile oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum buds, Z. Naturforsch. C:, 57c, 2002, 990-993., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Jaganmohan Rao, L.; Sakariah, K.K., Chemical composition of the volatile oil from the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum blume, Flavour Fragr. J., 12, 1997, 331-333.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1484 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Raina, V.K.; Lal, R.K.; Tripathi, S.; Khan, M.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Srivastava, S.K., Erratum. Essential oil composition of genetically diverse stocks of Murraya koenigii from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 404.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1473 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Pani, F.; Porcedda, S.; Ballero, M., Extraction, separation and isolation of essential oils from natural matrices by supercritical CO2, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 505-509., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kardali, M.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Perez-Alonso, M., Essential Oil Constituents of Sideritis ibanyezii Pau, Botanica Complutensis, 24, 2000, 101-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1504 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Angioni, A.; Barra, A.; Coroneo, V.; Dessi, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical composition, seasonal variability, and antifungal activity of Lavandula stoechas L. ssp. stoechas essential oils from stem/leaves and flowers, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 4364-4370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1488 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 255 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Medina, A.L.; Lucero, M.E.; Holguin, F.O.; Estell, R.E.; Posakony, J.J.; Simon, J.; O'Connell, M.A., Composition and antimicrobial activity of Anemopsis californica leaf oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 8694-8698.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1490 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C ^ 5 K/min -> 140 0C ^ 2 K/min -> 170 0C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Novak, J.; Zitterl-Eglseer, K.; Deans, S.G.; Franz, C.M., Essential oils of different cultivars of Cannabis sativa L. and their antimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 259-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Palmeira, S.F., Jr.; Moura, F.S.; Alves, V.L.; de Oliveira, F.M.; Bento, E.S.; Conserva, L.M.; Andrade, E.H.A., Neutral components from hexane extracts of Croton sellowii, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 69-71., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 246 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., Systematics of multi-seeded eastern hemisphere Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 27, 1999, 709-725.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1491 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lucero, M.E.; Estell, R.E.; Frederickson, E.L., The essential oil composition of Psorothamnus scoparius (A. Gray) Rydb., J. Essent. Oil Res., 15(2), 2003, 108-111.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1489 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (8 min) ^ 3 K/min -> 180 0C ^ 20 K/min (20 min); CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Frizzo, C.D.; Serafini, L.A.; Dellacassa, E.; Lorenzo, D.; Moyna, P., Essential oil of Baccharis uncinella DC. from Southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 286-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1691 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (8 min) ^ 3 K/min -> 180 0C ^ 20 K/min -> 230 0C (20 min); CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Frizzo, C.D.; Serafini, L.A.; Dellacassa, E.; Lorenzo, D.; Moyna, P., Essential oil of Baccharis uncinella DC. from Southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 286-288.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1478 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45 0C (4 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 75 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 115 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 312 0C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hafez, S.S.; Abdel-Salam, H.A., chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the volatile constituents of thuja occidentalis L. growing in Egipt, Alexandria J. Pharm. Sci., 18(1), 2004, 41-47., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C =>3C/min =>175C =>15C/min =>300C (10min); CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nogueira, T.; Marcelo-Curto, M.J.; Cristina Figueiredo, A.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Rubiolo, P.; Bicchi, C., Chemotaxonomy of Hypericum genus from Portugal: Geographical distribution and essential oils composition of Hypericum perfoliatum, Hypericum humifusum, Hypericum linarifolium and Hypericum pulchrum, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 36, 2008, 40-50., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Elias, V.O.; Simoneit, B.R.T.; Cardoso, J.N., Analysis of volatile sesquiterpenoids in environmental and geological samples, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 20, 1997, 305-309.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1488 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Couladis, M.; Ozcan, M.; Tzakou, O.; Akgul, A., Comparative essential oil composition of various parts of the turpentine tree (Pistacia terebinthus L) growing wild in Turkey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 83, 2003, 136-138., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sajjadi S.E.; Eskandari B., Chemical constituents of the essential oil of Nepeta oxyodonta, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 41(2), 2005, 175-177, In original 141-142., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Couladis, M.; Ozcan, M.; Tzakou, O.; Akgul, A., Menengic (Pistacia terebinthus L.) agacinin degisik organlarinda ucucu yag bilesimi, 2004, 6.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1490 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C =>2.5C/min =>170C =>10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 88846; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kristiawan, M.; Sobolik, V.; Al-Haddad, M.; Allaf, K., Effect of pressure-drop rate on the isolation of cananga oil using instantaneous controlled pressure-drop process, Chem. Eng. Processing, 47, 2008, 66-75., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(1min) =>5C/min =>160C =>10C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 88846; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mockute, D.; Nivinskiene, O.; Bernotiene, G.; Butkiene, R., The cis-thujone chemotype of Salvia officinalis L. essential oils, Chemija, 14(4), 2003, 216-220., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(1min)=>3C/min=>70C=>15C/min=>170C(8min) => 5C/min =>250C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mockute, D.; Bernotiene, G.; Judzentiene, A., Volatile compounds of the aerial parts of wild St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) plants, Chemija, 14(3), 2003, 108-111., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Payo, A.; Chao, D.; Herrera, P., Aromatic Plants from Western Cuba VII. Composition of the Leaf Oil of Psidium wrightii KRug et Urb., Lantana involucrata L., Cinnamonum montanum (Sw.) Berchtold et J. Persl. and Caesalpinia violacea (Mill.) Standley, J. Essent. Oil. Res., 18, 2006, 170-174., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Simic, A.; Sokovic, M.D.; Ristic, M.; Grujic-Jovanovic, S.; Vukojevic, J.; Marin, P.D., The chemical composition of some Lauraceae essential oils and their antifungal activities, Phytother. Res., 18, 2004, 713-717., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Santos, P.R.; Moreira, D.L.; Guimaraes, E.F.; Kaplan, M.A.C., Essential oil analysis of 10 piperaceae species from the Brazilian Atlantic forest, Phytochemistry, 58, 2001, 547-551., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: bin Jantan, I.; Ayop, N.; Mohd Ali, N.A.; Ahmad, A.S.; Yalvema, M.F.; Muhammad, K.; Azizi, A.R., The essential oils of Cinnamomum rhyncophyllum Miq. as natural sources of benzyl benzoate, safrole and methyl (E)-cinnamate, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 260-262.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1529 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jayaprakasha, G.K.; Rao, L.J.M.; Sakariah, K.K., Volatile constituents from Cinnamomum zeylanicum fruit stalks and their antioxidant activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 4344-4348.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1458 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Cross-Linked Methylsilicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Perez de Paz, P.L.; Pala-Paul, J.; Sanz, J., Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Pimpinella junoniae Ceb. & Ort., gathered in La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 241-244.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1504 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>4C/min => 180C =>10C/min => 250C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bezerra, M.Z.B.; Andrade-Neto, M.; de Freitas, R.M., The essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale Cass (Asteraceae), J. Essent. Oil Res., 14(1), 2002, 14-15.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1486 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mallavarapu, G.R.; Rao, L.; Ramesh, S., Volatile constituents of the leaf and fruit oils of Murraya koenigii Spreng., L. Ess. Oil Res., 12, 2000, 766-768.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1482 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prikhod'ko, A.B.; Klyuev, N.A.; Volkovich, S.V.; Emets, T.I.; Petrenko, V.V.; Dolya, E.V., Component composition od the essential oil of Thymus dimorphus, Chem. Nat. Comp., 35(1), 1999, 46-51., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramaswami, S.K.; Briscese, P.; Gargiullo, R.J.; von Geldern, T., Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons: from mass confusion to orderly line-up, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances, and Flavors, Washington, DC, 1986, 951-959., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramaswami, S.K.; Briscese, P.; Gargiullo, R.J.; von Geldern, T., Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons: from mass confusion to orderly line-up, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 951-980.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1513 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prikhod'ko, A.B.; Klyuev, N.A.; Volkovich, S.V.; Emets, T.I.; Petrenko, V.V.; Dolya, E.V., Component composition od the essential oil of Thymus dimorphus, Chem. Nat. Comp., 35(1), 1999, 46-51.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1476 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Phan, M.G.; Van, N.H.; Phan, T.S., Sesquiterpenoids fron the rhizomes of Curcuma aff. aeruginosa Roxb. of Vietnam, Tap chi Hoa hoc, 36(3), 1998, 67-72.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1462 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S.; Scorciapino, A., Chemical composition of the essential oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl. and of Acorus calamus L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7939-7943., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.E.; Cervantes, M.; Combariza, Y.; Martinez, J.R., HRGC-FID-MSD Analysis of the Secondary Metabolites Obtained by Different Extraction Methods from Lepechinia schiedeana, and Evaluation of its Antioxidant Activity in vitro, in 20th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 1998, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1475 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zollo, P.H.A.; Biyiti, L.; Tchoumbougnang, F.; Menut, C.; Lamaty, G.; Bouchet, Ph., Aromatic plants of tropical central Africa. Part XXXII. Chemical composition and antifungal activity of thirteen essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 107-114.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1465 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Liiv, M., Analysis of terpenoic composition of conifer needle oils by steam distillation/extraction, gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Chromatographia, 43(3/4), 1996, 215-219.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1491 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) =>3C/min =>200C =>2C/min =>220C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cole, R.A.; Haber, W.A.; Setzer, W.N., Chemical composition of essential oils of seven species of Eugenia from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 35, 2007, 877-886., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 33 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lopez Arze, J.B.; Collin, G.; Garneau, F.-X.; Jean, F.-I.; Gagnon, H., Essential oils from Bolivia. II. Asteraceae: Ophryosporus heptanthus (Wedd.) H. Rob. et King, J. Essent. Oil Res., 16, 2004, 374-376., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; da Silva, M.H.; Carreira, L.M.M.; Maia, J.G.S., Essential oils from three Myrcia species, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 421-424., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Taveira, F.S.N.; Andrade, E.H.A.; da Silva, M.H.L.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Essential oils of Lippia grandis Schau., Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 417-420., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 90 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 3 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Retta, D.; Gattuso, M.; Gattuso, S.; Lira, P. Di Leo; van Baren, C.; Ferraro, G.; Bandoni A., Essential oil composition of Achyrocline flaccida (Weinm.) DC. (Asteraceae) from different locations of Argentina, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 36, 2009, 877-881., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stokes, S.L.; Cole, R.A.; Rangelova, M.P.; Haber, W.A.; Setzer, W.N., Cruzain inhibitory activity of the leaf essential oil from an undescribed species of Eugenia from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Natural Product Communications, 2(12), 2007, 1211-1213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1481 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 7 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chieng, T.C.; Assim, Z.B.; Fasihuddin, B.A., Toxicity and antitermite activities of the essential oils from Piper sarmentosum, The Malaysian J. Anal. Sci., 12(1), 2008, 234-239., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marongiu, B.; Porcedda, S.; Caredda, A.; de Gioannis, B.; Vargiu, L.; la Colla, P., Extraction of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. Oxycedrus essential oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters and biological activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 390-397.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1483 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chieng, T.C.; Assim, Z.B.; Fasihuddin, B.A., Toxicity and antitermite activities of the essential oils from Piper sarmentosum, The Malaysian J. Anal. Sci., 12(1), 2008, 234-239., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Geissler, M., Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 976, 2002, 265-275.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1494 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Noudogbessi, J.-P.; Yedomonhan, P.; Sohounhloue, D.C.K.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Figueredo, G., Chemical composition of essential oil of syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. var. guineense (Myrtaceae) from Benin, Rec. Nat. Prod., , 2008, 33-38.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tellez M.; Estell R.; Fredrickson E.; Powell J.; Wedge D.; Schrader K.; Kobaisy M., Extracts of Flourensia cernua (L): Volatile constituents and antifungal, antialgal, and antitermite bioactivities, J. Chem. Ecol., 27(11), 2001, 2263-2273., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 30 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferretti, G.; Maggi, F.; Tirillini, B., Essential oil composition of Hypericum richeri Vill. from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 295-298., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yassa, N.; Akhani, H., The essential oils composition in two species of the genus Eriocycla Lindl. (Apiaceae) from Iran, 2007., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yassa, N.; Akhani, H., The essential oils composition in two species of the genus Eriocycla Lindl. (Apiaceae) from Iran, 2008.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1493 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min); CAS no: 88846; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Radusiene, J.; Judzentiene, A.; Peciulyte, D.; Janulis, V., Essential Oil Composition and Antimicrobial Assay of Acorus calamus Leaves from Different Wild Populations, Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization, 5(1), 2007, 37-44., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M., The essential oil composition of Hypericum androsaemum L. leaves and flowers from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 332-334., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.26 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Farsam, H.; Amanlou, M.; Taghi-Cheetsaz, N.; Amin, G.R.; Saledi-Sormaghi, M.H., Essential Oil of Chimonanthus fragrans flowers Population of Tehran, DARU, 15(3), 2007, 129-131., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pintore G.; Chessa M.; Manconi P.; Zanetti S.; Deriu A.; Tirillini B., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of stachys glutinosa L. from Sardinia, Natural Product Communications, 1(12), 2006, 1133-1136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1487 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tellez, M.R.; Khan, I.A.; Schaneberg, B.T.; Crockett, S.L.; Rimando, A.M.; Kobaisy, M., Steam distillation-solid-phase microextraction for the detection of Ephedra sinica in herbal preparations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 51-56., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Slavkovska, V.; Couladis, M.; Bojovic, S.; Tzakou, O.; Pavlovic, M.; Lakusic, B.; Jancic, R., Essential oil and its systematic significance in species of Micromeria Bentham from Serbia & Montenegro, Plant Systematics and Evolution, 255, 2005, 1-15., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ebrahim Sajjadi, S.; Mehregan, I., Volatile constituents of flowers and leaves of Anthemis hyalina, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 42(5), 2006, 531-533, In original 428-429.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1522 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tornambe, G.; Cornu, A.; Pradel, P.; Kondjoyan, N.; Carnat, A.P.; Petit, M.; Martin, B., Changes in Terpene Content in Milk from Pasture-Fed Cows, J. Dairy Sci., 89, 2006, 2309-2319.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1485 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferraz, A.B.F.; Limberger, R.P.; Bordignon, S.A.L.; von Poser, G.L.; Henriques, A.T., Essential oil composition of six Hypericum species from southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 335-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1500 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Melkani, A.B.; Dev, V.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Negi, A.; Mehta, S.P.S.; Melkani, K.B., Constituents of the essential oil of a new chemotype of Elsholtzia strobilifera Benth., Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 419-425., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Abreu, P.M.; Noronha, R.G., Volatile constituents of the rhizomes of Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridley) K. Schum. from Guinea-Bissau, Flavour Fragr. J., 12, 1997, 79-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1467 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pitarokili, D.; Tzakou, O.; Loukis, A.; Harvala, C., Volatile metabolites from Salvia fruticosa as antifungal agents in soilborne pathogens, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3294-3301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1480 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caredda, A.; Marongiu, B.; Porcedda, S.; Soro, C., Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and characterization of Laurus nobilis essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1492-1496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1489 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kobaisy, M.; Tellez, M.R.; Dayan, F.E.; Duke, S.O., Phytotoxicity and volatile constituents from leaves of Callicarpa japonica Thunb., Phytochemistry, 61, 2002, 37-40.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1451 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 99(10), 1995, 1153-1166., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Comparison of different methods for collection of volatile chemical markers from fungi, J. Microbiol. Methods, 24, 1995, 135-144.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1684 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C (10min)=>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Erdurak, C.S.; Coskun, M.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Composition of the essential oil of fruits and roots of Ferulago isaurica Pesmen and F. syriaca Boiss. (Umbelliferae) from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 118-121.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1667 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferretti, G.; Maggi, F.; Tirillini, B., Essential oil composition of Hypericum richeri Vill. from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 295-298., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramaswami, S.K.; Briscese, P.; Gargiullo, R.J.; von Geldern, T., Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons: from mass confusion to orderly line-up, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances, and Flavors, Washington, DC, 1986, 951-959., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramaswami, S.K.; Briscese, P.; Gargiullo, R.J.; von Geldern, T., Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons: from mass confusion to orderly line-up, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 951-980.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1673 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mallavarapu, G.R.; Rao, L.; Ramesh, S., Volatile constituents of the leaf and fruit oils of Murraya koenigii Spreng., L. Ess. Oil Res., 12, 2000, 766-768.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1671 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3463-3469.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1651 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.E.; Cervantes, M.; Combariza, Y.; Martinez, J.R., HRGC-FID-MSD Analysis of the Secondary Metabolites Obtained by Different Extraction Methods from Lepechinia schiedeana, and Evaluation of its Antioxidant Activity in vitro, in 20th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 1998, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1663 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Abreu, P.M.; Noronha, R.G., Volatile constituents of the rhizomes of Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridley) K. Schum. from Guinea-Bissau, Flavour Fragr. J., 12, 1997, 79-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1720 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D.; Ghiglione, C.; Hamoud, A.; Parkanyi, C/, GC-MS-SPECMA bank analysis of essential oils and aromas. GC-MS (EI-PCI) data bank analysis of sesquiterpenic compounds in Juniper needle oil - application of the mass fragmentometry SIM technique, Lebensm.-Wiss. u.-Technol., 23, 1990, 25-33.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1469 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Radulovic, N.; Lazarevic, J.; Ristic, N.; Palic, R., Chemotaxonomic significance of the volatiles in the genus Stachys (Lamiaceae): Essential oil composition of four Balkan Stachys species, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 35, 2007, 196-208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1483 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: bin Jantan, I.; bin Ahmad, F., Chemical constituents of the essential oils of Goniothalamus malayanus Hook. f. and Thoms., Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 372-374., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fanciullino, A.-L.; Gancel, A.-L.; Froelicher, Y.; Luro, F.; Ollitrault, P.; Brillouet, J.-M., Effects of Nucleo-cytoplasmic Interactions on Leaf Volatile Compounds from Citrus Somatic Diploid Hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4517-4523.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1490 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bougatsos, C.; Meyer, J.J.M.; Magiatis, P.; Vagias, C.; Chinou, I.B., Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Helichrysum kraussii Sch. Bip. and H. rugulosum Less. from south Africa, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 48-51., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karioti, A.; Skaltsa, H.; Demetzos, C.; Perdetzoglou, D.; Economakis, C.D.; Salem, A.B., Effect of nitrogen concentration of the nutrient solution on the volatile constituents of leaves of Salvia fruticosa Mill. in solution culture, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6505-6508., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: bin Jantan, I.; Yalvema, M.F.; Ahmad, N.W.; Jamal, J.A., Insecticidal activities of the leaf oils of eight Cinnamomum species against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, Pharm. Biol., 43(6), 2005, 526-532.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1482 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Silva-Brandao, K.L.; Solferini, V.N.; Trigo, J.R., Chemical and phylogenetic relationships among Aristolochia L. (Aristolochiaceae) from southeastern Brazil, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 34, 2006, 291-302., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 380 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Couladis, M.; Tsortanidou, V.; Francisco-Ortega, J.; Santos-Guerra, A.; Harvala, C., Composition of the essential oils of Argyranthemum species growing in the Canary Islands, Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 103-106., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.; Wiame, H.; Dassy, S.; Martinez, J.R.; Shibamoto, T., Catalytic transformation of copaiba (Copaifera officinalis) oil over zeolite ZSM-5, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 54-58., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gancel, A.-L.; Ollitrault, P.; Froelicher, Y.; Tomi, F.; Jacquemond, C.; Luro, F.; Brillouet, J.-M., Leaf volatile compounds of seven citrus somatic tetraploid hybrids sharing willow leaf mandarin (Citrus deliciosa Ten.) as their common parent, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6006-6013.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1462 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.E.; Cervantes, M.; Combariza, Y.; Fuentes, H.; Martinez, J.R., HRGC/FID and HRGC/MSD analysis of the secondary metabolites obtained by different extraction methods from Lepechinia schiedeana, an in vitro evaluation of its antioxidant activity, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 22(6), 1999, 343-349.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1494 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>4C/min =>220C=>20C/min =>280C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Andrade, M.S.; Sampaio, T.S.; Nogueira, P.C.L.; Ribeiro, A.S.; Bittrich, V.; Amaral, M.C.E., Volatile compounds of the leaves, flowers and fruits of Kielmeyera rugosa Choisy (Clusiaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 49-52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1491 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Maia, B.H.L.N.S.; de Paula, J.R.; Sant'Ana, J.; da Silva, M.F.G.F.; Fernandes, J.B.; Vieira, P.C.; Costa, M.S.S.; Ohashi, O.S.; Silva, J.N.M., Essential oils of Toona and Cedrela species (Meliaceae): Taxonomic and ecological implications, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 11(6), 2000, 629-639., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Radulovic, N.; Lazarevic, J.; Ristic, N.; Palic, R., Chemotaxonomic significance of the volatiles in the genus Stachys (Lamiaceae): Essential oil composition of four Balkan Stachys species, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 35, 2007, 196-208., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 57, 2001, 235-244.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1479 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 1104, 2006, 313-322.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1493 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Su, Y.C.; Ho, C.L.; Wang, E.I.C., Analysis of leaf essential oils from the indigenous five conifers of Taiwan, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 447-452.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1492 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Celik, S.; Gokturk, R.S.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oils of Phlomis leucophracta, Phlomis chimerae and Phlomis grandiflora var. grandiflora from Turkey, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 617-623.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1495 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.26 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sati, S.; Mathela, C.S., Essential oil composition of Valeriana hardwickii var. arnottiana from the Himalayas, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 299-301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1499 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 64, 2003, 743-752.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1500 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Economakis, C.; Skaltsa, H.; Demetzos, C.; Sokovic, M.; Thanos, C.A., Effect of phosphorus concentration of the nutrient solution on the volatile constituents of leaves and bracts of Origanum dictamnus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6276-6280.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1487 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nogueira, P.C.L.; Bittrich, V.; Shepherd, G.J.; Lopes, A.V.; Marsaioli, A.J., The ecological and taxonomic importance of flower volatiles of Clusia species (Guttiferae), Phytochemistry, 56, 2001, 443-452.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1622 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fanciullino, A.-L.; Gancel, A.-L.; Froelicher, Y.; Luro, F.; Ollitrault, P.; Brillouet, J.-M., Effects of Nucleo-cytoplasmic Interactions on Leaf Volatile Compounds from Citrus Somatic Diploid Hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 4517-4523.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1702 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Martinez, J.; Rosa, P.T.V.; Menut, C.; Leydet, A.; Brat, P.; Pallet, D.; Meireles, M.A.A., Valorization of Brazilian vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash ex Small) oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6578-6584.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1689 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: HP-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Jerkovic, I.; Mastelic, J.; Milos, M.; Juteau, F.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Chemical variability of Artemisia vulgaris L. essential oils originated from the Mediterranean area of France and Croatia, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 436-440.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1651 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.E.; Cervantes, M.; Combariza, Y.; Fuentes, H.; Martinez, J.R., HRGC/FID and HRGC/MSD analysis of the secondary metabolites obtained by different extraction methods from Lepechinia schiedeana, an in vitro evaluation of its antioxidant activity, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 22(6), 1999, 343-349.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1648 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 88846; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stashenko, E.; Wiame, H.; Dassy, S.; Martinez, J.R.; Shibamoto, T., Catalytic transformation of copaiba (Copaifera officinalis) oil over zeolite ZSM-5, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 18, 1995, 54-58.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 282.2±10.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 50.0±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 111.7±13.8 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.499
Molar Refractivity: 66.3±0.4 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 6.61
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 5.63
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 11176.11
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 27501.44
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 5.63
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 11176.11
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 27501.44
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 26.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 29.9±5.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 225.8±5.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  6.56

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  269.40  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  36.64  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.013  (Modified Grain method)
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.0166 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.03035
       log Kow used: 6.56 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.47797 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   Incomplete
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.152E-001 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Can Not Estimate (can not calculate HenryLC)

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6503
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.5267
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.7476  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5529  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.2293
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0853
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.0034
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   1.1822
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :  15.2127

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.21 Pa (0.0166 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (): not available
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.36E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  not available
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.9E-005 
       Mackay model           :  0.000108 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  not available

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 120.9394 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.088 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.061 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =   120.000000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.010 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     13.752 Min
   Reaction With Nitrate Radicals May Be Important!
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.87E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2.48E+004
      Log Koc:  4.395 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 4.349 (BCF = 2.232e+004)
       log Kow used: 6.56 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.115 atm-m3/mole  (calculated from VP/WS)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.466  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      135.9  hours   (5.661 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
    Total removal:              95.90  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.55  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    80.50  percent
    Total to Air:               14.84  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.00455         0.207        1000       
   Water     2.49            900          1000       
   Soil      32.8            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  64.7            8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 2.55e+003 hr




                    

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