ChemSpider 2D Image | AMYL ISOBUTYRATE | C9H18O2

AMYL ISOBUTYRATE

  • Molecular FormulaC9H18O2
  • Average mass158.238 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass158.130676 Da
  • ChemSpider ID68079

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

219-494-6 [EINECS]
2445-72-9 [RN]
2-Méthylpropanoate de pentyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
AMYL ISOBUTYRATE
Isobutyric acid, pentyl ester
Pentyl 2-methylpropanoate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pentyl-2-methylpropanoat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, pentyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
1-Pentyl isobutyrate
2-Methylpropanoic acid pentyl ester
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

7UEX06WJZW [DBID]
AI3-06017 [DBID]
UNII:7UEX06WJZW [DBID]
UNII-7UEX06WJZW [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1019 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_280486, replib_5510
      1038 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tudor, E.; Moldovan, D., Temperature Dependence of the Retention Index for Perfumery Compounds on a Se-30 Glass Capillary Column. II. The Hyperbolic Equation, J. Chromatogr., 848, 1999, 215-227.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1038.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.35 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 779, 1997, 287-297.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      999 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Menut, C.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B. Menut.; Molangui, T.; Lamaty, G.E.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Habimana, J.-B., Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. 23. Chemical composition of leaf essential oils of Eucalyptus goniocalyx F. Muell. and Eucalyptus patens Benth. grown in Rwanda, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1267-1271.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1039 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1040 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1030 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Srisukh, D., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XV. Molecular retention indices of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 45-52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1024 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1034 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1032 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part V. Retention of aliphatic esters on non-polar, donar and acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 60, 1971, 33-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1057 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 26, 1998, 637-645., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 28, 2000, 515-528., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 246 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P., The serrate leaf margined Juniperus (Section Sabina) of the western hemisphere: systematics and evolution based on leaf essential oils and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 28, 2000, 975-989.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      996 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1241 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1024 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1012 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nik, Z.B.; Mirza, M.; Shahmir, F., Essential oil of Marrubium cuneatum Russell and its secretory elements, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 233-235.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1035 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1009 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Oyedeji, A.O.; Olawore, O.N.; Ekundayo, O.; Koenig, W.A., Volatile leaf oil constituents of three Eucalyptus species from Nigeria, Flavour Fragr. J., 14, 1999, 241-244.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1056 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 25-30., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 275 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Afsharypuor, S.; Jahromy, M.M., Constituents of the essential oil from Tanacetum lingulatum (Boiss.) Bornm., J. Essent. Oil Res., 15, 2003, 74-76.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1054 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Congiu, R.; Falconieri, D.; Marongiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S., Extraction and isolation of Pistacia lentiscus L. essential oil by supercritical CO2, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 239-244.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1197 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jales, K.A.; Maia, G.A.; Garruti, D.S.; Neto, M.A.S.; Janzantti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B., Evaluation de los compuestos odoriferos del jugo de maracuya amarillo por GC-MS y GC-O (OSME), Alimentis y bebidas, 3, 2005, 12-14.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1237 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1033 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min =>200C => 10C/min => 280C; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1140-1149.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1012 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Batista-Pereira, L.G.; Fernandes, J.B.; Correa, A.G.; da Silva, M.F.G.F.; Vieira, P.C., Electrophysiological responses of eucalyptus brown looper Thyrinteina arnobia to essential oils of seven Eucalyptus species, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 17(3), 2006, 555-561.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1057 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1247 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 2445729; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 176.5±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 1.1±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 41.3±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 59.4±8.3 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.417
Molar Refractivity: 45.5±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 6
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.18
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.10
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 134.47
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1162.17
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.10
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 134.47
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1162.17
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 27.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 181.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.25

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  178.41  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -32.06  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.04  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  117.8
       log Kow used: 3.25 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  242.04 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   9.60E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.38E-003  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.838E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.25  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.406  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.656
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9548
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9988
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.2880  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.1175  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.7333
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.8889
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.3896
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  126 Pa (0.947 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.656
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.38E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.11E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  8.58E-007 
       Mackay model           :  1.9E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  8.89E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   6.9163 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.546 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    18.558 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.38E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  117.3
      Log Koc:  2.069 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  3.709E-002  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:     216.263  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       5.921  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.800 (BCF = 63.03)
       log Kow used: 3.25 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.00138 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.817  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      125.3  hours   (5.221 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              40.56  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.11  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     6.84  percent
    Total to Air:               33.61  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       7.28            37.1         1000       
   Water     22              208          1000       
   Soil      70.3            416          1000       
   Sediment  0.422           1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 237 hr




                    

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