ChemSpider 2D Image | Tetracene | C18H12

Tetracene

  • Molecular FormulaC18H12
  • Average mass228.288 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass228.093903 Da
  • ChemSpider ID6813

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

92-24-0 [RN]
Naphthacene [ACD/Index Name]
Tetracen [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Tetracene [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Tétracène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2,3-benzanthracene
2,3-Benzanthracene, Naphthacene
2,3-Benzanthrene
202-138-9 [EINECS]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

45767_RIEDEL [DBID]
B2403_ALDRICH [DBID]
CCRIS 1183 [DBID]
CHEBI:32600 [DBID]
MLS000028646 [DBID]
SMR000059178 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      orange powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      Minimize exposure. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2210 (estimated with error: 174) NIST Spectra mainlib_10855, replib_229536
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      405.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tucminen, A.; Wickstrom, K.; Pyysalo, H., Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds by GLC-Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) Technique, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., , 1986, 469-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      403.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wilmshurst, J.R., Gas-chromatographic analysis of polynuclear arenes, J. Chromatogr., 17, 1965, 50-59., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 260 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      405 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 300 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      403.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 345 C; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: PE-5; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Jamoussi, B.; Kanzari, F.; Hassine, B.B.; Abderrabba, A., Using Bezier curves for the calculation of retention indices of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the so-called Lee's scale in temperature-programmed gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 45, 2007, 22-27.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      403.15 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 310 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 39(24), 2005, 9547-9560.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      402.86 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 48(2), 2004, 169-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      407.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Durlak, S.K.; Biswas, P.; Shi, J.; Bernhard, M.J., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon particulate and gaseous emissions from polystyrene combustion, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 1998, 2301-2307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      401.28 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Iglesias, M.J.; Dominguez, A.; Blanco, C.G., Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon retention indices on SE-54 stationary phase of the volatile components of a coal tar pitch. Relationships between chromatographic retention and thermal reactivity, J. Chromatogr., 591, 1992, 287-295.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      403.52 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 12, 1989, 552-554.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      403.51 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      403.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      403.89 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      408.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.34 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 51(6), 1979, 768-773., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2436 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (2 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 160 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 300 0C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Oda, J.; Yasuhara, A.; Matsunaga, K.; Saito, Y., Identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons of the particulate accumulated in the tunnel duct of freeway and generation of their oxygenated derivatives, Jpn. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health, 44(5), 1998, 334-351.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2386 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pozhidaev, V.M.; Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Popova, T.P.; Pozhideava, Capillary chromatography of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on a home-produced capillary column with immobilized stationary liquid phase SE-30, Zh. Anal. Khim., 62(12), 1987, 2222-2226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2395 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (2min) =>20C/min =>160C => 5C/min =>210C => 10C/min =>300C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oda, J.; Ichikawa, S.; Mori, T., Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulates by capillary GC/MS method with programmed temperature relative retention index, Bunseki Kagaku, 45(9), 1996, 825-835.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2425 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (2min) =>20C/min =>160C => 5C/min =>210C => 10C/min =>300C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oda, J.; Ichikawa, S.; Mori, T., Analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in airborne particulates by capillary GC/MS method with programmed temperature relative retention index, Bunseki Kagaku, 45(9), 1996, 825-835., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 65 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.8 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Carugno, N.; Rossi, S., Evaluation of polynuclear hydrocarbons in cigarette smoke by glass capillary columns, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1967, 103-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2426 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 33.3 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 320 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 92240; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beernaert, H., Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Polyclylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 173, 1979, 109-118.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 436.7±12.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 66.7±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 209.1±13.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.771
Molar Refractivity: 79.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 1
ACD/LogP: 5.91
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 5.95
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 19408.29
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 40825.13
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 5.95
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 19408.29
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 40825.13
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 31.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 53.5±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 191.8±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  5.52
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  5.76
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1993)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  399.19  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  135.96  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.37E-009  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  357 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  2.49E-09 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 4.78E-006 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  0.02907
       log Kow used: 5.76 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  0.00151 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.021758 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  0.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   5.01E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.77E-006  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.416E-008 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  5.76  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.689  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  9.449
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :  -0.0184
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0000
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   1.8953  (months      )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   2.8161  (weeks       )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.1316
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0677
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.3091
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   2.5363
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     : 343.7614

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.000637 Pa (4.78E-006 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 9.449
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.00471 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.00069 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.145 
       Mackay model           :  0.274 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.0523 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  50.0000 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.214 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     2.567 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.209 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2.266E+005
      Log Koc:  5.355 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 3.735 (BCF = 5435)
       log Kow used: 5.76 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  1.77E-006 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      501.3  hours   (20.89 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       5596  hours   (233.2 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              90.80  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.76  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    90.04  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0535          5.13         1000       
   Water     3.78            1.44e+003    1000       
   Soil      44.5            2.88e+003    1000       
   Sediment  51.7            1.3e+004     0          
     Persistence Time: 3.59e+003 hr




                    

Click to predict properties on the Chemicalize site


Feedback Form