ChemSpider 2D Image | Bibenzyl | C14H14

Bibenzyl

  • Molecular FormulaC14H14
  • Average mass182.261 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass182.109543 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7364

More details:



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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1,1'-(1,2-Ethandiyl)dibenzol [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,1'-(1,2-Ethanediyl)bisbenzene
1,1'-(1,2-Ethanediyl)dibenzene [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,1'-(1,2-Éthanediyl)dibenzène [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,1'-Ethan-1,2-diyldibenzol
1,1'-Ethane-1,2-diyldibenzene
1,2-Diphenylethane
Benzene, 1,1'- (1,2-ethanediyl)bis-
Benzene, 1,1'-(1,2-ethanediyl)bis- [ACD/Index Name]
Bibenzyl [Wiki]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

14330_FLUKA [DBID]
AB-131/40879352 [DBID]
AI3-06161 [DBID]
B33706_ALDRICH [DBID]
C14685 [DBID]
ghl.PDMitscherleg0.651 [DBID]
NSC 30686 [DBID]
NSC30686 [DBID]
NSC8789 [DBID]
ZINC01000250 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      26-37-57 Alfa Aesar H30347
      36/37/38-50/53 Alfa Aesar H30347
      CAUTION: May be harmful if swallowed Alfa Aesar A14617
      CAUTION: May irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory tract Alfa Aesar A14617
      Irritant SynQuest 1700-1-X4, 63087
      WARNING: Irritates lungs, eyes, skin Alfa Aesar H30347
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1566 (estimated with error: 55) NIST Spectra mainlib_113286, replib_34739, replib_228261, replib_379386
      1496.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1509.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Gerasimenko, V.A.; Kirilenko, A.V.; Nabivach, V.M., Capillary gas chromatography of aromatic compounds found in coal tar fractions, J. Chromatogr., 208, 1981, 9-16.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1539 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 30, 1975, 788-792.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1546.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., Analysis of a petroleum fraction of bicycle aromatic hydrocarbons by gas capillary chromatography, Ind. Lab (Engl. Transl.), 45(2), 1979, 126-130, In original 103-107.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1560 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 165 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., Analysis of a petroleum fraction of bicycle aromatic hydrocarbons by gas capillary chromatography, Ind. Lab (Engl. Transl.), 45(2), 1979, 126-130, In original 103-107.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1541 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 30, 1975, 788-792.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1563 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kriz, J.; Popl, M.; Mostecky, J., Retention indices of biphenyls and diphenylalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 97, 1974, 3-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2069 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Toda, H.; Mihara, S.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Photochemical studies on jasmin oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 554-558.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2072 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Toda, H.; Mihara, S.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Photochemical studies on jasmin oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 554-558.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      258.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5MS; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Aracil, I.; Font, R.; Conesa, J.A., Semivolatile and volatile compounds from the pyrolysis and combustion of polyvinyl chloride, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 74, 2005, 465-478.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      260.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      260.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Bundt, J.; Herbel, W.; Steinhart, H.; Franke, S.; Francke, W., Structure-type separation of diesel fuels by solid phase extraction and identification of the two- and three-ring aromatics by capillary GC-mass spectrometry, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 14, 1991, 91-98.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      260.13 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 12, 1989, 552-554.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      260.49 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1494 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Elizalde-Gonzalez, M.P.; Hutfliess, M.; Hedden, K., Retention index system, adsorption characteristics, and sructure correlations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in fuels, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 345-352.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1489 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxanes; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 32(5), 1996, 656-666, In original 656-666.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1511.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1487 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hathcock, S.; Bertsch, W., Analysis of volatiles associated with industrial scale processing of expanded polystyrene. Part II: Identification and quantitation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 16, 1993, 651-659.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1525 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Radulovic, N.S.; Blagojevic, P.D.; Palic, R.M.; Zlatkovic, B.K.; Stevanovic, B.M., Volatiles from vegetative organs of the paleoendemic resurrection plants Ramonda serbica Panc. and Ramonda nathaliae Panc. at Petrov, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 74(1), 2009, 35-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1526.7 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (4 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 120 0C (10 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 300 0C (23 min); CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cheng-Yu Wang, F., Composition and structure analysis of styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer by pyrolysis--gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 765, 1997, 279-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1508.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1519.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1524.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lai, W.-C.; Song, C., Temperature-programmed retention indices for g.c. and g.c.-m.s. analysis of coal- and petroleum-derived liquid fuels, Fuel, 74(10), 1995, 1436-1451., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Song, C.; Lai, W.-C.; Madhusudan Reddy, K.; Wei, B., Chapter 7. Temperature-programmed retention indices for GC and GC-MS of hydrocarbon fuels and simulated distillation GC of heavy oils, in Analytical advances for hydrocarbon research, Hsu,C.S., ed(s), Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, 2003, 147-193.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1528 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2061 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2070 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 103297; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. VI. Volatile reaction products from the reaction of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 187, 1988, 209-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 280.5±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 49.8±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 106.2±9.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.573
Molar Refractivity: 60.3±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 4.70
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 4.52
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1595.64
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 6827.45
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 4.52
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1595.64
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 6827.45
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 23.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 38.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 183.0±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  4.74
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  4.79
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  285.05  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  40.00  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.00254  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  52.5 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  284 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  7.28E-03 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.0136 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  4.357
       log Kow used: 4.79 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  4.3 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  0.9939 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  4.30
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   6.37E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.86E-004  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.398E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  4.79  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.584  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  6.374
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.0263
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9944
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.6907  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.4575  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.1407
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.1438
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.0746
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   1.0965
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :  12.4886

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.81 Pa (0.0136 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 6.374
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.65E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.81E-007 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  5.98E-005 
       Mackay model           :  0.000132 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.65E-005 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  11.9878 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.892 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    10.707 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 9.6E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2.083E+004
      Log Koc:  4.319 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.988 (BCF = 973.4)
       log Kow used: 4.79 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000186 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      5.627  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      174.6  hours   (7.275 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              71.10  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.60  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    68.24  percent
    Total to Air:                2.25  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.921           21.4         1000       
   Water     9.88            900          1000       
   Soil      74.9            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  14.3            8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.15e+003 hr




                    

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