ChemSpider 2D Image | Oil of Grapes | C9H18O2

Oil of Grapes

  • Molecular FormulaC9H18O2
  • Average mass158.238 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass158.130676 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7509

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Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

106-30-9 [RN]
203-382-9 [EINECS]
Aether Oenanthieus
Cognac Oil Synthetic
Ethyl heptanoate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Ethyl n-Heptoate
Ethylheptanoat
Ethyl-heptanoat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Heptanoate d'éthyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Heptanoic acid, ethyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

112364_ALDRICH [DBID]
75200_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-24251 [DBID]
bmse000550 [DBID]
BRN 1752311 [DBID]
CCRIS 1344 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2437 [DBID]
NSC 8891 [DBID]
NSC8891 [DBID]
W243701_ALDRICH [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1083 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_352621, replib_21755, replib_53529, replib_150937, replib_229111
      1080 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1084 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(2), 1990, 471-477.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1089 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1077 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1081 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. II. Separation of homologous series of halogenoethyl esters of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 293-296., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1075 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: E-301; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas'ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1332 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Shoji, A.; Hagi, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of peel of quince fruit, Cydonia oblonga Miller, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(4), 1986, 593-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1325 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1328 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1369 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1375 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1367 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas'ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1082 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Duque, C., Aroma constituents of the fruit of the moutain papaya (Carica pubescens) from Colombia, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(4), 1987, 538-540., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 54(12), 1999, 1272-1279, In original 1272-1279., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1080 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Guntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 553-560., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peppard, T.L., Volatile flavor constituents of Monstera deliciosa, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(2), 1992, 257-262., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1081 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Guntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36, 1988, 553-560., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Grundschober, F., The identification of individual components in flavourings and flavoured foods, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 192, 1991, 530-534.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1084 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.), in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1078 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 872-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1062.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1067.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 8 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 57 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1103 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: BP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Ardanuy, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J.F., Relationship between flavor dilution values and odor unit values in hydroalcoholic solutions: role of volatility and a practical rule for its estimation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4341-4346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1104 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -> 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1097 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(4min)=>2C/min=>130C=>4C/min=>250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Potent aroma compounds in Parmigiano Reggiano cheese studied using a dynamic headspace (purge-trap) method, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 252-259., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1099 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1min) =>5C/min =>100C =>10C/min =>250C (9min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Lancaster, V.A., Correlating Volatile Compounds, Sensory Attributes, and Quality Parameters in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9503-9513., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C =>5C/min =>100C => 15C/min =>250C (19C); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C., Within-Season Volatile and Quality Differences in Stored Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe Cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 8679-8687., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 99(10), 1995, 1153-1166.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1100 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1107 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: El-Sayed, A.M.; Heppelthwaite, V.J.; Manning, L.M.; Gibb, A.R.; Suckling, D.M., Volatile constituents of fermented sugar baits and their attraction to lepidopteran species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 953-958.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1095 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4.3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 285 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tesevic, V.; Nikicevic, N.; Jovanovic, A.; Djokovic, D.; Vujisic, L.; Vuckovic, I.; Bonic, M., Volatile components from old plum brandies, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 43(4), 2005, 367-372.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1105.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>5C/min =>140C =>15C/min =>250C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Thierry, A.; Maillard, M.-B.; Herve, C.; Richoux, R.; Lortal, S., Varied volatile compounds are produced by Propionibacterium freudenreichii in Emmental cheese, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 439-446.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1099.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min) =>3C/min=> 150C=>5C/min =>220C(5min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.A.; Butzke, C.E.; Boulton, R.B., Study of aged cognac using solid-phase microextraction and partial least-squares regression, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7738-7742.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Dekimpe, J.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Neutral volatile compounds in the raw milks from different species, J. Dairy Res., 60(2), 1993, 199-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1315 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1317 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (4 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 50 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 120 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 175 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yongsheng, T.; Hua, L.; Hua, W.; Li, Z., Volatile composition of young Cabernet Savignon red wine from Changli Counti (China), J. Food Composition and Analysis, 21, 2008, 689-694., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 74(2), 2009, c90-c99.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1327 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of "Fontina Valle d'Aosta", a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1331 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>6C/min =>60C =>4C/min =>160C=> 20C/min => 200C(1min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berard, J.; Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Chatel, A.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Characterization of the volatile fraction and of free fatty acids of "Fontina Valle d'Aosta", a protected designation of origin Italian cheese, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 293-300., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (2 min) ^ 6 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tian, Y.; Zhang, X.; Huang, T.; Zou, K.; Zhou, J., Research advances on the essential oils from leaves of Eucalyptus, Food Fermentation Ind. (Chinese), 33(10), 2007, 143-147.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1325 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 50 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chin, S.T.; Nazimah, S.A.H.; Quek, S.Y.; Che Man, Y.B.; Rahman, R.A.; Hashim, D.M., Analysis of volatile compounds from Malaysian durians (Durio zibethinus) using headspace SPME coupled to fast GC-MS, J. Food Comp. Anal., 20, 2007, 31-44.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1310 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1342 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Werkhoff, P.; Guntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1076-1093.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1323.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1321 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 21 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.22 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hwan, C.-H.; Chou, C.-C., Volatile components of the Chinese fermented soya bean curd as affected by the addition of ethanol in ageing solution, J. Sci. Food Agric., 79, 1999, 243-248., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1343.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SP-1000; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moyano, L.; Zea, L.; Moreno, J.; Medina, M., Analytical study of aromatic series in sherry wines subjected to biological aging, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 7356-7361.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1345 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saglam, H.; Gozler, T.; Kivcak, B.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Volatile compounds from Haplophyllum myrtifolium, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 37(5), 2001, 442-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1338 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferreira, V.; Ardanuy, M.; Lopez, R.; Cacho, J.F., Relationship between flavor dilution values and odor unit values in hydroalcoholic solutions: role of volatility and a practical rule for its estimation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4341-4346.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1330 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wada, K.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds from a wine using solid phase extraction, gas chromatography, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 4362-4366.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1338.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Karahadian, C.; Johnson, K.A., Analysis of headspace volatiles and sensory characteristics of fresh corn tortillas made from fresh masa dough and spray-dried masa flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41, 1993, 791-799.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1335 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Grundschober, F., The identification of individual components in flavourings and flavoured foods, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 192, 1991, 530-534.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1330.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maciel, M.I.; Hansen, T.J.; Aldinger, S.B.; Labows, J.N., Flavor chemistry of cashew apple juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(5), 1986, 923-927.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1319.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1322.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 13 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Diatoport S (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1081 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 492-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1082 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min =>200C => 10C/min => 280C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1140-1149.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1084 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1088 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 320 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1080 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; End T: 228 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1093.3 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., 2008.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1098 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Balbontin, C.; Gaete-Eastman, C.; Vergara, M.; Herrera, R.; Moya-Leon, M.A., Treatment with 1-MCP and the role of ethylene in aroma development of mountain papaya fruit, Postharvest Biol. Technol., 43, 2007, 67-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 1154, 2007, 331-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1085 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bylaite, E.; Meyer, A.S., Characterisation of volatile aroma compounds of orange juices by three dynamic and static headspace gas chromatography techniques, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 222, 2006, 176-184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 118, 2005, 414-418.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1093 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Nogueira, P.C.L.; Bittrich, V.; Shepherd, G.J.; Lopes, A.V.; Marsaioli, A.J., The ecological and taxonomic importance of flower volatiles of Clusia species (Guttiferae), Phytochemistry, 56, 2001, 443-452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 118, 2005, 414-418.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1095 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Munoz, Y.; Marti, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 2213-2223.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1099 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (1min) =>5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1345-1352., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Emilio Tomei, P.; Manganelli, R.E.U.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oil of Mentha microphylla from the Gennargentu Mountains (Sardinia, Italy), J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3614-3617.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 65, 1998, 317-333., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio L.; Rillo L.; Ledda A.; Addeo F., Odorous constituents of ovine milk in relationship to diet, J. Dairy Sci., 79, 1996, 1322-1331.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1327 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1331 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min)=>10C/min =>80C=>2C/min=>240C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurso, C.; Romeo, V.; Zappala, M., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for rapid characterisation of semi-hard cheeses, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 380, 2004, 930-936.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1341 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gurbuz O.; Rouseff J.M.; Rouseff R.L., Comparison of aroma volatiles in commercial Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon wines using gas chromatography - Olfactometry and gas chromatography - Mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 3990-3996., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elston, A.; Lin, J.; Rouseff, R., Determination of the role of valencene in orange oil as a direct contributor to aroma quality, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 381-386.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1336 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 97, 2006, 95-102.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1324 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 33C(1.5min) =>1.5C/min=>60C(4min) =>2C/min =>100C =>8C/min =>220C(15min); CAS no: 106309; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kaack, K.; Christensen, L.P.; Hughes, M.; Eder, R., The relationship between sensory quality and volatile compounds in raw juice processed from elderberries ( Sambucus nigra L.), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 221, 2005, 244-254., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonvehi, J.S., Investigation of aromatic compounds in roasted cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 221, 2005, 19-29., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1352 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1329 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pena, R.M.; Barciela, J.; Herrero, C.; Garcia-Martin, S., Optimization of solid-phase microextraction methods for GC-MS determination of terpenes in wine, J. Sci. Food Agric., 85, 2005, 1227-1234.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1328 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5124-5134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1372 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Emilio Tomei, P.; Manganelli, R.E.U.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oil of Mentha microphylla from the Gennargentu Mountains (Sardinia, Italy), J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3614-3617.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1323 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 492-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1334 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1803-1809.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1337 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sumitani, H.; Suekane, S.; Nakatani, A.; Tatsuka, K., Changes in composition of volatile compounds in high pressure treated peach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(3), 1994, 785-790.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1345 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1360 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatographic analyses. XLIII. Retention increments for 2-chloro-, 2,2-dichloro- and 2,2,2-trichloroethyl esters of aliphatic C2-C20 n-alkanoic acids on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 329, 1985, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1332 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Shea, S.R.; Gillen, K.J.; Shaw, K.J., Volatile components from the roots of Acacia pulchella R.Br. and their effect on Phytophthora cinnamomi rands, Aust. J. Bot., 29, 1981, 195-208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1326 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 4.6 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 228 C; CAS no: 106309; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 188.3±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.6±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 42.5±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 66.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.418
Molar Refractivity: 45.5±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 7
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.37
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.15
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 145.35
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1228.77
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.15
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 145.35
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1228.77
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 27.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 180.6±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.32

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  190.83  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -20.94  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.686  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -66.1 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  187 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  6.80E-01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  101.9
       log Kow used: 3.32 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  290 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  SUZUKI,T (1991)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  144.42 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  290.00
       Exper. Ref:  SUZUKI,T (1991)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   9.60E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   8.88E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 4.99E-04  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.402E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.32  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.690  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.010
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9548
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9988
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.2880  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.1175  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8824
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9534
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6870
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  90.7 Pa (0.68 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.010
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  3.31E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.51E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.2E-006 
       Mackay model           :  2.65E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.01E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   7.5731 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.412 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    16.948 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.92E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  137.1
      Log Koc:  2.137 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  6.266E-002  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:     128.021  days   
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       3.505  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.856 (BCF = 71.81)
       log Kow used: 3.32 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000499 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:       2.76  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      135.6  hours   (5.649 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              25.27  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.13  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     8.56  percent
    Total to Air:               16.58  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       5.61            33.9         1000       
   Water     21.6            208          1000       
   Soil      72.3            416          1000       
   Sediment  0.47            1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 260 hr




                    

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