ChemSpider 2D Image | 1,2-Dibromoethane | C2H4Br2

1,2-Dibromoethane

  • Molecular FormulaC2H4Br2
  • Average mass187.861 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass185.867966 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7551

More details:



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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1,2-Dibromethan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,2-Dibromoetano [Italian]
1,2-Dibromoethane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,2-Dibromo-ethane
1,2-Dibromoéthane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
1,2-Dibroomethaan [Dutch]
106-93-4 [RN]
245-102-8 [EINECS]
Dibromoethane, 1,2-
Dibromure d'ethylene [French]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

ENT 15349 [DBID]
240656_ALDRICH [DBID]
33423_RIEDEL [DBID]
40171_SUPELCO [DBID]
48880U_SUPELCO [DBID]
AI3-15349 [DBID]
BRN 0605266 [DBID]
C11088 [DBID]
Caswell No. 439 [DBID]
CCRIS 295 [DBID]
More...
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless liquid or solid (below 50F) with a sweet odor. [fumigant] NIOSH KH9275000
      yellow liquid Novochemy [NC-30359]
    • Safety:

      45-23/24/25-36/37/38-51/53 Alfa Aesar A12766
      53-45-61 Alfa Aesar A12766
      6.1 Alfa Aesar A12766
      Danger Alfa Aesar A12766
      DANGER: Cancer risk, reproductive hazard, skin, eye irritant Alfa Aesar A12766
      H301-H311-H331-H350-H315-H319-H335-H411 Alfa Aesar A12766
      P261-P301+P310-P305+P351+P338-P361-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A12766
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate immediately Skin: Soap wash immediately Breathing: Respiratory support Swallow: Medical attention immediately NIOSH KH9275000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact NIOSH KH9275000
    • Symptoms:

      Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; dermatitis with vesiculation; liver, heart, spleen, kidney damage; reproductive effects; [potential occupational carcinogen] NIOSH KH9275000
    • Target Organs:

      Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys, reproductive system Cancer Site [in animals: skin & lung tumors] NIOSH KH9275000
    • Incompatibility:

      Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, hot aluminum & magnesium; liquid ammonia; strong oxidizers NIOSH KH9275000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Prevent skin contact Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: When contaminated Remove: When wet or contaminated Change: No recommendation Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench NIOSH KH9275000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : Ca TWA 0.045 ppm C 0.13 ppm [15-minute] See Appendix A OSHA PEL : TWA 20 ppm C 30 ppm 50 ppm [5-minute maximum peak] NIOSH KH9275000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      812 (estimated with error: 62) NIST Spectra mainlib_118846, replib_60659, replib_154608, replib_107467, replib_228544
      787 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      795 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      791 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 115 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lafosse, M.; Thuaud-Chourrout, N., Etude du comportement de composes halogenes et methoxyles en CG dans le cas de quatre phases stationnaires liquides pouvant former des liaisons de type donneur-accepteur d'electrons avec les groupes fonctionnels de ces composes, Chromatographia, 8(4), 1975, 195-202.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      783.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2/N2=3/1; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B.; Smith, J.F., Gas chromatography in qualitative analysis. IV. An investigation of the changes in relative rentention data accompanying the oxidation of apolar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 28, 1967, 277-284.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      783 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2/N2=3/1; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Evans, M.B.; Smith, J.F., Gas chromatography in qualitative analysis. IV. An investigation of the changes in relative rentention data accompanying the oxidation of apolar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 28, 1967, 277-284.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1247 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: Ar; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Effect of the temperature on the retention indices in homologous series of bifunctional compounds under capillary gas chromatography conditions, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 48(7), 1993, 817-822, In original 1167-1174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1265 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: Ar; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Effect of the temperature on the retention indices in homologous series of bifunctional compounds under capillary gas chromatography conditions, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 48(7), 1993, 817-822, In original 1167-1174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1267.79 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1286 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1299.71 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: SP-1000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Castello, G.; Gerbino, T.C., Effect of Temperature on the Gas Chromatographic Separation of Halogenated Compounds on Polar and Non-Polar Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 437, 1988, 33-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      786.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      775.4 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(4min)=>(7C/min)=>190C=>(10C/min)=>250C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, J.-H.; Hwang, S.M.; Lee, D.W.; Heo, G.S., Determination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using tedlar bag/solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SPME/GC/MS) in ambient and workplace air, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 23(3), 2002, 488-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.75 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography, in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      783.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      774 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peters, R.J.D.; de Leer, E.W.B.; Versteegh, J.F.M., Identification of Halogenated Compounds Produced by Chlorination of Humic Acid in the Presence of Bromide, J. Chromatogr. A, 686, 1994, 253-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      783.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Morita, M.; Fuwa, K., Temperature-programmed retention indices of 221 halogenated organic compounds with 1-bromoalkanes as references, J. Chromatogr., 328, 1985, 35-48.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      806.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 57 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Haib, J.; Hofer, I.; Renaud, J.-M., Analysis of multiple pesticide residues in tobacco using pressurized liquid extraction, automated solid-phase extraction clean-up and gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 1020, 2003, 173-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      827 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sorimachi, J.; Tanabe, A.; Mitobe, H.; Kuniaki, K.; Masaaki, S., Programmed temperature retention indices for volatile organic compounds on headspace GC/MS analysis, Niigata-ken Eisei Kogai Kenkyusho Nenpo, 11, 1995, 75-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814.9 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Keiko, V.V.; Prokop'ev, B.V.; Kuz'menko, L.P.; Kalinina, N.A.; Modonov, V.B., The use of an additive scheme of calculation of the indices of retention in gas-liquid chromatography communication. 3. Some regularities in the manifestation of the inductive effect, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR Ser. Khim., 12, 1972, 2629-2633, In original 2697-2702.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1284.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1265 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      770.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 325 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      803 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; CAS no: 106934; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 446-451.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 2.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 130.2±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 12.0±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 34.8±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 12.6±17.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.521
Molar Refractivity: 26.8±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.08
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.17
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 26.30
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 361.46
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.17
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 26.30
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 361.46
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 10.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 36.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 87.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.01
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.96
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  131.03  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -39.21  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  11.5  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  9.9 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  131.6 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.12E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1067
       log Kow used: 1.96 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  3910 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  HORVATH,AL ET AL. (1999)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  2048.2 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  3910.00
       Exper. Ref:  HORVATH,AL ET AL. (1999)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.30E-003  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.54E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 6.67E-04  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.664E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.96  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.564  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  3.524
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.5658
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0002
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8419  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6475  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4456
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0411
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  1.6062
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.49E+003 Pa (11.2 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 3.524
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.01E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  8.2E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  7.26E-008 
       Mackay model           :  1.61E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  6.56E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.2406 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    44.456 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.17E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  43.79
      Log Koc:  1.641 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  3.032E-003  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:       7.244  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:      72.442  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.809 (BCF = 6.445)
       log Kow used: 1.96 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000667 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      2.602  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      143.3  hours   (5.971 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              24.01  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.08  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.74  percent
    Total to Air:               22.18  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       27.1            1.03e+003    1000       
   Water     32.1            360          1000       
   Soil      40.7            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.109           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 237 hr




                    

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