ChemSpider 2D Image | gamma-Valerolactone | C5H8O2

γ-Valerolactone

  • Molecular FormulaC5H8O2
  • Average mass100.116 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass100.052429 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7633

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(±)-4-Methylbutyrolactone
(±)-γ-Valerolactone
108-29-2 [RN]
2(3H)-Furanone, dihydro-5-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
2(3H)-Furanone, dihydro-5-methyl-, (±)-
4,5-Dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
4-Valerolactone
5-Methyldihydro-2(3H)-furanon [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
5-Methyldihydro-2(3H)-furanone [ACD/IUPAC Name]
5-Méthyldihydro-2(3H)-furanone [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

94580_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-04327 [DBID]
BRN 0080420 [DBID]
CCRIS 3597 [DBID]
FEMA No. 3103 [DBID]
NSC 33700 [DBID]
NSC33700 [DBID]
V403_ALDRICH [DBID]
W310301_ALDRICH [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      886 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_291502, replib_229223, replib_19832, replib_107777
      898 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      902 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      921 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 65, 1993, 3119-3126., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      910 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C=>55C/min => 85C => 1C/min =>145C => 3C/min =>250C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guyot, C.; Scheirman, V.; Collin, S., Floral origin markers of heather honeys: Calluna vulgaris and Erica arborea, Food Chem., 64, 1999, 3-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      917.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      912 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C=>55C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=>3C/min=>250C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guyot, C.; Bouseta, A.; Scheirman, V.; Collin, S., Floral origin markers of chestnut and lime tree honeys, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 625-633., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C =>6C/min => 200C(10min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: RSL-150; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buchbauer, G.; Nikiforov, A.; Remberg, B., Headspace constituents of opium, Planta Medica, 60(2), 1994, 181-183., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 1011-1015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      917 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      943 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(2), 1985, 249-254., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(2), 1985, 249-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      918 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 1011-1015.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      962 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pham, A.J.; Schilling, M.W.; Yoon, Y.; Kamadia, V.V.; Marshall, D.L., Characterization of fish sauce aroma-impact compounds using GC-MS, SPME-Osme-GCO, and Stevens' power law exponents, J. Food. Sci., 73(4), 2008, c268-c274.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      945 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C =>3C/min =>200C(10min) =>10C/min => 290C(10min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 68, 2007, 2584-2598.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      976 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 320 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: BPX5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dickschat, J.S.; Bode, H.B.; Wenzel, S.C.; Muller, R.; Schulz, S., Biosinthesis and Identification of Volatiles Released by the Myxobacterium Stigmatella aurantiaca, ChemBioChem, 6, 2005, 2023-2033.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      962.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      958 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C =>10C/min => 270C (10min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=> 5C/min => 200C =>20C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 64, 2004, 458-466., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>5C/min=>200C=>20C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2004, 1364-1370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      950 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 23, 2003, 497-511.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      914.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      956 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min =>120C =>10C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 34, 2001, 67-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1629 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 190 C; End time: 50 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.20 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., , 2008, 1-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1605 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: CP Wax 52 CB; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, C.-C.; Chyau, C.-C.; Hseu, TY.-H., Production of a COX-2 inhibitor, 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzaldehyde, with submerged cultured Antrodia camphorata, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 44, 2007, 387-392.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1614 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.70 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saura, D.; LAencina, J.; Perez-Lopez, A.J.; Lizama, V.; Carbonell-Barrachina, A.A., Aroma of canned peach halves acidified with clarified lemon juice, J. Food Sci., 68(3), 2003, 1080-1085.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1622 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.70 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saura, D.; LAencina, J.; Perez-Lopez, A.J.; Lizama, V.; Carbonell-Barrachina, A.A., Aroma of canned peach halves acidified with clarified lemon juice, J. Food Sci., 68(3), 2003, 1080-1085.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1626 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: TC-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 70(2), 1996, 151-160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1617 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 65, 1993, 3119-3126., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 240, 1982, 423-444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Polyethylene Glycol; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MacLeod, A.J.; Pieris, N.M., Volatile flavor components of beli fruit (Aegle marmelos) and a processed product, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 1262-1264.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1574 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Kator, K., Volatile constituents of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) as affected by extraction process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(4), 1993, 633-636.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1600 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R., Insect attractants: volatiles of hydrolizyed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 689-692.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1615.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      914 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, P.; Kuo, M.-C.; Hartman, T.G.; Rosen, R.T.; Ho, C.-T., Free and glycosidically bound aroma compounds in pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Merr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(1), 1991, 170-172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      954 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 1154, 2007, 331-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      940 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dickschat J.S.; Wagner-Dobler I.; Schulz S., The chafer pheromone buibuilactone and ant pyrazines are also produced by marine bacteria, J. Chem. Ecol., 31, 2005, 925-947.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      965 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 861-873.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      950 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dalluge, J.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Xu, X.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th., Unravelling the composition of very complex samples by comprehensive gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Cigarette smoke, J. Chromatogr. A, 974, 2002, 169-184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1619 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1803-1809., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cho, I.H.; Choi, H.-K.; Kim, Y.-S., Difference in the volatile composition of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to their grades, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 4820-4825.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1595 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1589 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Aubert, C.; Gunata; Ambid, C.; Baumes, R., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of yellow- and white-fleshed nectarines during maturation and artificial ripening, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3083-3091.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1590 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(30s) =>fast=>60C =>4C/min => 220C (20min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amado, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 648-657.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1648 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(8min) => 4C/min =>60C =>6C/min => 160C => 20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Radovic, B.S.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M.; Gerboles, M.; Anklam, E., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods section. Contribution of dynamic headspace GC-MS analysis of aroma compounds to authenticity testing of honey, Food Chem., 72, 2001, 511-520.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1600 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 108292; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Iwaoka, W.; Hagi, Y.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in fresh and cooked breadfruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 975-976.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 206.6±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.2±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 44.3±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 81.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.431
Molar Refractivity: 24.9±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: -0.27
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -0.16
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 19.62
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.16
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 19.62
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 9.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 29.4±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 96.2±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.11

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  191.57  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -34.29  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  3.76E-010  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  242.15 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  480.65 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  3.86E-01 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 54.2 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  9.381e+004
       log Kow used: 0.11 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  20607 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.36E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   4.25E-005  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  5.280E-016 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.11  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -2.255  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.365
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8741
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9966
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1181  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9323  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8103
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9202
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.7278
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  7.23E+003 Pa (54.2 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.365
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  4.15E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  5.69E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.5E-008 
       Mackay model           :  3.32E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.55E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   3.7430 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     2.858 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    34.291 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 2.41E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  11.55
      Log Koc:  1.063 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.11 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4.25E-005 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      14.81  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      245.4  hours   (10.23 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               4.06  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.73  percent
    Total to Air:                2.25  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.6             68.6         1000       
   Water     39              360          1000       
   Soil      58.3            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0722          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 450 hr




                    

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