ChemSpider 2D Image | 3309 | C5H6N2

3309

  • Molecular FormulaC5H6N2
  • Average mass94.115 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass94.053101 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7688

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

109-08-0 [RN]
203-645-8 [EINECS]
2-Methylpyrazin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Methylpyrazine [ACD/IUPAC Name]
2-Méthylpyrazine [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3309
methylpyrazine
MFCD00006142 [MDL number]
Pyrazine, 2-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
UQ3675000
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

AI3-36550 [DBID]
AIDS069645 [DBID]
AIDS-069645 [DBID]
CCRIS 2927 [DBID]
CCRIS 4693 [DBID]
FEMA No. 3309 [DBID]
M75608_ALDRICH [DBID]
NSC 30412 [DBID]
NSC30412 [DBID]
NSC49138 [DBID]
More...
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless to slightly yellow liquid with a nutty, cocoa-like odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Methylpyrazine
      Not Available Novochemy [NC-30542]
    • Safety:

      10-22-36/37/38 Alfa Aesar A14146
      20/21/22 Novochemy [NC-30542]
      20/21/36/37/39 Novochemy [NC-30542]
      3 Alfa Aesar A14146
      7-26-36/37 Alfa Aesar A14146
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A14146
      Flammable/Harmful/Irritant SynQuest 3H32-1-1R
      GHS02; GHS07 Biosynth Q-100051
      GHS07; GHS09 Novochemy [NC-30542]
      H226; H302; H315; H319; H335 Biosynth Q-100051
      H226-H302-H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A14146
      H332; H403 Novochemy [NC-30542]
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A14146
      P261; P305+P351+P338 Biosynth Q-100051
      P305+P351+P338; P376; P270 Novochemy [NC-30542]
      R52/53 Novochemy [NC-30542]
      Warning Alfa Aesar A14146
      Warning Biosynth Q-100051
      Warning Novochemy [NC-30542]
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      781 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_227744, replib_34507, replib_34889, replib_285419
      812 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 325-328., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Krikunova, N.I., The influence of alkyl substituents on the chromatographic indicator of self-association of N-containing heterocyclic compounds, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 321-324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      794 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      849 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Behavior of methyl-substituted pyrazines and use of the principle of nonadditive change in the sorption energy for prediction of the retention indices in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 42(4), 1987, 558-563, In original 699-705., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 531-535.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      852 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Behavior of methyl-substituted pyrazines and use of the principle of nonadditive change in the sorption energy for prediction of the retention indices in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 42(4), 1987, 558-563, In original 699-705., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 25(6), 1988, 531-535.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      806 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      793 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DC-200; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 28-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Viani, R.; Muggler-Chavan, F.; Reymond, D.; Egli, R.H., 196. Sur la composition de l'arome de cafe, Helv. Chim. Acta, 48(195-196), 1965, 1809-1815.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1263 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Yeo, H.C.H.; Shibamoto, T., Microwave-induced volatiles of the Maillard model system under different pH conditions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(2), 1991, 370-373.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1274 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1257 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Behavior of methyl-substituted pyrazines and use of the principle of nonadditive change in the sorption energy for prediction of the retention indices in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 42(4), 1987, 558-563, In original 699-705.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1268 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PEG-40M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Behavior of methyl-substituted pyrazines and use of the principle of nonadditive change in the sorption energy for prediction of the retention indices in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 42(4), 1987, 558-563, In original 699-705.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1254 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1255 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1305 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 152 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1309 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      802 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min =>85C=>1C/min =>145C=>3C/min =>250C(30min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Ouwerx, C.; Rosoux, D.; Collin, S., Relationship between procyanidin and flavor contents of cocoa liquors from different origins, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6243-6249., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1052-1057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from thermal reaction of methionine and methionine sulfoxide with or without glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1641-1646., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Meat-like flavor generated from thermal interactions of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(4), 1994, 1005-1009., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermal degradation of glucosamine in a dry system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(5), 1998, 1971-1974., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bakshu, L.Md.; Raju, R.R.V., Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activity of tuberous roots of Pimpinella tirupatiensis Bal. & Subr., an endemic taxon from eastern ghats, India, Flavour Fragr. J., 17, 2002, 413-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      803 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2385-2391., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robacker, D.C.; Bartelt, R.J., Chemicals attractive to Mexican fruit fly from Klebsiella pneumoniae and Citrobacter freundii cultures sampled by solid-phase microextraction MICROEXTRACTION, J. Chem. Ecol., 23(12), 1997, 2897-2915., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      804 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of volatile generation in serine/threonine/glutamine-ribose/glucose/fructose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 643-647.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      806 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated in serine-monosaccharide model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(4), 1998, 1518-1522.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      785 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, J.; Wang, M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from thermal degradation of N-acetylglucosamine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 3207-3209.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Volatile flavor components of corn tortillas and related products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1878-1882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46, 1991, 1421-1429., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Stern, D.J.; Ling, L.C., Studies on flavor volatiles of some sweet corn products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(3), 1994, 791-795.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1983, 1052-1057., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E.; Chang, Y.-H.; Chiang, W., Volatile compounds of the wax gourd (Benincasa hispida, Cogn) and a wax gourd beverage, J. Food Sci., 52(1), 1987, 132-134., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Meat-like flavor generated from thermal interactions of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(4), 1994, 1005-1009., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lu, G.; Yu, T.-H.; Ho, C.-T., Generation of flavor compounds by the reaction of 2-deoxyglucose with selected amino acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 233-236.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      799 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 38 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Krist, S.; Stuebiger, G.; Unterweger, H.; Bandion, F.; Buchbauer, G., Analysis of volatile compounds and triglycerides of seed oils extracted from different poppy varieties (Papaver somniferum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 8310-8316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia, C.; Martin, A.; Timon, M.L.; Cordoba, J.J., Microbial populations and volatile compounds in the 'bone taint' spoilage of dry cured ham, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 30, 2000, 61-66., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A., Sorption regularities of sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds in chromatography and their application in identification of volatile organic compounds, Diss. degree of Dr. Sci. (Chemistry), 1995, 52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      795 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C =>6C/min => 200C(10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: RSL-150; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buchbauer, G.; Nikiforov, A.; Remberg, B., Headspace constituents of opium, Planta Medica, 60(2), 1994, 181-183., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 1011-1015., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(3), 1989, 814-819.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      798 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawai, T.; Ishida, Y.; Kakiuchi, H.; Ikeda, N.; Higashida, T.; Nakamura, S., Flavor components of dried squid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(4), 1991, 770-777., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 950-954.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      801 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Masuda, H.; Mihara, S., Use of modified molecular connectivity indices to predict retention indices of monosubstituted alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, phenoxy and (phenylthio)pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 366, 1986, 373-377., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 428-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Correlation between molecular structures and retention indices of pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 402, 1987, 309-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SF-96; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      809.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 8 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 57 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 11.4 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      840 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, G.; Song, H.; Ma, C., Aroma-active aompounds of Beijing roast duck, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2009, 186-191.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      851 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pham, A.J.; Schilling, M.W.; Yoon, Y.; Kamadia, V.V.; Marshall, D.L., Characterization of fish sauce aroma-impact compounds using GC-MS, SPME-Osme-GCO, and Stevens' power law exponents, J. Food. Sci., 73(4), 2008, c268-c274.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      833 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 295 C; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      822 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xie, J.; Sun, B.; Zheng, F.; Wang, S., Volatile flavor constituents in roasted pork of mini-pig, Food Chem., 109, 2008, 506-514.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      824 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 20 0C/min -> 280 0C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xie, J.; Sun, B.; Zheng, F.; Wang, S., Volatile flavor constituents in roasted pork of mini-pig, Food Chem., 109, 2008, 506-514., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (2 min) ^ 30 0C/min -> 60 0C (1 min) ^ 6 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Didzbalis, J.; Ho, C.-T., Analysis of low molecular weight aldehydes formed during the Mallard reaction, ACS Symposium Series, 794, 2001, 196-107.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      832 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>2C/min =>140C =>10C/min =>280C (10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9956-9962.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      823 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>20C/min =>80C (1min) =>20C/min =>100C(1min) =>30C/min =>230C(3min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ho, C.W.; Wan Aida, W.M.; Maskat, M.Y.; Osman, H., Changes in volatile compounds of palm sap (Arenga pinnata) during the heating process for production of palm sugar, Food Chem., 102, 2007, 1156-1162.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      856 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 4 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Totlani, V.M.; Peterson, D.G., Influence of epicatechin reactions on the mechamisms of Maillard product formation in low moisture model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 414-420.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      834 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Samad, A.K.M.E.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Cocoa substitute: Evaluation of sensory qualities and flavour stability, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 125-131., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Quality and flavour stability of coffee substitute prepared by extrusion of wheat germ and chicory roots, Amino Acids, , 2006.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      843 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 320 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dickschat, J.S.; Martens, T.; Brinkhoff, T.; Simon, M.; Schulz, S., Volatiles released by a Streptomyces species isolated from the North Sea, Chemistry and Biodiversity, 2, 2005, 837-865.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      827 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=> 5C/min => 200C =>20C/min =>250C (5min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 64, 2004, 458-466., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>5C/min=>200C=>20C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2004, 1364-1370., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      831 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (3min)=>10C/min =>50C=> 4C/min =>200C => 50C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Machiels, D.; Istasse, L., Evaluation of two commercial solid-phase microextraction fibres for the analysis of target aroma compounds in cooked beef meat, Talanta, 61, 2003, 529-537., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C =>10C/min => 270C (10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      826 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C =>4C/min =>130C => 8C/min =>250 C (10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 60, 2003, 755-764.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 86.3 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Effects of carosine on volatile generation from Maillard reaction of ribose and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2372-2376.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      837 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Volatile flavour components of baked potato flesh. A comparison of eleven potato cultivars, Nahrung/Food, 45(5), 2001, 317-323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      828 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique, in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s), 1998, 225-243.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      813.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vercellotti, J.R.; Kuan, J.-C.W.; Liu, R.H.; Legendre, M.G.; St Angelo, A.J.; Dupuy, H.P., Analysis of volatile heteroatomic meat flavor principles by purge-and-trap/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(6), 1987, 1030-1035.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1283 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1287 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1286 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 70 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(13), 2009, 5823-5831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1265 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9956-9962.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1252 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wei, A.; Mura, K.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile chemicals extracted from beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4097-4101., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of Industrial Mussel Cooking Juices by Reverse Osmotis: Pollution Abatement and Aromas Recovery, 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1250 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Boniface, C.; Murello, M.-H.; Siouffi, A.; Larice, J.-L.; Parkanyi, C., Kinetics and thermal degradation of the fructose-methionine Amadori intermediates. GC-MS/SPECMA data bank identification of volatile aroma compounds, Carbohyd. Res., 230, 1992, 15-29., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 255-264.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1275 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 255-264., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chyau, C.-C.; Lin, Y.-C.; Mau, J.-L., Storage stability of deep-fried shallot flavoring, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3211-3215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1271 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Osada, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile extracts from Maillard model systems, Food Chem., 98, 2006, 522-528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1288 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1279 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: .25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(5min) => 7C/min =>100C(5min) =>1C/min =>130C =>10C/min =>195C(45min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Narain, N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S., Volatile compounds captured through purge and trap technique in caja-umbu (Spondias sp.) fruits during maturation, Food Chem., 102, 2007, 726-731.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1280 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: .25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(5min) => 7C/min =>100C(5min) =>1C/min =>130C =>10C/min =>195C(45min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Narain, N.; Galvao, M.S.; Madruga, M.S., Volatile compounds captured through purge and trap technique in caja-umbu (Spondias sp.) fruits during maturation, Food Chem., 102, 2007, 726-731.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1285 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1276 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidant properties of aroma compounds isolated from soybeans and mung beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 4290-4293., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yanagimoto, K.; Ochi, H.; Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activities of fractions obtained from brewed coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 592-596., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 229-235., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1267 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1274 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1247 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fujioka, K.; Shibamoto, T., Quantitation of volatiles and nonvolatile acids in an extract from coffee beverages: correlation with antioxidant activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 6054-6058.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1243 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>5C/min =>150C =>10C/min =>240C (10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Krings, U.; Zelena, K.; Wu, S.; Berger, R.G., Thin-layer high-vacuum distillation to isolate volatile flavour compounds of cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 675-681.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1251 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min) =>7C/min => 140C=>17.5C/min =>230C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chang, C.-Y.; Seitz, L.M.; Chambers, E., IV, Volatile Flavor Components of Breads Made from Hard Red Winter Wheat and Hard White Winter Wheat, Cereal Chem., 72(3), 1995, 237-242., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1268.9 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1.2min) =>16C/min =>150C => 66C/min => 240C (2.5min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Qualitative comparison of whisky samples using fast GC/TOFMS, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1264 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3463-3469.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1277 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C =>10C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Muresan, S.; Eillebrecht, M.A.J.L.; de Rijk, T.C.; de Jonge, H.G.; Leguijt, T.; Nijhuis, H.H., Aroma profile development of intermediate chocolate products. I. Volatile constituents of block-milk, Food Chem., 68, 2000, 167-174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1262 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Additional studies on flavor components of corn tortilla chips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7), 1998, 2764-2769., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Orts, W.J.; Takeoka, G.R.; Nam, Y., Volatile flavor components of rice cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 4353-4356.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1272 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1285.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramos, E.; Valero, E.; Ibanez, E.; Reglero, G.; Tabera, J., Obtention of a brewed coffee aroma extract by an optimized supercritical CO2-based process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4011-4016.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1260 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Lageot, C.; Parkanyi, C., GC-MS(EI, PCI, NCI, SIM, ITMS) Data Bank Analysis of Flavors and Fragrances. Kovats indices, in Instrumental Methods on Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel, G. Charalambous, ed(s), Elsevier Sci. B.V., Amsterdam, 1998, 245-301.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1240.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hashim, L.; Hudiyono, S.; Chaveron, H., Volatile compounds of oxidized cocoa butter, Food Res. Int., 30(3/4), 1997, 163-169.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1269 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sekiwa, Y.; Kubota, K.; Kobayashi, A., Characteristic flavor components in the brew of cooked clam (Meretrix lusoria) and the effect of storage on flavor formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 826-830.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1258 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1275-1279., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 25 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pollak, F.C.; Berger, R.G., Geosmin and Related Volatiles in Bioreactor-Cultured Streptomyces citreus CBS 109.60, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 62(4), 1996, 1295-1299.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1238 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Togari, N.; Kobayashi, A.; Aishima, T., Pattern recognition applied to gas chromatographic profiles of volatile components in three tea categories, Food Res. Int., 28(5), 1995, 495-502., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 50 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: 30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pfannhauser, W., Fluchtige Verbindungen aus extrudaten von triticale, Deutsche Lebensmittel-Rundschau, 86(3), 1990, 69-72.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1262.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Karahadian, C.; Johnson, K.A., Analysis of headspace volatiles and sensory characteristics of fresh corn tortillas made from fresh masa dough and spray-dried masa flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41, 1993, 791-799.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1268 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Eiserich, J.P.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile antioxidants formed from an L-cysteine/D-glucose Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(10), 1992, 1982-1988.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1241 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kubota, K.; Nakamoto, A.; Moriguchi, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Ishii, H., Formation of pyrrolidino[1,2-e]-4H-2,4-dimethyl-1,3,5-dithiazine in the volatiles of boiled short-necked clam, clam, and corbicula, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(6), 1991, 1127-1130.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1268.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Arnoldi, A.; Arnoldi, C.; Baldi, O.; Griffini, A., Flavor components in the Maillard reaction of different amino acids with fructose in cocoa butter-water. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(5), 1988, 988-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1309 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Structure-odor relationships for disubstituted pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(6), 1988, 1242-1247.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1235 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 324, 1985, 428-430., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Obretenov, T.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D., GC/MS (EI,PCI,SIM)-data bank analysis of volatile compounds arising from thermal degradation of glucose-valine amadori intermediates, in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s), Elsevier, New York, 1988, 999-1028., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mihara, S.; Masuda, H., Correlation between molecular structures and retention indices of pyrazines, J. Chromatogr., 402, 1987, 309-317.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1266 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 35 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E.; Chang, Y.-H.; Chiang, W., Volatile compounds of the wax gourd (Benincasa hispida, Cogn) and a wax gourd beverage, J. Food Sci., 52(1), 1987, 132-134., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wong, J.M.; Bernhard, R.A., Effect of nitrogen source on pyrazine formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(1), 1988, 123-129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1254 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 39 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liardon, R.; Ledermann, S., volatile components of fermented soya hydrolysate. II. Composition of basic fraction, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 170(3), 1980, 208-213.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1255 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1266.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 225 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Wilson, R.A.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of pyrazines present in pressure-cooked beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(5), 1973, 871-872.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1259 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kinlin, T.E.; Muralidhara, R.; Pittet, A.O.; Sanderson, A.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile components of roasted filberts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 20(5), 1972, 1021-1028.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1264.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Anakrom AB; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilkens, W.F.; Lin, F.M., Volatile flavor components of deep fat-fried soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(3), 1970, 337-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1291.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Anakrom AB; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilkens, W.F.; Lin, F.M., Volatile flavor components of deep fat-fried soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(3), 1970, 337-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1269.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 13 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2.1 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 224 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Diatoport S (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bondarovich, H.A.; Friedel, P.; Krampl, V.; Renner, J.A.; Shephard, F.W.; Gianturco, M.A., Volatile constituents of coffee. Pyrazines and other compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 15(6), 1967, 1093-1099.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, C.-M.; Wang, Z.; Wu, Q.H., Volatile compounds produced from monosodium glutamate in common food cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2438-2442.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.248 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: DeMilo, A.B.; Lee, C.-J.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Identification of volatiles derived from Citrobacter freundii fermentation of a trypticase soy broth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 607-612.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      798 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.248 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: DeMilo, A.B.; Lee, C.-J.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Identification of volatiles derived from Citrobacter freundii fermentation of a trypticase soy broth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 607-612., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oh, Y.-C.; Shu, C.-K.; Ho, C.-T., Some volatile compounds formed from thermal interaction of glucose with glycine, diglycine, triglycine, and tetraglycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1553-1554., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Izzo, H.V.; Ho, C.-T., Isolation and identification of the volatile components of an extruded autolyzed yeast extract, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 2245-2248., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; van Wassenhove, F.; Schamp, N., Volatile flavor components of leek, J. Agric. Food Chem., 24(2), 1976, 336-341.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      794.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 43(3/4), 1996, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      799 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(8min) =>3C/min =>20C =>10C/min =>150C(10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonaiti, C.; Irlinger, F.; Spinnler, H.E.; Engel, E., An iterative sensory procedure to select odor-active associations in complex consortia of microorganisms: application to the construction of a cheese model, J. Dairy Sci., 88, 2005, 1671-1684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lee, C.-J.; DeMilo, A.B.; Moreno, D.S.; Martinez, A.J., Analysis of the volatile components of a bacterial fermentation that is attractive to the Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1348-1351., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds formed from the thermal reaction of glucose with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 760-763., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Dorjpalam, B.; Ho, C.-T., Contribution of peptides to volatile formation in the Maillard reaction of casein hydrolysate with glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 2467-2471., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oh, Y.-C.; Shu, C.-K.; Ho, C.-T., Formation of novel 2(1H)-pyrazinones as peptide-specific Maillard reaction products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 118-121., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Yakovleva, V.N.; Vitt, S.V., Pyrazines formed in model glycerin-water systems, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 40(9), 1991, 1742-1748, In original 1972-1979.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Strashnenko, E.S.; Medvedeva, I.B., Sorbtion-structural mass-spectrometric characteristics of volatile components of model systems and flavor compounds with meat odor, Zh. Anal. Khim., 49(7), 1994, 722-728.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      792 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yu, T.-H.; Lin, L.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds of blanched, fried blanched, and baked blanched garlic slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(6), 1994, 1342-1347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oh, Y.-C.; Hartman, T.G.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from the Maillard reaction of pro-gly, gly-pro, and a mixture of glycine and proline with glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1878-1880.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Sagalovich, V.P., Prediction of retention indices for methyl-substituted pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography with linear programming, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46(4), 1991, 727-735.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Sagalovich, V.P., Prediction of retention indices for methyl-substituted pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography with linear programming, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46(4), 1991, 727-735.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Sagalovich, V.P., Prediction of retention indices for methyl-substituted pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography with linear programming, Zh. Anal. Khim., 46(4), 1991, 727-735.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      801 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -40C => 40C/min => 40C => 2C/min => 260C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kuo, M.-C.; Zhang, Y.; Hartman, T.G.; Rosen, R.T.; Ho, C.-T., Selective purge-and-trap method for the analysis of volatile pyrazines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37, 1989, 1020-1022.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      807 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1min)=> 3C/min => 209C=>20C/min => 280C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lu, C.-Y.; Hao, Z.; Payne, R.; Ho, C.-T., Effects of water content on volatile generation and peptide degradation in the Maillard reaction of glycine, diglycine, and triglycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 6443-6447., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 235 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Huang, T.-C.; Bruechert, L.J.; Hartman, T.G.; Rosen, R.T.; Ho, C.-T., Effect of lipids and carbohydrates on thermal generation of volatiles from commercial zein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 35(6), 1987, 985-990.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      827 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1427-1436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      826 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cerny, C.; Guntz-Dubini, R., Role of the solvent glycerol in the Maillard reaction of D-fructose and L-aniline, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 574-577.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      823 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Deport, C.; Ratel, J.; Berdague, J.-L.; Engel, E., Comprehensive combinatory standard correction: A calibration method for handling instrumental drifts of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry systems, J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 2006, 248-258.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      816 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      845 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70C(1min) =>3C/min =>80C(1min) =>5C/min =>150C => 10C/min =>280C (4min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Varlet V.; Knockaert C.; Prost C.; Serot T., Comparison of odor-active volatile compounds of fresh and smoked salmon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 3391-3401.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      839 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: OC=>60C/min=>60C(5min) =>4C/min =>250C(20min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Owens J.D.; Allagheny N.; Kipping G.; Ames J.M., Formation of volatile compounds during Bacillus subtilis fermentation of soya beans, J. Sci. Food Agric., 74(1), 1997, 132-140., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 861-873., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH, temperature, and moisture on the formation of volatile compounds in glycine/glucose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4315-4323.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      833 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordonez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 85, 2004, 649-657., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.325 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hill, V.M.; Isaacs, N.S.; Ledward, D.A.; Ames, J.M., Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the volatile components of a glucose-lysine model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 3675-3681., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.325 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Defaye, A.B.; Bates, L., The effect of pH on the volatiles formed in an extruded starch-glucose-lysine model system, Food Chem., 58(4), 1997, 323-327.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: -30 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Siegmund, B.; Murkovic, M., Changes in chemical composition of pumpkin seeds during the roasting process for production of pumpkin seed oil (Part 2: volatile compounds), Food Chem., 84, 2004, 367-374., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Dalluge, J.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Xu, X.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th., Unravelling the composition of very complex samples by comprehensive gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Cigarette smoke, J. Chromatogr. A, 974, 2002, 169-184., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BP-5; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S., Heterocyclic volatiles formed by heating cysteine or hydrogen sulfide with 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone at pH 6.5, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 816-822.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      843 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1118-1125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      837 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: OC (5min) => 60C/min => 60C(5min) =>4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Aroma volatiles generated during extrusion cooking of maize flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1479-1487., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Effect of cultivar and storage time on the volatile flavor components of baked potato, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5640-5648., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of volatile compounds isolated from the skin and flesh of four potato cultivars after baking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2414-2421.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      838 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: oC(5min) =>60C/min => 60C (5min) =>4C/min =>250C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3497-3506., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Effect of cultivar and storage time on the volatile flavor components of baked potato, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 5640-5648.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C=>rapidly =>40C(8min) =>4C/min => 250C(10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of the volatile components of two cultivars of potato cooked by boiling, conventional baking and microwave baking, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 1080-1087., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>4C/min =>200C =>10C/min => 250C (15min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Sil8; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Martin, F.L.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of flavor compounds of potato chips fried in palmolein and silicone fluid, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 78(8), 2001, 863-866., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>4C/min=>200C=>10C/min=>250C(15min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Martin, F.L.; Ames, J.M., Formation of Strecker aldehydes and pyrazines in a fried potato model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 3885-3892., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of volatile compounds isolated from the skin and flesh of four potato cultivars after baking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2414-2421.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1885-1894.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      840 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C =>rapidly=> 40C(8min)=>4C/min =>250C(10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Volatile flavour components of baked potato flesh. A comparison of eleven potato cultivars, Nahrung/Food, 45(5), 2001, 317-323., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>4C/min =>200C =>10C/min => 250C (15min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-SIL8; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Woffenden, H.M.; Ames, J.M.; Chandra, S., Relationships between antioxidant activity, color, and flavor compounds of crystal Malt extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5524-5530.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      823.19 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yin, W.; Xiu, Z.; Aijin, H., Analysis of the volatile components in trogopterorum feces by capillary gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Fenxi Huaxue, 29(2), 2001, 195-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      829 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C (2min) => 4C/min =>280C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 55, 2000, 149-159., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 905, 2000, 233-240.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      844 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of beef muscle on the profile of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 1619-1625.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      835 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.325 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hill, V.M.; Isaacs, N.S.; Ledward, D.A.; Ames, J.M., Effect of high hydrostatic pressure on the volatile components of a glucose-lysine model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 3675-3681.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      794 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 14 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baloga, D.W.; Reineccius, G.A.; Miller, J.W., Characterization of ham flavor using an atomic emission detector, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38, 1990, 2021-2026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1267 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Identification of major volatile odor compounds in frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5151-5160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1264 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1418-1426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1276 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 175 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tanchotikul, U.; Hsieh, T.C.-Y., Volatile Flavor Components in Crayfish Waste, J. Food Sci., 54(6), 1989, 1515-1520., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lopez-Galilea I.; Fournier N.; Cid C.; Guichard E., Changes in headspace volatile concentrations of coffee brews caused by the roasting process and the brewing procedure, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8560-8566.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1256 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(30s) =>fast=>60C =>4C/min => 220C (20min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amado, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 648-657., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 7242-7250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1251 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonvehi, J.S., Investigation of aromatic compounds in roasted cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 221, 2005, 19-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1252 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cros, S.; Lignot, B.; Bourseau, P.; Jaouen, P.; Prost, C., Desalination of mussel cooking juices by electrodialysis: effect on the aroma profile, J. Food Eng., 69, 2005, 425-436., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1295 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min) =>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min => 220C (13.5min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Steinhart, H., Identification and evaluation of volatile odor-active pollutants from different odor emission sources in the food industry, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 220, 2005, 226-231., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(3min)=>3C/min =>100C=>10C/min =>220C(13.5min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ranau, R.; Kleeberg, K.K.; Schlegelmilch, M.; Streese, J.; Stegmann, R.; Steinhart, H., Analytical determination of the suitability of different processes for the treatment of odorous waste gas, Waste Management, 25, 2005, 908-916.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1262 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>5C/min =>60C => 2.5C/min => 155C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Alasalvar, C.; Shahidi, F.; Cadwallader, K.R., Comparison of natural and roasted Turkish Tombul hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) volatiles and flavor by DHA/GC/MS and descriptive sensory analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5067-5072.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1248 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 65 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: AT-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 492-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1266 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1803-1809., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2280-2287., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2690-2696., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 192-202., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 35, 2002, 43-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1281 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Adamiec, J.; Rossner, J.; Velisek, J.; Cejpek, K.; Savel, J., Minor Strecker degradation products of phenylalanine and phenylglycine, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 135-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1261 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 58(6), 1993, 1203-1207., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1283 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 1547-1552., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Characterization of odorant compounds of mussels (Mytilus edulis) according to their origin using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 896, 2000, 361-371.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1297 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stephan, A.; Steinhart, H., Identification of character impact odorants of different soybean lecithins, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2854-2859.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1312 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1271 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3909-3912., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Nakada, Y.; Nakashima, M.; Osajima, Y., Quantitative comparison of volatile flavor compounds in deep-roasted and light-roasted sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3193-3196., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 46, 1988, 227-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1259 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>(6C/min)=>80C(6min)=>(15C/min)=>200C(10min); CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baek, H.H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile compounds in flavor concentrates produced from crayfish-processing byproducts with and without protease treatment, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3262-3267.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1270 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3601-3605.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1282 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1616-1620.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1275 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 175 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tanchotikul, U.; Hsieh, T.C.-Y., Volatile Flavor Components in Crayfish Waste, J. Food Sci., 54(6), 1989, 1515-1520.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1249 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. VI. Volatile reaction products from the reaction of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 187, 1988, 209-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1265 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 175 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Vejaphan, W.; Hsieh, T.C.Y.; Williams, S.S., Volatile flavor components from boiled crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) tail meat, J. Food Sci., 53(6), 1988, 1666-1670.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1272 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 175 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Vejaphan, W.; Hsieh, T.C.Y.; Williams, S.S., Volatile flavor components from boiled crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) tail meat, J. Food Sci., 53(6), 1988, 1666-1670., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109080; Active phase: CP-WAX 57CB; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Whitfield, F.B.; Mottram, D.S.; Brock, S.; Puckey, D.J.; Salter, L.J., Effect of Phospholipid on the Formation of Volatile Heterocyclic Compounds in Heated Aqueous Solutions of Amino Acids and Ribose, J. Sci. Food Agric., 42, 1988, 261-272.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 135.1±20.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 9.7±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 35.7±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 50.0±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.503
Molar Refractivity: 27.3±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.18
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.51
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.45
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 45.38
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.51
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.45
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 45.39
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 10.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 41.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 92.2±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.49
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.21
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  146.91  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  7.28  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  7.29  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -29 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  137 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  8.06E+00 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  8.038e+004
       log Kow used: 0.21 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1.9037e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   3.22E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   9.30E-009  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 2.20E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.123E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.21  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.046  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.256
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7574
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9046
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.9163  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6434  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4983
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6169
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.1780
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.07E+003 Pa (8.06 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.256
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.79E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.43E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.01E-007 
       Mackay model           :  2.23E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.54E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.7364 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    14.524 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.62E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  29.05
      Log Koc:  1.463 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.21 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.2E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      259.2  hours   (10.8 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       2909  hours   (121.2 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.98  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.12  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       7.05            348          1000       
   Water     44              360          1000       
   Soil      48.9            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0817          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 384 hr


 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.49
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.21
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  146.91  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  7.28  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  7.29  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -29 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  137 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  8.06E+00 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  8.038e+004
       log Kow used: 0.21 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  1.9037e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   3.22E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   9.30E-009  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 2.20E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.123E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.21  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.046  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.256
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7574
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9046
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.9163  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.6434  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4983
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6169
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.1780
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.07E+003 Pa (8.06 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 4.256
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.79E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.43E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.01E-007 
       Mackay model           :  2.23E-007 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.54E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   0.7364 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =    14.524 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.62E-007 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  29.05
      Log Koc:  1.463 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.21 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  2.2E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      259.2  hours   (10.8 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       2909  hours   (121.2 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.98  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.76  percent
    Total to Air:                0.12  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       7.05            348          1000       
   Water     44              360          1000       
   Soil      48.9            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0817          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 384 hr




                    

Click to predict properties on the Chemicalize site






Advertisement