ChemSpider 2D Image | Ethyl formate | C3H6O2

Ethyl formate

  • Molecular FormulaC3H6O2
  • Average mass74.078 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass74.036781 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7734

More details:



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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

109-94-4 [RN]
203-721-0 [EINECS]
Ameisensäureethylester [German]
Ethyl ester of formic acid
Ethyl formate [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
Ethyl methanoate
Ethylester kyseliny mravenci [Czech]
Ethylformiat [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Ethylmethanoat [German]
Etile (formiato di) [Italian]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

UN 1190 [DBID]
112682_SIAL [DBID]
88554_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-00407 [DBID]
Caswell No. 443A [DBID]
EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 043102 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2434 [DBID]
FEMA Number 2434 [DBID]
HSDB 943 [DBID]
NSC 406578 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless liquid with a fruity odor. NIOSH LQ8400000
      Colourless liquid with a sharp, rum-like odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Ethyl formate
      colourless liquid with an aromatic odour Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash pointand wide explosive limits. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids, nitrates. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 1850 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-20/22-36/37 Alfa Aesar A11113
      3 Alfa Aesar A11113
      9-16-24-26-33 Alfa Aesar A11113
      Danger Alfa Aesar A11113
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, causes CNS injury, lung & eye irritation Alfa Aesar A11113
      H225-H302-H332-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A11113
      Highly Flammable/Harmful/Moisture Sensitive SynQuest 2123-1-03
      P210-P262-P243-P305+P351+P338-P403 Alfa Aesar A11113
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Remove all sources of ignition,including hot plates and equipment which may generate sparks or static. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Irrigate immediately Skin: Water flush immediately Breathing: Respiratory support Swallow: Medical attention immediately NIOSH LQ8400000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact NIOSH LQ8400000
    • Symptoms:

      Irritation eyes, upper respiratory system; in animals: narcosis NIOSH LQ8400000
    • Target Organs:

      Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system NIOSH LQ8400000
    • Incompatibility:

      Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids [Note: Decomposes slowly in water to form ethyl alcohol and formic acid.] NIOSH LQ8400000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Prevent skin contact Eyes: Prevent eye contact Wash skin: When contaminated Remove: When wet (flammable) Change: No recommendation NIOSH LQ8400000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL : TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m 3 ) OSHA PEL : TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m 3 ) NIOSH LQ8400000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      584 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_118854, replib_61955, replib_228219
      457 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: PMS-1000; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Arutyunov, Y.I.; Kudryashov, S.Y.; Onuchak, L.A., Analysis of Mixtures Containing Unknown Components by Gas Chromatography: Determination of Molecular Mass, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 59(4), 2004, 358-365, In original 403-411.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      501 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gaschrom Q; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 17(3), 1983, 160-165.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      495 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      487 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      463 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 6 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W-AM; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Becerra, M.R.; Sanchez, E.F.; Dominguez, J.A.G.; Munoz, J.G.; Molera, M.J., The use of gaseous and liquid n-paraffins in GC identification of oxidation products of acetondimethyl acetal, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 20, 1982, 363-366.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      474 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Porapack Q; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 235, 1982, 119-127.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      465 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      468 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      469 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      456 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Squalane; Substrate: Chromosorb G; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mira, J.M.; Sanchez, L.G., Polarity of the Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases and Retention Indices of Aliphatic Esters, Ketones and Alcohols, Anal. Chim. Acta., 50, 1970, 315-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      455 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.25 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Wehrli, A.; Kovats, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 7, 1959, 2709-2736.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      842 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 235, 1982, 119-127.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      502 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 105 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 90 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      504 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 75 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 1216, 2009, 1630-1639.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      495 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Feng, C., QSPR study on gas chromatography retention index of some organic pollutants, Comput. Appl. Chem. (China), 24(10), 2007, 1404-1408., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, X., Quantitative structure-property relationship study on analysis of retention index of organic compound in gas chromatography, Chemical World (Chinese), 42(8), 2001, 403-406., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Du, X.; Feng, C., Correlativity research between topological dyeing index and gas chromatography retention index of fatty esters, J. Petrochem. Univ. (Chinese), 21(1), 2008, 16-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      530 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      506.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 3 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      536.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      487 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Mutual Correlation between Gas-Chromatographic Retention Indices of Organic Compounds from Different Series, Zh. Anal. Khim., 54(12), 1999, 1272-1279, In original 1272-1279.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      521 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      497.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: SF-96; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      510 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      478 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 125 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: H2; Substrate: Chromosorb W (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cremer, E.; Nonn, H., Kennzahlen zur Identifizierung chromatographisch getrennter Komponenten, Monatsh. Chem., 3, 1964, 910-921.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      830 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (3 min) ^ 2 0C/min -> 150 0C ^ 4 0C/min -> 200 0C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 69, 2004, 179-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      806 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 62, 1990, 2676-2684., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 25 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Dregus, M.; Engel, K.-H., Volatile constituents of uncooked Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) stalks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6530-6536.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      832 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 7 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: J&W Scientific, Solvent Retention Data, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      836.4 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(1.2min) =>16C/min =>150C => 66C/min => 240C (2.5min); CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Qualitative comparison of whisky samples using fast GC/TOFMS, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      811 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ito, Y.; Sugimoto, A.; Kakuda, T.; Kubota, K., Identification of potent odorants in Chinese jasmine green tea scented with flowers of Jasminum sambac, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 4878-4884.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      821 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suhardi, S.; Suzuki, M.; Yoshida, K.; Muto, T.; Fujita, A.; Watanbe, N., Changes in the volatile compounds and in the chemical and physical properties of snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw) Cv. Pondoh during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 7627-7633.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: TC-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 70(2), 1996, 151-160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      810 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      828.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 1000 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 225 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Walradt, J.P., Volatile constituents of pressure cooked pork liver, J. Agric. Food Chem., 22(5), 1974, 827-831.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      481 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5880-5882., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 492-496.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      530 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: HP-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi (Aster scaber Thunb), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatile in Cosa Rican Guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 6023-6026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      847 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 81, 2001, 1547-1552.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      849.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=>2.5C/min => 150C =>1.5C/min=>210C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, M.-S.; Chyau, C.-C.; Horng, D.-T.; Yang, J.-S., Effects of Irradiation and Drying on Volatile Components of Fresh Shiitake edodes (Lentinus Sing), J. Sci. Food Agric., 76, 1998, 72-76.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      832 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3909-3912.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 984-988., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Off-flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 1323-1327.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      837 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi (Aster scaber Thunb), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      848 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 190 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: HP-20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds isolated from edible Korean chamchwi (Aster scaber Thunb), J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(10), 1993, 1693-1697.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C (5min) => 2C/min =>70C => 4C/min => 210C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A., Identification of Volatile Compounds in Poultry Manure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 387, 1987, 371-378.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      822 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 4.6 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 228 C; CAS no: 109944; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 54.7±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 242.4±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 29.9±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -19.4±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.356
Molar Refractivity: 17.9±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.30
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.32
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.04
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 35.81
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 0.32
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.04
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 35.81
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 7.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 23.5±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 81.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.32
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.23
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  55.00  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -86.22  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  246  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -79.6 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  54.4 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  2.45E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  8.511e+004
       log Kow used: 0.23 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  8.82e+004 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  HANSCH,C ET AL. (1968)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  68609 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  88200.00
       Exper. Ref:  HANSCH,C ET AL. (1968)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   3.19E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   2.74E-004  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 3.85E-04  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.817E-004 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.23  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.803  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.033
      Log Koa (experimental database):  2.190

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8865
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9976
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1757  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9698  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.8853
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.9638
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.9544
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  3.27E+004 Pa (245 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): 2.190
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  9.18E-011 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.8E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  3.32E-009 
       Mackay model           :  7.35E-009 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  3.04E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   1.6617 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     6.437 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    77.242 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 5.33E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  3.966
      Log Koc:  0.598 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  1.483E+001  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:      12.987  hours  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:       5.411  days   

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.23 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.000385 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      2.187  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      96.03  hours   (4.001 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              16.46  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.08  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.53  percent
    Total to Air:               14.84  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       28.9            252          1000       
   Water     45.1            360          1000       
   Soil      25.9            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0839          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 190 hr




                    

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