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Search term: S1C=CC=C1 (Found by conversion of search term to chemical structure (full match))

ChemSpider 2D Image | Thiophene | C4H4S

Thiophene

  • Molecular FormulaC4H4S
  • Average mass84.140 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass84.003372 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7739

More details:



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Thiophene [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
110-02-1 [RN]
203-729-4 [EINECS]
5-17-01-00297 (Beilstein Handbook Reference) [Beilstein]
Furan, thio-
SMB37IQ40B
Thiofen [Czech]
Thiofuran
Thiofurfuran
Thiole
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

06914_FLUKA [DBID]
442802_SUPELCO [DBID]
516694_ALDRICH [DBID]
AI3-15417 [DBID]
AIDS018335 [DBID]
AIDS-018335 [DBID]
BRN 0103222 [DBID]
CCRIS 2935 [DBID]
CHEBI:30856 [DBID]
CP 34 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless to pale yellow liquid Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,nitrates. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      IPR-MUS LD50 100 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      11-20/21/22-36/38-52/53 Alfa Aesar A13941
      16-26-29-33-36/37-61 Alfa Aesar A13941
      3 Alfa Aesar A13941
      9-16-23-26-33-36/37-60-61 Alfa Aesar A13941
      Danger Alfa Aesar A13941
      Danger Biosynth Q-100055
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, causes CNS injury, lung & eye irritation Alfa Aesar A13941
      GHS02; GHS05; GHS06; GHS08 Biosynth Q-100055
      H225; H302; H315; H318; H331; H335; H340; H350; H373 Biosynth Q-100055
      H225-H331-H302-H312-H315-H319-H412 Alfa Aesar A13941
      Highly Flammable/Harmful/Irritant/Keep Cold SynQuest 5H66-1-07
      Irritant/Highly Flammable SynQuest 5H66-1-07
      P201; P210; P261; P280; P305+P351+P338; P311 Biosynth Q-100055
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A13941
      Safety glasses, good ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Chemical Class:

      A monocyclic heteroarene that is furan in which the oxygen atom is replaced by a sulfur. ChEBI CHEBI:30856
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      705 (estimated with error: 46) NIST Spectra mainlib_291513, replib_531, replib_19355, replib_227709
      668 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 43(1), 1994, 64-69, In original 70-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      670 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DC-200; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., , 1966, 28-31.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      671 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DC-200; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      694 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 45(1), 2004, 144-150., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Carrier gas: He or N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 40(4), 1985, 576-586, In original 709-720., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Substrate: Chromosorb W, AW/DMS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 11, 1978, 2271-2274, In original 2543-2547.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      674.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      679.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      686.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.1 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kovats retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 1007, 2003, 117-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      685.3 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      683 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      686 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      675 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mikhailova, T.V.; Gren, A.I.; Vysotskaja, L.E.; Misharina, T.A.; Vitt, S.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Identification of sulphur-organic compounds obtained by thermal treatment of the meat broths in the presence of alkyl-mercaptopropanol, Nahrung, 29(7), 1985, 671-680.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      664.6 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apolane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarjan, G.; Kovats, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 63-83.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      641 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ryba, M., Unlosliche Restfilme er stationaren Flussigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 9(3), 1976, 105-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ryba, M., Unlosliche Restfilme er stationaren Flussigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 9(3), 1976, 105-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      632 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Celite 545; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      693 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.01 in; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarik, K.; Janak, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162 gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kovats retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 65, 1972, 207-215., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 95, 1973, 207-215.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      652 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      690 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1054 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 1 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromaton N-AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 45(1), 2004, 144-150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1039 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 38(3), 1990, 802-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1046 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflussigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 22, 1966, 6-22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      650 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 65, 1993, 3119-3126., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T., Retention Indices in Essential Oil Analysis, in Capillary Gas Chromatography in Essential Oil Analysis, Sandra, P.; Bicchi, C., ed(s), Hutchig Verlag, Heidelberg, New York, 1987, 259-274., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.; Wang, Z.; Zong, B.; Yang, H., Determination of sulfur compounds in fluid catalytic cracking gasoline by gas chromatography with a sulfur chemiluminiscence detector, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 22(3), 2004, 216-219.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      651.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.1 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(0.4min) =>10C/min=> 110C=>20C/min =>260C (1min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: LECO Corporation, Rapid qualitative GC/TOFMS analysis of unleaded gasoline, 2003.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 150 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.-T.; Wang, Z.; Han. J.-H.; Tian, H.-P.; Yang, H.-Y., Determination of sulfur compounds in gasoline fraction of microreactor products by gas chromatography - Atomic emission detector, Petrochemical Technology (Shiyou Huagong), 32(11), 2003, 995-998.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      647 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.-T.; Wang, Z.; Han. J.-H.; Tian, H.-P.; Yang, H.-Y., Determination of sulfur compounds in gasoline fraction of microreactor products by gas chromatography - Atomic emission detector, Petrochemical Technology (Shiyou Huagong), 32(11), 2003, 995-998., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, Y.T.; Yang, H.Y.; Zong, B.N.; Lu, W.Z., determination and distribution of sulfur compounds in gasoline by gas chromatography-atomic emission detector, Chinise J. Anal. Chem. (Fenxi Huaxue), 31(10), 2003, 1153-1158.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      643.23 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 24(6), 1999, 729-732.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      685 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      651 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35(1)-10^ -> 55-25^ ->250; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nedjma, M.; Maujean, A., Improved chromatographic analysis of volatile sulfur compounds by the static headspace technique on water-alcohol solutions and brandies with chemiluminescence detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 704, 1995, 495-502.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      657.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      653 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G.; Kuznetsova, L.M., Logic Criteria on Prediction of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices from Physico-Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 315(4), 1990, 881-885, In original 881-885.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      644 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP-Sil 5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; van Dalen, A.C.K.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolisates of sulfur-rich kerogenes, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; Kock-van Dalen, A.C.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenk, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolysates of sulphur-rich kerogens, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      645 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP-Sil 5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; van Dalen, A.C.K.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenck, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolisates of sulfur-rich kerogenes, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Damste, J.S.S.; Kock-van Dalen, A.C.; de Leeuw, J.W.; Schenk, P.A., Identification of homologous series of alkylated thiophenes, thiolanes, thianes and benzothiophenes present in pyrolysates of sulphur-rich kerogens, J. Chromatogr., 435, 1988, 435-452.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      655 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l'initiative du IX., , 1962, 132-140.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      665 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Begnaud, F.; Peres, C.; Berdague, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 83(10), 2003, 837-849.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      667 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C =>4C/min =>130C => 8C/min =>250 C (10min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 60, 2003, 755-764.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      676.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 86.3 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: RTX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chen, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Effects of carosine on volatile generation from Maillard reaction of ribose and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2372-2376.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      694 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Finkelstein, E.E.; Kurbatova, S.V.; Kolosova, E.A., Study of biological activity of structure analogies of adamantane, Proc. Samara State Univ., 26(4), 2002, 121-128.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      680 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Luo, J.; Agnew, M.P., Gas characteristics before and after biofiltration treating odorous emissions from animal rendering processes, Environ. Technol., 22(9), 2001, 1091-1103.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      660.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 290 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Haney, C.A.; Merkle, J.A.; Larick, D.K., Using GC/MS for the identification of volatile and semi-volatile components in food, MS Application note, 1993, 7.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      677 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 160 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile sulfur-containing compounds generated from the thermal interaction of corn oil and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(11), 1991, 1987-1989.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      700 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 5.6 m; Column type: Packed; Description: 60C(7min), 100C(7min), 150C isothermal; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon M; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW/DMCS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Medvedyev, F.A., Volatile sulfur containing compounds in simulated meat flavour and their comparison with the constituents of natural aroma, Nahrung, 27(3), 1983, 237-249.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      693 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Apiezon L; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kavan, I., Analysis of odorants, Sbornik Praci UVP, 26, 1973, 128-144, In original 128-144.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1024 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1026 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1035 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 65, 1993, 3119-3126., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., Study of meat volatiles associated with aroma generated in a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 24(4), 1976, 843-846., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1054 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Finkelstein, E.E.; Kurbatova, S.V.; Kolosova, E.A., Study of biological activity of structure analogies of adamantane, Proc. Samara State Univ., 26(4), 2002, 121-128.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1021 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Pena, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5437-5444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1364-1369., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 190 C; Start time: 6 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: HP-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 82, 2002, 840-847.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1041 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 34 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schluter, S.; Steinhart, H.; Schwarz, F.J.; Kirchgessner, M., Changes in the odorants of boiled carp fillet (Cyprinus carpio L.) as affected by increasing methionine levels in feed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5146-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      995 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 34 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schluter, S.; Steinhart, H.; Schwarz, F.J.; Kirchgessner, M., Changes in the odorants of boiled carp fillet (Cyprinus carpio L.) as affected by increasing methionine levels in feed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5146-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 2212-2218.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1032 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., Study of meat volatiles associated with aroma generated in a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 24(4), 1976, 843-846., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1034 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 25(1), 1977, 109-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1015 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 200 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of some sulfur chemicals present in two model systems approximating cooked meat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(1), 1973, 43-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1016.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 200 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of some sulfur chemicals present in two model systems approximating cooked meat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(1), 1973, 43-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1018.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 200 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of some sulfur chemicals present in two model systems approximating cooked meat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(1), 1973, 43-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1020 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 200 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mussinan, C.J.; Katz, I., Isolation and identification of some sulfur chemicals present in two model systems approximating cooked meat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(1), 1973, 43-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1029.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.03 in; Column length: 500 ft; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wilson, R.A.; Mussinan, C.J.; Katz, I.; Sanderson, A., Isolation and identification of some sulfur chemicals present in pressure-cooked beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 21(5), 1973, 873-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      649 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      658 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 43(1), 1994, 64-69, In original 70-75.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      668 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Beletsky, I.V., Sorption properties of heterocyclic compounds differing by heteroatom in capillary gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 42(7), 1993, 1167-1170, In original 1224-1227.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      648 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Chien, M.; Ho.C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds obtained from thermal degradation of cysteine and glutathione in water, J. Agric. Food Chem., 36(5), 1988, 992-996., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      650 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Formation of meatlike aroma compounds from thermal reaction of inosine 5'-monophosphate with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1145-1148.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      646 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermnal interaction of 2,4-decadienal with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(4), 1989, 1016-1020.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      672 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1427-1436.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      703 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Mega 5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Condurso, C.; Verzera, A.; Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Trozzi, A.; Ragusa, S., The leaf volatile constituents of Isatis tinctoria by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Planta Medica, 72, 2006, 924-928.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      661 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>5C/min=>100C=>4C/min=>230C(10min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis of Cv. Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Cv. Evergreen (R. Iaciniatus L.) blackberries, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3436-3441., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>5C/min => 100C=>4C/min=> 230C (10min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Klesk, K.; Qian, M.; Martin, R.R., Aroma extract dilution analysis of cv. meeker (Rubus idaeus L.) red raspberries from Oregon and Washington, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5155-5161.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      673 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1126-1132.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      665 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1885-1894.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      626 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 0C(5min) => 40C/min =>40C (2min) => 4C/min =>280C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP-Sil 8CB-MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 55, 2000, 149-159.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      671 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 905, 2000, 233-240.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      636 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: oC(5min) =>60C/min => 60C (5min) =>4C/min =>250C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 3497-3506.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1022 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(8min) =>4C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>160C=>20C/min =>200C(1min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 39, 2007, 563-572., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1028 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>10C/min =>80C =>2C/min =>240C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Condurso, C.; Verzera, A.; Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Trozzi, A.; Ragusa, S., The leaf volatile constituents of Isatis tinctoria by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Planta Medica, 72, 2006, 924-928., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Carbowax 40M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 34(9/10), 1992, 497-501.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1034 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (2min) =>5C/min => 100C=>4C/min=> 230C (10min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Klesk, K.; Qian, M.; Martin, R.R., Aroma extract dilution analysis of cv. meeker (Rubus idaeus L.) red raspberries from Oregon and Washington, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5155-5161.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1030 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=>5C/min=>100C=>4C/min=>230C(10min); CAS no: 110021; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis of Cv. Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Cv. Evergreen (R. Iaciniatus L.) blackberries, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3436-3441.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1017 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rosten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Ols, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universitat Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1023 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110021; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds produced from peanut oil heated with different amounts of cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(8), 1994, 1743-1746.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 84.2±9.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 81.7±0.1 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 31.5±0.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -1.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.537
Molar Refractivity: 24.6±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.90
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.71
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 11.80
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 203.66
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.71
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 11.80
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 203.66
Polar Surface Area: 28 Å2
Polarizability: 9.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 33.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 78.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.81
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.81
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  113.93  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -45.67  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  73.8  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -39.4 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  84 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  7.97E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  3654
       log Kow used: 1.81 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  3010 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  3601.3 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  3010.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Thiophenes

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.93E-003  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
   Exper Database: 2.92E-03  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.236E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.81  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -0.923  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  2.733
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7075
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8598
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0132  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7263  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4947
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6404
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.4544
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   1.1785
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :  15.0828

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.06E+004 Pa (79.7 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 2.733
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.82E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.33E-010 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1.02E-008 
       Mackay model           :  2.26E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.06E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   9.5300 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.122 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    13.468 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1.64E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  89.71
      Log Koc:  1.953 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.694 (BCF = 4.94)
       log Kow used: 1.81 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.00292 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:       1.12  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      89.13  hours   (3.714 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              54.45  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.05  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.15  percent
    Total to Air:               53.25  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       19.7            26.9         1000       
   Water     58.3            360          1000       
   Soil      21.8            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.171           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 112 hr




                    

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