ChemSpider 2D Image | Piperidine | C5H11N

Piperidine

  • Molecular FormulaC5H11N
  • Average mass85.147 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass85.089149 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7791

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110-89-4 [RN]
Piperidin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Piperidine [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pipéridine [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Piperidine [UN2401] [Corrosive]
(±)-2-Piperidinecarboxylate
(±)-2-Piperidinecarboxylic acid
(±)-Pipecolate
(±)-Pipecolic acid
(±)-Pipecolinate
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

UN 2401 [DBID]
104094_SIAL [DBID]
33537_RIEDEL [DBID]
411027_ALDRICH [DBID]
571261_SIAL [DBID]
643602_ALDRICH [DBID]
80640_FLUKA [DBID]
80645_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-01231 [DBID]
AI3-24114 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colourless to pale yellow liquid; Ammoniacal, fishy, nauseating aroma Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Piperidine
    • Safety:

      11-23/24-34 Alfa Aesar A12442
      16-26-27-45 Alfa Aesar A12442
      8 Alfa Aesar A12442
      Danger Alfa Aesar A12442
      DANGER: CORROSIVE, FLAMMABLE, burns skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A12442
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, CORROSIVE, burns skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A12442
      H225-H311-H331-H314 Alfa Aesar A12442
      P210-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P361-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A12442
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      865 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_228351, replib_113190, replib_379780
      769 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 49(2), 2000, 325-328.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      771 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 110 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.40 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L.; Golovnya, R.V.; Kuzmenko, T.E., The regularities of the gas-chromatographic behavior of methyl-substituted N-alkylpiperidines, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 42(10), 1993, 1677-1679, In original 1754-1757.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      764 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2.4 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromaton W AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Litvinenko, G.S.; Isakova, L.A.; Rubanyk, N.N., Quantitative correlation between structure of stereoisomeric saturated cyclic compounds and gas-chromatographic retention indices. I. Methysubstituted, Izv. AN Kaz. SSR, Ser. Khim., , 1988, 54-66, In original 54-66.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      775 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Ar; Substrate: Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelfluchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 33, 1984, 6-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.5 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ramsey, J.D.; Lee, T.D.; Osselton, M.D.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 296 non-drug substances on SE-30 or OV-1 likely to be encountered in toxicological analyses, J. Chromatogr., 184, 1980, 185-206.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      742 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      751 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      761 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PMS-100; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      762 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsar, Z.; Kovats, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 904, 2000, 211-242., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: C78, Branched paraffin; Substrate: Chromosorb G HP; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 609, 1992, 229-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      766 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 3.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 130 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: Apolane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 555, 1991, 191-204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      770 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 2.7 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: Apiezon L; Carrier gas: N2 or He; Substrate: Chromosorb G, AW; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zhuravleva, I.L.; Kapustin, Yu.P.; Golovnya, P.B., Retention indices of some isoaliphatic and heterocyclic nitrogenous bases, Zh. Anal. Khim., 31, 1976, 1378-1380.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1074 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1088 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1097 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 152 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1100 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1115 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 179 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1125 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: PEG-2000; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., , 1973, 51-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      767 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Farkas, O.; Heberger, K.; Zenkevich, I.G., Quantitative structure-retention relationships. XIV. Prediction of gas chromatographic retention indices for saturated O-, N-, and S-heterocyclic compounds, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 72, 2004, 173-184.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      750 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      755 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      790 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1042 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      775 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Supelcoport and Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1049 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 110894; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.8±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 106.4±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 28.3±0.2 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 34.5±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 4.4±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.429
Molar Refractivity: 26.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.93
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -2.09
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -1.77
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 12 Å2
Polarizability: 10.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 26.7±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 102.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.19
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.84
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  127.91  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -24.69  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  28.7  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -11.03 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  106.2 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  3.21E+01 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  2.494e+005
       log Kow used: 0.84 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1e+006 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  4.5807e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  1000000.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.72E-005  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   4.25E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 4.45E-06  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.289E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.84  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.740  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  4.580
      Log Koa (experimental database):  4.040

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8608
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9483
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0354  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7682  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5907
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7242
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.4133
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  4.28E+003 Pa (32.1 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Exp database): 4.040
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  7.01E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.69E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  2.53E-008 
       Mackay model           :  5.61E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.15E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  88.6072 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.121 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.449 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 4.07E-008 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  93.39
      Log Koc:  1.970 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.84 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  4.45E-006 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:      122.3  hours   (5.098 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       1412  hours   (58.84 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.12  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.78  percent
    Total to Air:                0.25  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.44            2.9          1000       
   Water     45.5            360          1000       
   Soil      54              720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0887          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 339 hr




                    

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