ChemSpider 2D Image | Maltol | C6H6O3

Maltol

  • Molecular FormulaC6H6O3
  • Average mass126.110 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass126.031693 Da
  • ChemSpider ID8066

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Featured data source



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118-71-8 [RN]
3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4H-pyran-4-on [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-Hydroxy-2-méthyl-4H-pyran-4-one [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone
3-Hydroxy-2-methyl-g-pyrone
4H-Pyran-4-one, 3-hydroxy-2-methyl- [ACD/Index Name]
Maltol [Wiki]
[118-71-8]
108817-35-2 [RN]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

55849_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-18547 [DBID]
AIDS009883 [DBID]
AIDS-009883 [DBID]
bmse000538 [DBID]
BRN 0112169 [DBID]
C11918 [DBID]
CCRIS 3467 [DBID]
DivK1c_006539 [DBID]
FEMA No. 2656 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1063 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_233673, replib_2557, replib_156029, replib_290674
      1092.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.35 mm; Column length: 40 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 0.35 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 779, 1997, 287-297.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1130 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Viani, R.; Muggler-Chavan, F.; Reymond, D.; Egli, R.H., 196. Sur la composition de l'arome de cafe, Helv. Chim. Acta, 48(195-196), 1965, 1809-1815.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1105 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1100.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Petro 100; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lu, X.; Cai, J.; Kong, H.; Wu, M.; Hua, R.; Zhao, M.; Liu, J.; Xu, G., Analysis of cigarette smoke condensates by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. I. Acidic fraction, Anal. Chem., 75(17), 2003, 4441-4451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1086 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C=>20C/min=>85C=>1C/min=>145C=3C/min=>250C(30min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2385-2391.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1070 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Friedrich, J.E.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Selecting standards for gas chromatography - olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 148-155.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1092.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 260 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: RTX-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Restek, Restek International, 1999 Product Guide, 1(1), 1999, 578-591, In original 578-591.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1104 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1085 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2260-2265.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 275 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ralph, J.; Hatfield, R.D., Pyrolisys-GC-MS Characterization of Forage Materials, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39, 1991, 1426-1437.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1122 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 9 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production - influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(6), 2009, 2385-2391.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1139 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>3C/min=>95C=>10C/min=>270C(10min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Aguirrezabal, M.; Dominguez, C.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in Spanish paprika, J. Food Comp. Anal., 10, 1997, 225-232., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 295 C; Start time: 1.5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SLB-5MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 617, 2008, 72-84.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1109 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: Elite-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tava, A.; Pecetti, L.; Ricci, M.; Pagnotta, M.A.; Russi, L., Volatile compounds from leaves and flowers of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. (Fabaceae) from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 363-370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1110 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Samad, A.K.M.E.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Cocoa substitute: Evaluation of sensory qualities and flavour stability, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 223, 2006, 125-131.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1118 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim, M.R.; Abd El-Aty, A.M.; Kim, I.S.; Shim, J.H., Determination of volatile flavor components in danggui cultivars by solvent free injection and hydrodistillation followed by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis, J. Chromatogr. A, 1116, 2006, 259-264.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1115.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moldoveanu, S.C., Pyrolysis GC/MS, present and future (recent past and present needs), J. Microcolumn Sep., 13(3), 2001, 102-125.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1112 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(11), 1991, 1972-1975., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique, in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s), 1998, 225-243.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1111 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) =>6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schermann, P.; Schieberle, P., Evaluation of key odorants in milk chocolate and cocoa mass by aroma extract dilution analyses, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 867-872.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1998 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2003 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2004 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; End time: 70 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(13), 2009, 5823-5831., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods. Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Food Chem., 83, 2003, 619-629., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, , 9999, 1-11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1947 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 180 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SOLGel-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shu, N.; Shen, H., Aroma-impact compounds in Lysimachia foenum-graecum extracts, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 1-6.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1965 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SOLGel-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shu, N.; Shen, H., Aroma-impact compounds in Lysimachia foenum-graecum extracts, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 1-6.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1959 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 44 0C ^ 3 0C/min -> 170 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Hydrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gonzalez-Rios, O.; Suarez-Quiroz, M.L.; Boulanger, R.; Barel, M.; Guyot, B.; Guiraud, J.-P.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Impact of "ecological" post-harvest processing of coffee aroma: II Roasted coffee., J. Food Composition & Analysis, 20, 2007, 297-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2006 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 45 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 225, 2007, 9-19.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1964 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 2007, 523-531.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1968 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1988 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Viegas, M.C.; Bassoli, D.G., Utilizacao do indice de retencao linear para caracterizacao de compostos volateis em cafe soluvel utilizando GC-MS e coluna HP-Innowax, Quim. Nova, 30(8), 2007, 2031-2034.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1977 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kishimoto, T.; Wanikawa, A.; Kono, K.; Shibata, K., Comparison of the Odor-Active Compounds in Unhopped Beer and Beers Hopped with Different Hop Varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8855-8861.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1980 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 19, 2004, 183-187., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Masuda, H., Identification of potent odorants in Japanese green tea (Sen-cha), J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5169-5172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1981 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yanagimoto, K.; Ochi, H.; Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activities of fractions obtained from brewed coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 592-596., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kumazawa, K.; Masuda, H., Identification of potent odorants in Japanese green tea (Sen-cha), J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 5169-5172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1985 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 40 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yanagimoto, K.; Ochi, H.; Lee, K.-G.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activities of fractions obtained from brewed coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 592-596.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1965.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C =>3C/min =>230C(25min) =>10C/min => 270C (21min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cadahia, E.; Fernandez de Simon, B.; Jalocha, J., Volatile compounds in Spanish, French, and American oak woods after natural seasoning and toasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 5923-5932.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1983 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 50 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lu, X.; Cai, J.; Kong, H.; Wu, M.; Hua, R.; Zhao, M.; Liu, J.; Xu, G., Analysis of cigarette smoke condensates by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. I. Acidic fraction, Anal. Chem., 75(17), 2003, 4441-4451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1974 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1954 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wei, A.; Mura, K.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile chemicals extracted from beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 4097-4101., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ducruet, V.; Fournier, N.; Saillard, P.; Feigenbaum, A.; Guichard, E., Influence of packaging on the aroma stability of strawberry syrup during shelf life, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2290-2297.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1960 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Additional studies on flavor components of corn tortilla chips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7), 1998, 2764-2769., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Orts, W.J.; Takeoka, G.R.; Nam, Y., Volatile flavor components of rice cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 4353-4356.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1958 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>6C/min =>230C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zehentbauer, G.; Grosch, W., Crust aroma of baguettes. I. Key odorants of baguettes prepared in two different ways, J. Cereal Science, 28, 1998, 81-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1961 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) =>6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schermann, P.; Schieberle, P., Evaluation of key odorants in milk chocolate and cocoa mass by aroma extract dilution analyses, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 867-872., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cutzach, I.; Chatonnet, P.; Henry, R.; Dubourdieu, D., Identification of volatile compounds with a "Toasty" aroma in heated oak used in barrelmaking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 2217-2224.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1973 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sekiwa, Y.; Kubota, K.; Kobayashi, A., Characteristic flavor components in the brew of cooked clam (Meretrix lusoria) and the effect of storage on flavor formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 826-830.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1925 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C=>40C/min =>60C(2min) =>4C/min =>240C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of rye bread crust - differences from the crumb and from wheat bread crust, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 198, 1994, 292-296.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2012.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: Carbowax 20M-TPA; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Gas Chrom P (60-80 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fiddler, W.; Doerr, R.C.; Wasserman, A.E., Composition of an ether-soluble fraction of a liquid smoke solution, J. Agric. Food Chem., 18(2), 1970, 310-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1133 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 25 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lozano P.R.; Drake M.; Benitez D.; Cadwallader K.R., Instrumental and sensory characterization of heat-induced odorants in aseptically packaged soy milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3018-3026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1060 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Avsar, Y.K.; Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.A.; Singh, T.K.; Yoon, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of nutty flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 1999-2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1114 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: ZB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bell, W.A.-M., Examination of Aroma Volatiles Formed from Thermal Processing of Florida Reconstituted Grapefruit Juice. A Thesis presented to the graduate school of the university of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1088 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Vlahovich, K.N.; Drake, M.A.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characteristic aroma components of rennet casein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6797-6801., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2948-2953., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahajan, S.S.; Goddik, L.; Qian, M.C., Aroma Compounds in Sweet Whey Powder, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 4057-4063.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1141 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>10C/min=>60C =3C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C (5min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boue, S.M.; Shih, B.Y.; Carter-Wientjes, C.H.; Cleveland, T.E., Identification of volatile compounds in soybean at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 4873-4876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 305-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1110 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>180C 20C/min => 240C(10min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zimmermann, M.; Schieberle, P., Important odorants of sweet bell pepper powder (Capsicum annuum cv. annuum): differences between samples of Hungarian and Morrocan origin, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 211, 2000, 175-180., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) =>4C/min =>150C=> 10C/min =>240C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fickert, B.; Schieberle, P., Identification of the key odorants in barley malt (caramalt) using GC/MS techniques and odour dilution analyses, Nahrung, 42(6), 1998, 371-375., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) =>6C/min =>150C =>10C/min =>230C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: SE-54; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, W.; Hoffmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of 3,4-dihydroxy-3-hexen-2,5-dione as the first open-chain caramel-like smelling flavor compound, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 213, 2001, 104-106., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5 0C (0.5 min) -> (1 min) 60 0C (5 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beal, A.D.; Mottram, D.S., Compounds contributing to the characteristic aroma of malted barley, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(12), 1994, 2880-2884.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1098 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 290 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: da Silva, U.F.; Borba, E.L.; Semir, J.; Marsaioli, A.J., A simple solid injection device for the analyses of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) volatiles, Phytochemistry, 50, 1999, 31-34.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2019 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 25 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Lozano P.R.; Drake M.; Benitez D.; Cadwallader K.R., Instrumental and sensory characterization of heat-induced odorants in aseptically packaged soy milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3018-3026.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1965 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1418-1426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1967 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Steinhaus, P.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the key aroma compounds in soy sauce using approaches of molecular sensory science, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 6262-6269.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1975 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C=>3C/min => 100C => 5C/min =>240C(10min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: Stabilwax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Natali N.; Chinnici F.; Riponi C., Characterization of volatiles in extracts from oak chips obtained by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE), J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8190-8198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1961 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonvehi, J.S., Investigation of aromatic compounds in roasted cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 221, 2005, 19-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1943 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 305-312., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Avsar, Y.K.; Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.A.; Singh, T.K.; Yoon, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of nutty flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 1999-2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1991 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Avsar, Y.K.; Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.A.; Singh, T.K.; Yoon, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of nutty flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 1999-2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2002 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bell, W.A.-M., Examination of Aroma Volatiles Formed from Thermal Processing of Florida Reconstituted Grapefruit Juice. A Thesis presented to the graduate school of the university of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2012 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahajan, S.S.; Goddik, L.; Qian, M.C., Aroma Compounds in Sweet Whey Powder, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 4057-4063.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1963 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Vlahovich, K.N.; Drake, M.A.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characteristic aroma components of rennet casein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6797-6801.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1949 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 305-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1996 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Wu, Y.-F.G.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of the aroma of a meatlike process flavoring from soybean-based enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable protein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2900-2907.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1953 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 225 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zhou, Q.; Wintersteen, C.L.; Cadwallader, K.R., Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 2016-2021.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2000 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) =>40C/min =>60C=> 6C/min =>230C (10min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Fickert, B.; Schieberle, P., Identification of the key odorants in barley malt (caramalt) using GC/MS techniques and odour dilution analyses, Nahrung, 42(6), 1998, 371-375., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(1min) =>40C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>230C; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Engel, W.; Hoffmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of 3,4-dihydroxy-3-hexen-2,5-dione as the first open-chain caramel-like smelling flavor compound, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 213, 2001, 104-106.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1978 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2948-2953.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1969 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1803-1809.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1995 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C =>6C/min =>180C 20C/min => 240C(10min); CAS no: 118718; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zimmermann, M.; Schieberle, P., Important odorants of sweet bell pepper powder (Capsicum annuum cv. annuum): differences between samples of Hungarian and Morrocan origin, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 211, 2000, 175-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1968 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 195 C; End time: 90 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 1999, 2690-2696., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 118718; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Minegishi, Y.; Osajima, Y., Isolation and identification of volatile flavor compounds in nonfermented coarse-cut sausage. Flavor as a quality factor of nonfermented sausage. 1, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(4), 1993, 647-652.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.3±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 284.7±40.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±1.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 60.8±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 127.3±20.8 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.561
Molar Refractivity: 30.3±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 3
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.08
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 0.02
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 24.36
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.02
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 22.20
Polar Surface Area: 47 Å2
Polarizability: 12.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 51.8±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 93.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  -0.19
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.09
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1993)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  267.24  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  60.20  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  4.28E-005  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  161.5 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.00108 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  7.976e+004
       log Kow used: 0.09 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  1.09e+004 mg/L (15 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  4574 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  10900.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Vinyl/Allyl Ketones
       Vinyl/Allyl Ethers
       Vinyl/Allyl Alcohols

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   6.54E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  8.904E-011 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  0.09  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -3.573  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  3.663
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.5057
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.1756
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0493  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7633  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.6301
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.6664
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.0931
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.144 Pa (0.00108 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 3.663
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.08E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.13E-009 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000752 
       Mackay model           :  0.00166 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  9.04E-008 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  50.0560 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.214 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     2.564 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =     1.312500 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.873 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     20.955 Hrs
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.00121 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1
      Log Koc:  0.000 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 0.09 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  6.54E-006 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      101.7  hours   (4.237 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :       1203  hours   (50.14 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.21  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.75  percent
    Total to Air:                0.37  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.657           4.12         1000       
   Water     48              360          1000       
   Soil      51.2            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0889          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 326 hr




                    

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