ChemSpider 2D Image | Amyl isovalerate | C10H20O2

Amyl isovalerate

  • Molecular FormulaC10H20O2
  • Average mass172.265 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass172.146332 Da
  • ChemSpider ID86646

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1-Pentyl isovalerate
246-954-3 [EINECS]
3-Méthylbutanoate de pentyle [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Amyl isovalerate
Butanoic acid, 3-methyl-, pentyl ester [ACD/Index Name]
Isovaleric acid, pentyl ester
Isovaleric acid, pentyl ester (8CI)
N-AMYL ISOVALERATE
Pentyl 3-methylbutanoate [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Pentyl 3-methylbutyrate
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

76677_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-33587 [DBID]
NSC 46107 [DBID]
NSC46107 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1118 (estimated with error: 47) NIST Spectra mainlib_118253, replib_284988, replib_131977, replib_249292
      1121 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Srisukh, D., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XV. Molecular retention indices of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 219, 1981, 45-52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1112 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celaton (62-72 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 101, 1974, 103-123., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 158, 1978, 43-56.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1125 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 12 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite 560; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 43, 1969, 33-42., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1107 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(5min) =>2C/min =>140C= 5C/min =>250C(5min); CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tuberoso, C.I.G.; Kowalczyk, A.; Coroneo, V.; Russo, M.T.; Dessi, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical Composition and Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Antifungal Activities of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All., J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 10148-10153.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 32, 2004, 735-745.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1341 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 3 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques satures. Relations retention-structure et prevision de la retention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., , 1974, 1852-1856.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1112 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 72, 2007, 1307-1315.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ricci, D.; Fraternale, D.; Giamperi, L.; Bucchini, A.; Epifano, F.; Burini, G.; Curini, M., Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Teucrium marum (Lamiaceae), J. Ethnopharmacol., 98, 2005, 195-200.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1135 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1108 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Masotti, V.; Juteau, F.; Bessiere, J.M.; Viano, J., Seasonal and phenological variations of the essential oil from the narrow endemic species Artemisia molinieri and its biological activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 7115-7121., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 24, 2008, 25-30.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1155 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1100 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ozcan, M.M.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Arslan, D.; Ates, A.; Unver, A., Comparative Essential Oil Composition and Antifungal Effect of Bitter Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ssp. piperitum) Fruit Oils Obtained During Different Vegetation, J. Medicinal Food, 9(4), 2006, 552-561.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1148 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 94, 2006, 394-398.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1111 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wang, H.; Guo, Y.; Zhang, Z.; An, D., Fast analysis of volatile compounds in natural essences by automatic Static-Headspace-GC-MS, J. Instrum. Anal. (Chinese), 23(1), 2004, 9-13.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1106 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bicalho, B.; Pereira, A.S.; Aquino Neto, F.R.; Pinto, A.C.; Rezende, C.M., Application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew applie (Anacardium occidentale L. Var. nanum) volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1167-1174.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1303 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (10 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) ^ 1 0C/min -> 240 0C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kaya, A.; Benirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Micromorphology of glandular trichomes of Nepeta congesta Fisch. & Mey. var. congesta (LAmiaceae) and chemical analysis of the essential oils, South African J. Botany, 73, 2007, 29-34., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) => 1C/min =>240C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tunalier, Z.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C., The composition of essential oils from various parts of Juniperus foetidissima, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 38(1), 2002, 43-47, In original 35-38.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1350 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1337 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1093 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min =>200C => 10C/min => 280C; CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1140-1149.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1119 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C =>6C/min =>210C =>10C/min =>290C (20min); CAS no: 25415627; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Eyres, G.T.; Marriott, P.J.; Dufour, J.-P., Comparison of Odor-Active Compounds in the Spicy Fraction of Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) Essential Oil from Four Different Varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 6252-6261.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 195.7±8.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.4±0.4 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 43.2±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 71.4±8.3 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.421
Molar Refractivity: 50.1±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 7
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.71
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.60
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 320.82
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 2165.64
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.60
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 320.82
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 2165.64
Polar Surface Area: 26 Å2
Polarizability: 19.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 27.5±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 197.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.74

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  198.83  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -20.47  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.382  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  38.59
       log Kow used: 3.74 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  76.515 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Esters

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   1.27E-003  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.51E-003  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.244E-003 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.74  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  -1.285  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  5.025
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9481
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9985
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.2570  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.0972  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.7410
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.8913
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.4156
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  46.7 Pa (0.35 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 5.025
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  6.43E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.6E-008 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  2.32E-006 
       Mackay model           :  5.14E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.08E-006 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   9.0572 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.181 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    14.171 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 3.73E-006 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  211.9
      Log Koc:  2.326 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
  Total Kb for pH > 8 at 25 deg C :  1.430E-002  L/mol-sec
  Kb Half-Life at pH 8:       1.536  years  
  Kb Half-Life at pH 7:      15.360  years  

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 2.178 (BCF = 150.6)
       log Kow used: 3.74 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.00151 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:      1.848  hours
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      130.2  hours   (5.426 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              48.05  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.17  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    16.40  percent
    Total to Air:               31.47  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       5.29            28.3         1000       
   Water     20.3            208          1000       
   Soil      73.5            416          1000       
   Sediment  0.972           1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 255 hr




                    

Click to predict properties on the Chemicalize site