ChemSpider 2D Image | Acridine | C13H9N

Acridine

  • Molecular FormulaC13H9N
  • Average mass179.217 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass179.073502 Da
  • ChemSpider ID8860

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10-azaanthracene
260-94-6 [RN]
Acridin [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Acridine [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name] [Wiki]
Acridine [French] [ACD/Index Name] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
dibenzo[b,e]pyridine
[260-94-6]
2,3,5,6-Dibenzopyridine
2,3-benzoquinoline
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

CHEBI:36420 [DBID]
UN 2713 [DBID]
01640_FLUKA [DBID]
A23609_SIAL [DBID]
AC-907/21098007 [DBID]
AI3-15279 [DBID]
AIDS001427 [DBID]
AIDS-001427 [DBID]
BRN 0120200 [DBID]
CCRIS 1636 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      20/21/22-37/38-41-51/53 Alfa Aesar L01657
      22-36/37/38-68 Alfa Aesar L01657
      26-36/37/39-61 Alfa Aesar L01657
      26-36/37-60 Alfa Aesar L01657
      6.1 Alfa Aesar L01657
      DANGER: POISON, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar L01657
      GHS07 Biosynth J-200084
      H302 Biosynth J-200084
      H341-H302-H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar L01657
      HARMFUL / IRRITANT Alfa Aesar L01657
      Harmful/Irritant/Lachrymatory SynQuest 3H32-1-5D
      P261-P280-P281-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar L01657
      Warning Alfa Aesar L01657
      Warning Biosynth J-200084
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1776 (estimated with error: 83) NIST Spectra mainlib_113372, replib_7344, replib_228352, replib_228452
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      303.18 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Blanco, C.G.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Guillen, M.D., Capillary gas chromatography of some polycyclic aromatic compounds on several stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 465, 1989, 378-385.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      308.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Tucminen, A.; Wickstrom, K.; Pyysalo, H., Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds by GLC-Selected Ion Monitoring (SIM) Technique, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., , 1986, 469-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      290 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Wang, S.-F.; Liu, B.-Z.; Sun, K.-J.; Su, Q.-D., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed during the pyrolysis of phenylalanine, J. Chromatogr. A, 1025, 2004, 255-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      303.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Durlak, S.K.; Biswas, P.; Shi, J.; Bernhard, M.J., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon particulate and gaseous emissions from polystyrene combustion, Environ. Sci. Technol., 32, 1998, 2301-2307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      302.98 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Iglesias, M.J.; Dominguez, A.; Blanco, C.G., Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon retention indices on SE-54 stationary phase of the volatile components of a coal tar pitch. Relationships between chromatographic retention and thermal reactivity, J. Chromatogr., 591, 1992, 287-295.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      304.04 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Hasegawa, K.; Usami, S.; Higashide, A., Analysis of amino polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic nitrogen heterocycles, Nippon Kagaku Kaishi, , 1990, 777-788., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 1-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      304.15 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Hasegawa, K.; Usami, S.; Higashide, A., Analysis of amino polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic nitrogen heterocycles, Nippon Kagaku Kaishi, , 1990, 777-788.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      303.99 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      303.52 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Schmitter, J.M.; Ignatiadis, I.; Guiochon, G., Capillary gas chromatography of azaarenes. II. Application to petroleum nitrogen bases, J. Chromatogr., 248, 1982, 203-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      301.94 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 265 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 252, 1982, 1-20.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      304.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.34 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 51(6), 1979, 768-773.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1771.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Katritzky, A.R.; Ignatchenko, E.S.; Barcock, R.A.; Lobanov, V.S.; Karelson, M., Prediction of gas chromatographic retention times and response factors using a general quantitative structure -- property relationship treatment, Anal. Chem., 66, 1994, 1799-1807.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1778 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35(5)-25^ ->130(4)-25^ ->240(4)-25^ -> 280(7); CAS no: 260946; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Johansen, S.S.; Hansen, A.B.; Mosbaek, H.; Arvin, E., Method development for trace analysis of heteroaromatic compounds in contaminated groundwater, J. Chromatogr. A, 738, 1996, 295-304.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1805.1 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (1 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 130 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 260 0C (20 min); CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Onuska, F.I.; Terry, K.A., Identification and quantitative analysis of nigrogen-containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 12, 1989, 362-367.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1798.7 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (1 min) ^ 10 0C/min -> 130 0C ^ 6 0C/min -> 260 0C (20 min); CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Onuska, F.I.; Terry, K.A., Identification and quantitative analysis of nigrogen-containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 12, 1989, 362-367.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1801.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schmitter, J.M.; Ignatiadis, I.; Guiochon, G., Capillary gas chromatography of azaarenes. II. Application to petroleum nitrogen bases, J. Chromatogr., 248, 1982, 203-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1784 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C(2min)=>(20C/min)=>120C=>(7C/min)=>310C(10min); CAS no: 260946; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yasuhara, A.; Shiraishi, H.; Nishikawa, M.; Yamamoto, T.; Uehiro, T.; Nakasugi, O.; Okumura, T.; Kenmotsu, K.; Fukui, H.; Nagase, M.; Ono, Y.; Kawagoshi, Y.; Baba, K.; Noma, Y., Determination of organic components in leachates from hazardous waste disposal sites in Japan by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 774, 1997, 321-332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1819 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 9, 1986, 328-334.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1808 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 33.3 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 320 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 260946; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beernaert, H., Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Polyclylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 173, 1979, 109-118.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.2±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 346.7±11.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.7 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 56.8±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 153.8±11.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.727
Molar Refractivity: 60.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 1
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.40
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.01
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 95.24
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 731.33
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.34
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 200.95
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1543.09
Polar Surface Area: 13 Å2
Polarizability: 23.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 54.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 150.9±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.32
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  3.40
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  333.25  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  100.28  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  2.59E-005  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  108 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  345.5 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.35E-04 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.000894 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  5.383
       log Kow used: 3.40 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  38.4 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  BANWART,WL ET AL. (1982)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  176.02 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  38.40
       Exper. Ref:  BANWART,WL ET AL. (1982)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   6.72E-008  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   3.97E-007  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.135E-006 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.40  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -5.561  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  8.961
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.6622
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.6139
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.8031  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.5892  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.2529
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.1726
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.0228
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.119 Pa (0.000894 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 8.961
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.52E-005 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000224 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.000908 
       Mackay model           :  0.00201 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.0176 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  27.4998 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.389 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     4.667 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.00146 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  2.04E+004
      Log Koc:  4.310 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.918 (BCF = 82.79)
       log Kow used: 3.40 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  3.97E-007 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:       1976  hours   (82.32 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.167E+004  hours   (902.7 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:              10.97  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.17  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:    10.78  percent
    Total to Air:                0.02  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.747           9.33         1000       
   Water     23.7            360          1000       
   Soil      74.7            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.861           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 489 hr




                    

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