ChemSpider 2D Image | Diazepam | C16H13ClN2O

Diazepam

  • Molecular FormulaC16H13ClN2O
  • Average mass284.740 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass284.071655 Da
  • ChemSpider ID2908

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Diazepam [BAN] [INN] [JAN] [USAN] [Wiki]
2H-1,4-Benzodiazepin-2-one, 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl- [ACD/Index Name]
439-14-5 [RN]
7-Chlor-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-on [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
7-Chloro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one [ACD/IUPAC Name]
7-Chloro-1-méthyl-5-phényl-1,3-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzodiazépin-2-one [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
7-Chloro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one
Diacepin
Diazepamu [Polish]
Diazepamum [Latin]
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

LA 111 [DBID]
Org 2447 [DBID]
Wy 3467 [DBID]
A3662/0155188 [DBID]
AIDS001617 [DBID]
AIDS-001617 [DBID]
BRN 0754371 [DBID]
C06948 [DBID]
CB 4261 [DBID]
CCRIS 6009 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      light yellow or cream crystalline powder Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Light-sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 249 mg kg-1, IPR-RAT LD50 47 mg kg-1, ORL-RBT LD50 454 mg kg-1, SCU-MUS LD50 300 mg kg-1, IVN-RAT LD50 32 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      Safety glasses, gloves, adequate ventilation. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Therapeutical Effect:

      minor tranquilzer, sedative Microsource [01900003]
    • Drug Status:

      USP, INN, BAN, JAN Microsource [01900003]
    • Compound Source:

      synthetic Microsource [01900003]
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      2470 (estimated with error: 89) NIST Spectra mainlib_113837, replib_42333, replib_250599, replib_312579, replib_379588
      2440 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 250 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Japp, M.; Garthwaite, K.; Geeson, A.V.; Osselton, M.D., Collection of Analytical Data for Benzodiazepines and Benzophenones, J. Chromatogr., 439, 1988, 317-339., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 13, 1979, 71-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2477 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 250 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Japp, M.; Garthwaite, K.; Geeson, A.V.; Osselton, M.D., Collection of Analytical Data for Benzodiazepines and Benzophenones, J. Chromatogr., 439, 1988, 317-339.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2464 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 275 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Japp, M.; Gill, R.; Osselton, M.D., Comparison of drug retention indices determined on packed, wide bore capillary and narrow bore capillary columns, J. Forensic Sci., 32(6), 1987, 1574-1586.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2475 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 275 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Japp, M.; Gill, R.; Osselton, M.D., Comparison of drug retention indices determined on packed, wide bore capillary and narrow bore capillary columns, J. Forensic Sci., 32(6), 1987, 1574-1586.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2415 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 240 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 154-163.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2438 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column type: Packed; Start T: 210 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Oyama, N.; Sano, T.; Syoyama, M.; Maeda, K., Studies on systematic analysis of poisonous compounds in forensic chemistry. II. Application of capillary column gas chromatography to substance identification by means of retention indices, Eisei Kagaku, 33(5), 1987, 342-348.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2461 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 250 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lora-Tamayo, C.; Rams, M.A.; Chacon, J.M.R., Gas Chromatographic Data for 187 Nitrogen- or Phosphorus-Containing Drugs and Metabolites of Toxicological Interest Analysed on Methyl Silicone Capillary Columns, J. Chromatogr., 374, 1986, 73-85.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2426 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.49 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 275 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Phase thickness: 1.14 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 27(1), 1982, 49-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2439 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.45 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 27(1), 1982, 49-60.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2487 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 250 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schutz, H., Benzodiazepines, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1982, 438.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2460 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 250 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-1; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Berninger, H.; Moller, M.R., Retentionsindices zur gaschromatographischen Identifizierung von Arzneimitteln, Arch. Toxicol., 37, 1977, 295-305.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2480 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb G, AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Berninger, H.; Grunnagel, R.; Mall, S.; Moller, M.R., Gas chromatographic identification of unknown substances from body fluids by menas of retention indices, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 33, 1975, 185-191.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2485 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb G, AW-DMCS; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Berninger, H.; Grunnagel, R.; Mall, S.; Moller, M.R., Gas chromatographic identification of unknown substances from body fluids by menas of retention indices, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 33, 1975, 185-191.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2407 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Moffat, A.C.; Stead, A.H.; Smalldon, K.W., Optimum use of paper, thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography for the identification of basic drugs. III. Gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 90, 1974, 19-33.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      2425 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 5.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bogusz, M.; Bialka, J.; Gierz, J.; Klys, M., Use of short, wide-bore capillary columns in GC toxicological screening, J. Anal. Toxicol., 10(4), 1986, 135-138., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2471 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2425.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 40 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Valentine, J.L.; Middleton, R., GC-MS identification of sympathomimetic amine drugs in urine: rapid methodology applicable for emergency clinical toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 24, 2000, 211-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2429 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.88 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de Zeeuw, R.A.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P., SPEC Disc solid-phase extraction for rapid broad-spectrum drug screening in urine, J. Anal. Toxicol., 24, 2000, 97-101.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2438.4 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 1 min at 140 C; 140-220 C at 50 deg/min; 220-290 C at 10 deg/min; 0.5 min at 290 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Meatherall, R., GC-MS confirmation of codeine, morphine, 6-acetylmorphine, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, oxycodone, and oxymorphone in urine, J. Anal. Toxicol., 23, 1999, 177-186.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2430 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 150 0C (1.5 min) ^ 30 0C/min -> 265 0C (1.2 min) ^ 4 0C/min -> 305 0C (8 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: Ultra-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Raymon, L.P.; Steele, B.W.; Walls, H.C., Benzodiazepines in Miami-Dade County, Florida driving under the influence (DUI) cases (1995-1998) with emphasis on Rohypnol: GC-MS confirmation, patterns of use, psychomotor impairment, and results of Florida legislation, J. Anal. Toxicol., 23, 1999, 490-499., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100 0C (2 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 180 0C ^ 7.5 0C/min -> 280 0C (6 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Phase thickness: 5.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bogusz, M.; Bialka, J.; Gierz, J.; Klys, M., Use of short, wide-bore capillary columns in GC toxicological screening, J. Anal. Toxicol., 10(4), 1986, 135-138.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2432.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 290 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Neill, G.P.; Davies, N.W.; McLean, S., Automated screening procedure using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for identification of drugs after their extraction from biological samples, J. Chromatogr., 565, 1991, 207-224.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2442.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 22 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Manca, D.; Ferron, L.; Weber, J-P., A System for Toxicological Screening by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Use of Drug Retention Index Based on Nitrogen-Containing Reference Compounds, Clin. Chem., 35(4), 1989, 601-607.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2444.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 22 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Manca, D.; Ferron, L.; Weber, J-P., A System for Toxicological Screening by Capillary Gas Chromatography with Use of Drug Retention Index Based on Nitrogen-Containing Reference Compounds, Clin. Chem., 35(4), 1989, 601-607.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2452 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.22 m; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Mixture; Substrate: Chromosorb WHP; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miller, L.G.; Friedman, H.; Greenblatt, D.J., Measurement of clonazepam by electron-capture gas-liquid chromatography with application to single-dose pharmacokinetics, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 55-57.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2434 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 130 0C (0.6 min) ^ 25 0C/min -> 220 0C ^ 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (2 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Ojanpera, I.; Vuori, E., Quantitative screening for benzodiazepines in blood by dual-column gas chromatography and comparison of the results with urine immunoassay, J. Anal. Toxicol., 24, 2000, 46-53., Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W(100-120 mesh); Phase thickness: 0.4 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chiarotti, M.; de Giovanni, N.; Fiori, A., Analysis of Benzodiazepines. I. Chromatographic Identification, J. Chromatogr., 358, 1986, 169-178.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2448 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 200 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb W(100-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chiarotti, M.; de Giovanni, N.; Fiori, A., Analysis of Benzodiazepines. I. Chromatographic Identification, J. Chromatogr., 358, 1986, 169-178.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2404 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2407 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2408 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 120 0X ^ 8 0C/min -> 270 0C ^ 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2410 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 120 0X ^ 8 0C/min -> 270 0C ^ 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bogusz, M.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to systematic toxicological analysis: occurence of concentration-dependent retention behavior, J. Analyt. Toxicol., 7(4), 1983, 188-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2415 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 150 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Gas Chrom P; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 6, 1982, 185-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2417 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2436 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60 0C (2.5 min) ^ 30 0C/min -> 190 0C ^ 7 0C/min -> 295 9C (7 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.48 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bogusz, M.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to systematic toxicological analysis: occurence of concentration-dependent retention behavior, J. Analyt. Toxicol., 7(4), 1983, 188-192.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2448.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 220 C; End T: 270 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-101; Substrate: Chromosorb (100-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Cailleux, A.; Turcant, A.; Premel-Cabic, A.; Allain, P., Identification and Quantitation of Neutral and Basic Drugs in Blood By Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 163-176.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2439 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 240 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Supelcoport (100-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Courtot, D., Research and identification of tranquillizers - use of retention index, J. Sports Med., 10, 1976, 143-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2474 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 260 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-1; Substrate: Supelcoport (100-120 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Courtot, D., Research and identification of tranquillizers - use of retention index, J. Sports Med., 10, 1976, 143-146.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2405 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMS; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can.Soc.Forens.Sci.J., 9(2), 1975, 69-74., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can. Soc. Forens. Sci. J., 9(2), 1976, 69-74.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2443.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BPX-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Song, S.M.; Marriott, P.; Wynne, P., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-quadrupole mass spectrometric analysis of drugs, J. Chromatogr. A, 1058, 2004, 223-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2454.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100 0C (0.4 min) ^ 25 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (10 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: HG-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Kontinen, I.; Nokua, J.; Ojanpera, I.; Vuori, E., Precise gas chromatography with retention time locking in comprehensive toxicological screening for drugs in blood, J. Chromatogr. B, 788, 2003, 243-250.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2444.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 320 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tienpont, B.; David, F.; Stopforth, A.; Sandra, P., Comprehensive Profiling of Drugs of Abuse in Biological Fluids by Stir-Bar Sorptive Extraction-Thermal Desorption-Capillary Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, LCGC Europe, , 2003, 2-10.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2447.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 100 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Amalfitano, G.; Bessard, J.; Vincent, F.; Eysseric, H.; Bessard, G., Gas chromatographic quantitation of dextropropoxyphene and norpropoxyphene in urine after solid-phase extraction, J. Anal. Toxicol., 20, 1996, 547-554.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2451.3 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.17 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lillsunde, P.; Michelson, L.; Forsstrom, T.; Korte, T.; Schultz, E.; Ariniemi, K.; Portman, M.; Sihvonen, M.-L.; Seppala, T., Comprehensive drug screening in blood for detecting abused drugs or drugs potentially hazardous for traffic safety, Forensic Sci. Int., 77, 1996, 191-210.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2437.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (0.7 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 140 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 290 0C (9.5 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rasanen, I.; Ojanpera, I.; Vartiovaara, J.; Vuori, E.; Sunila, P., The advantage of dual-column approach and retention indices combined with refined reporting in gas chromatographic drug screening, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 313-321.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2454.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 210 C; End T: 285 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Gaillard, Y.; Gay-Montchamp, J.-P.; Ollagnier, M., Simultaneous screening and quantitation of alpidem, zolpidem, buspirone and benzodiazepines by dual-channel gas chromatography using electron-capture and nitrogen-phosphorus detection after solid-phase extraction, J. Chromatogr., 622, 1993, 197-208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2441.4 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 70 0C (0.7 min) ^ 20 0C/min -> 140 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (4 min); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: NB-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ojanpera, I.; Rasanen, I.; Vuori, E., Automated quantitative screening for acidic and neutral drugs in whole blood by dual-column capillary gas chromatography, J. Anal. Toxicol., 15, 1991, 204-208.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2477 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 150 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zamechnik, J.; Ethier, J.-C.; Neville, G.A., Benzodiazepines- an extensive collection of mass spectra, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 22(3), 1989, 233-259.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2446.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 110 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 6.5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Watts, V.W.; Simonick, T.F., A retention index library for commonly encountered drugs and metabolites using tri-n-alkylamines as reference compounds, nitrogen-phosphorus detectors, and dual capillary chromatography, J. Anal. Toxicol., 11, 1987, 210-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      2425 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Aderjan, R.; Bogusz, M., Nitroalkanes as a multidetector retention index scale for drug identification in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 454, 1988, 345-351.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2436 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 100 0C (2 min ) ^ 15 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (8 min hold); CAS no: 439145; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Aderjan, R.; Bogusz, M., Nitroalkanes as a multidetector retention index scale for drug identification in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 454, 1988, 345-351.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2460 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 160 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 12 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Christ, D.W.; Noomano, P.; Rosas, M.; Rhone, D., Retention indices by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection, J. Anal. Toxicol., 12, 1988, 84-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2486 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: AW-DMCS; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Oyama, N.; Sano, T.; Syoyama, M.; Maeda, K., Studies on systematic analysis of poisonous compounds in forensic chemistry. II. Application of capillary column gas chromatography to substance identification by means of retention indices, Eisei Kagaku, 33(5), 1987, 342-348.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2409 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 120C=>8C/min=>270C=>25C/min=>300C; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L.W., A simple approach to the interlaboratory transfer of drug retention indices determined by temperature programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Forensic Sci., 32(5), 1987, 1214-1220.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2404 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 17(2), 1984, 41-49., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 341, 1985, 81-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2407 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 3 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.33 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Newton, B.; Foery, R.F., Retention indices and dual capillary gas chromatography for rapid identification of sedative hypnotic drugs in emergency toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 8, 1984, 129-134.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2405 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 439145; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.3±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 497.4±45.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±1.3 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 76.5±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 254.6±28.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.635
Molar Refractivity: 80.9±0.5 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 3
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 1
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.91
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 2.91
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 96.31
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 913.21
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 2.92
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 97.06
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 920.27
Polar Surface Area: 33 Å2
Polarizability: 32.1±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 46.1±7.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 225.9±7.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.70
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.82
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1994)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  434.32  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  181.92  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  1.02E-007  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  132 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 1.2E-006 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  58.78
       log Kow used: 2.82 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  50 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  2.4273 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  50.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   3.64E-009  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  6.502E-010 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.82  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -6.827  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  9.647
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7678
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8085
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   2.3311  (weeks-months)
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.4819  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.0837
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0217
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -0.8789
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  0.00016 Pa (1.2E-006 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 9.647
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  0.0187 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.00109 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  0.404 
       Mackay model           :  0.6 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.0801 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   9.9030 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.080 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    12.961 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.502 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  1.122E+004
      Log Koc:  4.050 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.471 (BCF = 29.61)
       log Kow used: 2.82 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  3.64E-009 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 2.714E+005  hours   (1.131E+004 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.961E+006  hours   (1.234E+005 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               4.42  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.11  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     4.31  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0337          25.9         1000       
   Water     13.9            900          1000       
   Soil      85.8            1.8e+003     1000       
   Sediment  0.214           8.1e+003     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.7e+003 hr




                    

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