ChemSpider 2D Image | Dexamethasone | C22H29FO5


  • Molecular FormulaC22H29FO5
  • Average mass392.461 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass392.199890 Da
  • ChemSpider ID5541
  • defined stereocentres - 8 of 8 defined stereocentres

More details:

Featured data source

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

Dexamethasone [BAN] [INN] [JAN] [JP15] [USP] [Wiki]
(11β,16α)-9-Fluor-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-dien-3,20-dion [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(11β,16α)-9-Fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(11β,16α)-9-Fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-méthylprégna-1,4-diène-3,20-dione [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(8S,9R,10S,11S,13S,14S,16R,17R)-9-fluoro-11,17-dihydroxy-17-(hydroxyacétyl)-10,13,16-triméthyl-6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodécahydro-3H-cyclopenta[a]phénanthrén-3-one [French]

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

31375_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-50934 [DBID]
C15643 [DBID]
D00292 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Toxicity:

      Drug; Anti-Inflammatory Agent; Antiemetic; Antineoplastic Agent, Hormonal; Metabolite; Synthetic Compound; Glucocorticoid Toxin, Toxin-Target Database T3D4982
    • Safety:

      36/37 Alfa Aesar A17590
      63 Alfa Aesar A17590
      A01AC02 Wikidata Q422252
      C05AA09 Wikidata Q422252
      D07AB19 Wikidata Q422252
      D07XB05 Wikidata Q422252
      D10AA03 Wikidata Q422252
      H02AB02 Wikidata Q422252
      H361d Alfa Aesar A17590
      P261; P262 Biosynth Q-200940
      P280h Alfa Aesar A17590
      R01AD03 Wikidata Q422252
      S01BA01 Wikidata Q422252
      S01CB01 Wikidata Q422252
      S02BA06 Wikidata Q422252
      S03BA01 Wikidata Q422252
      Warning Alfa Aesar A17590
      Xi Abblis Chemicals AB1009273
    • Target Organs:

      Annexin A agonist;NR stimulator;MRP inhibitor;iNOS negative modulator;Glucocorticoid receptor agonist;IL antagonist TargetMol T1076
    • Chemical Class:

      A fluorinated steroid that is 9-fluoropregna-1,4-diene substituted by hydroxy groups at positions 11, 17 and 21, a methyl group at position 16 and oxo groups at positions 3 and 20. It is a synthetic m ember of the class of glucocorticoids. ChEBI CHEBI:41879,
    • Therapeutical Effect:

      Antiemetics,Glucocorticoids Sean Ekins
    • Bio Activity:

      <p>Synthetic glucocorticoid.&nbsp;Differentiates mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into adipogenic, chondrogenic and osteogenic lineages.</p> <p>Commonly used with <a href=/l-ascorbic-acid.html title=Ascorbic acid for stem cell differentiation | Hello Bio target=_self>ascorbic acid</a> and &beta;-Gly for osteogenic differentiation of stem cells.</p> <p>Also shows potent anti-inflammatory and immunospressant effects. Active <em>in vivo</em>.</p> <p><a href=/dexamethasone-water-soluble.html title=Water soluble dexamethasone | Hello Bio target=_self>Water soluble dexamethasone</a> also available.</p> Hello Bio [HB2521]
      Annexin A1;NR;MRP1;iNOS;Glucocorticoid receptor;IL receptor TargetMol T1076
      Biochemicals & small molecules/Agonists & activators Hello Bio [HB2521]
      Cell process/Stem cells/Differentiation Hello Bio [HB2521]
      Dexamethasone(MK 125; NSC 34521; Prednisolone F) is a potent synthetic member of the glucocorticoid class of steroid drugs that has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant properties.; IC50 Value: 58 nM (HECM-induced eosinophil survival) [1]; Target: ; in vitro: DEX in concentrations from 1 to 100?M did not change LDH release but exposure to 10?M and 100?M DEX for 24, 48 and 72h caused a significa nt reduction in cell viability and proliferation as confirmed by MTT reduction and BrdU ELISA assays, respectively [2]. MedChem Express HY-14648
      Endocrinology/ Hormones TargetMol T1076
      Glucocorticoid Receptor MedChem Express HY-14648
      GPCR/G protein MedChem Express HY-14648
      GPCR/G protein; MedChem Express HY-14648
      Receptors & Transporters/Nuclear hormone/Glucocorticoid Hello Bio [HB2521]
      Synthetic glucocorticoid. Induces hMSC differentiation. Hello Bio [HB2521]

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.3±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 568.2±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±3.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 98.0±6.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 297.5±30.1 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.592
Molar Refractivity: 100.2±0.4 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 5
#H bond donors: 3
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.87
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.92
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 16.85
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 262.77
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 1.92
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 16.85
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 262.76
Polar Surface Area: 95 Å2
Polarizability: 39.7±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 56.6±5.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 296.2±5.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  1.72
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.83
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.94
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  508.92  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  216.77  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  5.81E-014  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  232 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 9.82E-012 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  75.14
       log Kow used: 1.94 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  89 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  66.5 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  EPA

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  58.572 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  89.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  66.50
       Exper. Ref:  EPA

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Vinyl/Allyl Ketones

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   7.15E-008  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.993E-016 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.94  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -5.534  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.474
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.1561
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.0003
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   1.7584  (months      )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   2.8822  (weeks       )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5880
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.0015
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): -1.7746
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.31E-009 Pa (9.82E-012 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.474
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.29E+003 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  7.31E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  1 
       Mackay model           :  1 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000585 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  69.5010 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.154 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.847 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =     1.312500 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.873 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     20.955 Hrs
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  95.97
      Log Koc:  1.982 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.794 (BCF = 6.22)
       log Kow used: 1.94 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  7.15E-008 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 1.622E+004  hours   (676 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 1.772E+005  hours   (7382 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.20  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.10  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     2.10  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.122           3.14         1000       
   Water     30.6            1.44e+003    1000       
   Soil      69.1            2.88e+003    1000       
   Sediment  0.113           1.3e+004     0          
     Persistence Time: 1.11e+003 hr


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