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ChemSpider 2D Image | n-heptanoic acid | C7H14O2

n-heptanoic acid

  • Molecular FormulaC7H14O2
  • Average mass130.185 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass130.099380 Da
  • ChemSpider ID7803

More details:



Featured data source



Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

n-heptanoic acid
111-14-8 [RN]
1-heptanoic acid
203-838-7 [EINECS]
3348
Acide heptanoïque [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Acido eptanoico [Italian]
ácido heptanoico [Spanish]
enanthic acid
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Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

CHEBI:45571 [DBID]
MJ1575000 [DBID]
THE3YNP39D [DBID]
146870_ALDRICH [DBID]
75190_FLUKA [DBID]
AI3-01955 (USDA) [DBID]
AI3-02073 [DBID]
AI3-04162 [DBID]
BRN 1744723 [DBID]
BRN 1748677 [DBID]
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  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a pungent and rancid odour OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless oily liquid/ disagreeable rancid, sour, fatty odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Heptanoic acid
    • Stability:

      Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents,bases, reducing agents. Combustible.Protect from light. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      Organic Compound; Food Toxin; Metabolite; Industrial/Workplace Toxin; Natural Compound Toxin, Toxin-Target Database T3D4597
      ORL-RAT LD50 7000 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 6400 mg kg-1 OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      26-28-36/37/39-45 Alfa Aesar A17704
      34 Alfa Aesar A17704
      8 Alfa Aesar A17704
      Danger Alfa Aesar A17704
      Danger Biosynth Q-201191
      DANGER: CORROSIVE, burns skin and eyes Alfa Aesar A17704
      GHS05 Biosynth Q-201191
      H314 Alfa Aesar A17704
      H314 Biosynth Q-201191
      IRRITANT Matrix Scientific 083020
      P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P301+P330+P331-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A17704
      P280; P305+P351+P338; P310 Biosynth Q-201191
      R34 SynQuest 2121-1-14
      S23,S24/25,S26,S36/37/39,S45 SynQuest 2121-1-14
      Safety glasses, adequate ventilation. OU Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Chemical Class:

      A C<smallsub>7</smallsub>, straight-chain fatty acid that contributes to the odour of some rancid oils. Used in the preparation of esters for the fragrance industry, and as an additive in cigarettes. ChEBI CHEBI:45571
      A C7, straight-chain fatty acid that contributes to the odour of some rancid oils. Used in the preparation of esters for the fragrance industry, and as an additive in cigarettes. ChEBI https://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:45571
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1073 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_291371, replib_151732, replib_2856, replib_229114
      1065 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 170 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: E-301; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas'ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, , 1969, 40-47., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      176.75 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science&Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      177.8 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1063 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2.5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 265 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iranshahi, M.; Amin, G.; Sourmaghi, M.S.; Shafiee, A.; Hadjiakhoondi, A., Sulphur-containing compounds in the essential oil of the root of Ferula persica Willd. var. persica, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 260-261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1049 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guyot-Declerck, C.; Renson, S.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Floral quality and discrimination of Lavandula stoechas, Lavandula angustifolia, and Lavandula angustifolia * latifolia honeys, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 453-459.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C => 2C/min =>130C =>4C/min => 250C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 13(5), 2001, 314-318., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quere, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(7), 1991, 1257-1261.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 773-778., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Optima-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de Beck, P.O.; Bessiere, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 182-185.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1092 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1064 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 25 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 837-843.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1078 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1085 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.10 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.40 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 110, 2008, 751-761., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saidana, D.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Cheraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile compounds of Tamarix boveana (Tamaricaceae), Microbiol. Res., 163, 2008, 445-455.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1065 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 79, 2008, 172-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1112 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ozel, M.Z.; Gogus, F.; Lewis, A.C., Comparison of direct thermal desorption with water distillation and superheated water extraction for the analysis of volatile components of Rosa damascena Mill. using GCxGC-TOF/MS, Anal. Chim. Acta., 566, 2006, 172-177.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1098 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shen X.; Gao Y.; Su Q.D., Constituents of the essential oil of Rhizoma polygonati, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 556-558., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Ultra-2; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(11), 1993, 1974-1981.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1076 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>9C/min =>130C =>2C/min =>230C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hamm, S.; Bleton, J.; Connan, J.; Tchapla, A., A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples, Phytochemistry, 66, 2005, 1499-1514.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1097 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 28 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 4(2), 2005, 899-915.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1058 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =>20C/min =>120C(8min) =>20C/min => 260C (2min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sanches-Silva, A.; Lopez-Hernandez, J.; Paseiro-Losada, P., Profiling flavor compounds of potato crisps during storage using solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 1064, 2005, 239-245.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1072.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in "Terrincho" ewe cheese. Comparison of different fibers, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1051 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 23, 2003, 497-511.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1067 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 1523-1528.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1069 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C ^ 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) ^ 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Timon, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martin, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; Garcia, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(12), 1998, 5143-5150.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1080 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C ^ 2 0C/min -> 250 0C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Um, K.W.; Bailey, M.E.; Clarke, A.D.; Chao, R.R., Concentration and identification of volatile compounds from heated beef fat using supercritical CO2 extraction-gas liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(9), 1992, 1641-1646.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1070 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min)=>8C/min=>200C=>2C/min=>250C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SE-54; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suzuki, J.; Bailey, M.E., Direct sampling capillary GLC analysis of flavor volatiles from ovine fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(3), 1985, 343-347.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1962 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Supelcowax-10; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 983, 2003, 19-33., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mo, X.; Fan, W.; Xu, Y., Changes in volatile compounds of Chinese rice wine wheat qu during fermentation and storage, J. of the Institute of Brewing, 115(4), 2009, 300-307., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese "Yanghe Daqu" Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1949 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.32 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontan, A.; Gatti, P.; Martinez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 32(1), 2007, 75-82.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1934 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: RTX-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 90, 2007, 523-531.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1968 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 229-235.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1970 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 105, 2007, 229-235.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1955 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1976 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 333-342.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1972 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: ZB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wierda R.L.; Fletcher G.; Xu L.; Dufour J.P., Analysis of volatile compounds as spoilage indicators in fresh king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during storage using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 8480-8490.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1913 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1918 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Editorial paper, Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) Application Guide, The Reporter Europe (Supelco), 16(5), 2005, 12-12.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1977 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C(10min) =>4C/min =>220C(10min) =>1C/min=>240C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Baser, K.H.C.; Ozek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Deliorman, D.; Ergun, F., Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey, J. Essent. Oil Res., 16, 2004, 305-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1963 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Stabilwax DA; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Henderson, D.E.; Henderson, S.K., Thermal decomposition of capsaicin. 1. Interactions with oleic acid at high temperatures, J. Agric. Food Chem., 40(11), 1992, 2263-2268., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Choi, H.-S., Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 8099-8104.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1952 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jiang, L.; Kubota, K., Differences in the volatile components and their odor characteristics of green and ripe fruits and dried pericarp of Japanese pepper (Xanthoxylum piperitum DC.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 4197-4203.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1957 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lin, P.; Cai, J.; Li, J.; Sang, W.; Su, Q., Constituents of the essential oil of Hemerocallis flava day lily, Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 539-541., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Okuno, Y., Volatile components from the roots of Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl., Flavour Fragr. J., 18, 2003, 398-400.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1981 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Innowax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suleimenov, E.M.; Atazharova, G.A.; Demirchi, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Adekenov, S.M., Essential oil composition of Artemisia Lercheana and A. Sieversiana of Kazakhstan flora, in Recent problems of development of new medicines of natural origin, Proceedings of symposium, St.Petersburg - Pushkin, 2003, 382-385.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1958 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 50(6), 2003, 278-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1904 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lecanu, L.; Ducruet, V.; Jouquand, C.; Gratadoux, J.J.; Feigenbaum, A., Optimization of headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the odor analysis of surface-ripened cheese, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 3810-3817.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1900 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Parada, F.; Duque, C.; Fujimoto, Y., Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors in Melon de olor fruit pulp (Sicana odorifera), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6200-6204., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Identification of aroma compounds in Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese by gas chromatography/olfactometry, J. Dairy Sci., 85(6), 2002, 1362-1369.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1941 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Suhardi, S.; Suzuki, M.; Yoshida, K.; Muto, T.; Fujita, A.; Watanbe, N., Changes in the volatile compounds and in the chemical and physical properties of snake fruit (Salacca edulis Reinw) Cv. Pondoh during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 7627-7633.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1950 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 47 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: TC-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Miyazawa, M.; Kurose, K.; Itoh, A.; Hiraoka, N., Comparison of the essential oils of Glehnia littoralis from Northern and Southern Japan, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5433-5436., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1925 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C => 2C/min =>150C =>4C/min => 220C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 13(5), 2001, 314-318., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Additional studies on flavor components of corn tortilla chips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(7), 1998, 2764-2769.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1935 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 170 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Light, D.M.; Nam, Y.; Merrill, G.B.; Roitman, J.N., Volatile components of green walnut husks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 2858-2861.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1923 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Parada, F.; Duque, C.; Fujimoto, Y., Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors in Melon de olor fruit pulp (Sicana odorifera), J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6200-6204.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1933 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1930 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 46(9), 1999, 587-597.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1935.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1939.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1940.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1944 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1944.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riganakos, K.A.; Koller, W.D.; Ehlermann, D.A.E.; Bauer, B.; Kontominas, M.G., Effects of ionizing radiation on properties of monolayer and multilayer flexible food packaging materials, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 54, 1999, 527-540.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1955.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 180 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: BP-20; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.2 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramos, E.; Valero, E.; Ibanez, E.; Reglero, G.; Tabera, J., Obtention of a brewed coffee aroma extract by an optimized supercritical CO2-based process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 4011-4016.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1942 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C => 40C/min =>60C (1min) =>6C/min => 250C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lizarraga-Guerra, R.; Guth, H.; Lopez, M.G., Identification of the most potent odorants in huitlacoche (Ustilago maydis) and austern pilzen (Pleurotus sp.) by aroma extract dilution analysis and static head-space samples, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 1329-1332.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1956 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 180 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sekiwa, Y.; Kubota, K.; Kobayashi, A., Characteristic flavor components in the brew of cooked clam (Meretrix lusoria) and the effect of storage on flavor formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 826-830.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1936 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Albarracin, D.; Rodriguez, J.; Duque, C.; Riano, L.E.; Espitia, J., Volatile constituents from Andes berry (Rubus glaucus Benth), J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 585-587.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1966 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morales, A.L.; Albarracin, D.; Rodriguez, J.; Duque, C.; Riano, L.E.; Espitia, J., Volatile constituents from Andes berry (Rubus glaucus Benth), J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 19, 1996, 585-587.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1965 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: TC-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 70(2), 1996, 151-160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1975 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Chung, T.Y.; Eiserich, J.P.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds identified in headspace samples of peanut oil heated under temperatures ranging from 50 to 200 C, J. Agric. Food Chem., 41(9), 1993, 1467-1470.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1990 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 170 C; Start time: 30 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Parker, F.D.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa leaf-cutter bee cells, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 955-958.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1074 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>8C/min=>200(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1103 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Description: 40C(5min)=>10C/min =>200C or 250C (60min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1068 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 205 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Hendriks, H.; Bruins, A.P., A tentative identification of components in the essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. by a combination of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and retention indices, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 10(6), 1983, 377-381.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1071 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>4C/min =>220C=>20C/min =>280C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Andrade, M.S.; Sampaio, T.S.; Nogueira, P.C.L.; Ribeiro, A.S.; Bittrich, V.; Amaral, M.C.E., Volatile compounds of the leaves, flowers and fruits of Kielmeyera rugosa Choisy (Clusiaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 49-52.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1078 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Khazraii, H., Chemical composition of the volatile oil of aerial parts of Valeriana sisymbriifolia Vahl. grown in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 516-518., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Estevez, M.; Ventanas, S.; Ramirez, R.; Cava, R., Influence of the Addition of Rosemary Essential Oil on the Volatiles Pattern of Porcine Frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 8317-8324.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1080 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(8min) =>3C/min =>20C =>10C/min =>150C(10min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Bonaiti, C.; Irlinger, F.; Spinnler, H.E.; Engel, E., An iterative sensory procedure to select odor-active associations in complex consortia of microorganisms: application to the construction of a cheese model, J. Dairy Sci., 88, 2005, 1671-1684.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1076 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 6 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Colahan-Sederstrom, P.M.; Peterson, D.G., Inhibition of key aroma compound generated during ultrahigh-temperature processing of bovine milk via epicatechin addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 398-402.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Volatile components of the fruits of Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. from Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 16, 2004, 302-304.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>40C/min =>50C (1min) =>6C/min =>180C =>10C/min =>240C (5min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munk, S.; Munch, P.; Stahnke, L.; Adler-Nissen., J.; Schieberle, P., Primary odorants of laundry soiled with sweat/sebum: influence of lipase on the odor profile, Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 3(4), 2000, 505-515.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1960 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1418-1426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1946 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min) =>10C/min =>80C =>2C/min =>240C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Giuffrrida, D.; Condurso, C.; Verzera, A., Flavour profile of capers (Capparis spinosa L.) from the Eolian Archipelago by HS-SPME/GC?MS, Food Chem., 101, 2007, 1272-1278., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 6 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Colahan-Sederstrom, P.M.; Peterson, D.G., Inhibition of key aroma compound generated during ultrahigh-temperature processing of bovine milk via epicatechin addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 398-402.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1930 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 30 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: LM-120; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Pinto, A.B.; Guedes, C.M.; Moreira, R.F.A.; de Maria, C.A.B., Volatile constituents from headspace and aqueous solution of genipap (Genipa americana) fruit isolated by the solid-phase extraction method, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 488-491.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1950 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1994, 984-988., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1967 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 12 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 15, 2005, 741-758.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1918 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 10 s; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappala, M., SUPELCO. Using SPME-GC-MS to characterize volatile components of honey as indicators of botanical origin, 2005., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 10 s; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappala, M.; Bonaccorsi, I., SPME-GC-MS analysis of honey volatile components for the characterization of different floral origin, Am. Lab. Fairfield Conn., 33(15), 2001, 18-21.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1936 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(0.7min) =>20C/min =>70C =>4C/min=> 240C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 5670-5676.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1971 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Mahajan, S.S.; Goddik, L.; Qian, M.C., Aroma Compounds in Sweet Whey Powder, J. Dairy Sci., 87, 2004, 4057-4063.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1958 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C(5min)=>10C/min =>80C=>2C/min=>240C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurso, C.; Romeo, V.; Zappala, M., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for rapid characterisation of semi-hard cheeses, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 380, 2004, 930-936.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1947 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Vlahovich, K.N.; Drake, M.A.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characteristic aroma components of rennet casein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 6797-6801.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1915 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 60C (3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C (15min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Identification of the aroma components of acerola (Malphigia glabra L.): free and bound flavor compounds, Food Chem., 74, 2001, 209-216.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1934 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 20C(30s) =>fast=>60C =>4C/min => 220C (20min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amado, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 212, 2001, 648-657.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1956 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Charles, M.; Martin, B.; Ginies, C.; Etievant, P.; Coste, G.; Guichard, E., Potent aroma compounds of two red wine vinegars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 70-77.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1965 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 65, 1998, 317-333., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Piombino, P.; Addeo, F., Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese, J. Dairy Res., 67, 2000, 273-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1968 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Piombino, P.; Addeo, F., Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese, J. Dairy Res., 67, 2000, 273-285.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1924 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C (2min) =>6C/min =>180C =>10C/min =>240C (5min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munk, S.; Munch, P.; Stahnke, L.; Adler-Nissen., J.; Schieberle, P., Primary odorants of laundry soiled with sweat/sebum: influence of lipase on the odor profile, Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 3(4), 2000, 505-515.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1927 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C (2min) =>6C/min =>180C =>10C/min =>240C (5min); CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Munk, S.; Munch, P.; Stahnke, L.; Adler-Nissen., J.; Schieberle, P., Primary odorants of laundry soiled with sweat/sebum: influence of lipase on the odor profile, Journal of Surfactants and Detergents, 3(4), 2000, 505-515.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1997 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=>5C/min=>220(1min)=>5C/min=>300C(25min); Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 903, 2000, 117-143.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1966 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 210 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 65, 1998, 317-333.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1954 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 20 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 850-858.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1953 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 3909-3912., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 60 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: PEG-20M; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Nakada, Y.; Nakashima, M.; Osajima, Y., Quantitative comparison of volatile flavor compounds in deep-roasted and light-roasted sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 3193-3196.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1943 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 1995, 1616-1620.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1916 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 85-112., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Supelcoport; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Maltby, D., Prediction of retention indexes. III. Silylated derivatives of polar compounds, J. Chromatogr., 586, 1991, 113-129.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1939 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 40 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 111148; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Liu, S.-E.; Wu, C.-M., Volatile components of salted and pickled prunes (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 34(1), 1986, 140-144.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 222.6±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.1±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 48.5±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 99.2±11.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.433
Molar Refractivity: 36.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 5
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 2.37
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.60
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 6.29
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 77.14
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.19
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.24
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 14.3±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 33.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 138.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.54
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  2.42
       Exper. Ref:  Sangster (1994)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  226.86  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  37.45  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.117  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -7.5 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  222.2 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.07E-02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  1955
       log Kow used: 2.42 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  2820 mg/L (25 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  3453.1 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  2820.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics-acid

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   2.26E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   1.65E-006  atm-m3/mole
   Exper Database: 3.37E-07  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  1.025E-005 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  2.42  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -4.861  (exp database)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.281
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.8667
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9746
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.5744  (days-weeks  )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   4.3145  (hours-days  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.7535
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.8878
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.7555
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.43 Pa (0.0107 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.281
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  2.1E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  4.69E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  7.59E-005 
       Mackay model           :  0.000168 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000375 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   6.9369 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.542 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    18.503 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 0.000122 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  13.89
      Log Koc:  1.143 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 2.42 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  3.37E-007 atm-m3/mole  (Henry experimental database)
    Half-Life from Model River:       1983  hours   (82.64 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 2.173E+004  hours   (905.6 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.91  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.10  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     2.79  percent
    Total to Air:                0.02  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       2.85            37           1000       
   Water     26.3            208          1000       
   Soil      70.7            416          1000       
   Sediment  0.139           1.87e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 319 hr




                    

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