ChemSpider 2D Image | d-Ephedrine | C10H15NO

d-Ephedrine

  • Molecular FormulaC10H15NO
  • Average mass165.232 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass165.115356 Da
  • ChemSpider ID9085
  • defined stereocentres - 2 of 2 defined stereocentres


More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

(+)-(1s,2r)-ephedrine
(+)-ephedrine
(1S,2R)-(+)-Ephedrine
(1S,2R)-2-(Methylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(1S,2R)-2-(Methylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(1S,2R)-2-(Méthylamino)-1-phényl-1-propanol [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
(1S,2R)-2-(Methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol
(aS)-a-[(1R)-1-(Methylamino)ethyl]benzenemethanol
[S-(R*,S*)]-a-[1-(Methylamino)ethyl]benzenemethanol
1-(S),2-(R)-erythro-(+)-Ephedrine
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

03VRY66076 [DBID]
6626 [DBID]
72087NSY56 [DBID]
UNII:03VRY66076 [DBID]
BRN 4231286 [DBID]
PDSP1_001345 [DBID]
PDSP2_001329 [DBID]
PDSP2_001331 [DBID]
UNII-03VRY66076 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Bio Activity:

      (?)-Ephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine, commonly used as a stimulant, decongestant, appetite suppressant, and to treat hypotension associated with anaesthesia. MedChem Express HY-B0980A
      (±)-Ephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine, commonly used as a stimulant, decongestant, appetite suppressant, and to treat hypotension associated with anaesthesia. MedChem Express http://www.medchemexpress.com/Amfepramone-hydrochloride.html
      Adrenergic Receptor MedChem Express HY-B0980A
      GPCR/G protein MedChem Express HY-B0980A
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1360 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 6 ft; Column type: Packed; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 13, 1979, 71-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1354 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; End T: 300 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Substrate: Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1350 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 120 0X ^ 8 0C/min -> 270 0C ^ 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min); CAS no: 90824; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1360 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1318.4 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 25 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 2 min; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.11 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hemmersbach, P.; de la Torre, R., Review. Stimulants, narcotics and .beta.-blockers: 25 years of development in analytical techniques for doping control, J. Chromatogr. B, 687, 1996, 221-238.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1370.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 12.5 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 25 K/min; Start T: 75 C; End T: 320 C; End time: 2 min; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Ultra-2; Phase thickness: 0.11 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hemmersbach, P.; de la Torre, R., Review. Stimulants, narcotics and .beta.-blockers: 25 years of development in analytical techniques for doping control, J. Chromatogr. B, 687, 1996, 221-238.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1357 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1362 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1367 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1397 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1398 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1400 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Apieson L / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2185 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2195 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2205 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 150 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2213 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2217 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2225 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 190 C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: Carbowax 20M / KOH; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 6(7), 1973, 293-300.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1376 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.75 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 160 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 12 min; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Christ, D.W.; Noomano, P.; Rosas, M.; Rhone, D., Retention indices by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection, J. Anal. Toxicol., 12, 1988, 84-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1350 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 12 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 120C=>8C/min=>270C=>25C/min=>300C; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: BP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Stowell, A.; Wilson, L.W., A simple approach to the interlaboratory transfer of drug retention indices determined by temperature programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Forensic Sci., 32(5), 1987, 1214-1220., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 1.8 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 130 C; End T: 290 C; End time: 8 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1360 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 17(2), 1984, 41-49., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 120 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 90824; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 341, 1985, 81-88.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 255.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.5 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 52.0±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 89.3±8.7 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.529
Molar Refractivity: 50.2±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 2
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.05
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): -1.78
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1.00
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.75
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.12
Polar Surface Area: 32 Å2
Polarizability: 19.9±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 38.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 162.7±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  0.68
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  0.89
       Exper. Ref:  Kril,MB & Fung,HL (1990)
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.13
       Exper. Ref:  Avdeef,A (1997)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  266.26  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  40.50  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.0107  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  40 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  225 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.0147 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  7.148e+004
       log Kow used: 1.13 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  6.36e+004 mg/L (30 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  4.6425e+005 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  63600.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Aliphatic Amines
       Benzyl Alcohols

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   8.65E-011  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.255E-008 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.13  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -8.451  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  9.581
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   1.1095
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9909
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0404  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7870  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.3965
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.3268
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5953
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  1.96 Pa (0.0147 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 9.581
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.53E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000935 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  5.53E-005 
       Mackay model           :  0.000122 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.0696 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  99.7414 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.107 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     1.287 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 8.89E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  82.2
      Log Koc:  1.915 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = -0.480 (BCF = 0.3312)
       log Kow used: 1.13 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  8.65E-011 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 8.701E+006  hours   (3.625E+005 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 9.492E+007  hours   (3.955E+006 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               1.90  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     1.81  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.0019          2.57         1000       
   Water     33.5            360          1000       
   Soil      66.5            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.069           3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 616 hr




                    

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