ChemSpider 2D Image | 3-Phenylpropanoic acid | C9H10O2

3-Phenylpropanoic acid

  • Molecular FormulaC9H10O2
  • Average mass150.174 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass150.068085 Da
  • ChemSpider ID10181339

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3-Phenylpropanoic acid [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-Phenyl propionic acid
3-Phenyl-n-propionate
3-Phenyl-n-propionic acid
3-Phenylpropansäure [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-phenylpropionate
3-Phenylpropionic Acid
501-52-0 [RN]
Acide 3-phénylpropanoïque [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
Benzenepropanoic acid [ACD/Index Name]
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

135232_ALDRICH [DBID]
56670_FLUKA [DBID]
MFCD00002771 [DBID]
NSC 9272 [DBID]
W288918_ALDRICH [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      White crystalline solid, faint, sweet, somewhat balsamic and coumarin-like odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Benzenepropanoic acid
    • Safety:

      26-37 Alfa Aesar A14908
      26-37-60 Alfa Aesar A14908
      36/37/38 Alfa Aesar A14908
      H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar A14908
      P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar A14908
      Warning Alfa Aesar A14908
      WARNING: Irritates lungs, eyes, skin Alfa Aesar A14908
      Xi Abblis Chemicals AB1003457
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1349 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_333897, replib_21468, replib_160071, replib_227942
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      230.64 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Eckel, W.P.; Ross, B.; Isensee, R.K., Pentobarbital found in ground water, Ground Water, 31(5), 1993, 801-804.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1304 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Similarities in the aroma chemistry of Gewurztraminer variety wines and lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47(2), 1999, 665-670., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Friedrich, J.E.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Selecting standards for gas chromatography - olfactometry, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 782, 2001, 148-155., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Gas chromatography/olfactory analysis of lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2282-2286.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1350 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: AT-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kelling, F.J., Olfaction in houseflies: morphology and electrophysiology. Chapter 7. Chemical and electrophysiological analysis of components, present in natural products that attract houseflies, Dissertation, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, 2001.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1308 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: HP-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1369 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(3min)=> 2C/min=>180C=>10C/min=>250C(5min); CAS no: 501520; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alissandrakis, E.; Kibaris, A.C.; Tarantilis, P.A.; Harizanis, P.C.; Polissiou, M., Flavour compounds of Greek cotton honey, J. Sci. Food Agric., 85, 2005, 1444-1452.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1343 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min)=>9C/min =>130C=> 2C/min =>230C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hamm, S.; Bleton, J.; Tchapla, A., Headspace solid phase microextraction for screening for the presence of resins in Egyptian archaeological samples, J. Sep. Sci., 27, 2004, 235-243.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2603 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese "Wuliangye" and "Jiannanchun" Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 2695-2704.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2650 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Similarities in the aroma chemistry of Gewurztraminer variety wines and lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 47(2), 1999, 665-670., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E., Gas chromatography/olfactory analysis of lychee (Litchi chinesis Sonn.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(6), 1998, 2282-2286., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: HP-Innowax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 46(2), 1998, 611-615.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1329 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 3.05 m; Column type: Packed; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 60 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Supelcoport and Chromosorb; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 436, 1988, 137-172.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366.5 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: VF-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., 2007.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1347 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Schwambach, S.L.; Peterson, D.G., Reduction of Stale Flavor Development in Low-Heat Skim Milk Powder via Epicatechin Addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 502-508.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1344 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 6 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Colahan-Sederstrom, P.M.; Peterson, D.G., Inhibition of key aroma compound generated during ultrahigh-temperature processing of bovine milk via epicatechin addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 398-402.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1363 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 2002, 305-312.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1356 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 30 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 2948-2953.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2635 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Schlutt B.; Moran N.; Schieberle P.; Hofmann T., Sensory-directed identification of creaminess-enhancing volatiles and semivolatiles in full-fat cream, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 9634-9645.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2633 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 4 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Schwambach, S.L.; Peterson, D.G., Reduction of Stale Flavor Development in Low-Heat Skim Milk Powder via Epicatechin Addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 54, 2006, 502-508.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2608 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 6 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Colahan-Sederstrom, P.M.; Peterson, D.G., Inhibition of key aroma compound generated during ultrahigh-temperature processing of bovine milk via epicatechin addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 398-402.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2638 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =>40C/min =>60C (2min) =>5C/min =>240C; CAS no: 501520; Active phase: DB-FFAP; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Rychlik, M.; Bosset, J.O., Flavour and off-flavour compoundsof SwissGruy "ere cheese. Evaluation of potent odorants, Int. Dairy J., 11, 2001, 895-901.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 1.1±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 280.0±0.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 0.0±0.6 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 54.8±3.0 kJ/mol
Flash Point: 170.0±13.9 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.542
Molar Refractivity: 42.0±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 2
#H bond donors: 1
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 3
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 1.84
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 1.08
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 2.38
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 35.85
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): -0.72
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 1.00
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1.00
Polar Surface Area: 37 Å2
Polarizability: 16.6±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 45.0±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 133.4±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  2.29
    Log Kow (Exper. database match) =  1.84
       Exper. Ref:  Hansch,C et al. (1995)

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  282.74  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  69.30  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  0.00089  (Modified Grain method)
    MP  (exp database):  107 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  279.8 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  2.67E-03 mm Hg at 25 deg C
    Subcooled liquid VP: 0.0173 mm Hg (25 deg C, exp database VP )

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  5046
       log Kow used: 1.84 (expkow database)
       no-melting pt equation used
     Water Sol (Exper. database match) =  5900 mg/L (20 deg C)
        Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  2057.3 mg/L
    Wat Sol (Exper. database match) =  5900.00
       Exper. Ref:  YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics-acid

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   5.87E-008  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   8.68E-009  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  3.485E-008 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  1.84  (exp database)
  Log Kaw used:  -5.620  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  7.460
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.9315
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.9801
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.1791  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.9530  (days        )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.4813
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.5573
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.6681
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   NO

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
    Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.31 Pa (0.0173 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 7.460
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.3E-006 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  7.08E-006 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.7E-005 
       Mackay model           :  0.000104 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  0.000566 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =   7.3755 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     1.450 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =    17.402 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      No Ozone Reaction Estimation
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.55E-005 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  48.29
      Log Koc:  1.684 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
       log Kow used: 1.84 (expkow database)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  8.68E-009 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Group SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River: 8.266E+004  hours   (3444 days)
    Half-Life from Model Lake : 9.019E+005  hours   (3.758E+004 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
    Total removal:               2.12  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.09  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     2.03  percent
    Total to Air:                0.00  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       0.161           34.8         1000       
   Water     25.2            360          1000       
   Soil      74.6            720          1000       
   Sediment  0.0759          3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 665 hr




                    

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