ChemSpider 2D Image | 2-ethyl-1-butene | C6H12

2-ethyl-1-butene

  • Molecular FormulaC6H12
  • Average mass84.160 Da
  • Monoisotopic mass84.093903 Da
  • ChemSpider ID12430

More details:






Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

1-Butene, 2-ethyl-
2-ethyl-1-butene
3-Methylenepentane [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-Méthylènepentane [French] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-Methylenpentan [German] [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-methylidenepentane
3-Methylidenpentan
760-21-4 [RN]
Pentane, 3-methylene- [ACD/Index Name]
(C2H5)2C=CH2
More...

Validated by Experts, Validated by Users, Non-Validated, Removed by Users

03180_FLUKA [DBID]
E14705_ALDRICH [DBID]
NSC 74120 [DBID]
NSC74120 [DBID]
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Safety:

      11-36/37/38 Alfa Aesar L11553
      26-37 Alfa Aesar L11553
      3 Alfa Aesar L11553
      Danger Alfa Aesar L11553
      DANGER: FLAMMABLE, irritates skin, eyes, lungs Alfa Aesar L11553
      FLAMMABLE / HARMFUL / IRRITANT Alfa Aesar L11553
      H225-H315-H319-H335 Alfa Aesar L11553
      P210-P261-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar L11553
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      585 (estimated with error: 39) NIST Spectra mainlib_493, replib_233711, replib_19323
      599 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: HP-PONA; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 7(9), 1984, 542-544., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.264 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, D.L., Kovats Retention Indices of Selected Olefins on Bonded Phase Fused Silica Capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. & Chromatogr. Comm., 7(9), 1984, 542-544., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 250 um; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Addova, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Hu, G., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from fluid catalytic cracked gasoline using polydimethylsiloxane and squalane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 947, 2002, 103-117.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      598.8 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 5C(10min)=>5C/min=>50C(48min)=>1.5C/min=>195C(91min); CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Petrocol DH-100; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      608 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 60 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 19, 1981, 40-45.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      592.1 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 250 um; Column length: 93 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 30 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Addova, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Hu, G., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from fluid catalytic cracked gasoline using polydimethylsiloxane and squalane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 947, 2002, 103-117.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      592 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 7(3), 1974, 99-106., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 300 ft; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 7, 1969, 55-75., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 27 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 49 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 126, 1976, 171-189., Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.E., Topological analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic behavior of alkenes, Anal. Chem., 49(6), 1977, 747-756.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      584 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 120 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines, in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      593 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 86 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      594 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 ft; Column type: Packed; Start T: 67 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Substrate: Chromosorb P; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 6, 1968, 203-217.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      587 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 26 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zulaica, J.; Guiochon, G., Analyse des hauts polymeres par chromatographie en phase gazeuse de leurs produits de pyrolyse. II. Application a quelques hydrocarbures macromoleculaires purs, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 4, 1966, 1351-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      599 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 15 min; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: PONA; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.50 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhang, X.; Ding, L.; Sun, Z.; Song, L.; Sun, T., Study on quantitative structure-retention relationships for hydrocarbons in FCC gasoline, Chromatographia, 70(3/4), 2009, 511-518., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 54 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 0 min; Start time: 0 min; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mandelshtam, T.V.; Kharicheva, E.M.; Gorobets, I.A.; Zenkevich, I.G.; Kostikov, R.R.; Porokhovnikova, E.B., Synthesis and Chromato Mass Spectrometric Investigation of alpha-Alkoxystyrenes, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 27(4), 1991, 684-690, In original 684-690., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: -20 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramnas, O.; Ostermark, U.; Peterson, G., Characterization of sixty alkenes in a cat-cracked gasoline naphtha by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 38(3/4), 1994, 222-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      592 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 74.6 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y., Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasoline boiling below 100 C, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 7(2), 1989, 88-92., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Polydimethyl siloxane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Junkes, B.S.; Castanho, R.D.M.; Amboni, C.; Yunes, R.A.; Heinzen, V.E.F., Semiempirical Topological Index: A Novel Molecular Descriptor for Quantitative Structure-Retention Relationship Studies, Internet Electronic Journal of Molecular Design, 2(1), 2003, 33-49.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      608 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      600 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 20 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 50C910min)=>20C/min=>90(6min)=>10C/min=>150C(hold); CAS no: 760214; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 1-10.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      592.2 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 93 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 40 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Addova, G.; Kubinec, R.; Ruman, J.; Hu, G., GC-MS characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from FCC gasoline using squalane stationary phase, Petroleum and Coal, 42(3-4), 2000, 188-194.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      594 (Program type: Complex; Column... (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column length: 10 ft; Column type: Packed; Description: 25C(5min)=>2C/min=>35=>4C/min=>95C(hold); CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Carrier gas: N2; Substrate: Embacel; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Robinson, P.G.; Odell, A.L., A system of standard retention indices and its uses. The characterisation of stationary phases and the prediction of retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 57, 1971, 1-10.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      593 (Program type: Isothermal; Col... (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 70 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Squalane; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schomburg, G., Gaschromatographische Retentionsdaten und Struktur Chemischer Verbindungen. II. Methylverzweigungen und Doppelbindungen in Offenkettigen Kohlenwasserstoffen, J. Chromatogr., 23, 1966, 1-17.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      599 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 100 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Petrocol DH; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 15, 1992, 105-120., Program type: Ramp; Column cl... (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 250 um; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 760214; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Sojak, L.; Addova, G.; Kubinec, R.; Kraus, A.; Hu, G., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of all acyclic C5-C7 alkenes from fluid catalytic cracked gasoline using polydimethylsiloxane and squalane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 947, 2002, 103-117.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform - PhysChem Module

Density: 0.7±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point: 62.0±7.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Vapour Pressure: 193.8±0.0 mmHg at 25°C
Enthalpy of Vaporization: 29.2±0.8 kJ/mol
Flash Point: -26.1±0.0 °C
Index of Refraction: 1.396
Molar Refractivity: 29.4±0.3 cm3
#H bond acceptors: 0
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 2
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 3.45
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5): 3.08
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): 129.01
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): 1128.19
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): 3.08
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4): 129.01
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4): 1128.19
Polar Surface Area: 0 Å2
Polarizability: 11.7±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension: 19.1±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume: 122.5±3.0 cm3

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

                        
 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
    Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) =  3.21

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
    Boiling Pt (deg C):  62.76  (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
    Melting Pt (deg C):  -104.26  (Mean or Weighted MP)
    VP(mm Hg,25 deg C):  175  (Mean VP of Antoine & Grain methods)
    MP  (exp database):  -131.5 deg C
    BP  (exp database):  64.7 deg C
    VP  (exp database):  1.75E+02 mm Hg at 25 deg C

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
    Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L):  67.91
       log Kow used: 3.21 (estimated)
       no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
    Wat Sol (v1.01 est) =  57.788 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
    Class(es) found:
       Neutral Organics

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
   Bond Method :   4.23E-001  atm-m3/mole
   Group Method:   6.74E-001  atm-m3/mole
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]:  2.854E-001 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
  Log Kow used:  3.21  (KowWin est)
  Log Kaw used:  1.238  (HenryWin est)
      Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate):  1.972
      Log Koa (experimental database):  None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
   Biowin1 (Linear Model)         :   0.7075
   Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model)     :   0.8598
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
   Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model):   3.0132  (weeks       )
   Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) :   3.7263  (days-weeks  )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model)    :   0.5738
   Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model):   0.7409
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
   Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model):  0.5819
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction:   YES

 Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
     LOG BioHC Half-Life (days) :   0.4155
     BioHC Half-Life (days)     :   2.6033

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
  Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled):  2.33E+004 Pa (175 mm Hg)
  Log Koa (Koawin est  ): 1.972
   Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
       Mackay model           :  1.29E-010 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  2.3E-011 
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
       Junge-Pankow model     :  4.64E-009 
       Mackay model           :  1.03E-008 
       Octanol/air (Koa) model:  1.84E-009 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
   Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
      OVERALL OH Rate Constant =  53.6026 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.200 Days (12-hr day; 1.5E6 OH/cm3)
      Half-Life =     2.395 Hrs
   Ozone Reaction:
      OVERALL Ozone Rate Constant =     1.200000 E-17 cm3/molecule-sec
      Half-Life =     0.955 Days (at 7E11 mol/cm3)
      Half-Life =     22.920 Hrs
   Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 7.46E-009 (Junge,Mackay)
    Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
      Koc    :  130.8
      Log Koc:  2.117 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
    Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
   Log BCF from regression-based method = 1.770 (BCF = 58.89)
       log Kow used: 3.21 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
    Henry LC:  0.423 atm-m3/mole  (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
    Half-Life from Model River:     0.9374  hours   (56.24 min)
    Half-Life from Model Lake :      87.15  hours   (3.631 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment (recommended maximum 95%):
    Total removal:              99.41  percent
    Total biodegradation:        0.03  percent
    Total sludge adsorption:     3.87  percent
    Total to Air:               95.51  percent
      (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
           Mass Amount    Half-Life    Emissions
            (percent)        (hr)       (kg/hr)
   Air       6.2             3.96         1000       
   Water     86.3            360          1000       
   Soil      5.3             720          1000       
   Sediment  2.15            3.24e+003    0          
     Persistence Time: 71.1 hr




                    

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